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as a purely gigantic, or Cyclopean, emanation of one or other age, so as to exclusively ignore other portions of mankind less massive in corporeal might, though direct proofs and countless allusions to an 'aurea mediocritas' of human stature, to mathematical sciences applied in Druidical works of stupendous dimensions, are found throughout the records of the bards, as in the 88th triad.
Tair gorchwyl gadarn Yns Prydain.
“The three mighty labours of the Isle of Britain.” 1.-In the mechanical elevation of maen cetti, literally, a stonewood structure, which I conceive to represent a “ cemmaes," or “ campasfa,” a kind of circle for games; of which the walls were composed of blocks of hewn stones, with a superstructure of timber, with its " rhesi o eisteddfaau," or rows of seats ; its “ ffor,” or passage between each ; its “ carch," a restraint, and other concomitant paraphernalia in such establishments. Archdeacon Williams, however, whose opinions in such matters are held deservedly high, avers that a secret, or sacred chamber, the sanctum sanctorum Druidum, can be detected in a part of the building answering the description given of an adytum by Pausanias, Cæsar, Cicero, and Sallust. Fragmental portions of this Druidical pre-historic relic are still discernible in Kent, in what is vulgarly called “Kitt's cotty-house.”
2.-In the construction, at Stonehenge, of the enormous edifices of Emrys, a cognate term with Rees, Rhys, Rhæs-us of the Deffrobanian line of Trechu-an kings or princes.
3.—In the accumulation of the tumuli, or pile of Cyfrangon. I am unable to point out this locality. Fragmental examples, however, of some may still be found in South Wales, and other portions of Britain.
All these facts, and others of like import, tend but to bid defiance, proud and loud, to every wind and wave of doctrine, or hurricanes of scornful ribald repartees, broached against the ageworn force and tenor of each triad clause, by Brobdinag style of men, who have, as snakes before the charmer, allowed themselves to be ensnared—or, alas ! like tale-believing boys at mental night, before ideal beings of the nursery—by horrid cobwebbed fictions of an Arges, Brontes, or other Steropean monsters of Virgilian brains, so as thereby to vaunt unearthly claims; or, ’mid the lost domain of art and megalithic shrines, pander to bugbear folds of dream-worn thoughts, or fond embrace of ideality, created by a monster world,“ like apparitions seen and gone,” yet present still !
Megalithic shrines do not giants make,
Mankind to ecstacy! But it is now asked, what about your boasted isles of the Ægæum Mare? alleged to be somehow connected with the great Cimmerian family? The limits that I have of necessity prescribed to myself restrain me from entering into this ocean of developments in a manner consonant with my views, but my rapid sketch will not be for all that, I trust, the less discernible, in a sort of 'ombre au tableau 'that I shall foreshadow of general facts represented for the nonce by one of the central groups of isles in this very Môr Aigswn. “In media tutissimus ibo.” The Tenos of the Cylchiad (Cyclades), ex unâ insulâ disce plurimas.
I hope none of you will be affected by any symptoms of le mal de mer, if so, your attention will not be so closely confined to the vast stores of other knowledge necessarily involved in this pre-historic little isle of the Druids as I could desire.
Apollonius Rhodius, in one of his books of Argonautics, expressly informs us there is a stone in some part of the island of Tenos poised on the summit of a tumulus, and moving in obedience to the impulse of the wind, or any other slight, but tangible pressure on the part of man or child: (I am quoting from recollection, and am only giving you the pith, or quintessence of the author).
A rocking stone, similar to this, has been identified in Gallia Antiqua, and described by M. Dulaure in the Antiquarian transactions in France. “It is,” says the author, "an enormous mass of granite, so poised upon smaller stone that on pushing it with the hand on its western side a very perceptible vibratory movement is caused. The force of fifty men cannot render the vibrations more numerous than that of a mere infant. The inclination on the eastern side is so marked that one would expect it to yield to the slightest impulse, and tumble down into the vale of Sey, which it overlooks. This granite is seven yards long, and covered with lichens. The inhabitants of the vicinity have a religious feeling concerning it, as, they say that the Holy Virgin brought it there, and placed it in its present position.”
