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ii. 314.

-282

63

at, i.
-, 329;

Dumas, General Mathieu, i. 182 n. GAGE, General, i. 2, 3, 116, 256, 293.
Dunmore, Lord, i, 191, 267.

Galloway, Joseph, i. 343, ii. 22 n. I.
Duportail, Chevalier, i. 215 n.

Gates, General, i. 123, 221, 222, 225,
Dutch Government refuses to lend 230, 232, 329, ii. 57, 66, 98 n.
troops to the King, i. 41.

Gemmingen, Freiherr Von, ii. 115.

Gentleman's Magazine, The, i. 291 n. 1.
EDEN, William (Lord Auckland), i. 4. George the Third: the King's Friends,
Effingham, Earl of, ii. 213-214.

i. 9; his political capacity and opin-
Eggleston, Rev. Edward, i. 213 n., ii.

ions, 11-13; enthusiasm for the war,
287 n., 307 n., 308 n.

15; defines his policy and prepares
Ewing, General, ii. 98.

for the struggle, 23; deprives Duke

of Grafton of Privy Seal, 25; his
FAIRFIELD burnt by Tryon, i. 240, esteem for Lord Dartmouth, 26;

dismisses Lord Rochford with a
Falconer, Thomas, ii. 215-216.

pension, 27; employs Lord Wey-
Farnsworth, Amos, i. 195 and n. I, 217, mouth, 27, and Lord George Ger-
351-353

maine, 28; displays vigour in war
Fifth Fusiliers, i. 303, ii. 141.

preparations, 34, 69, 103-104; appre-
Fiske, John, ii. 49.

ciation of Sir Guy Carleton, 89;
Fitzpatrick, Richard, i. 58–59, 321 1., denounced in the Declaration of
332 n. 2, 333.

Independence, 162–163; his statue
Flogging in the Army, ii. 197–198. pulled down, 168; his personal
Ford, Captain, i. 346.

friends, 316; supports Carleton, 332;
Fort Lee, ii. I, 12, 17.

personal attacks on, in the news-
Fort Washington, ii. 1-13.

papers, ii. 171-177; accused of being
Forty-second Highlanders, i. 277, 301, influenced by Lord Bute, 183–185;
ii. 6.

his kindness to Doctor Johnson, 262;
Fox, Charles James, i. 10; his manne : prayers for him prohibited in Amer-

of life, 57; personal influence, 57 ;
speech in October 1775, 57; per- Germaine, Lord George, i. 28, 30, 89,
suades Lord Ossory and Richard 103, 318, 332.
Fitzpatrick to support Burke's con- German immigrants in Pennsylvania,
ciliatory bill, 58; on Lord North's

i. 137, ii. 119 n. I.
Prohibitory Bill, 60-61; on Lord German mercenaries, i. 37-50.
Cornwallis, ii. 15 m.; relations with Gibbon, Edward, i. 30 n., 35, ii. 248–
Gibbon, 250-252; on newspapers 252, 263, 270.
and pamphlets, 258; appreciation of Glover, Colonel John, ii. 74.
Dr. Johnson, 261–262.

Gordon, Rev. William, historian, i.
Franklin, Benjamin, i. 17, 109; a mem 122–126, 226, 350-351.

ber of Congress, 121-122; opposes Grafton, Duke of, i. 13, 23-25, 51.
the Penn interest, 135; relations with Grant, General, i. 277, 279-282, ii. 85,
Thomas Paine, 147; sent to Paris,
157; one of the deputation to Lord Grant of Laggan, Mrs., i. 220 n. 1, ii.
Howe on Staten Island, 259-266; his 238.
efforts to secure American bishops, Gray, Thomas, ii. 253.
ii. 324-326.

Graydon, Captain, ii. 48 n. 1.
Fraser, General, i, 85.

Greene, John Richard, i. 163, ii. 229 n.
Frederic the Great, i. 36, 174, 283, ii. Greene, General Nathanael, i. 183 17.,
118, 150, 157-158.

