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to us,”-say, “it is all a calumny, we are very friendly to the circulation of the Bible,”-say “ that the Roman Catholic Church has never forbidden the free circulation of the scriptures-it is all a calumny;”-and then Protestants who are ignorant, are put off their guard, and so perhaps they may be seduced, and may be led by a fatal infatuation to join that Church. p. 64.
We have selected the above passage, both as giving Mr. Venn's reasons for entering on this controversy, and as stating in a summary way the substance of his own argument on the first day of the controversy. The remainder of the volume we must leave to the consideration of our readers. It contains more than two hundred closely printed octavo pages, and the price is only three shillings. We sincerely hope that Mr. Venn's design in the publication of this work will be fully answered : and that many who have, for a while, been entangled in the meshes of the Papacy will be brought back to the sober and evangelical principles of our Protestant Church. Indeed we cannot suffer ourselves to doubt that a work undertaken in such a spirit, conducted with such temper, and sustained by such scriptural arguments will be blessed to the spiritual benefit of mankind.
THE CHRISTIAN'S MIRROR of duty to God and man: or THE EX. AMPLE OF CHRIST illustrated from the Scriptures. Square 18mo. pp. xvi. & 143. London : Seeleys. 1844. It is hardly necessary to point out the amazing importance of the subject treated of in this valuable little volume. We are well convinced, however, that in no point have the professedly christian world so greatly erred as in neglecting to place before their minds continually the example of our blessed Saviour, as that which is to form the standard of their actions, and after which they ought to be found resolutely and perseveringly following. We wish we could believe that this neglect had been confined to the mearly nominal section of the christian world. We greatly regret that we are compelled to believe the error to have deeply affected even that portion of the professed Church of Christ, who may be said-amidst all their remaining sins and infirmities—to “worship the Father in spirit and in truth.” How great discomfort to themselves and dishonour to religion has thus been occasioned—who shall say?
'It is the design of the pious Author of this valuable publication, to attempt to rectify, in a measure, this pernicious error, by presenting to the believer a compact and comprehensive little work, clearly pointing out the duty and privilege alluded to, by most apt and striking quotations from scripture, under a variety of general heads, which are again sub-divided into more particular subjects. Very appropriate and pithy extracts are given from eminent divines touching on many of the points treated of: and the whole is accompanied by copious indexes and table of contents, rendering the book most convenient for reference to any topic required. We trust it may be rendered really beneficial in the highest point of view to those who profess to be the disciples of him who “left us an example, that we should follow his steps.”
CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
MISSIONARY TOUR TO UPPER EGYPT. On the 30th of January, 1844, the Rev. W. Krusé, accompanied by Mrs. Krusé, commenced a Missionary Tour to upper Egypt, by embarking in a boat on the Nile.
For about three weeks, nothing of a remarkable character occurred. The scenery through which they passed is thus described :
'Feb. 15-On the 13th we passed Siout, and soon afterwards the wind abated. We have since been obliged to proceed by towing. The people whom we now meet in our walks begin to be of a darker colour: they have a wild appearance ; but when addressed they manifest much civility. The country appears to be well cultivated; we see many villages on both sides of the river; and here and there flocks of sheep and goats together, tended sometimes by children, but more frequently by the shepherd with his staff. Then again large droves of buffaloes and camels, hundreds of wild geese, some pelicans, innumerable pigeons, the crows and eagles about the mountains, which are steep and lofty, render the scenery truly interesting. Toward evening we arrived opposite Er Reineh, in the neighbourhood of which our Captain did not feel quite secure, and thought of pushing off to an uninhabited island. A great many people came from a fair in another vil lage, and among them was the Sheikh of Er Reineh, who asked permission to come into our boat and cross over to the other side : he would then, he said protect us near his village, and send us two watchmen for the night. This promise he faithfully kept.'
