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breadth and thickness of interpretation, arising from and existing therein, so as thereby to gradually reveal the science of mental, auricular, and ocular colloquy, or eye-reading, of musical notations and so forth, when carved on tablets of wood and stone.

Hence, by a comparison of the various angular forms of the alphabets in use amongst the primitive Asiatic nations of the world, it at once appears evident they are all directly or indirectly derived from this one common origin. What origin? My answer to every sincere investigator of first principles is, ever, in nomine coeli et veritatis, to collate, collate, collate, for himself, with himself, and by himself- and not dependently and sycophantly on the eyes, ears, and tongues of others, whether deemed learned or unlearned, rich or poor, pompous or otherwise—the mathematicallyconceived and divinely-formed Cimmerian, its angular uniqueness of style and design, when deciphered and compared with the later curves and circles of its own, as of others, and those usually denominated the Mosaic, Chaldaic or Syriac, the Pelasgic or the GroecoPhoenician–the Etruscan, Runic, or Old Latin.

The Adamitic idea being once given within the compass of the sacredly-preserved magien and the plan symmetrically foreshadowed, reduplications, and retriplications, of the original usque ad infinitum, like infringed patents or bills in Parliament of one country adapted by perplexed mediocrities in another, became at once patent easy, and feasible to a sucessive order of lettered distinctions, by additions, by vowel points, by a mappik, a shéva, a dagesh, &c., by digammas, abbreviations, or a spiritus lenis vel asper, as well as by sundry mutations, or other curved, diagonal, or horizontal modes of delineation, according to the inventive or imitative faculties given to man, whether Oriental or Occidental, whether Cimmerian futuro-adaptationists, or Indo-European copyists.

A case illustrative of this deduction may be studied in an engraving superadded to Thompson's history of Roman literature, and left without note or comment as to any fact, time, or country.

Though, till within the last few hours, unconscious of its existence, much less of any interpretation of it having been solved by the classic world, I feel disposed, even at the eleventh hour, to stop the press, and to hazard a hurried version of my own, founded solely on the combined reading of the text. The characters have evidently undergone an ordeal of probation, a graduallymodified process of early mutations, from some unknown source or other, inasmuch as Cimmerian, the Pelasgic, or the Old Greek letters, are found blended in one uniform brotherhood or amalgam of conflicting identifications, with three our four letters common to the Etruscan, the Runic, or the Old Latin.

The Cimmerian picture or illustration, then, represents three finelycarved figures, to which are affixed certain objects and expres. sions appropriate to the scene, c'est à dire, le bureau d'un negociant Cimmerien, dans les temps les plus reculés.

Let us analyse the contents of the engraving one by one, according to the key-note-interpretation of the Coelbren, which still seems, at this unknown epoch, to have been in general circulation, and to predominate in a ratio of three to one, in reference to its primary characters. The left and right figures, each leaning on a vine-cluppa, or a heavy stick, and evidently just arrived f.om some distant land or other-at least one of them-have brought something to the central personage, who is sitting on an official tripod, either for examination, adjudication, sale, barter or donation. Such appears to be the outline of the picture.

On the mercantile chest or box, before the central figure, is placed a specimen of the article in question bearing an inscription as T-i-r-0-n-ff-i-d, or Ti-gorn.ffydfrom ti or di=re or un, gorni • to rim, to fold, to roll, to margin,' from its element of gorn and g-or, what is superior, and ffyd, garments, robes, or fine linen :and on the panel of the same is inscribed, the term ch-n-w-f or cnwyf, a 'woven mesh, warp, or weft,' also ‘manufactured linen or woollen stuff.'

On either side of the manufacturers, weavers, makers, or vendors, and the purchaser will be found native or foreign samples of the produce, or raw-material, as descriptive of the country, or indicative of the quality of the goods or articles offered for inspection, as edau lîn or flaxen thread, edau gywarch or hempen thread, and possibly of eurlun or raw-silk. The intending buyer who is doubtless a Cimmerian chieftain or merchant, seems tardily engaged in unrolling and selecting one of the manufactured linen or woollen stuffs as above, whether imported by the left-hand figure or a Ch-r-a-o-p, i.e., a Cerops, or a Cecropian, an inhabitant of Cecropia, or by the right-hand figure or a Ch-a-b-0-s, i.e., a Chabesian, or an inhabitant of Cabes-us in Deffrobanian Thrace, the summer-land, or gwlad yr haf of our own triadic ancestors.

The inscription.S-0-i-t-i-a-m-a-u' placed over them seems to indicate the distrust, the fatigue, or uneasiness with which the vendors regarded and accosted each other, or the purchaser, relative to the superior merits of their respective cloths, as well as to the indecisiveness or hesitation of the Cimmerian merchant.

The expression when analysed resolves itself into the elements of os or oes, Is there ? oethi=oeti' to render intense,' (or oit-i the contracted form of oeddit, the imperfect tense, “thou wast,') and amau or ammau, to doubt, or hesitation, and, accordingly, implies

Is there any need to cause further hesitation or delay ?' Our manufactured articles are not merely of the best materials, but also of the finest texture, so that even these flaxen, hempen, or silk threads, which we have brought with us from Cecropia and Deffrobani, cannot (so finely are they woven) be observed in our pieces of

cloth, our garments, robes, or vestures of fine linen. Decide between us. Select for thyself.

This Antique engraving, inter alia exempla, illustrates the discovery of Cimmerian Art, circulates a prehistoric commercial fact and stands out, in bold relief, in opposition to the trash and historic venom usually disseminated by grave un-Celtic writers about the Cimmerian race, as ignorant (not to say anything at present of coins) of the culture of flax and the manufacture of linen prior to the establishment of a woollen manufactory at Winchester by the Romans. Poor souls ! Floreant facta! veritas prævalebit.

