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will, and deed, in point of antique temples, shrines, and pyramids, or sacred caves of earth; as well as by implication to accord ' the lion's share' of other faculties as yet untold, or, perhaps, undreamt of in their vague philosophy.
"'The monsters of earth,' and of fire,
This enamoured mystic school of Cyclopean art (so called) seems heedless to forget the heaven-born law of equal or exclusive gifts to none ol Adam's race, as sons of men; of men, as men of varied stature, in the sense of either Gog, or Magog, or Goliath, or of David, Solomon, or Hiram, in the works assigned to each; or, again, in him, and those, who planned and built the "Corucesion ' cavern of the Thames; or in him, and those, that schemed and forged the vast Chalybian iron cave, floating, as an aerial monster, on the wings of might, above the vapoured wrath of ocean fleets, across the Menai Straits; or, thirdly, in that contracted class of human size whose agency would, according to the formulse, or fantastic rules laid down, be at once curtailed, by a borrowed ' side-wind ' of gigantic blast,
'' As if dropped from some higher sphere
"To tell us of the gorgeous splendour there,"
or, would also be debarred from any notable participation in reference to the ' laws of mind,' as essence of the 'will divine' in man, as passing tenant of his god-like tabernacled home, to carry out, with the talents meted out to each, the aim and end of all created life, as evidenced in the logic of a bardic Watts, or in the rare and sound attainments, in classic lore, of good Professor Scholefield.
"The tidal wave of deeper souls
No man, therefore, has a right to arrogate, on the behoof of one or other class, " yngwhyneb haul a llygad goleuni,' any exclusive claims or privileges of prescriptive mental superiority over his fellow maneither by virtue of, or in proportion to ' the accidental realities' of a maximum, a medium, or a minimum scale,—from the 'rudis indigestaque moles ' of a giant, or a Cyclops, down to a lady's graceful form of person and of foot.
Judge not, then, the present from the fickle stages of the past or the intervening mystic scenes of one or other, as criteria of primeval minds, parallel in science or in art. There is, there was, there e'er will be in man, whate'er his coloured size may be as in the ocean wave of a nation's life, a never-rippling ebb and flow of retrograding change, one while over another, as of evil over good, of virtue over vice, of idoled gods in shape of patronheroes, or of patron-saints, above 'His name in Jah,' of mental and artistic skill over grovelling forms of earth and barbaric depths of ignorance without shame, as chartered in the scale ol time, of human weakness or of might.
"The end crowns all, "And that old common arbitrator, Time, "Will one day end it!"
Forget not, then, 'the vital spark of heavenly flame ' issuing from eternal love, to dwell in ' frames ' below by God's command, in infant man, in order thus to urge mankind to feel, believe, adopt, and act upon, another truth on the tablet of the memory, before its exit in eternal space, a cognate truth, as patent, if not as potent, as the first, that mind, and mind well taught and trained, in giant, canolddyn, or mannikin, becomes the sterling coin, the pearl of price, the envied standard of a man.
"Explore the dark recesses of the mind,
The Professor now shall give us the impressions of his thoughts; and adhered to, possibly, by the iroXXoi of mankind.
"Everything at Telmessus is Cyclopean; a certain vastness of proportion, as in the walls of Tirynthus and Crotona, excites a degree of admiration, which is mingled with awe. The kings of Caria and of Lycia have left behind them monuments defying the attacks of time, and barbarians. Some of the stones used in the construction of the theatre are nine feet long, three feet wide, and two feet thick; three immense portals, not unlike the ruins of Stonehenge, conducted to the arena. The stones which compose these gates are yet larger than those mentioned. The central gateway consists of only five, and the two others of three, each placed in the most simple style of architecture."
Thus the learned Professor, and other historical travellers, unconsciously supply important evidence to the artistical and mechanical powers of the grand Cimmerian family in the gloomy shades of lost illumination.
"Shiine of the mighty! can it be
But, with sorrow be it said, the principle of 'honour to whom honour is due' is wrested from it by plagiaristic wiles. The 'tulit alter honores ' innovation is renewed throughout the classic world, as a purely gigantic, or Cyclopean, emanation of one or other age, so as to exclusively ignore other portions of mankind less massive in corporeal might, though direct proofs and countless allusions to an 'aurea mediocritas ' of human stature, to mathematical sciences applied in Druidical works of stupendous dimensions, are found throughout the records of the bards, as in the 88th triad.
Tair gorchwyl gadain Yns Prydain.
1.—Codi maen Cetti.
2.—Adeilaw Gwaith Einrys.
3.—A thyrru Cludair Gyfrangon.
"The three mighty labours of the Isle of Britain."
1. —In the mechanical elevation of maen cetti, literally, a stonewood structure, which I conceive to represent a " cemmaes," or "campasfa," a kind of circle for games; of which the walls were composed of blocks of hewn stones, with a superstructure of timber, with its "rhesi o eisteddfaau," or rows of seats; its "ffor," or passage between each; its "carch," a restraint, and other concomitant paraphernalia in such establishments. Archdeacon Williams, however, whose opinions in such matters are held deservedly high, avers that a secret, or sacred chamber, the sanctum sanctorum Druidum, can be detected in a part of the building answering the description given of an adytum by Pausanias, Gsesar, Cicero, and Sallust. Fragmental portions of this Druidical pre-historic relic are still discernible in Kent, in what is vulgarly called " Kitt's cotty-house."
