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Virtue confirm’d, and regularly brought

Ut quæ nesciret minor esse maximis, To full maturity, by serious thought,

Vitam ineuntem innocentia ; Her actions with a watchful eye surveys ;

Procedentem ampla virtutum cohors: Each passion guides, and every moment sways;

Exeuntem mors beatissima decoravit; Not the least failure in her conduct lies;

(Volente Numine) So gaily modest, and so freely wise.

Ut nuspiam decesset aut virtus aut felicitas, Her judgment sure, impartial, and refin'd,

Duobus conjuncta maritis With wit, that's clear and penetrating, join'd,

Utrique charissima : O'er all the efforts of her mind presides,

Primum And to the noblest end her labours guides :

(Quem ad annum habuit) She knows the best, and does the best pursue,

Impense dilexit: And treads the maze of life without a clue.

Secundum That, the weak only and the wavering lack,

(Quem ad annos viginti quatnor) When they 're mistaken, to conduct them back.

Tanta pietate et amore coluit; She does, amidst ten thousand ways, prefer

Ut qui, vivens, The right, as if not capable to err.

Obsequium, tanquam patri præstitit; Her fancy, strong, vivacious, and sublime,

Moriens, Soldom betrays her converse to a crime;

Patrimonium, tanquam filio, reliquit. And though it moves with a luxuriant heat,

Noverca cum esset, 'Tis ne'er precipitous, but always great :

Maternam pietatem facile superavit. For each expression, every teeming thought, Famulitii adeo mitem prudentemque curam gessit, Is to the scanning of her judgment brought;

Ut non tam domina familiæ præesse, Which wisely separates the finest gold,

Quam anima corpori inesse videretur. And casts the innage in a beauteous mould.

Denique, No tritling words debase her eloquence,

Cum pudico, humili, forti, sancto animo, Bit all's pathetic, all is sterling sense;

Virginibus, conjugibus, viduis, omnibus, Rofin'd from drossy chat, and idle noise,

Exemplum consecrasset integerrimum, With which the female conversation cloys.

Terris anima major, ad similes evolavit superos. So well she knows, what's understood by few, To time her thoughts, and to express them too; That what she speaks does to the soul transmit The fair idea of delightful wit.

TIIE FOREGOING INSCRIPTION ATTEMPTED IN Illustrious born, and as illustrious bred,

ENGLISH
By great example to wise actions led :
Much to the fame her lineal heroes bore

DIANA, COUNTESS OF OXFORD AND ELGIN ;
She owes, but to her own bigh genius more;
And, by a noble emulation movid,

Wuo from a race of noble heroes came,
Excell'd their virtues, and her own improv'd;

And added lustre to its ancient fame: Till they arriv'd to that celestial height,

Round her the virtues of the Cecils shone, Scarce angels greater be, or saints so bright.

But with inferior brightness to her own: But, if Cosmelia could yet lovelier be,

Which she refin'd to that sublime degree, Of nobler birth, or more a deity,

The greatest mortal could not greater be. Achates merits her, though none but he;

Each stage of life peculiar splendour had; Whose generous soul abhors a base disguise; Her tender years with innocence were clad: Resolv'd in action, and in counsel wise;

Maturer grown, whate'er was brave and good Too well confirm'd and fortify'd within,

In the retinue of her virtues stood; For threats to force, or flattery to win.

And at the final period of her breath,
Unmov'd amidst the hurricane he stood;

She crown'd her life with a propitious death;
He dares be guiltless, and he will be good. That no occasion might be wanting here
Since the first pair in Paradise were join'd,

To make her virtues fain'd, or joys sincere.
Two hearts were ne'er so happily combin'd.

Two noble lords her genial bed possest; Achates life to fair Cosmelia gives :

A wife to both, the dearest and the best. In fair Cosmelia great Achates lives.