But I am anticipating the exposition of a legion of errors. Let each subject matter stand guard for itself, and respectfully ward off designing schemers of historical inconsistencies.

“For 't is a truth well known to most,
“That whatsoever thing is lost,
“ We seek it, ere it come to light,

In every cranny but the right.Moreover, do not the figures engraved on our Cimmerian cut tend to substantiate the artistic realities of Cimbro-Celtic coins, in times far anterior to the “predominancy of Crosus and his ancestors over the Hellenic Ionians, and the currency of Lydian coins” in Asia Minor, one of the prehistoric homes of the Cimmerians of the Triads ?

I am not unwilling, from a thoughtful circumspection of sundry facts teeming with importance to our race, to prognosticate a no distant discovery of future Coelbrennic coins and cuts, hitherto locked up in the cabinets of Europe, and as yet hieroglyphically passed over and undeciphered.

I look forward to exertions being yet made by our savants at home, through the instrumentality of our ambassadors at Constantinople and Athens, to unravel the lost Deffrobanian, the Cimbro-Trojan, the Cimbro-Lydian-in fine, the Cimbro-Celtic collections of the capitals of Turkey and Greece.

Let Graeco-Latinists tamely continue, in European schools and colleges, to discuss the specimens and modern dates of Roman coins, which at first were made of brass—let them expound their silver coins of B. c. 250, and their still later golden coins, the “ aurea Celtica spolia belli," down to the twelve Cæsars, and stealthily ignore Europa's Cimbric coins.

In the mean time, let a Lewelel corroborate the gold and silver existence of Cimbro-Celtic, of "mute or epigraphic coins,"_" the produce of three hundred Celtic districts,” when Rome, the empty boast and kudoc of the Maunder school, had none but brass !

Let a Lambert and an Eckel prove the Asiatic or Cimmerian source of Gallic coins, impressed with names of nations, states, cities, towns, and cantons, “ when the city of the Tiber vaunted only its silver.

Let the modern school of Cæsarean amateurs of insulted Prydain, Llydaw, or Armorica, learn wisdom from their proofs, and then confess (No, no: we want it not) that Cimmerian civilization flourished at an epoch when a golden mintage was a myth at Rome.


But who can sketch
The Heavens of yore? Can yon Greece? can Rome?
Amid their triumphs, vaunted through the world,
Assert the fact ?

The astronomical figure (No. 10 in the plate) now demands a few words of comment in addition to those already given in page 47, &c., to which I beg to refer the inquirer after hidden symbolical truths.

Assuming that the philological doctrines therein contained have been thoroughly understood, I now proceed to incorporate the views of Eastern antiquity as represented by a distinguished annotator on Ptolemy's Tetrabiblos, in reference to the study of certain zodiacal spheres inculcated by Cimmerian and Egyptian Saronides and natural philosophers. For the truth or falsehood of the Tetrabiblos I contend not.

The description herein annexed appears to co-incide with Saronidesian views respecting the revolutions of the inferior planets, Mercher and Gwên, within the earth's orbit, and to prove that these bodies circulate in narrower orbits than our own globe. This truth has been “recognized as incontrovertible from the most remote antiquity." Other latent truths may be detected here and there: The six or seven circles, as seen in the engraving, seemed to indicate the revolutions of the Earth, the Moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, and the Sun.

Space, however, will not allow me to enter upon a re-discussion of druidical troiau and saronau, as embodying another code of facts, but I will hasten onwards to illustrate the Cimmerian Cut, as stamped on Hellenic coins and Cimbric rocks, by reference to authorities other than those of Greece and Rome, and thereby to prove a prehistoric, an uncollusive, co-incidence of teaching, or a scientific analogy, between the astronomers of the Hyperborean West and those of the On-ic Nile, in reference to the revolutions of the heavenly bodies, and other cognate ideas elicited therefrom.

The following annotation from an old geographical work, by Apianus, framed on the laws of Ptolemy, will, I apprehend, tend to explain from another point of view, but in a somewhat mystic form, the solar system of African antiquity, as developed by the partial uniformity of astronomical and astrological principles in the distant observatories of the far-East :

“ The world,” says the author, “is divided into two parts—the elemental region and the ethereal. The elemental region is constantly subject to alteration, and comprises the four elements earth, water, air, and fire.

« The ethereal region, which philosophers call the fifth essence, encompasses, by its concavity, the elemental ; its substance remains always unvaried, and consists of ten spheres, of which the greater one always spherically environs the next smaller, and so on in consecutive order. First, therefore, around the sphere of fire, God, the Creator of the world, placed the sphere of the Moon, then that of Mercury, then that of Venus, then that of the Sun, and afterwards those of Mars, of Jupiter, and of Saturn. Each of these spheres, however, contains but one star, and these stars, in passing through the zodiac, always struggle against the primum mobile, or the motion of the tenth sphere ; they are, also, entirely luminous. In the next place follows the firmament, which is the eighth or starry sphere, and which trembles or vibrates (trepidat) in two small circles at the beginning of Aries and Libra (as placed in the ninth sphere): this motion is called by astronomers, 'the motion of the access and recess of the fixed stars,' (probably, in order to account for the procession of the equinoxes). This is surrounded by the ninth sphere, called chrystalline or watery heaven, because no star is discovered in it. Lastly, the primum mobile, styled also the tenth sphere, encompasses all the before-mentioned ethereal spheres, and is continually turned upon the poles of the world, by one revolution in twenty-four hours, from the east through the Meridian to west, again coming round with it by its own force; and there is no star in it. Against the primum mobile the motion of the other spheres, running from the west through the Meridian to the east, contends. Whatever is beyond this is fixed and immovable, and the possessors of our orthodox faith affirm it to be the empyrean heaven which God inhabits with the elect.”

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