202, 244 n., 275, 291, 294, 320, 336,
French opinion, ii. 159-162.

ii. 3-5, 17, 27, 98, 101, 104, 110.

09.

ica, 313.

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102.

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Grenville, Lord, ii. 229 and n.

scribed, i. 90-104; on Staten Island,
Gunning, Sir Robert, i. 35. 36.

237-250; operations at Long Island,

267-292; at Haerlem Heights, 292–
HAERLEM HEIGHTS, battle of, i, 296, 305; at White Plains, 306-316;
300-305.

at Westchester Peninsula, 336-337 ;
Haerlem (Holland), i. 305.

lax in enforcing discipline, 346-349,
Halifax, Nova Scotia, i. 238.

ii. 39; captures Fort Washington,
Hamilton, Alexander, ii. 75-76, 81, 105, ii. 1-13; stops Cornwallis's pursuit,
137

19; offers free pardon to the Colo-
Hancock, President, i. 272, 295, ii. 125. nials, 27; goes into winter quarters,
132 n. 2.

63; made K.C.B., 64; defends his
Harcourt, Colonel William, i. 42, 315 strategy in Parliament, 84-85; his
317, ii. 67–69.

army short of supplies after Trenton
Harcourt, Lord, i. 316.

and Princeton, 140-142.
Harley, Alderman, ii. 196.

Howe, Lord, his splendid career, i. 89;
Harris, Captain George, i. 303, ii. 141.

commands British naval force, 91-92;
Hartley, Colonel, i. 329.

sails for America, 251; his efforts
Harvard University, i. 199-200, ii. 291. for peace, 253-266; at Long Island,
Haslet, Colonel, i. 282 n., 314 n. 1, ii. 281; offers free pardon to Colonials,
135

ii. 27; relations with John Cartwright,
Haverstraw Bay, i. 252.

219-220.
Heath, General, i. 287,337, 345, ii. 50-51. Hume, David, ii. 247-248.
Heister, General Von, i. 271, 277–282, Hunt, Leigh, ii. 172.

ii. 119, 123
Henry, Patrick, i. 119-120, 130, ii. 286 INDIANS, Canadian, British policy
n., 289.

towards, i. 73-74.
Hesse, Landgrave of, i. 45-48, ii. 123. Inglis, Rev. Dr., ii. 312-313, 315.
Hessians, the, i. 31-50; reach America, Inoculation practised by American
„92; in action at Long Island, 271 Army surgeons, i. 223-225.
272, 277–282; at Haerlem Heights, Ireland, poor recruiting results in, i. 34.
298; at White Plains, 313; on Man- Irnham, Lord, i. 53-54.
hattan Island, 336; ravage West-
chester, 342; victorious at Fort JACOBITES, I. 12, ii, 155, 221.
Washington, ii. 6-9; enter Trenton, Jay, John, i. 23 n. 109, 178, 294.
21; plunder New Jersey, 27-40; Jefferson, Thomas, i. 109, 119, 121, 156,
captured at Trenton, 86–124.

161, 164-166, 170-171.
Highlanders enlisted for the war, i. 32- Johnson, Samuel, i. 33, ii. 167, 183 n.,

34; many captured by American 219 n., 231, 248 n. I, 262-265, 269–
privateers, 92; land at Staten Island,

270.
238; at Long Island, 268, 271, 277, Jones, Judge Thomas, i. 240, 241 1.,
231; at Haerlem Heights, 301; at 343 n., 347-348, ii. 31, 140, 291.

Fort Washington, ii, 6.
Hitchcock, Colonel Daniel, ii, 127, 135, KALB, Baron de, i. 194.
150 n. 2.

Kalm, Prof, Peter, ii. 106 n.
Honeyman, John, ii. 93-94.

Kearsley, Dr., i. 143.
Hotham, Commodore, i. 297.

Keppel, Vice-Admiral Augustus, ii.
How, David, i. 299 ., ii. 7 n., II3 ., 208.
128 n.

Knowlton, Captain Thomas, i. 301-302,
Howe, John, ii. 236-237.

