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That if any publick Reader in either of Our Universities, or any Head or Master of a College, or any other person respectively in either of them, shall affix any new sense to any Article, or shall publickly read, determine, or hold any publick Disputation, or suffer any such to be held either way, in either the Universities or Colleges respectively; or if any Divine in the Universities shall preach or print any thing either way, other than is already established in Convocation with Our Royal Assent; he, or they the Offenders, shall be liable to Our displeasure, and the Church's censure in Our Commission Ecclesiastical, as well as any other: And We will see there shall be due Execution upon them.
ARTICLES OF RELIGION.
I. Of Faith in the Holy Trinity. V. Of the Holy Ghost.
and Tirem the Father and the Son
HE , body, parts, or passions; of infinite is of one substance, majesty, and power, wisdom, and goodness; the glory, with the Father and the Son, Maker, and Preserver of all things very and eternal God. both visible and invisible. And in VI. Of the Sufficiency of the holy unity of this Godhead there be three
Scriptures for salvation. Penseternity; the
Father, the son; H'hingSenepessary to salvation: , of one , power,
TOLY Scripture and the Holy Ghost.
so that whatsoever is not read thereII. Of the Word or Son of God, not to be required of any man, that
in, nor may be proved thereby, is which was made very Man.
it should be believed as an article The Father, begotten from everTHE Son, which is the Word of of the Faith, or be thought requisite
or necessary to salvation. In the lasting of the Father, the very and name of the holy Scripture we do eternal God, and of one substance understand those canonical Books with the Father, took Man's nature of the Old and New Testament, of in the womb of the blessed Virgin, whose authority was never any doubt of her substance : so that two whole in the Church. and perfect Natures, that is to say, of the Names and Number of the the Godhead and Manhood, were
Canonical Books. joined together in one Person, never to be divided, whereof is one Christ,
Exodus, very God, and very Man; who tru
Leviticus, ly suffered, was crucified, dead and
Numbers, buried, to reconcile his Father to
Deuteronomy, us, and to be a sacrifice, not only
The First Book of Samuel,
The Second Book of Samuel,
The First Book of Kings,
buried, so also is it to be believ- The First Book of Chronicles, ed, that he went down into Hell. The Second Book of Chronicles,
The First Book of Esdras,
The Second Book of Esdras,
, The Book of Job, with flesh, bones, and all things ap- The Psalms, pertaining to the perfection
of Man's The Proverbs, nature; wherewith he ascended in- Ecclesiastes or Preacher, to Heaven, and there sitteth, until Cantica, or Songs of Solomon, he return to judge all Men at the Four Prophets the greater, last day
Twelve Prophets the less.
And the other Books (as Hierome contrary to the spirit; and there. saith) the Church doth read for ex- fore in every person born into this ample of life and instruction of man- world, it deserveth God's wrath and ners; but yet doth it not apply them damnation. And this infection of to establish any doctrine; such are nature doth remain, yea in them these following:
that are regenerated; whereby the The Third Book of Esdras, lust of the flesh, called in Greek, The Fourth Book of Esdrás, phronema sarkos, which some do The Book of Tobias,
expound the wisdom, some sensuThe Book of Judith,
ality, some the affection, some the The rest of the Book of Esther, desire, of the flesh, is not subject The Book of Wisdom,
to the Law of God. And although Jesus the Son of Sirach,
there is no condemnation for them Baruch the Prophet,
that believe and are baptized, yet The Song of the Three Children, the Apostle doth confess, that conThe Story of Susanna,
cupiscence and lust hath of itself Of Bel and the Dragon,
the nature of sin. The Prayer of Manasses,
X. Of Free-Win.
fall of Adam is such, that he ment, as they are commonly receiv. cannot turn and prepare himself, ed, we do receive, and account them by his own natural strength and Canonical.
good works, to faith, and calling
upon God: 'Wherefore we have no VII. Of the Old Testament.
