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sympathy of a large majority among the colonists, banished all Puritan Ministers from the confines of Virginia ; and in 1649, when King Charles's head had already fallen, the colony contained twenty Church of England parishes in which the tithe was regularly and cheerfully paid, and the rector lived with his people in much “peace and love.” After the Restoration, Statutes were passed at Williamsburg enacting that the whole Liturgy should be thoroughly read every Sunday; that no Catechism should be used other than that appointed by the Canons ; and that no ministers“ but such as were ordained by some Bishop in England” should be allowed in the colony. The children of marriages performed by clergymen of all other denominations were declared illegitimate; baptism was enforced by law; and Nonconformists were forbidden to teach, even in private, under pain of exile.
See page 324
Among the extraordinarily accurate political prophecies which, amidst all his wild writing, were occasionally thrown out by Dean Tucker, was a forecast of the effect that would be produced on the question of American bishops by a separation between Great Britain and her colonies. The first of those bishops was appointed in 1787; and as far back as 1774 the Dean had written as follows about the grievance under which the Episcopalians in America then suffered.
“The Church of England alone doth not enjoy a Toleration in that full Extent which is granted to the Members of every other Denomination. What then can be the cause of putting so injurious a Distinction between the Church of England, and other Churches, in this respect? The Reason is plain. The Americans have taken it into their heads to believe that the Episcopate would operate as some further tie upon them, not to break loose from those Obligations which they owe to the Mother-Country; and that it is to be used as an Engine, under the Masque of Religion, to rivet those chains which they imagine we are forging for them. Let therefore the Mother
Country herself resign up all Claim of Authority over them, as well Ecclesiastical as Civil; let her declare North America to be independent of Great Britain in every respect whatever ; let her do this, I say, and then all their Fears will vanish away, and their Panics be at an end. And then a Bishop, who has no more Connections with England, either in Church or State, than he has with Germany, Sweden, or any other Country, will be no longer looked upon in America as a Monster, but a Man." – Dean Tucker's Fourth Tract; 1774.
ADAMS, C. F., i. 169 n. 3, 249 n. BAILEY, Rev. Jacob, ii. 313, 315.
John Dickinson, III-118; his share Philadelphia, ii. 61.
Boucher, Rev. Jonathan, ii. 314, 315.
Boyle, Colonel Gerald, i. 205 n. 2.
Bray, Dr. Thomas, ii. 294.
Brunswick, Charles Duke of, i. 42-43.
Bunbury, Lady Sarah, i. 315 n. 2,
land, i. 3-5.
Burgoyne, General, i. 89, 94, 117, 332-
i. 79; wounded in assault on Quebec, Burke, Edmund, his “ Thoughts on the
Fox, 58; quotation from his speech,
148 n. 2; on Hessians, ii. 9; letter to
Richard Champion quoted, 62-63;
his fears for English liberty, 154;
THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
quoted by Gladstone, 185; on the Cobb, Sandford H., ii. 281 n., 287 th.,
the Dissidence of Dissent," 301. 148–155.
Congress, American, i. 105-122, ii. 60
61, 70, 144.
Consols, effect of the war on, i. 55, ii. 200.
Conway, Field-Marshal, i. 18, ii. 209–
Cornwallis, Lady, ii. 64-65.
291 n. 1, 307 n. I, ii. 6, 13-18, 63,
Courier, Paul Louis, i. 152 n.
i. 70; obtains Quebec Act, 74-77 ; re- Croker, J. W., ii. 167.
233, 234-235, 237, 239-242.
DARTMOUTH, Lord, i. 2, 7, 16, 23, 25-
De Tocqueville, ii. 321.
Dechow, Major Von, ii. 89, 103, 105, IIO.
De Lancey, Floyd, i. 219 n.
Delaware River, Washington retreats
on Trenton, 99-101.
Derby, Captain, i. 2.
er's Letters," drafts petition to the
on question of Independence, 112-
Pennsylvanian Assembly, 135-137.
241, 253, 302, 320, 335 n, I, ii. 96. Churches, ii. 320.