In the Argonautics will also be found a description of a regular line of communication, established between the Hyperboreans (of Dacia and the Tanaw (Danubel, one of the ancient prehistoric settlements of the ancient Cimmerians), and the islanders
of Tenos, Delos, &c., relative to the perennial transmission of certain sacred gifts, bound up in wheaten straw and olive leaves, and accompanied by two virgins. In this case they must inevitably touch at the port of Deffrobani en voyage to the south. The Hyperboreans of history are usually divided into those dwelling on the borders of the Pallus Macthus and the Aigswn, or Axinus; those of early Italy; and finally of Ynys Prydain. It were idle to contest the reality of one name, waved, or landed into the other by the chances of acclamation, and other causes, as the fact has been amply and logically settled by the erudite and profound disquisitions of the learned Archdeacon of Cardigan,—to which I refer all desirous of mastering this once mythical question.
These are the self-same Hyperboreans who were either ignored by Herodotus, or who had escaped his attention, or whom, perhaps, he had voluntarily suppressed from the page of serious history, on account of the absurd, incredible, monstrous absurdities retailed by the ignorant tell-tale-bearers of that rhyming period respecting them; and which had, it seems, gained currency and ideal force, from some mendacious source, or other, till, at last, in the lapse of rolling ages, the philosophic and poetic world was deluged, so to speak, with the fumes and vapours of delirious brains, exulting in fantastic films of baseless visions, yet ofttoo oft, I grant-enveloped o'er with gems of thought and mind sublime—at their expense—without the base or point of truth to guide mankind. Of such was Virgil in the sense assigned.
“Disenchantment! Disillusion !
“Must each noble aspiration
“Lassitude, renunciation !"
I now request you to accompany me about a hundred and fifty miles N. E., on a very pleasant marine excursion, in a very safe bark, called “ Cwch o groen.” In the first place, we shall have a distant coup d'eil of the island of Andros; then steering north by east we shall catch a glimpse of Chios, and of Psyra ; Lesbos, too, will be seen afar, reposing on the littoral waves, protecting, by its bulk and height, the bay and port of Adramyttium. We then shall coast the Mysian shores, to scan the evervarying scenes of cliff, or rock, or hill and dale, that once, in times of yore, a Cimbric bard or warrior brave did tread. And then we'll jump on shore in gallant glee, near the promontory of Sigæum, at the mouth, or entrance, of the Allwys for, and engage one of the native llogerbydau, hired coaches, of which you can have your choice, whether of the cerbydau paintiedig, or picti currus; or of Rhede, the two-wheeled private carriages, to convey us on our inland peregrination ; in case of emergency an essedum or two, well wrought war chariots, or the pedwarhydau, the petorrita, or four-wheeled conveyances, might be obtained to convey us to Caer Troiau, through the interest and patronage of Al y Lloegrwys, otherwise called Locrinus, son of Britis, who is on the point, I understand of migrating towards Liguria; or, perhaps, through the well known gallantry of Y Brython and Celyddon, who 'tis said, are talking about going to Llydau (Armorica), and Ynys Prydain.
The inetropolis of Mysia, Caertroiau, or Illion, afterwards metamorphosed into Troja and Illium, was situated, in an angle formed by the Allwysfor and the Aigwn, on one of the lower flanks of Mynydd Id (Mount Point), or Ida; and separated from the sea by a lovely delicious plain, which the waters of the Simois and Scamander laved in their gentle murmuring course to the sea.
On one of the summits of Mynydd Id, an observatory had been erected by, or for, the Sapovides Saronides, the learned astronomers of the Druidical institute from immemoriality. (I am obliged to coin a stranger-word to suit the pre-historic views).