power to do good works pleasant TH THE Old Testament is not con- and acceptable to God, without the
trary to the New: for both in grace of God by Christ preventing the Old and New Testament ever- us, that we may have a good will, lasting life is offered to Mankind and working with us, when we have by Christ, who is the only Mediator that good will. between God and Man, being both God and Man. Wherefore they are
XI. Of the Justification of Man. not to be heard, which feign that
E are accounted righteous bethe old Fathers did look only for transitory promises. Although the of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Law given from God by Moses, as Christ by Faith, and not for our touching Ceremonies and Rites, do own works or deservings: Wherenot bind Christian men, nor the fore, that we are justified by Faith Civil precepts thereof ought of ne- only is a most wholesome Doctrine, cessity to be received in any com- and very full of comfort, as more monwealth; yet notwithstanding, largely is expressed in the Homily no Christian man whatsoever is free of Justification. from the obedience of the Command.
XII. Of good Works. ments which are called Moral. VIII. Of the Three Creeds. A of
LBEIT that Good Works, Athanasius's Creed, and that not put away our sins, and endure which is commonly called the Apo- the severity of God's Judgement; stles' Creed, ought thoroughly to be yet are they pleasing and acceptareceived and believed: for
they may ble to God in Christ, and do spring be proved by most certain warrants out necessarily of a true and lively of holy Scripture.
Faith; insomuch that by them a IX. Of Original or Birth-sin.
lively Faith may be as evidently
known as a tree discerned by the O , (
RIGINAL Sin standeth not in fruit. Pelagians do vainly talk ;) but it is XIII. Of Works before Justifica. the fault and corruption of the Na
tion. tyringen overy man that
naturally WOR Krisdome before the space is
Christ, and the Adam; whereby man is very far of his Spirit, are not pleasant to gone from original righteousness, God, forasmuch as they spring not and is of his own nature inclined to of faith in Jesus Christ, neither do evil, so that the flesh lusteth always they make men meet to receive grace, or (as the School-authors say) | damnation those whom he hath deserve grace of congruity: yea ra- chosen in Christ out of mankind, ther, for that they are not done as and to bring them by Christ to everGod' hath willed and commanded lasting salvation, as vessels made to them to be done, we doubt not but honour. Wherefore, they which be they have the nature of sin.
endued with so excellent a bene. XIV. Of Works of Supererogation. God's purpose by his Spirit working
fit of God be called according to VOLUNTARY Works besides
, in due season: they through Grace over and above, God's Com- obey the calling: they be justified mandments, which they call Works freely: they be made sons of God of Supererogation, cannot be taught by adoption: they be made like tho without arrogancy and impiety: image of his only begotten Son Jefor by them men do declare, that sus Christ: they walk religiously in they do not only render unto God as much as they are bound to do, mercy, they attain to everlasting
good works, and at length, by God's but that they do more for his sake, felicity. than of bounden duty is required: As the godly consideration of Prewhereas Christ saith plainly, When destination, and our Election in ye have done all that are command. Christ, is full of sweet, pleasant, ed to you, say, We are unprofitable and unspeakable comfort to godly servants.
persons, and such as feel in themXV. Of Christ alone without Sin. selves the working of the Spirit of HRIST in the truth of our na
Christ, mortifying the works of the
flesh, and their earthly members, all things, sin only except, from
and drawing up their mind to high which he was clearly void, both in
and heavenly things, as well behis flesh, and in his spirit. He
cause it doth greatly establish and came to be the Lamb without spot,
confirm their faith of eternal Salvawho, by sacrifice of himself once
tion to be enjoyed through Christ, made, should take away the sins of
as because it doth fervently kindle the world, and sin, as Saint John
their love towards God : So, for cusaith, was not in him. But all we
rious and carnal persons, lacking the rest, although baptized, and born
the Spirit of Christ, to have contiagain in Christ, yet offend in many
nually before their eyes the sentence things; and if we say we have no
of God's Predestination, is a most sin, we deceive ourselves, and the dangerous downfall, whereby the truth is not in us.
Devil doth thrust them either into
desperation, or into wretchlessness XVI. Of Sin after Baptism. of most unclean living, no less peril. COT every deadly sin willingly
ous than desperation.