Oxford submitted in one year to Pate; Each is to other the divinest bliss;

for whom her passion was exceeding great. He is her Heaven, and she is more than his. To Elgin full six lustra were assign'd: O may the kindest influence above

And him she lov'd with so intense a mind,
Protect their persons, and indulge their love! That, living like a father, she obey'd;

Dying, as to a son, left all she had.
When a step-mother, she soon soar'd above
The common height even of material love.
She did her numerous family command

With such a tender care, so wise a hand,
AN INSCRIPTION

She seem'd no otherwise a mistress there,
FOR THE MONUMENT OF DIANA, COUNTESS OF OXFORD

Than godlike souls in human bodies are.
But when to all she had example shew'd,

How to be great and humble, chaste and good,
Diana, Oxonii et Elgini Comitissa ; Her soul, for Earth too excellent, too high,
QUÆ

Flew to its peers, the princes of the sky.
Illustri orta sanguine, sanguinem illustravit:
Ceciliorum meritis, clara, suis clarissima ;

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AND ELGIN.

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UPON

A PINDARIC ESSAY.

But on the will of God depend :
For that which could begin, can end.

Who, when the lower worlds were made,
THE DIVINE ATTRIBUTES Without the least miscarriage or defect,

By the almighty Architect,

L'nited adoration paid,
Εις έςιν Θεος

And with ecstatic gratitude his laws obey'd.
ος ερανον τέτυχε και γαιαν μοκρατ. Sophoc. Philosophy of old in vain essay'd

To tell us how this mighty frame
UNITY. ETERNITY.

Into such beauteous order came;
Whence sprang this glorious frame? or when began But, by false reasonings, false foundations laid :
Things to exist? They could not always be;

She labour'd hard ; but still the more she wrought, To what stupendous energy

The more was wilder'd in the maze of thought. Shall we ascribe the origin of man?

Sometimes she fancy'd things to be
That Cause, from whence all beings else arose,

Coeval with the Deity,
Must self-existent be alone;

And in the form which now they are
Entirely perfect, and but one;

From everlasting ages were.
Nor equal nor superior knows:

Sometimes the casual event, Two firsts, in reason, we can ne'er suppose.

Of atoms floating in a space immense, If that, in false opinion, we allow,

Void of all wisdom, rule, and sense ;
That once there absolutely nothing was,

But, by a lucky accident,
Then nothing could be now.

Jumbled into this scheme of wondrous excellence. For, by what instrument, or how,

'Twas an establish'd article of old, Shall non-existence to existence pass?

Chief of the philosophic creed, Thus, something must from everlasting be;

And does in natural productions hold ; Or matter, or a Deity.

That from mere nothing, nothing could proceeds If matter only uncreate we grant,

Material substance nerer cou'd have

rose, We shall volition, wit, and reason, want;

If some existence had not been before, An agent infinite, and action free;

In wisdom infinite, immense in power. Whence does volition, whence does reason, flow?

Whate'er is made, a maker must suppose, How came we to reflect, design, and know?

As an effect a cause that could produce it shows. This from a nobler nature springs,

Nature and Art, indeed, have bounds assign'd; Distinct in essence from material things:

And only forms to things, not being, give; For, thoughtless matter cannot thought bestow,

That from Omnipotence they must receive: But, if we own a God supreme,

But the eternal self-existent mind And all perfection's possible in bim;

Can, with a single fiat, cause to be In him does boundless excellence reside,

All that the wondrous eye surveys,

And all it cannot see.
Power to create, and providence to guide;
Unmade himself, could no beginning have,

Nature may shape a beauteous tree,
But to all substance prime existence gave :

And Art a noble palace raise, Can what he will destroy, and what he pleases save.

But must not to creative power aspire;

But their God alone can claim,
POWER.