Knox, General, i, 274, ii. 73, 100, 101,
Ilowe, General William, his army de 105, 108-110, III N., 127, 132 n. I, 134.

125, 126.

Knyphausen, General, i. 337, ii. 6. Maryland, religious parties in, ii. 282–
Kosciusko, Thaddeus, i. 329.

283.

Mason, William, i. 12, ii. 214, 252.
LAFAYETTE, Marquis de, i. 170, 183, Massachusetts, new constitution of, i.
273 n., ii. 93 n. 3.

128.
Lawrence, Lord, i. 283 and n. 2. Mathew, General, ii. 6.
Lecky, W. E. H., i. 50, 163.

Mawhood, Colonel, ii. 134-137.
Lee, Arthur, i. 17, 108, ii. 227.

Mayhew, Jonathan, ii. 302-303.
Lee, General Charles : on Congress, Mercer, General, ii. 104, 106, 134-135,

i. 108, 250 n. 2; relations with John 139 n. 2.
Adams, 115-116; on Paine's “Com- Methodists, the, ti. 275-279; Ameri-
mon Sense," 152; letter to Washing can, 321-323.
ton quoted, 172-173; at Charleston, Mifflin, General, i. 207, 289, ii. 72, 126.
210; advocates evacuation of New Militia, American, i. 182–194.
York, 294; letters to Washington Monroe, James, ii. 77, 107.
and Franklin quoted, 320 ; fails to Montgomery, General Richard, i. 78,
support Washington, ii. 41-56; cap 80-82, 155, ii. 178-180.

tured at Baskingridge, 66–70, 125. Montreal occupied by Americans, i.
Lee, Harry, ii. 44.

78; evacuated by Benedict Arnold,
Lee, Richard Henry, i. 108, 120, 156. 230.
Leitch, Major, i. 301-302.

Morellet, Abbé, ii. 160.
Lexington, battle of, account addressed Morris, Robert, i. 331, ii. 34, 61, 79,

to Inhabitants of Great Britain by
Colonists, i. 1-2.

Morristown, ii. 138.
Ligne, Prince de, ii. 16.

Moultrie, Colonel, ii. 46.
Liverymen's address to the King, ii. Murray, Mrs., 299.
225.

Muskets, defects of flint-lock, i. 285
Livingston, Colonel Robert, i. 156, 253.

and n.
Livingston, William, i. 196 and n. 2,
ii. 296 n.

NATIONAL opinion on the war, ii. 163-
Long Island described, i. 242-243; op 181, 207-225.
erations at, 267–292.

Navy, impressment for, ii. 192-197.
Loyal addresses, i. 10-19.

New Brunswick, Washington's retreat
Loyalist refugees, ii. 231-242.

to, ii. 19; headquarters of Major-
Lyttleton, Lord, i. 63-64, ii. 253.

General Grant, 85.

New Jersey plundered by Hessians, ii.
MACAULAY, Catherine, ii. 253-255. 27-40.
Macaulay, Lord, i. 75 n., 291n, 1, ii. New York City, evacuation of, by
188 n., 253 n.

Washington, i. 293-300 ; great fire
Macdougal, General, ii. 28 n.

in, 309-310 ; plundered by Royalist
Macrabie, Alexander, ii. 298.

troops, 348-349;

Howe's winter
Madison, James, i. 109, ii. 319.

quarters, ii. 63.
Magaw, Colonel, ii. 3-8.

New York State, new constitution of,
Manchester Address to the King, i. 12. i. 130; loyalism in, 244-247, 308.
Manchester, Duke of, i. 63.

Newcastle-on-Tyne, political opinion
Mansfield (William Murray), Earl of, in, ii, 202–207; visited by John Wes-
i. 66-68, ii. 184 and n. 2, 217.

ley, 272-273.
Markham, Archbishop, ii. 197 n. Newport, Rhode Island, ii. 20.
Markham, Colonel Enoch, i. 97, ii. 7 Newspapers, English, ii. 163-181.

n. 2, 9, 21, 28, 140 N, 2, 329-330. Nonjurors, ii. 155.