Furthermore, we must receive against the Holy Ghost, and unpar- God's promises in such wise, as they donable. Wherefore the grant of
be generally set forth to us in holy repentance is not to be denied to Scripture: and, in our doings, that such as fall into sin after Baptism.
Will of God is to be followed, which After we have received the Holy
we have expressly declared unto us Ghost, we may depart from grace
in the Word of God. given, and fall into sin, and by the XVIII. Of obtaining eternal Salvagrace of God we may arise again, tion only by the Name of Christ. and amend our lives. And there fore they are to be condemned, THEY
also are to be had accurs. i
ed that presume to say, That which say, they can no more sin as
every man shall be saved by the long as they live here, or deny the Law or Sect which he professeth, 1 place of forgiveness to such as truly so that he be diligent to frame his repent.
life according to that Law, and the XVII. Of Predestination and Elec- light of Nature. For holy Scription.
ture doth set out unto us only the Name of Jesus Christ, whereby men
must be saved. the everlasting purpose of God, whereby (before the foundations of XIX. Of the Church. then worden er en blandis boa haeth.comTeorisibdat Churchaithfhristens stantly decreed by counsel secret congregation of , to us, to deliver from curse and I in the which the pure Word of God
is preached, and the Sacraments those we ought to judge lawfully be duly ministered according to called and sent, which be chosen Christ's ordinance in all those things and called to this work by men who that of necessity are requisite to the have publick authority given unto same.
them in the Congregation, to call As the Church of Jerusalem, and send Ministers into the Lord's Alexandria, and Antioch, have vineyard. erred; so also the Church of Rome XXIV. Of speaking in the Congrehath erred, not only in their living
gation in such a Tongue as the and manner of Ceremonies, but also
people understandeth. in matters of Faith.
is a thing plainly repugnant XX. Of the Authority of the Church.
custom of the Primitive Church, to THE Church hath power to de. have publick Prayer in the Church,
cree Rites or Ceremonies, and or to minister the Sacraments in authority in Controversies of Faith: a tongue not understanded of the And yet it is not lawful for the people. Church to ordain any thing that is contrary to God's Word written,
XXV. Of the Sacraments.
ordained of of Scripture, that it be repugnant tokens of Christian men's profesneither may it so expound one placé SACRAMENTS
Christ be not only badges or to another. Wherefore, although the Church be a witness and a
sion, but rather they be certain keeper of holy
Writ, yet, as it ought sure witnesses, and effectual signs not to decree any thing against the of grace, and God's good will tosame, so besides the same ought it work invisibly in us, and doth not
wards us, by the which he doth not to enforce any thing to be believed for necessity of Salvation.
only quicken, but also strengthen
and confirm our Faith in him. XXI. Of the Authority of General There are two Sacraments or Councils.
dained of Christ our Lord in the GENERAL Councils may not be the palm peatishe say. Baptism, and
Supper of Lord. commandment and will of Princes.
Those five commonly called SaAnd when they be gathered toge- craments, that is to say, Confirmather, (forasmuch as they be an as
tion, Penance, Orders, Matrimony, sembly of men, whereof all be not and extreme Únction, are not to be governed with the Spirit and Word
counted for Sacraments of the Gosof God,) they may err, and some-pel, being such as have grown part. times have erred, even in things ly of the corrupt following of the pertaining unto God. Wherefore Apostles, partly are states of life things ordained by them as ne
allowed in the Scriptures; but yet cessary to salvation have neither have not like nature of Sacraments strength nor authority, unless it with Baptism, and the Lord's Supmay be declared that they be taken per, for that they have not any vi. out of holy Scripture.
sible sign or ceremony ordained of
The Sacraments were not ordainTie Romish Doctrine concern- ed of Christ to be gazed upon, or to
ing Purgatory, Pardons, Wor- be carried about, but that we should shipping and Adoration, as well of duly use them.' And in such only Images as of Reliques, and also in- as worthily receive the same they vocation of Saints, is a fond thing have a wholesome effect or operavainly invented, and grounded upon tion : but they that receive them no warranty of Scripture, but rather unworthily purchase to themselves repugnant to the Word of God. damnation, as Saint Paul saith. XXIII. Of Ministering in the Con- XXVI. Of the Unworthiness of gregation.