As pre-existing substance doth require :

So, where they nothing find, can nothing framo. The undesigning hand of giddy Chance Could never fill the globes of light,

WISDOM. So beautiful, and so amazing bright,

Matter produc'd, had still a chaos been : The lofty concave of the vast expanse :

For jarring elements engag'd, These could proceed from no less power than infinite. Eternal battles would have wag'd,

There's not one atom of this wondrous frame, And 6!l'd with endless horrour the tumultuous scene; Nor essence intellectual, but took

If Wisdom infinite, for less Existence when the great Creator spoke,

Could not the vast prodigious embryo wield, And from the common womb of empty nothing came. Or strength complete to labouring Nature yield,

“ Let substance be,” he cry'd; and straight arose Had not, with actual address, Angelic, and corporeal too;

Compos'd the bellowing hurry, and establish'd peace, All that material nature shows,

Whate'er this visible creation shows
And what does things invisible compose,

That 's lovely, uniform, and bright,
At the same instant sprung, and into being flew : That gilds the morning, or acorns the night,
Mount to the convex of the highest sphere,

To her its eminence and beauty owes.
Which draws a mighty circle round

By her all creatures have their ends assign'd, Th' inferior orbs, as their capacious bound; Proportiond to their nature, and their kind; There millions of new miracles appear:

To which they steadily advance,
There dwell the eldest sons of Power immense, Mov'd by right Reason's high command,
Who first were to perfection wrought,

Or guided by the secret hand
First to complete existence brought,

Of real Instinct, or imaginary Chance. To whom their Maker did dispense

Nothing but men reject her sacred rules; The largest portions of created excellence,

Who from the end of their creation lly, Eternal now, not of necessity,

And deviate into misery: As if they could not cease to be,

As if the liberty to act like fools Or were from possible destruction free;

Were the chief cause that Heaven made them free.

PROVIDENCE.

When he had nothing but his nurse's arms

To guard him from innumerable fatal harms: Bold is the wretch, and blasphemous the man,

From childhood how to youth he ran Who, finite, will attempt to scan

Securely, and from thence to man; The works of him that 's infinitely wise,

How, in the strength and vigour of his year, And those he cannot comprehend, denies ;

The feeble bark of life he saves, As if a space immense were measurable by a span. Amidst the fury of tempestuous waves, Thus the proud sceptic will not own

From all the dangers he foresees, or fears; That Providence the world directs,

Yet every hour 'twixt Scylla and Charybdis steers, Or its affairs inspects;

Jf Providence, which can the seas command, But leaves it to itself alone.

Held not the rudder with a steady hand.
How does it with almighty grandeur suit,
To be concern'd with our impertinence;

OMNIPRESENCE.
Or interpose his power for the defence

Tis happy for the sons of men, that he, Of a poor mortal, or a senseless brute?

Who all existence out of nothing made, Villains could never so successful prove,

Supports his creatures by immediate aid : And unmolested in those pleasures live,

But then this all-intending Deity Which honour, ease, and allluence give;

Must Omnipresent be: While such as Heaven adore, and virtue love,

For how shall we by demonstration show And most the re of Providence deserve,

The Godhead is this moment here, Oppress'd with pain and ignominy starve.

If he 's not present every where, What reason can the wisest show,

And always so? Why murder does unpunish'd go,

What is not perceptible by sense, may be If the Most High, that 's just and good,

Ten thousand miles remote from me; Intends and governs all below,

Unless his nature is from limitation free, And yet regards not the loud cries of guiltless blood ? In vain we for protection pray; But shall we things unsearchable deny,

For benefits receiv'd high altars raise, Because our reason cannot tell us why

And offer up our hymns and praise; They are allow'd, or acted by the Deity?

In vain his anger dread, or laws obey. 'Tis equally above the reach of thought,

An absent god from ruin can defend To comprehend how matter should be brought

No more than can an absent friend;
From nothing, as existent be

No more is capable to know
From all eternity;

How gratefully we make returns,
And yet that matter is, we feel and see:

When the loud music sounds, or victim burns, Nor is it easier to define,

Than a poor Indian slave of Mexico. What ligatures the soul and body join;

If so, 'tis equally in vain
Or, how the memory does th' impression take The prosperous sings, and wretched mourns;
Of things, and to the mind restores them back. He cannot hear the praise, or mitigate the pain.
Did not th' Almighty, with immediate care, But by what Being is confin'd
Direct and govern this capacious all,

The Godhead we adore?
Ilow soon would things into confusion fall! He must have equal or superior power.