1

North, Lord: John Wesley's letter to, Princeton University, ii. 31.

i. 5-6; calls for Loyal Addresses, Prohibitory Bill, Lord North's, i. 59–
II-14; his distress at the war, 15; 68.
Grafton remonstrates with him, 24; Provincial Governments, organisation
his Prohibitory Bill, 59-63; his con of, i. 127-132.
duct of the war criticised by the Lon- Putnam, General Israel, i. 198, 230,
don press, ii. 177-178; bet on the 275, 277-278, ii. 59.
manner of his death, 228; Gibbon's Putnam, Colonel Rufus, i. 213-214, 294.
declaration about him, 251; his liter-
ary relations with Doctor Johnson QUAKERS, American, i. III, 134-135 ;
as a pamphleteer, 262.

139-142, ii. 59, 139.
North, Roger, ii. 169.

Quebec Act, i. 74-77.
Norwalk, Conn., burnt by Tryon, i. 240. Quebec besieged by Montgomery, i. 78.
ODELL, Rev. Jonathan, i. 178, ii. 316. RALL, Colonel, ii. 9, 86–113.
Oliver, Chief Justice, ii. 232.

Reed, Colonel, i. 185, 280, 302, 344, ii.
Ossory, Lord, i. 58.

54.
Oxford University opinion, i. 13. Reed, Joseph, i. 254 n. I.

Refugee Loyalists, ii. 231-242.
PAINE, Thomas, i. 110, 147-155; his Rhode Island subdued by Howe, ii, 20.

“Common Sense,"' 148–155 ; "The Richmond, Duke of, i. 18, 50, 63-65,
Crisis," i. 155, ii, 81-82.

ii. 162-163, 171.
Pamphleteers, the, ii. 255-264. Ridley, Sir Matthew White, ii. 205, 273.
Parker, Sir Peter, i. 267.

Riedesel, General, i. 42, 86, 331.
Parliament, proceedings in, i. 50–68. Robertson, Dr. William,

ii. 245-247
Paterson, Colonel (Colonial), i. 222. Rochford, Lord, i. 25, 27.
Paterson, Colonel (Royalist), i, 255. Rockingham, Lord, i. 10, 14, 55-57.
Pellew, Edward (Lord Exmouth), i. Rodney, Captain Thomas, ii. 139.
325.

Rutledge, Edward, i. 259, 266.
Pemberton, James, ii. 287.

Rye, N.Y., i. 245.
Penn Family, i. 20–21, III, 135.
Penn, Richard, i. 20–21.

SABINE, Mr., i. 307 n. 2.
Pennsylvania, the Revolution in, i. 133- Sandwich, Lord, i. II, 13, 64-65, 91,
146.

ii. 15, 192.
Percy, Lord, i. 277, 310, ii. 5-6, 220. Sandy Hook, Howe's rendezvous, i. 238.
Personal government of George the Sawbridge, John, i. 103, ii. 191, 196.
Third, i. 9-10, ii. 151.

Saxe, Marshal, i. 210.
Philadelphia, attitude towards Revolu- Sayre, Rev. John, ii. 314.

tion, i. 133-134, ii. 59-63 ; religious Schiller, J. F. C. Von, ii. 117.
equality in, ii. 282.

Schuyler, General Philip, i. 126, 219-
Phillips, General, i. 86, 97 n., 330. 221, ii. 56, 72.
Pitt, Lord, ii. 212-213.

Scotch, unpopularity of, ii. 181-189.
Pitt, William, ii. 229 and n.

Scotch-Irish settlers, i. 138-139, ii.
Political discontent in England, i. I-IO. 309.
Pontoon corps, Washington's, ii. 73- Seabury, Bishop, i. 339-340, ii. 327.
74.

Secker, Archbishop, ii. 293, 295, 297,
Porter, General Horace, i. 186 n. 1. 300.
Press-gang proceedings, ii. 192-196. Ségur, Comte de, üi. 282.
Princeton, Washington's victory at, ii. Selwyn, George, i. 31, 103, ii. 148–149.
124-147

239.

