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Again, in educating children, the least degree of pains is usually taken with their hearts. It is not their moral education that is so much attended to : the body and the mind are too generally made the chief subjects of tuition, and not the heart, the temper, the moral frame. The vast superiority of the christian morality over the best part of the morality of the wisest pagans, consists very materially in this, that the former embraces the views, motives and feelings of the heart, whereas the latter regards the outward act only. Socrates taught some things excellent in themselves, but his system reached only the surface of morality. It was for the Divine Teacher alone, to inculcate moral duties upon true principles, by prescribing the cleansing of the fourtain, as not only the best and the shortest, but as the only way to purify the streams.
A word on sensibility. No quality, espescially in female character, is so much praised, admired, and love ed; and, for that reason, no quality is so often coun. terfeited. And what is it? Not the susceptible temperament, which feels only for self or for one's ownNot that sickly sensibility, which so enervates the mind that it yields to even the lightest wind of adversityNot that mock-sensibility, which weeps over a fictitious tale of woe, but has no sympathy for the real woes of life. No. These, and various others that might be named, are of the spurious brood. Genuine sensibility —that sensibility which is indeed so estimable and lovely—is a moral quality ; of which it would be difficult to find a better difinition than is given in the following admirable lines of the poet Gray.
* Teach me to love and to forgive Exact my own defects to scan ; What others are to feel; and kuow myself a man,"
Of an interesting trial of old, before the royal court
Few questions have been agitated more frequently or with more spirit, than that of the balance of power between the two sexes : a question that had occupied the attention of mankind long before the political balance between the powers in Europe was so much as thought of. In Asia indeed, from its earliest history, the rights of women, generally speaking, have been much less respected than in Europe, and the goodly country where we ourselves draw the breath of life; yet even in Asia, it was of old contended that the balance of power leaned rather toward the female side.
Three young men belonging to the body guard of King Darius, who reigned from India unto Ethiopia, over an hundred and twenty and seven provinces, wrote, each, his sentence, which they delivered to the king. Of the last of the three, the sentence was, Womeň are strongest :-which position the noble youth vindicated before all the princes of Persia, in the following strain of eloquence.
“Oye men, it is not the great king, nor the multitude of men, neither is it wine that excelleth : who is it then that ruleth them, or hath the lordship over them ? Are they not women ? Women have borne the king, and all the people that bear rule by sea and land. Even of them came they ; and they nourished them up that planted the vineyards from whence the wine cometh. These also make garments for men; these bring glory unto men; and without women, men cannot be. Yea, and if men have gathered together gold and sil
ver, or any other goodly thing, do they not love a woman which is comely in favour and beauty? And letting all these things go, do they not gape, and even with open mouth fix their eyes
her; and have not all men more desire unto her, than unto silver or gold, or any goodly thing whatsoever ? A man leaveth his own father that brought him up, and his own coun. try, and cleaveth unto his wife. He sticketh not to spend his life with his wife, and remembereth neither father, nor mother, nor country. By this also, ye must know that women have dominion over you. Do ye not labour and toil, and bring all to the woman ?”
After the young orator had pursued this strain to a still further length, he turns himself particularly, as it would seem, to the terrible monarch, and tells him to his face that his power is in no wise comparable to that of woman.
“ And now," says he “ do ye not believe me ? Is not the king great in his power? Do not all regions fear to touch him? Yet did I see him and Apame--the daughter of the admirable Bartaeus, sitting at the right hand of the king, and taking the crown from the king's head, and setting it upon her own head: she also struck the king with her left hand : and yet for all this, the king gaped and gazed upon her with open mouth : if she laughed upon him, he laughed also : but if she took any displeasure at him, the king was fain to flatter, that she might be reconciled to him again. Oye men, how can it be but that women should be strong, seeing they do this ?"*
The sequel was, that “ the king and the princes, looked upon one another”. no doubt with such leering glances as betrayed their full conviction that what had been spoken was but too true.
# The 4th chapter of the 1st apochryphal book of Esdras: But though the gallant young advocater of the superior strength of women had manifestly gained the field, still the palm of victory was not openly awarded him till after he had declared himself upon the power of TRUTH ;—and then, the whole assembly gave a shout of approbation and applause.
Wherefore, seeing the question was not expressly and fully decided in the Persian court, and that it still is open to remark and discussion, I will venture to hazard a few thoughts upon it.
Granting then, what hardly admits of doubt, that, in the comparative view of the sexes, women are strongest-it is but fair to state, on the other side, that they seldom seem to know exactly where, and in what, their great strength lies; and for this reason it is, that they so often meet with sore discomfitures and defeats. When woman contests it with man in his own rough way, there are more than ten chances to one against her. In playing the man she is no match for man, Her masculine air and manner, move only his laughter and contempt. Instead of taking fright at her violent vociferations, her menaces, and the glare of rage in her visage, nothing, except love and esteem, is further from his heart than fear. She renders herself no less impotent than disgusting; unless she happen to be yoked with one possessing neither nerve nor bone-in which case, such a victory over such a husband could afford her but a worthless triumph at best.
The legitimate strength of woman lies quite the other way. Almost ever it exerts itself to the best advan. tage on the heart and will of man, or in gently taking his mind prisoner, rather than in stout attempts at subduing his physical powers. Woman is strong in proportion to her seeming weakness. In willingly and cheerfully yielding to man his due prerogatives, she takes the readiest way of ensuring her own. By leaning on his arm she makes that arm hers, and nerves it for her own support and defence. It is her fidelity, her modesty, her sweetness, her soft persuasive force, both in word and deed, which render woman invincible, and invest her with a kind of paramount power.
Nor is this a thing of art, or of cunning contrivance : so far otherwise, even the least appearance of art would addle the whole compound. It is only to act the woman naturally : it is only to act the well-instructed, well-principled woman, in a manner truly consonant to the peculiar station and distinct qualities of her
of morai Education.
Few subjects have employed a greater number of tongues and pens than that of Education, and yet, few subjects are so generally misunderstood. Most admit the importance of education, and are forward to laud it, though perhaps scarcely one in twenty is sensible of the full meaning of the term.
Education in the common or popular acceptation, is made to mean mere learning. So that when people talk of education, they generally understand by it little or nothing else than teaching children reading, writing, orthography, grammar, arithmetic, and so on; and when they have got these, and whatever else of learning that is taught in the schools, they are accounted well educated, and it is thought to be altogether their own fault if they fail to act well their part in the