2. —In the construction, at Stonehenge, of the enormous edifices of Emrys, a cognate term with Rees, Rhys, Rhoss-us of the Deffrobanian line of Trechu-an kings or princes.
3. —In the accumulation of the tumuli, or pile of Cyfrangon. I am unable to point out this locality. Fragmental examples, however, of some may still be found in South Wales, and other portions of Britain.
All these facts, and others of like import, tend but to bid defiance, proud and loud, to every wind and wave of doctrine, or hurricanes of scornful ribald repartees, broached against the ageworn force and tenor of each triad clause, by Brobdinag style of men, who have, as snakes before the charmer, allowed themselves to be ensnared—or, alas! like tale-believing boys at mental night, before ideal beings of the nursery—by horrid cobwebbed fictions of an Arges, Brontes, or other Steropean monsters of Virgilian brains, so as thereby to vaunt unearthly claims; or, 'mid the lost domain of art and megalithic shrines, pander to bugbear folds of dream-worn thoughts, or fond embrace of ideality, created by a monster world, "like apparitions seen and gone," yet present still!
Megalithic shrines do not giants make,
But it is now asked, what about your boasted isles of the iEgceum Mare? alleged to be somehow connected with the great Cimmerian family? The limits that I have of necessity prescribed to myself restrain me from entering into this ocean of developments in a manner consonant with my views, but my rapid sketch will not be for all that, I trust, the less discernible, in a sort of ' ombre au tableau ' that I shall foreshadow of general facts represented for the nonce by one of the central groups of isles in this very Mor Aigswn. "In media tutissimus ibo." The Tenos of the Cylchiad (Cyclades), ex una insula disce plurimas.
I hope none of you will be affected by any symptoms of le mal de mer, if so, your attention will not be so closely confined to the vast stores of other knowledge necessarily involved in this pre-historic little isle of the Druids as I could desire.
Apollonius Rhodius, in one of his books of Argonautics, expressly informs us there is a stone in some part of the island of Tenos poised on the summit of a tumulus, and moving in obedience to the impulse of the wind, or any other slight, but tangible pressure on the part of man or child: (I am quoting from recollection, and am only giving you the pith, or quintessence of the author).
A rocking stone, similar to this, has been identified in Gallia Antiqua, and described by M. Dulaure in the Antiquarian transactions in France. "It is," says the author, "an enormous mass of granite, so poised upon smaller stone that on pushing it with the hand on its western side a very perc?ptible vibratory movement is caused. The force of fifty men cannot render the vibrations more numerous than that of a mere infant. The inclination on the eastern side is so marked that one would expect it to yield to the slightest impulse, and tumble down into the vale of Sey, which it overlooks. This granite is seven yards long, and covered with lichens. The inhabitants of the vicinity have a religious feeling concerning it, as, they say that the Holy Virgin brought it there, and placed it in its present position."
In the Argonautics will also be found a description of a regular line of communication, established between the Hyperboreans (of Dacia and the Tanaw [Danube], one of the ancient prehistoric settlements of the ancient Cimmerians), and the islanders of Tends, Delos, &c., relative to the perennial transmission of certain sacred gifts, bound up in wheaten straw and olive leaves, and accompanied by two virgins. In this case they must inevitably touch at the port of De-robani en voyage to the south. The Hyperboreans of history are usually divided into those dwelling on the borders of the Pallus Maoethus and the Aigswn, or Axinus; those of early Italy; and finally of Ynys Prydain. It were idle to contest the reality of one name, waved, or landed into the other by the chances of acclamation, and other causes, as the fact has been amply and logically settled by the erudite and profound disquisitions of the learned Archdeacon of Cardigan,—to which I refer all desiious of mastering this once mythical question.
These are the self-same Hyperboreans who were either ignored by Herodotus, or who had escaped his attention, or whom, perhaps, he had voluntarily suppressed from the page of serious history, on account of the absurd, incredible, monstrous absurdities retailed by the ignorant tell-tale-bearers of that rhyming period respecting them; and which had, it seems, gained currency and ideal force, from some mendacious source, or other, till, at last, in the lapse of rolling ages, the philosophic and poetic world was deluged, so to speak, with the fumes and vapours of delirious brains, exulting in fantastic films of baseless visions, yet oft— too oft, I grant—enveloped o'er with gems of thought and mind sublime—at their expense—without the base or point of truth to guide mankind. Of such was Virgil in the sense assigned.
"Must each noble aspiration
I now request you to accompany me about a hundred and fifty miles N. E., on a very pleasant marine excursion, in a very safe bark, called " Cwch o groen." In the first place, we shall have a distant coup d' ceil of the island of Andros; then steering north by east we shall catch a glimpse of Chios, and of Psyra; Lesbos, too, will be seen afar, reposing on the littoral waves, protecting, by its bulk and height, the bay and port of Adramyttium. We then shall coast the Mysian snores, to scan the evervarying scenes of cliff, or rock, or hill and dale, that once, in times of yore, a Cimbric bard or warrior brave did tread. And then we'll jump on shore in gallant glee, near the promontory of Sigceum, at the mouth, or entrance, of the Allwys for, and engage one of the native llogerbydau, hired coaches, of which you can have your choice, whether of the cerbydau paintiedig, or picti currus; or of Rhedce, the two-wheeled private carriages, to convey us