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Serle, Ambrose, ii, 24, 26, 30, 60 n., TARLETON, Banastre, ii. 67.
69 n. 2, 310 n. 1.

Thomas, General, invades Canada,
Seymour, Commodore, ii. 90.

i. 82; retreats, 83; his death, 84, 224.
Sharp, Granville, ii. 216–217, 326, 328. Ticonderoga captured by Ethan Allen,
Sharpless, Isaac, i. 140 n. 2.

i. 78-79; occupied by Gates, 229;
Shebbeare, John, ii. 261.

American garrison at, 237, 329.
Shelburne, Earl of, i. 18, 51-52. Tilghman, Captain, i. 319 n.
Sherman, Roger, i. 156.

Tooke, John Horne, ii. 170 n. 3.
Shippen, Dr. William, ii. 71 n., 79 n. I, Transports, life on British, i. 99–100.
98-99.

Trenton, N.J., occupied by Hessians,
Sixteenth Light Dragoons, ii. 67. ii. 21; headquarters of Colonel Rall,
Smith, Adam, ii, 244, 248 n. I.

86-97; Washington's victory at, 97-
Smith, Sir Harry, ii. 38.

124.
Smith, Dr. William, i. 154, 155. Trevelyan, Sir John, ii. 204-207.
Society for the Propagation of the Trumbull, Jonathan, i. 216, ii. 125.
Gospel, ii. 294-297.

Tryon, Governor, i. 239-240, 310, ii.
Stanhope, Lord, i. 22-23.

96, 314.
Stark, Colonel, ii. 107, 123, 126. Tubbs, John, ii. 196.
Staten Island, General Howe on, i. 237- | Tucker, Dean, ii. 259-260, 324 n. 2,
251, 268-270.

334.
Statue of George the Third at New Tyler, Prof., i. 110 n., 151 n. 2, 165 and
York, i. 168.

n., ii, 238 n., 304-305.
Stedman, Mr., ii. 23.
Stillman, William, ii, 25 n. 1.

VALCOUR ISLAND, I. 323–333.
Stirling, Lord, his family and character, Van Rensselaer estate, i. 219.

i. 176-179; captured in action at Vardill, John, ii. 303-304.
Long Island, 278-282; exchanged, Virginia, new constitution of, i. 129;
309; covers Washington's passage established Church in, ii. 290, 333.
of the Delaware, ii. 20–21; at Tren-
ton, 104-105; entertains captured WAGERS on the war, ii. 228.
Hessian officers, 119; disabled by Waldeckers, i. 43, 322, ii. 124.
rheumatism from taking part in the Walpole, Horace: his letters to Mann
Princeton campaign, 129.

quoted, i, 4-5, ii. 62, 143, 154-155.
Strathmore, Countess of, ii. 204.

227, 243; on the lethargy of Opposi-
Stryker, William S., ii, 17 n., 74 n. 1, tion, i. 56; on the Howes, 265 n. 2;
78 n., 133 n.

on the news of Washington's retreat,
Suffolk, Lord, i. 52-53.

291; on Mrs. Macaulay's History, ii.
Sullivan, General John, invades Can 253; on Wesley's “Calm Address,"
ada, i. 83-84; defeated at Three

271.
Rivers, 85; retreats to Crown Point, Walpole, Thomas, i. 59.
85; Washington's criticism on him, Ward, General, i. 180.
176; sickness in his camp, 222; on Warren, James, i. 107–108.
malpractices of contractors, 227; Warren, Joseph, i. 1.
failure as a negotiator, 258–259; in Washington, George, sends Benedict
brief command at Long Island, 275; Arnold to invade Canada, i. 79; re-
made prisoner, 278-279; exchanged, inforces Sullivan, 83, 180; his public
309; under Charles Lee, ii. 66; joins speaking, 121; importuned by Will-
Washington, 71-72; at Trenton, 98, iam Gordon, 123, 350-351; on

101, 104, 110; at Princeton, 137. Paine's “Common Sense," 152; at
Swift, Dean, ii. 272.

Boston, 172-179; his military talents,

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