Assouan, the first town of the dis. trict which is chiefly inhabited by the Coptic Christians, was the place where Mr. Kruse's labours were to commence. Here they arrived on the 21st; and Mr. Krusé writes
'As soon as our boat was properly secured, two Copts came to pay us à visit. They told me that the number of Christians had increased there being now forty Christian fami1844.
lies living here; but they have neither Church nor Priest. They are visited once or twice a year by a Priest from Esneh or some other place thereabout; and on Easter Day as many as can afford to leave go to Edfou to attend the Church Service there. When our visitors heard who I was, and the object of our visit, they greatly rejoiced; and begged me to use my influence at Cairo to obtain for them permission to build a Church. One of our visitors Muallem Chaleel-was the principal man of the Copts here: he thought permission for building a Church might now easily be obtained, as the Pasha had allowed the building of a Church at Khartoom, where, two years ago, many clerks in the service of the Government were sent; and this year the Coptic Patriarch had provided them with a Bishop and two Priests. Muallem Chaleel further informed me, that, in December last, two Missionaries of the Propaganda passed Assouan on their way to Khartoom in order to settle there. He remarked, “What can they do there? the Copts do not understand Latin."
‘Feb. 22, 1844–The Copts being engaged in their offices, we could not see them till after their daily work was over. We therefore took the opportunity to visit the cataract. Our way led over the ancient Syene, a true picture of the mutability of all human things, and an exact fulfilment of the prophecy in Ezek. xxix, 10. We next passed over the cemetry of the ancient town, filled with grave-stones, covered with Arabic inscriptions. We next crossed a wide sandy plain, embosomed, as it were, in immense masses of granite rocks. As far as the eye could reach, these rocks met the view ; and as we approached the river, many little hamlets lay scattered between. The sight was at once sublime and solemn. We could only gaze with awe upon these mighty works of nature, and from them our hearts turned upward to the Author and Finisher of all. At the cataract it seems that z
disappointment is the universal feel. was devoutly kissed, secured in the ing: the whole scene which presents folds of their robes, and joyfully itself is rock upon rock, between carried away. One man, who, from which the river in several places rolls his wearing a green turban, was down. In vain did we look around, known as a descendant of their prohoping to see some mighty fall. How- phet, made his appearance from ever, the scene delighted us, and we among the crowd, and begged earstood gazing with admiration upon nestly for a book; and when he was the wild landscape, surrounded by told that they were Christian books, nearly the whole populace of the ad- he determinately said, “I can read! jacent village. We tried to speak give me but one.” The Copts being to them: but the Arabic language disengaged, to-day being Friday, seemed wholly unintelligible: they many came to our boat, and thus I knew only one word—“Backsheesh” had many opportunities to speak to (a present): this they all understood. them on the one thing needful. Poor people! We thought, When 'In the evening we went on shore will the light of the Gospel shine for a walk; and as we passed, we again into this dark region ?
saw a group of Christians sitting on ‘Feb. 23—I rose early this morn the ground, and eagerly conversing. ing, intending to take a walk on I joined them, and endeavoured to shore; but before our usual morning impress on their minds the necessity devotions were over, several Chris- of reading and studying the Word of tians were anxious to see me. After God; and for this purpose urged some profitable conversation, and them to assemble, as often as they supplying them with the Word of could, at the house of Muallem ChaGod, I accompanied them to their leel, to whom I had sent a good supSchool, where I found Muallem ply of the Holy Scriptures, for the Chaleel, and several respectable use of their Meeting. Before they Copts, already assembled and wait would let me go, one of them very earing to receive me. The Teacher ap nestly begged for a copy of the New peared to be tolerably intelligent Testament for his son. On my renot blind, as is generally the case. marking to him that I had already There were fifteen boys in the School. distributed many, and that I must keep They had no books; but were engag some for other places, they all, with ed in reading and committing to one voice, pleaded for him, saying, memory passages from the Psalms, “We are here, as it were, in a desert, which had been written by the Masa and not within reach of these means, ter on tin plates. I questioned the as others are towards Cairo." It is boys upon what they were learning; indeed gratifying to witness these but found them very ignorant. After signs of thirst for the Word of God. having shown the Teacher how he Feb. 24,-On our return to the might improve the minds of his pupils boat I met some Christians, with by questioning them, and impressing whom I had some profitable converon them the meaning of what they sation on Religion. During the rest read, I addressed the boys, who of the morning our boat was beset attentively listened; and the Chris by crowds, who were desirous of obtians who were assembled manifested taining books. We found it impossinot less attention. They repeatedly ble to supply them all; but distriexpressed their approbation; and buted a large number of Tracts. when I was leaving, they remarked, 'In the afternoon we crossed over “ This has been a blessed season." Up to the Island of Elephantina, called, on my return to the vessel I sent a by the Natives, the Island of Assousupply of books for the use of the an; but even here the people followSchool.
