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WARB.

in the old quarto, and when Henry faid nothing, the first speech might be as properly given to Warwick as to any other.

JOHNS. P. 404. 1. 1. - My meed bath got me fame :) Meed fignifies reward, We should read my deed, i. e. my manners, conduct in the administration.

Ibid. - Meed,] This word signifies merit, both as a verb and a fubftantive; that it is used as a verb, is clear from the following foolith couplet, which I remember to have read.

Deem if I meed

Dear madam Read. A specimen of verses that read the fame backward and forward.

HAWKINS. * L. 14. Shaut within. A Lancaster!] Surely the shouts that ushered king Edward should be a York, a York. I suppose the author did not write the marginal directions, and the players confounded the characters.

JOHNS. P. 406. 1. 25. But while he thought to steal the fingle ten,

The King was slyly finger'd from the deck,] Tho' there may seem no consonance of metaphors betwixt a single ten and a deck, the latter word being grown obsolete, and not acknowledged by our dictionaries in the sense here required; yet deck, in all our northern counties, is this day used to signify a pack or stock of cards.

THEOB.* P. 40%. after 1. 5. A parley is founded, &c.] This note of direction I restored from the old quarto. And, without it, it is impoflible that any reader can guess at the meaning of this line of Clarence;

Look, here, I throw my Infamy at Thee. THEOB.

- tolime the stones.] That is, to cement the stones. Lime makes mortar.

JOHNS. L. 11. Blunt,] Stupid, insensible of paternal fondness.

JOHNS. P. 409. 1.,3. Pasing). Eminent, egregious ; traiterous beyond the common track of treason.

JOHNS. L. 13. For Warwick was a bug that scar’d us all,] Bug is a Bugbear, a terrifick being.

JOHNS. P. 410. I. 8. Cedes camptis saltibus, et demo, Villáque. Hor.

This mention of his parks and manours diminishes the pat hetic effect of the foregoing lines.

JOHNS.

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L. 28. Which founded like a cannon in a vault,] The old quarto reads clamour, which is undoubtedly right, i. e, a clamour of tongues, which, as he says, could not be diffinguish'd. This was a pertinent fimilitude: The other abTurd, and neither agrees with what is predicated of it, nor with what it is intended to illustrate,

WARB. P. 414. 1. 10. K. Edw. Brave followers, &c.] This scene is ill-contrived, in which the king and queen appear at once on the stage at the head of opposite armies. It had been easy to make one retire before the other entered. John.

P. 415.1. 25. Let Æsop, &c,] The prince calls Richard for his crookedness, Æsop; and the poet, following nature, makes Richard highly incensed at the reproach. JOHNS.

P. 416. 1. 13. tbou likeness of this railer bere,) Thou that resembleft thy railing mother.

JOHNS. P. 417. 1. 16. — you bave rid tbis sweet Prince.) The condition of this warlike queen would move compassion could it be forgotten that she gave York, to wipe his eyes in his cap. tivity, a handkerchief stained with his young child's blood.

Johns. L. 25. 'Twas fin,] She alludes to the desertion of Cla

Jonns. L. 26. - Where is that Devil's Butcher, Richard? ] Thus all the Editions. But Devil's Butcher, in other terms, I think, is Kill-devil: rare news for the free-thinkers, if there were any grounds for depending on it. But the poet certainly wrote devil-butcher; and the first part of the compound to be taken adjectively, meaning, execrable, infer. nal, devilish.

THEOB. Ibid.] Devil's Butcher is a butcher set on by the Devil. Either reading may serve without so long a note. JOHNS.

P. 418. 1. 18.Wbat scene of death bath Roscius now to a&t?] Roscius was certainly put for Richard by some fimple conceited player, who had heard of Roscius and of Rome : but did not know that he was an actor in comedy, not in tra. gędy.

WARB. L. 26. Peevis fool,] As peevishness is the quality of children, peeviso seems to fignify childish, and by consequence filly. Pecvish is explained by childis, in a former note of Dr. Warburton.

JOHNS

rence.

P. 419. I. 18. Which now mistrujt no parcel of my fear,] Who suspect no part of what my fears presage. JOHNS.

L. 27. The raven rook'd her,j What is rook'd ber? Read, croak’d boarfe.

Johns. Ibid.] The true reading seems to be at no great distance,

the tempeft shook down trees The raven rock'd her on the chimney's top ; on the top of the chimney fhaken by the tempeft. JOHNS. P. 420. I. 3. And, if the rest be true which I have beard, Thou camnft

-] Had our editors had but a grain of sagacity, or due diligence, there could have been no room for this absurd break, fince they might have ventured to fill it up with certainty too. The oid quarto would have led them part of the way,

Thou cam'ft into the world Ard that the verse is to be compleated in the manner I have given it, is incontestible; for unless we suppose King Henry actually reproaches him with this his preposterous birth, how can Richard in his very next foliloquy fay?

Indeed, 'tis true, that Henry told me of,
For I have often leard my mother say,

I came into the world with my legs forward. I can easily see, that this blank was caused by the nicety of the players, to fupprefs an incident idea. But, with submiflion, this was making but half a cure, unless they had expung'd the repetition of it out of Richard's fpcech too.

THEOB. P. 422. 1. 10. Work thou the way, and that shall execute.] I believe we should read,

and this shall ex cute. Richard laying his hand on his forehead says,

Work thou the way then bringing down his hand and beholding it,

and this shall execute. Thowgh that may ftand, the arm being included in the shoulder.

JOHNS. L. 15. Thanks, noble Clarence ; worthy brother, thanks.] This line has been given to king Edward; but I have, with the old quarto, restored it to the queen.

THEOB.
VOL. IV. PART II.
End of the Notes on the 3d. Part of HENRY VI.

B

Ν Ο Τ Ε S

ON THE

LIFE AND DEATH OF K. RICHARD III.

PAGE 425. The life and death of king Richard the Third, ] The oldest known edition of this tragedy is printed for Andrew Wise, 1597: but Harrington, in his Apologie of Po. etrie, written 1590, and prefixed to the translation of Ariosto, says, that a tragedy of Richard the Third had been acted at Cambridge. His words are, “For tragedies, to omit other “ famous tragedies, that which was played at St. John's in Cambridge, of Richard the Third, wou'd move, I think, « Phalaris the tyrant, and terrify all tyrannous minded men, &c.” He most probably means Shakespeare's; and if so, we may argue, that there is some more antient edition of this play than what I have mentioned ; at least this thews us how early Shakespeare's plays appeared : or if some other Richard the Tbird is here alluded to by Harrington, that a play on this subject preceded our author's. WARTON.

Ibid.] This Tragedy, though it is called the Life and Death of this Prince, comprizes, at mott, but the last eight years of his time: for it opens with George Duke of Cla. rence being clap'd up in the Tower, which happen'd in the beginning of the year 1477 ; and closes with the death of Richard at Bosworthfield, which battle was fought on the 22d of August in the year 1485.

TнEO.. . L. 11. To frigbt the fouls.] This may be right. But I rather think Shakespear wrote the foule, French, the crowd or multitude running away in a rout or confusion. WARB.*

L. 12. He capers -) War capers. This is poetical, Though a little harsh; if it be York that capers, the anteVox IV, PART II.

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