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lark should not be found in the valley is not and soppy brooks, in happy conviction that all surprising, since it is little more than a ravine noxious reptiles had been long since expelled, to with a marsh between the two lakes, a sort of the waterfall in the Devil's Glen: the stream soil little frequented by larks; but the legend is : rushes over huge masses of rock shaded by oak that St. Kevin caused his followers to rise with and ash and the feathery birch, beneath banks the lark, in order to complete his designed rising loftily like walls on either side, leaving buildings; they murmured and even declined only a narrow strip of sky for the hot sun to obedience, so that the work stood still. In this look in, and call foith myriads of insects both strait he banished the larks from Glendalough rare and beautiful. At the outlet of the glen rather than rescind his order. There is a grain we found our car, which took us by Newtown of sense to the pound of chaff of even a legend. Mount Kennedy to the Glen of the Downs, a

The upper end of the lake seems gradually richly wooded valley, on the Eastern flank of the filling up by the disintegrated granite washed Sugar Loaf, to Bray and Kingston, through a down from the mountains, and now forming a well cultivated, rich-looking, and picturesque bar at soine distance from the shore.

country; thence to Dublin by railway on the Our pleasant day had closed with a glorious third day since our departure, having had glosunset and promise for the morrow, which found rious weather, good roads, no difficulties, and os carly setting out on our return Dublin by above all, without which no weather is fine, no the same road as far as Annamoe; then turning road good, no circumstance easy-pleasant comeastward and leaving the car to go round by the panions, and the determination to enjoy. road, we walked through fields and over moor |



PARIS, May 20. shewed themselves so indefatigable, night after MY DEAR C

night, at the balls, soirées, and concerts, should

all of a sudden--and when balls and parties are The spring has set in, with its usual severity, becoming fewer and further between-lose the until within the last day or two. Although the strength which till now never failed them, no almanac said “May," the temperature said matter how frail and delicate their forms (in fact, " February,” at latest ; but the sunshine has the delicate, interesting ones often supported come at last, and with it a little warmth. I hear, these fatigues best), and be absolutely obliged to however, that the weather has been as bad, and try the effect of the waters to renovate their Forse, everywhere, and I am selfish enough to health, and economise. The way this is effected find consolation in the knowledge of this fact. is not by retiring quietly to some out-of-the-way I believe such is human nature. Do not people, place in the country, as the uninitiated might when trying to comfort you in misfortune, relate perhaps suppose: this would never do; for do to you the afflictions of your neighbours, with you not perceive that the winter-gaieties never the hope of cheering you?-though I confess I injured their health never wearied them? It is Derer entered into that idea; but felt inclined only when there is a cessation of these gaieties to say that I wished that both they and I had that these delicate creatures sink.

A quiet been spared. In the case of the weather, how- country-life would then be death to them; and ever, it is different: then I am more hard it is quite a mistake to imagine that allant aux hearted.

eaux is an expensive affair-quite the contrary, For those who wish to see Paris in its beauty, in fact. So the unlucky husbands, or fathers, this is the moment. I do not mean for those set out with their suffering wives, or daughters, who come to enter into its gaieties—they should for les eaux. The journey there cannot

be much come earlier ; but, for Paris itself, now is the more than it would have been to go to the time. The trees, which in a great city one country; and once arrived, the beneficial effect prizes doubly, are here more numerous than in of the waters may be perceived immediately, by any other, I believe; and they are now in their the energy and delight with which they at once beauty—the foliage so fresh, bright, delicate, and enter into a constant succession of gaieties, varied. In a little while, the sun and the dust There, of course, they must make toilettes for will have done their work of destruction; and, the morning, and afternoon, and evening réjust as Paris is putting on its summer toilette

, unions ; they must appear like other people (apand coming forth in all its pride and beauty, the pearing like other people means every one trying ungrateful, insensible Parisians think only of to outshine his, or her, neighbour). 'In addition hurrying away as quickly as possible ; some to to these facilities for economising, may be added their country-places, some to the country-places the gambling which generally goes on at these of their friends ; but the centre of attraction in places. If they gain, their gains will cover any a short time will be the watering-places. Happy expense they may have gone to. And if they are those who can announce their intention of lose?" you will say. Well

, then either they can going there. It is a subject of wonder how the stop there, or try their luck again, and win back fair dames who have during all the winter what they lost-and more in addition, perhaps.