ed. It was at once a painful yet gra'The rest of the day was taken up tifying sight to see the poor creatures in unpacking and distributing Books come over in boats to supplicate for and Tracts, and seldom have we wit more books. A Mahomedan Schoolnessed such a scene. The eager de master came with several of his schosire for books was very great: not Jars, desiring books; and when I told only Christians, but even Mahome him that they were for the Christians, dans, were anxious to possess them. he said, “ Oh give me but a few for The general cry was, “Give me but my boys, and I will teach them all one;" and when it was obtained, it their contents." Upon receiving a
small supply he retired, and, seated on the sandy shore, instantly set about reading to his eager pupils. The throng of applicants for books still increasing, many, who could not get near enough to me, held up their hands to Mrs. Krusé, as if praying, calling to her, “ Oh, lady, give me a book." Having distributed many more Scriptures and Tracts than we had at first calculated for this place, we tried to elude the demands, by going on shore to take a walk; but were obliged soon to return to our boat, while fresh applications were made.
"Toward evening we quitted Assouan, with grateful hearts that the Lord had thus far prospered our journey. We confidently hope and pray that a blessing will attend this visit.
'Great changes have taken place in Egypt during the last few years. I was informed, at Assouan, that they had never seen so many travellers come up as this year; they had counted forty boats. We saw two steamers there: one had come, for the first time, with some gentlemen and Consuls from Cairo to visit the antiquities: and the other was one of the Pasha's steamers, which had brought up a messenger, who had gone to Khartoom, and was waiting here for his return. On our passing the Pasha's steamer, part of the crew came off in a small boat and begged for some books. I had previously sent some to the Captain, at his request. They were supplied, and returned joyfully to their vessel. On inquiry, I was informed that the inhabitants of Assouan are computed at 1500 families, who are all Mahomedans, with the exception of the forty Coptic families.
Feb. 25, Lord's Day-This was a calm and quiet day, and was particularly felt to be so after the bustle and toils of the last three days. We greatly enjoyed Divine Service by ourselves in our little cabin, and experienced the blessing of the Lord. In a country where we daily see our fellow-creatures without the true consolations of the Gospel, we can not be sufficiently thankful for the Means of Grace given unto us. We begin to find the heat oppressive: the thermometer has been 90° to-day.
‘Feb, 26—During the night we arrived at Edfou. Before we breakfasted, a Copt, who had been watching the river, as he said, for the last two days, came to our boat. He had
been apprised of our intended visit by the English Clergyman with whom we had been in company. Having learned from him that the Christians here about fifteen families-have now a Church and School, I accompanied him to visit the Priest, who freely answered my inquiries respecting his Church. During our conversation, several Christians assembled ; and when I expressed my wish to see the School, the whole party accompanied me thither. I found 14 Scho. lars: the only book in the School was a half torn Manuscript Arabic Psalter, tied together with a bit of twine ; and from this the master instructed the boys. I put several questions to them ; but they were unable to answer. I then spoke to them on the love of Christ, and exhorted them to love Him who first loved us. I left with them a good supply of Schoolbooks and Tracts, much to the satisfaction of both the Priest and the boys.
'On returning to the boat, the Priest and almost all the Copts in the place accompanied me. I gave to each a book and some tracts; and it was a pleasing sight to see them seated on the deck eagerly perusing the contents of their valued gift.
'In the afternoon the Priest called again, and some of his people with him. We all went on shore, where, seated on the sandy soil, we entered into a friendly conversation on true repentance and faith in Christ. They assented to what I said, and appeared to be much pleased with the explanation of several passages of Scripture. When I gave to the Priest a book-On Preaching-a man asked what that meant; and another answered, “ The Priest preaches when he reads the Gospel in Church.” ..