the Ministers, which hinders not ITE T is not lawful for any man to
the effect of the Sacrament. publicte preaching oth ministering A Church the evil beheer imhle
take upon office of LTHOUGH in visible the Sacraments in the Congrega- gled with the good, and sometimes tion, before he be lawfully called, the evil have chief authority in the and sent to execute the same. And Ministration of the Word and Sacraments, yet forasmuch as they do The Body of Christ is given, not the same in their own name, taken, and eaten, in the Supper, but in Christ's, and do minister by only after an heavenly and spiritual his commission and authority, we manner. And the mean whereby may use their Ministry, both in the Body of Christ is received and hearing the Word of God, and in eaten in the Supper is Faith. the receiving of the Sacraments. The Sacrament of the Lord's SupNeither is the effect of Christ's ordi- per was not by Christ's ordinance nance taken away by their wicked reserved, carried about, lifted up, or ness, nor the grace of God's gifts di, worshipped. minished from such as by faith and XXIX. Of the Wicked which eat rightly do receive the Sacraments
not the Body of Christ in the use ministered unto them; which be
of the Lord's Supper. effectual, because of Christ's insti. tution and promise, although they Thord Wicked, and such as be
void of a lively ,
they do carnally and visibly press Nevertheless, it appertaineth to
with their teeth (as Saint Augus. the discipline of the Church, that
tine saith) the Sacrament of the enquiry be made of evil Ministers, and that they be accused by those Body and Blood of Christ, yet in that have knowledge of their of.
no wise are they partakers of Christ: fences; and finally being found do eat and drink the sign or Sacra
but rather, to their condemnation, guilty, by just judgement be de
ment of so great a thing. posed. XXVII. Of Baptism.
XXX. Of both kinds. BAPTISM is not only a sign of The Accupa of the Lord is not to profession, and mark of differ- both the parts of the Lord's Sacra
denied to ence, whereby Christian men are discerned from others that be not mandment, ought to be ministered
ment, by Christ's ordinance and comchristened, but it is also a sign of to all Christian men alike. Regeneration or new Birth, whereby, as by an instrument, they that XXXI. Of the one Oblation of receive Baptism rightly are grafted
Christ finished upon the Cross. into the Clnursh
of the promises of Tmhede offering the perfecerisedemce sin, our
is that adoption to be the sons of God by tion, propitiation, and satisfaction, the Holy Ghost, are visibly signed for all the sins of the whole world, and sealed; Faith is confirmed, and both original and actual; and there Grace increased by virtue of prayer is none other satisfaction for sin, unto God. The Baptism of young but that alone. Wherefore the saChildren is in any wise to be retain-crifices of Masses, in the which it ed in the Church, as most agreeable was commonly said, that the Priest with the institution of Christ. did offer Christ for the quick and
the dead, to have remission of pain XXVIII. Of the Lords Supper.
or guilt, were blasphemous fables, Thumpaign of the love that XXXII. Of the Marriage of Priests.
THE Supper of Christians among themselves one too another; but Bare not commanded by God's
ISHOPS, Priests, rather it is a Sacrament of our Redemption by Christ's death : single life, or to abstain from mar.
Law, either to vow the estate of insomuch that to such as rightly, riage : therefore it is lawful also worthily, and with faith, receive the same, the Bread which we break is
for them, as for all other Christian a partaking of the Body of Christ;
men, to marry at their own discrèand likewise the Cup of Blessing is tion, as they shall judge the same
to serve better to godliness. a partaking of the Blood of Christ.
Transubstantiation (or the change XXXIII. Of excommunicate Per. of the substance of Bread and Wine) soms, how they are to be avoided. in the Supper of the Lord, cannot HAT person which by open derepugnant to the plain words of rightly cut off from the unity of Scripture, overthroweth the nature the Church, and excommunicated, of a Sacrament, and hath given ought to be taken of the whole mul occasion to many superstitions. titude of the faithful, as an Heathen