So now you may perceive that a trip to a fashiona- , seized with an epileptic fit, on a similar occasion. ble watering-place is a most prudent as well as a So that it is a rather dangerous thing to meddle most indispensable step to take in the season. with—especially for nervous, excitable persons;

I hear that it is decided that the Empress will and it is precisely those who succeed the best. go to the Pyrenees. The disappointment of her I have a large stock of theatrical news for you giving an heir has been a severe one to the Em- this month. To begin with the Opera : "La peror and to her; but in general it seems to have Fronde,” from which so much was expected, is been received with indifference, both by those an opera in five acts, by MM. Maquet and La hostile and favourable to Louis Napoleon. It is Croix; the music by M. Niedermazer; and a very difficult in these days, when one reflects on the long and tiresome affair. The scene is laid in fate of the Duc de Reichstadt, the Duc de Bor- the time of the regency of Anne of Austria, in deaux, and the Comte de Paris, to attach much the beginning of the wars of the Fronde. In importance to the idea of the claims of another the first act, we see a party of the jeunes seigneurs, representative of the hopes of a party—I do not laughing, singing, and drinking at the cabaret say the hopes of a nation; but on this subject I of Renand, en attendant the arrival of the must be careful as to what I express : unless it Marquis de Jarzé. While they are thus enbe enthusiastic admiration of Sa Majestie l’Em- gaged arrives a soubrette (Malle. Nau), with a pereur, and of his liberal, humane, generous, letter, which is destined for M. Richard Sauveand most disinterested views and conduct. Then, terre; but notwithstanding some twenty petits I must adinit, the expression of such sentiments maitres extend their bands for the letter, each is received most indulgently.

proclaiming himself to be the Richard SauveI told you, some time ago, of the expense terre in question, the soubrette declines to depeople went to, in articles of dress, furniture, &c.; liver the billet, and retires to seek him elsewhere. this extravagance appears rather to increase than After this the party dine, and retire to the to diminish. I heard of a gentleman from the garden; and arrives the Duchesse Hélène de province, who, expressing bis wonder and ad- Themises, who interrogates Renard on the submiration at the richness and elegance of the ject of Richard Sauveterre, who has been under hotel of a friend whom he had been to visit, his roof for some ten days. M. Renard answers finished his panegyric in the following terms :- her questions concisely, saying bis lodger pays,

“ Everything at the hotel of M. K.-porcelaine, and says nothing; that being all he knows of crystal, and plate-all is in mahogany."

him. "The Duchesse wishes to see him, and 'It appears that mahogany was his idea of all at this moment Richard enters (a letter in his that was most luxurious and beautiful. But hand-the one which the soubrette had to deliver mahogany at once brings us to the tables-the to him). You may guess that Hélène lores moving tables. Nothing else is talked of here. Richard; but in order to complicate matters, Everyone relates what she or he has done, or at Richard loves some one else, of course; and the least seen. I heard a person remark that it had, some one else is Loïse de Champvilliers. This at any rate, produced one very desirable result is excusable; for, really, Hélène is not what that of uniting, round the table, evening after certain persons would call "a nice person. evening, husbands and wives, who had hitherto Hélène conceals herself behind a tree, which spent as much of their time as possible apart; procures her the pleasure of hearing Richard on the other hand, as the degree of sympathy singing his happiness at the prospect of soon existing between those round the table influence seeing the object of his love-the writer of the materially the length of time required to set it in letter-in which it appears Loïse gives him a motion, most interesting discoveries may be rendezvous. Madame de Themises, unable to made in these experiments on the sentiments en control herself any longer, comes fortb, and they tertained for each other by the experimentalisers. have a rather stormy duet; in which Hélène is A young lady, a fervent believer in sympathy, decidedly violent. The young men returning af magnetism, moving tables, &c., &c., after hesi- this juncture, Richard implores the Duchesse