Earthquakes the trembling ground would tear, If equal only, they each other bind,
And blazing comets rule the troubled air;

So neither 's God, if we define him right, Wide inundations, with resistless force,

For neither 's infinite.
The lower provinces o'erflow,

But if the other have superior might,
In spite of all that human strength could do Then he, we worship, can't pretend to be
To stop the raging sea's impetuous course :

Omnipotent, and free
Murder and Rapine every place would fill, From all restraint, and so no Deity.

And sinking Virtue stoop to prosperous Ill; If God is limited in space; his view,
Devouring Pestilence rave,

His knowledge, power, and wisdom, is so toa: And all that part of nature which has breath Unless we'll own, that these perfections are Deliver to the tyranny of Death,

At all times present every where, And hurry to the dungeons of the grave,

Yet he himself not actually there. If watchful Providence were not concern'd to save. Which to suppose, that strange conclusion brings, Let the brave speak, who oft has been

His essence and his attributes are different things, In dreadful sieges, and fierce battles seen,

IMMUTABILITY,
How he 's preserv'd, when bombs and bullets fly
So thick, that scarce one inch of air is free;

As the supreme, omniscient mind,
And though he does ten thousand see

Is by no boundaries confin'd; Fall at his feet, and in a moment die,

So Reason must acknowledge him to be
Unhurt retreats, or gains unhurt the victory,

From possible mutation free:
Let the poor shipwreck'd sailor show, For what He is, He was from all eternity,
To what invisible protecting power

Change, whether the effect of force or will,
He did his life and safety owe,

Must argue imperfection still.
When the loud storm his well-built vessel tore, But imperfection in a Deity,
And a half-shatter'd plank convey'd him to the shore. That 's absolutely perfect, cannot be:
Nay, let th' ungrateful sceptic tell us how

Who can compel, without his own consent, His tender infancy protection found,

A God to change that is omnipotent?
And helpless childhood was with safety crown'd, And every alteration without force,
If he'll do Providence allow;

Is for the better or the worse.

ne that is infinitely wise,

Yet own the pleasures of the just remain To alter for the worse will never choose,

So long as there 's a God exists to reign. That a depravity of nature shews :

Though none can give a solid reason, why
And He, in whom all true perfection lies,

The word eternity,
Cannot by change to greater excellencies rise. To Heaven and Hell indifferent join'd,
If God be mutable, which way, or how,

Should carry sense of a different kind;
Shall we demonstrate, that will please him now, And 't is a sad experiment to try.
Which did a thousand years ago?

GOODNESS.
And 't is impossible to know,
What He forbids, or what He will allow.

But if there be one attribute divine
Murder, enchantment, lust, and perjury,

With greater lustre than the rest can shine, Did in the foremost rank of vices stand,

"T is goodness, which we every moment see Prohibited by an express command :

The Godhead exercise with such delight, But whether such they still remain to be,

It seems, it only seems, to be No argument will positively prove,

The best-belov'd perfection of the Deity, Without immediate notice from above;

And more than infinite. If the Almighty Legislator can

Without that, he could never prove Be chang'd, like bis inconstant subject, man, The proper objects of our praise or love; Uncertain thus what to perform or shun,

Were he not good, he'd be no more concern'd We all intolerable hazards run,

To hear the wretched in affliction cry, When an eternal stake is to be lost or won.

Or see the guiltless for the guilty die,

Than Nero, when the flaming city burn'd,
JUSTICE.

And weeping Romans o'er its ruins mourn'd,

Eternal justice then would be Rejoice, ye sons of Piety, and sing

But everlasting cruelty; Loud Hallelujahs to his glorious name,

Power unrestrain'd, almighty violence; Wbo was, and will for ever be the same:

And wisdom unconfind, but craft immense. Your grateful incense to his temples bring, 'T is goodness constitutes him that he is; That from the smoking altars may arise

And those Clouds of perfumes to the imperial skies.