' After this I went with them to call upon Muallem Bashoor, the principal man in the place : his son, Muallem Henna, recognised me, and expressed his delight in meeting me again under his own roof. He was in Caïro some years ago; when he saw our Schools, and received the Holy Scriptures and Tracts from me. These, he said, were eagerly taken from him by his relations ; and the father remarked that he had preserved the whole Bible in his family: he, however, could no longer see to read it, the print being too small. I offered him a Testament of a larger print, with which he was highly des
lighted. Inquiries were made about surprised to find that Mrs. Krusé was our work in Cairo ; and all the Chris- allowed to enter this part of the tians who were present listened at- Church: as females are never adtentively to what I told them, and mitted there, it evinced the great seemed to be glad to hear of the pro. respect entertained for us by the gress which the Bible and the Mis Priest and people. The next comsionary Cause is now making in the partment is for men in general; and world. I further explained to them the last, separated by a closely-latthe nature of true Religion, sup ticed screen, is appropriated to feported by passages of Scripture, males only. Behind this, there is a which I read to them; and it proved small place containing the baptismal a profitable meeting. They begged font, where the children are imme to remain for the night, and pro
mersed: they always use cold water mised to send donkeys for us in the from the well. morning, that we might attend their After Service the Priest and the Church. When I bade them good people accompanied us over the ruins night, they used their general ex of the ancient Convent: on the top pression of pleasure, “ This has been of the mountain they showed us some a blessed day."
caves, where, in the times of persecu' Feb, 27--This morning we went, tion, between the third and fifth cenaccording to appointment, to the turies, the followers of our dear ReChurch. Our ride, about two miles, deemer took refuge. These caves was at once exhilarating and de brought to our minds the passage in lightful. Upon reaching the Church Hebrews xi. 37, 38. There were also we were kindly greeted by the Priest pointed out to us the sepulchres of and people waiting outside for us. those Primitive Christians, hewn out We entered, and Service commenced. of the solid rock, and a large stone Alas! how painful it is to witness rolled against the entrance, exemtheir superstition! These poor peo plifying Mark XV. 46, and Matt. ple, who, in many respects, appear xxviii. 60. The Priest told us that to be amiable, well-intentioned men, most of these tombs over which we grasp at the shadow, while the sub- were walking contained the remains stance is held out to them without of the monks, who in former cenmoney and without price. Their Ser- turies inhabited the Convent; there vice was in Coptic, which neither of were, at one time, about 600 monks us understood, nor did the people : living together. In coming down we the Gospel was read in Arabic, to had a full view of the outside of the which the people listened with great newly-repaired Church: it presents attention. I made this observation a singular appearance, having sixteen to the Priest, after the Service was small cupolas, forming a square. over, and showed him how much 'In the afternoon the Priest and more profitable it would be for the some of his flock came to pay us the people, if the Service were conducted farewell visit. I had again an intein a language which they understood. resting conversation with them on The Priest admitted the truth of my prayer, and the only Mediator, Jesus remark; but manifestly avoided en- Christ-1 Tim. ii. 5. 1 John ii. 1. I tering into further discussion upon again pressed upon the Priest the the subject: he evaded it, as is necessity of his studying the Holy usually the case, by saying, “We Scriptures, and teaching his people translate into Arabic what we read accordingly. They seemed quite willin Coptic." I am, however, per- ing to listen : on parting, the Priest suaded, that few of the Priests un- made a pleasing remark : “ We are of derstand that language themselves. different nations, and differ in external The body of the Church is divided observances; but we have the same into three compartments. The inner God, and are united in the same bonds part contains four recesses, called of love and faith in our Redeemer, the “Haykal," and in one or other of Saviour of mankind.” We leave them these the Priest officiates : each of with a humble hope that our visit these places contains an altar, the may prove a blessing to them, and principal of which is dedicated to the that the Scriptures and Tracts here Virgin Mary: in front of these is distributed may be as seed sown in the part appropriated for the deacons good ground bringing forth fruit unto and respectable people. We were eternal life.'-Missionary Register.