, to tating for some time between two aspirants for avoid compromising herself, to retire; which her favour, discovering that when one of her ad- good advice she scorns, and remains where she mirers joined her in the experiment, the table was is. Richard is at a little table by himself

, when moved ten minutes sooner than with theother, de- he overhears the Duchesse congratulate Jarzé on cided on accepting the hand of the former ; this his marriage with Loïse. Richard starts; and proving to her, satisfactorily, that there was more the Duchesse guesses who her rival is

. Richard sympathy between them than between her and his contains himself with difficulty, till Jarzé sings less fortunate rival. But, plaisanterie apart, it a satirical couplet against the Duc de Beaufort ; is a most extraordinary and inexplicable dis- upon which Richard seizes that occasion to covery: I have seen the hat moved : in fact, I challenge him, and they are about to fight, when formed one of the number of the circle of persons the Duc de Beaufort himself arrives ; and, with round it; but as yet I have not seen the table set his jovial good-nature, turns off the quarrel. in motion, though I know persons who have. When the rest have retired, the Duc informe One gentleman, after succeeding in this attempt, Richard that the Court have the intention to rewas seized with a vertigo, which obliged him to tire to St. Germain, and to starve out the people leave the table and sit down; and during the of Paris; that therefore now is the time to bare rest of the evening, he experienced a sense of recourse to vigorous measures. A truce of some great fatigue, and general mal aise. Another was hours must be demanded, in order to allow the

people to repair to St. Ge rmain to celebrate thenoir and Dennery. No one but Frederick Féte aux Loges ; and profiting by the disorder, | Lemaitre could act this piece so ; I hope he may they will carry off Mazarin and the King perform in it next year in London; here is the Croisilles, one of the friends of the Duc, will story :-General Roquebert, during the war open the gates to them. Richard offers himself with Germany, has fallen in love with a young 10 carry the Duc's message to Croisilles, and, and high-born lady, Mina de Ransberg. The folding up the billet, places it in the hilt of his General is suddenly called away by his military sword. Unfortunately, the Duchesse has been all duties, before he has had time to repair his error this while a witness to what was going on; and and that of Mina; he confides her to the care though she does not know exactly what it is of M. Tavernay, his friend, the commissary of about

, she suspects the importance of the letter, the provisions; and her child, Emmeline, to which the Duc has confided to Richard. Antoine Simon, the caporal. Emmeline is to

The second act is in the garden of the chateau pass for the child of Antoine; and his wife, a of St.German. The Duchesse is there, and Loïse vivandière ; besides, Roquebert adds to the also. The former congratulates Loise on her despatches which the estafette bears, a packet, marriage with the Marquis de Jarzée; but Loïse sealed, and addressed to M. Germont, the answers that this marriage will never take place, notaire. This paper bequeaths all the General's thanks to the kindness of the Queen, who allows property to the person who claims them proter to dispose of her hand as she pleases. This nouncing the name of Mina Ransberg. An enpower does not at all suit the Duchesse, who counter with the enemy now takes place. Antries to render Loïse jealous, by telling her toine places the little Emmeline on his knapRichard deceives her; that he loves another, and sack ; the balls are flying in all directions. if she wishes to learn the name of her rival, it is General Roquebert arrives half dead, supported signed in a letter which Richard carries in the by his soldiers, to where Antoine is; he has bilt of his sword. Richard arrives from Paris, only time to whisper to him the name of Mina demanding a truce of four hours for the Parisians. Ransberg, which he is to pronounce to M. GorHis demand is granted. Richard and Loïse mont, when he falls dead. Simon, after the meet in the evening. The latter reproaches war, bears Emmeline to France, where he leaves Richard with the letter; and at length, to re- her in his native village, to be brought up with assure her, and establish his innocence, he shews his own child, Lucien, under the watchful care it her; and Loïse, touched by this devotion, and of Catherine, the vivandière. He has, however, by the dangers he is incurring, tells him that to return again to his duties, without having now she will bestow her hand on him; and that seen M. Germont, who was absent. Catherine a Priest, in the chapel of the Loges, will