Who will deny him this, His promises stand firm to you,

A god without a deity suppose. And endless joys will be bestow'd,

When the lewd atheist blasphemously swears, As sure as that there is a God,

By his tremendous name,
On all who virtue choose, and righteous paths pursue. There is no God, but all 's a sham;
Nor should we more his menaces distrust,

Insipid tattle, praise, and prayers,
For while he is a Deity he must

Virtne, pretence; and all the sacred rules (As infinitely good) be infinitely just.

Religion teaches, tricks to cully fools : But does it with a gracious Godhead suit,

Justice would strike th' audacious villain Whose mercy is his darling attribute,

dead, To punish crimes that temporary be,

But Mercy, boundless, saves his guilty head; And those but trivial offences too,

Gives him protection, and allows him bread. Mere slips of human nature, small and few,

Does not the sinner whom no danger awes, With everlasting misery?

Without restraint, his infamy pursue, This shocks the mind with deep reflections fraught, Rejoice, and glory in it too;

And Reason bends beneath the ponderous thought; Laugh at the power divine, and ridicule his laws; Crimes take their estimate from guilt, and grow

Labour in vice his rivals to excel, More heinous still, the more they do incense That, when he's dead, they may their pupils tell That God to whom all creatures owe

How wittily the fool was damn'd, how hard he Profoundest reverence:

fell? Though as to that degree they raise

Yet this vile wretch in safety lives, The anger of the merciful Most High,

Blessings in common with the best receives; We have no standard to discern it by,

Though he is proud t'affrout the God those blessBut the infliction be on the offender lays.

ings gives. So that if endless punishment on all

The cheerful Sun his influence sheds on all ;
Our unrepented sins must fall,

Has no respect to good or il):
None, not the least, can be accounted sinall. And fruitful showers without distinction fall,
That God is in perfection just, must be

Which fields with corn, with grass the pastures, fill. Allow'd by all that own a Deity:

The bounteous hand of Heaven bestows If so, froin equity he cannot swerve,

Success and honour many times on those, Nor punish sinners more than they deserve. Who scorn his favourites, and caress his foes. His will reveal'd, is both express and clear: “ Ye cursed of my father, go

To this good God, whom my adventurous pen To everlasting woe.”

Has dar'd to celebrate If everlasting means eternal here,

In lofty Pindar's strain; Duration absolutely withont end;

Though with unequal strength to bear the weight Against which sense some zealously contend, Of such a ponderous theine so infinitely great: That when applied to pains, it only means, To this good God, celestial spirits pay, They shall ten thousand ages last :

With ecstasy divine, incessant praise : Ten thousand, more, perhaps, when they are past; While on the glories of his face they gaze, But not eternal in a literal sense :

In the bright regions of eternal day.

PARAPHRASED OUT OF JOSEPHUS.

To him each rational existence here,

So full of glory, and so sacred then, Whose breast one spark of gratitude contains, But now corrupted with the heaps of slain, (fane In whom there are the least remains

Which scatter'd round with blood, defile the mighty Of picty or fear, His tribute brings of joyful sacrifice,

Alas, Jerusalem! each spacious street For pardon prays, and for protection flies:

Was once so fill’d, the numerous throng Nay, the inanimate creation give,

Was forc'd to jostle as they pass'd along, By prompt obedience to his word,

And thousands did with thousands meet; Instinctive honour to their lord;

The darling then of God, and man's belov'd retreat.
And shame the thinking world, who in rebellion live. In thee was the bright throne of Justice fix'd,
With Heaven and Earth then, O my soul, unite, Justice impartial, and vain fraud unmix'd!
And the great God of both adore and bless,

She scorn'd the beauties of fallacious gold,
Who gives thee competence, content, and peace; Despising the most wealthy bribes;
The only fountains of sincere delight;

But did the sacred balance hold
That from the transitory joys below,

With godlike faith to all our happy tribes. Thou by a happy exit may'st remove

Thy well-bnilt streets, and every noble square, To those ineffable above;

Were once with polish'd marble laid,
Which from the vision of the Godhead flow,

And all thy lofty bulwarks made
And neither end, decrease, nor interruption know. With wondrous labour, and with artful care.