Here cycles of years were calculated for the periodical celebrations of their grand national festivals.
Here tables for indicating the exact return of each recurring cycle of nineteen years, as “university terms,” or “ statutable congregations,” to be observed in the Druidical calendar by the students of all nations, were computed.
Here also the phenomena of eclipses were predicted. But, methinks I hear a caviller object, and say, where is your proof?
Wait awhile—it is forthcoming; but should I fail—the chances are I shall-can you, on the other hand, give me any tabular, or mathematical proofs that will also satisfy the rigid and logical analysis of truth, respecting the discovery or computation of eclipses recorded in pre-historical times, in addition to the traditions in vogue, as alleged to have been predicted by Thales of Miletus, and others of the antique world? Just stop here and pause.
This is only begging the question !—I grant it, and repeat, in sotto voce, have you anything tangible out of your boasted classic lore of east and west to show my Cimbric philosophic friends ? or any well-digested charts or records of the immemorial past to give the Chinese sceptic? if not, ‘favete linguis!' Your silence dictates a sapient negative. Well, then, there now is, there ever has been, since their final overthrow from Troiau, a something marked on rocks, a figure, or a clue, that since has co-existed with the Cimmerian race, whereby my hypothesis, to call it by no milder, stronger term, can be maintained and proved to light of day, as almost irrefragable.
But, before I enter in medias res, I want you to bear in mind that Thales, the Milesian, lived in Caria about 600 years B. C. (the year of his eclipse still sub judico lis est), a few miles only from the Druidical temple of Harpasa, and not many more from Telmessus, where, possibly, a stray Druidical Saron, or other, was left in the country to inoculate the rising Hellenistic colonists of Greece. If he predicted, as Herodotus says he did, where did he procure his astronomical instruction ? I pose, and only pose, the question. Ah! but, it will be flippantly replied, No doubt from Egypt: then, if so, again I want a chart, a chart, and nothing but a chart, according to your own doctrine.
To arrive at the point aimed at, I must first analyse the interpretation of the term Caertroiau, as applied by the Druidical Institute to their new foundation.
Caer, then, signifies a wall, a fort, a city; and troiau, turnings, from the verb troi, to turn, which again from the root tro, a turn, a flux of time. The plural of this noun is troiau, or troion : hence the common proverbial saying throughout Wales, • Tori llun CAER TROIAU,' to cut the form or representation of the fort, or city, of TURNINGS, or FLUXES OF TIME. In connection with this phrase I ought, perhaps, to add that the Saronidesian terms for summer and winter solstice, were expressed by alban hefin, and alban arthan; and that the ecliptic was known under the expression troad y rhod, the turn, or flux of the wheel.
What, then, was understood by the expression Caertoriau will naturally be asked ? It is, and ever has been, as you will learn hereafter, a traditionary emanation among the British Trinobantes, the ancient inhabitants of Llundeyn, ages before Cæsar, of a pre-historic astronomical emblem of Asiatic growth. This emblem, then, was a Druidical delineation of the planetary revolutions, as mysteriously inculcated by the inalienable secrecy of their laws, in their school, or institute. Circular fac-similes, more or less perfect, are chiselled on many a Cimbric rock, or on the walls of many a cavern, which have often puzzled a certain class of sight-seers, as mere trifles of the past, but which became a base of thought, deep and lasting, to the enquirer after hidden truths.
It must not be forgotten that Druidical learning in all its bearings was pre-eminently emblematical. Hence, apparently grotesque figures seen on coins, such as a figure enveloped by wings, with a longitudinal arrow at his feet; a horse, guided by a dragon, in mid air ; another horse, guided by an eagle, and each surrounded, Ægyptian, or Babylonian-like, by sundry hieroglyphical characters; another, with its figure-head ornamented with laurel, and encircled by dolphins and so forth; all these pre-historic coins, I maintain, had their own peculiar significations of moral and physical instructions, when divulged by Druidical professors.