, then dies; and as they have heard nothing of Anand there, unite them. But, alas! the Duchesse toine Simon for eleven years, Lucien and Emmewho it seems has not given up the bad habit of line, or Geneviève as she is called, that being Iistening) has been close to them, and has heard the name of the child the caporal had lost, conall. The next scene is in the chapel. A storm clude that he is no more ; and when he returns rages without; the Priest is waiting to unite the and enters his little cottage, they are absent at

the village church, assisting at the mass which Where are your witnesses?” asks he. is being performed for the repose of his soul. “ Behold them,” answered the Duc de Beau- The fortune of General Roquebert is in the posfort

, who appears as a prisoner, with his friends session of a distant relation, named Frochard, a captives also. Their conspiracy had been dis- man whose heart is as hard as the stones which covered. A traitor had warned the enemy-and he used to break before he came into his present that traitor must be Richard; who, in his turn, fortune. Simon gets into conversation with Frocan only suspect Loïse; from whom he turns chard; without knowing who he is, confides to aray with horror, asking to die with his friends. him the change of position which awaits Gene

Hélène has bribed the jailor, and comes to viève, in consequence of the communication he effect Richard's escape ; but Richard rejects her is about to make to M. Gormont, the lawyer. aid. Loise brings him a phial of poison, which But this does not suit by any means the views Hélène throws over the ramparts; the Duc de of Frochard, who therefore determines to defeat Beaufort has escaped, but his companions are him: he (Frochard) has just been robbed of a cundemned to death. A melancholy dirge is sum of money, which has, however, been rekeard; it is the conspirators on their way to the stored to him by the father of the delinquent. place of execution, and each one utters as he Prochard makes this circunstance suit his purpasses a malediction on the unfortunate Richard, pose; he secretly places the sum of money in who, driven to madness by despair, throws him- Simon's knapsack, and at the same time robs self from the balustrade, exclaiming, “ Vous the poor old soldier of his passport, and the pam'appelez compagnons, me voici.” Loise faints, pers establishing his identity. This done, he and the Duchesse falling on her knees, the cur

accuses him of theft; the money is discovered in

his knapsack; and as he has no papers or passThe Porte St. Martin is the scene of the port, he has no chance of proving his innocence. great success of Frederick Lemaitre at the pre- In this dreadful position, grief

, shame, and inbent moment. This great artiste surpasses him- dignation so overwhelm le vieux caporal, that he sell

, if I may be allowed to use the term, in is literally struck dumb; he tries to speak, but Le Vieur Caporal, a drame by MM. Dume- hard guttural cries alone issue from his mouth.

atfianced pair.

tain drops.

Henceforth Frochard has nothing to fear from this part. The lawyer who has prepared the him; Simon is driven from the village as a va- contract is precisely M. Germont. And now gabond, whom Frochard treats with great mercy, that Simun can speak, Emmeline recovers her in thus letting him off so easily. But Simon father's fortune, and Frederick returns to his returns by stealth to Lucien and Geneviève, to fornier occupation of breaking stones.

Mawhom he relates, by signs and gestures, all his dame Clarisse Miroy performed the part of adventures and sufferings. And here Fre- Mina Ransberg with the beautiful feeling she derick Lemaitre displays such acting as he alone puts into all she does. Madame Lia Felix is a can represent, and which will render this piece charming Geneviève. impossible for any other actor. Simon has dis

The Opera and the Vieux Caporal have made covered M. Gormont; and he forms the resolu- my letter somewhat of the longest, so I must tion of going to him, accompanied by one of his leave the theatrical news for the present, only old fellow-soldiers, who accidentally, overheard adding, that Lady Tartuffe's success continues the name the general ultered when dying; but to be as great as at first. Malle. Plassy is to as ill fortune will have it, it was this old soldier's give it almost immediately at St. Petersburg. son who robbed Frochard, and the idea of his The Vandeville is giving a parody of it, which is name being dishonoured has driven him to com- quite a failure, however.