Thy ponderous gates, surprising to behold,

Were cover'd o'er with solid gold;

Whose splendour did so glorious appear,
ELEAZAR'S LAMENTATION

It ravish'd and amaz'd the eye;
OVER JERUSALEM.

And strangers passing to themselves would cry,

“What mighty heaps of wealth are here !

How thick the bars of massy silver lie! Alas, Jerusalem! alas! where 's now

O happy people and still happy be,
Thy pristine glory, thy unmatch'd renown, Celestial city! from destruction free,
To which the heathen monarchies did bow? May'st thou enjoy a long, entire prosperity!"

Ah, hapless, miserable town!
Where 's all thy majesty, thy beauty gone,

But now, oh wretched, wretched place!
Thou once most noble, celebrated place,

Thy streets and palaces are spread The joy and the delight of all the Earth;

With heaps of carcasses, and mountains of the dead, Who gav'st to godlike princes birth,

The bleeding relics of the Jewish race !
And bred up heroes, an immortal race?

Each corner of the town, no vacant space,
Where's now the vast magnificence, which made But is with breathless bodies fill’d,
The souls of foreigners adore

Some by the sword, and some by famine, kill’d,
Thy wondrous brightness, which no more Natives and strangers are together laid :
Shall shine, but lie in an eternal shade?

Death's arrows all at random flew Oh misery! where 's all her mighty state,

Amongst the crowd, and no distinction made, Her splendid train of numerous kings,

But both the coward and the valiant slew. Her noble edifices, noble things,

All in one dismal ruin join'd, Which made her seem so eminently great,

(For swords and pestilence are blind) That barbarous princes in her gates appear'd, The fair, the good, the brave, no mercy find : And wealthy presents, as their tribute, brought, Those that from far, with joyful haste, To court her friendship? For her strength they fear'd, Came to attend thy festival, And all her wide protection sought.

Of the same bitter poison taste, But now, ah! now they laugh and cry,

And by the black, destructive poison fall; See how her lofty buildings lie!

For the avenging sentence pass'd on all. See how her faming turrets gild the sky!

Oh! see how the delight of human eyes

In horrid desolation lies ! Where's all the young, the valiant, and the gay, See bow the burning ruins flame! That on her festivals were us'd to play

Nothing pow left, but a sad, empty name! Harmonious tunes, and beautify the day?

And the triumphant victor cries,
The glittering troops, which did from far

“ This was the fam'd Jerusalem!"
Bring home the trophies, and the spoils of war,
Whom all the nations round with terrour view'd, The most obdurate creature must
Nor durst their godlike valour try?

Be griev'd to see thy palaces in dust,
Where'er they fought, they certainly subdued, Those ancient habitations of the just :
And every combat gaiu'd a victory.

And could the marble rocks but know Ah! where's the house of the Eternal King: The miseries of thy fatal overthrow, The beauteous temple of the Lord of Hosts, They 'd strive to find some secret way unknown To whose large treasuries our fleet did bring Maugre the senseless nature of the stone, The gold and jewels of remotest coasts?

Their pity and concern to show: There had the infinite Creator plac'd

For now, where lofty buildings stood, His terrible, amazing name,

Thy sons' corrupted carcasses are laid ;
And with his more peculiar presence grac'd

And all by this destruction made
That heavenly sanctum, where no mortal came, One common Golgotha, one field of blood !
The high-priest only; he but once a year

See! how those ancient men, who rul'd thy state In that diviné apartment might appear:

And made thee happy, made thee great;

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