M. Dargaud, the mit suicide. To shorten the tale, Geneviève author of “ Marie Stuart,” one of the best and discovers her mother, whom M. Tavernay, believ- most impartial histories of that unfortunate ing her child was dead, married soon after the queen, nas just published a work called Lo death of Roquebert. In order to avoid ex- Famille; parts of it are charming, from their posing Madame Tavernay, and to compromise purity and simple interest, but on the other the matter, Geneviève is on the point of con- hand there is a great deal that is exaggerated. senting to marry Frochard, when Lucien, who The author aims at imitating Lamartine, withloves her, in despair takes a pistol, when she is out possessing Lamartine's genius and power

. about to sign the contract, and is going to shoot But I must positively weary you no longer, so himself. Antoine, who is present, seizes the adieu, my dear C., pistol, and the violent agitation loosens his tongue, he has recovered his speech. Nothing can give

Yours, ever faithfully, an idea of Frederick Lemaitre's expression in


OUR CONSERVATORY. HAPPINESS. - In all ages-amongst every occasion to comparisons that have now become people-by each class-do we find different trite. Nor has greater unanimity been shown notions of it entertained. To the wandering amongst ourselves. To a miserly Elwes the gipsy a home is tiresome; whilst a Swiss is hoarding, of money was the only enjoyment miserable without one. Progress is necessary of life; but Day, the philanthropic author of to the well-being of the Anglo-Saxons; on the “Sandford and Merton," could find no pleasura, other hand the Esquimaux are content in their ble employment save in its distribution. Rural squalid poverty, have no latent wants, and are quietude, books, and a friend, are the wants of still what they were in the days of Tacitus. the poet; a tuft-hunter longs rather for a large An Irishman delights in a row; a Chinese in circle of titled acquaintance, a box at the Opera, pageantry and ceremonies; and the usually and the freedom of Almack's. The ambitions apathetic Javan gets vociferously enthusiastic of the tradesman and the artist are anything but over a cock-fight. The heaven of the Hebrew alike; and could we compare the air-castles of is “a city of gold and precious stones, with a the ploughman and the philosopher, we should supernatural abundance of corn and wine;" that find them of widely different orders of architecof the Turk-a harem peopled by houris; that ture. Generalizing such facts

, we see that the of the American Indian-a “happy hunting, standard of "greatest happiness” possesses as ground;" in the Norse paradise there were to little fixity as the other exponents of human be daily battles with magical healing of wounds; nature. Between nations the differences of whilst the Australian hopes that he shall “jump opinion are conspicuous enough. On contrastup a white fellow, and have plenty of sixpences. ing the Hebrew patriarchs with their existing Descending to individual instances, we find descendants, we observe that even in the saine Louis XVĩ. interpreting "greatest happiness" race the beau ideal of existence changes. The

n-making locks; instead of which his members of each community disagree upon the successor read - making empires. It was seem- question. Neither, if we compare the wishes of ingly the opinion of Lycurgus that perfect the gluttonous school-boy with those of the physical development was the chief essential to earth-scorning transcendentalist into whom die human felicity; Plotinus, on the contrary, was may afterwards grow, do we find any constancy so purely ideal in his aspirations as to be ashamed in the individual. So we may say, not only that of his body. Indeed the many contradictory every epoch and every people has its peculiar answers given by Grecian thinkers to the ques- conceptions of happiness, but that no two men tion- What constitutes happiness ? have given have like conceptions; and further, that in each

to mean

man the conception is not the same at any two, celebration at the time, and burned (she stated, periods of life. Herbert Spencer.

without lier knowledge) the Emperor Francis in A BEAUTIFUL TRIBUTE TO A Wife. -Sir effigy! She was at once seized, and, at the James Mackintosh, the historian, was married command of the Austrian officer, made“ to run in early life, before he attained fame or fortune, the gauntlet," or the “ Gassenlauf,” as they to Miss Catherine Stuart, a young Scotch lady, called it. I gained some acquaintance with this distinguished more for the excellence of her Austrian punishment while in the Gros Wardein character than for her personal charms. After prison, as it was applied to all the thieves and eight years of happy wedded life, during which deserters of the regiment every Saturday aftershe became the mother of three children, she noon. The custom is, usually, to call out three died. A few days after her death, the bereaved hundred men, who form two rows, one hundred husband wrote to a friend, depicting the cha- and fifty on a side. Each man is to be provided racter of his wife, in the following terms :-“I with a tough, limber stick. The criminal, a Fas guided in my choice only by the blind hardy, strong man, commonly, is stripped to affection of youth. I found an intelligent com- the waist, and made to walk leisurely through panion and a tender friend-a prudent monitress, at the beat of the drum. If any one in the line the most faithful of wives, and a mother as neglects to lay on as hard as he can, he gets tanler as ever children had the misfortune to“ five-and-twenty" himself. It is generally callose. I met a woman who, by the tender ma- culated that a strong man, sent through this hagernent of my weaknesses, gradually corrected lane four times, if he has strength enough to the most pernicious of them. She became pru- get to the end, will die within a few hours. This dent from affection; and, though of the most was Madame Maderspach's punishment, though generous disposition, she was taught frugality with generous consideration for her sex, the and economy by her love for me. During the "run" was probably limited to once through! most critical period of my life she preserved | The effect upon the proud, high-born lady was order in my affairs, from the care of which she to drive her into insanity. The news of such a relieved me. She gently reclaimed me from public, brutal indignity on his wife, so affected dissipation : she urged my indolence to all the the husband that he shot himself through the exertions that have been useful and creditable brain. And, to entirely hush up the matter, the to me; and she was perpetually at hand to ad, only survivor, a young son, was drafted into inonish my heedless improvidence. To her I the Austrian army in Italy as a common soldier, owe whatever I am ; to her whatever I shall be. where he is still. "The whole deed seems to have In her solicitude for my interests she never for come, if not directly from Haynau, at least from a moment forgot my feelings or my character. his general orders. The poor lady lives still in Eren in her occasional resentment, for which I Pesth, in a half-crazed condition. It is said, but too often gave her cause (would to God after Haynau's tremendous flagellation by the I could recall those moments !) she had no sul- | London brewers, some one sent her a paper, lenness or acrimony. Her feelings were warm containing an account of it; and that she kept and impetuous; but she was placable, tender, it for days in her bosom, wet with her tears! and constant. Such was she whom I lost, and Somehow or other, she obtained, too, a piece of I have lost her when her excellent natural sense one of the brooms with which he was beaten, ivas rapidly improving, after eight years of and maniac-like, she has made a bracelet of it, struggle and distress had bound us fast together, which she now wears. The Hungarians assert and moulded our tempers to each other; when that this instance of Madame Maderspach is a knowledge of her worth had refined my only one of several similar. --- Hungary in 1851. youthful love into a friendship, and before age By C. L. Brace. had deprived it of much of its original ardour. HUMANITY AND COMMON SENSE. --Before I lost her, alas! the choice of my youth, the a horse is attached to any vehicle, the harness partner of my misfortunes, at a moment when I should be allowed to remain on him in the stable had a prospect of her sharing my better days." several hours during two or three consecutive

MADAME MADERSPACH. -Among the vic- days; he should be led out, so that he may time of the Austrian Government, there still become thoroughly accustomed to the trappings, lives in Pesth the lady who was scourged by and a cord six or seven feet in length should be Austrian soldiers - Madame Maderspach. 1 fastened to each trace. With this the horse is have met several who have seen her, and the quietly led about, one man performing that account they give of the affair is as follows:- duty whilst another follows holding the aforeShe was a lady of fortune and rank, residing said cords, which as the animal moves forward in Siebenbürgen, in the south-eastern part of are to be strained, so that he feels a slight Hungary. Her husband was an officer in the pressure of the collar on his shoulders. The Hungarian army, and she herself naturally sym- intention of this treatment must be obvious ; if pathized with his party, and, it is said, fre- the horse is alarmed by the effect of the collar, quently entertained Bem and the officers under the man holding the cords which are affixed to Lin in a very hospitable manner. This had the traces can instantly relax them; and again, exasperated the Austrians; and when, at length, when he finds his pupil is reconciled he may they occupied that part of Hungary, they were renew a moderate strain, and finally as much quite ready for any severities against her. Un- resistance as he has power to create. By this fortunately for her, her tenantry inace some means the most timid horses will gain con

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