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are seen omaed with. made ber briness of Lorraine, te Trei Isabelle to Chinon was, maikering clouds of war, and tsa:lend. Diverthekss poctive of important ant miseries, fast their lurid suceurs
Ace Sal had accomaround her: ber cousin, Au ine de
her; and, in the interview Vanden...i, ontested the sucessin, Waterless of Lorraine and Bar asserting that Lorraine was to nole kail with lie: Surentiin, the grace and a tef to descend to a female. Sing - kary of the Dinoiselle de Frolarly enough, the question had never men:cau" srack the andeat fancy of betore arisen: Charles of Lorraine the young Charles. The impression was the first prince who had nvi leit she hal mace was obserred by the behind him male heirs. The Duke of wire and m. ther-in-law of the king. Burgundy supported the claims of The latter, Yolande of Anjou, was a Antoine de Vandemont; and René, Foman of masculine mind; she swayed after bravely fighting for the inheri- the careless monarch, and, uncontance of his wife, was taken prisoner sciously to him, had long guided his at the battle of Balligneville, and con- counsels. The passion alike of Yolande, demned to a rigorous captivity in the of her dauzhter, Queen Marie, and of castle of Dijon.
the beautiful stranger, was patriotism. This fatal battle was lost by the rash France was in subjection. Charles impetuosity of the young nobles of its king, and who ought to have been Lorraine and Bar, who fought in the its deliverer, was insensible of his disranks of their Duke René. The honour, or too much devoted to pleaVeteran general Barbazan had ear- sure, to make the necessary exertion nestly entreated his master to act on for his country's safety. Marie, beauthe defensive.
tiful and amiable, was not beloved. “Quand on a peur des feuilles, il ne The iniluence which alone could stir fait pas aller au bois,” said a young Charles to noble resolves, should lant, contemptuously.
spring from a passion which Yolande Ces paroles ne sont pas pour perceived her daughter could never
excite. She conceived the singular, sighted and ambitious woman, unscru. we may say the unexampled design of pulous, as we have seen, in the choice exciting it by the charms of Agnès of means which might enable her to Sarel. Wonderful force of the senti. obtain a desiroul end. When the forment of love of country! Marie, tunes of Charies were at their lowest stranger still to record, assented. ebb, she had never despaired, but couHopeless herself of influencing Char- rageously cheered and animated him les through his affections, and quite to exertion. Let us cast a rapid glance conscious of his passion for the beau- at Charles's past career. The imbeci. titul stranger, Queen Marie listened lity of his father, King Charles VI., without disapproval to the suggestions and the hatred which his unnatural of the vigorous-minded Yolande, that mother had conceived for him, had they should wean the voluptuous made the Dauphin, in his earlier years, monarch from his effeminate indolence an outcast from the sweet charities of and unworthy favoritism, by giving home. The tragical murder of Jeanhim as companion and friend, one who, sans-peur of Burgundy, on the bridge they both saw, was gifted with a high of Montereali, had drawn down on his and commanding intellect, and a head the intense hatred of the Burgentle nature and constant heart. gundian party, then the most powerful Surely we cannot wonder that such an in France. Well might Francis I. age was rich in noble enthusiasm, exclaim, when he gazed, in the Charwhen it witnessed a sacrifice of pride treuse of Dijon, on the effigy of the and feeling so extraordinary in per- murdered duke, “ Through that gash,” sons so exalted. The disinterested- pointing to the wound which disfigured ness of friendship has nothing to com- the forehead, "the English entered pare with this astonishing instance of France !" The Dauphin always aspatriotic devotion. But still we must serted, probably with truth, that he not estimate the sacrifice at more than, was innocent of this foul murder. in truth, it was worth; or suppose even Tannegui du Châtel struck the fatal these heroines capable of impossibili- blow; but Charles had expressly inties. Marie had had frequent occasion vited the Duke of Burgundy to this to lament her husband's infidelities; ill-fated conference, and the assassinaber conjugal love could not be further tion was accomplished in his presence. ontraged by the substitution of a Philip le Bon, son of the murdered comparatively virtuous attachment for Duke, thirsting for revenge, threw the those ephemeral amours which had weight of his vast power and influence hitherto marred the happiness of her into the opposing scale, and allied wedded life. That influence over the himself with the enemies of his counmind of Charles which she had failed try to avenge his father's death. By in securing might, she fondly hoped, the conference at Arras (1419) he be so wielded by the beautiful and paved the way for the infamous treaty spirituelle friend of the high-minded of Troyes (1420), which disinherited Isabelle of Lorraine, as to change the the Dauphin, and transferred the royal destinies of the hapless realm of diadem to the English invader, Henry France. She asked from her brother's V. In the treaty, by which Charles wife permission to proinote the fair VI, thus disowned his son, the follow. Agnès to be her maid of honour. ing insulting clanse occurs, which must Isabelle felt keenly the unavoidable have been peculiarly galling to the separation from her friend, should she Dauphin :yield to the Queen's entreaties; but she could not allow her selfish affec
" Considérant les horribles et énormes tion to be a barrier to the advance
crimes et délits commis par Charles, soi-iliment of Agnès Sorel. The young
sant Dauphin de Viennois, il est accordé que
nous, notre dit fils le roi, et aussi notre trèsgirl, ignorant of all that was designed
cher fils Philippe, Duc «le Bourgoyne, nous for her, was from thenceforth to live
ne traiterons aucunement de paix et de conat court, attached to the person of corde avec le dit Charles, si non du consenteMarie of Anjou, who even personally ment et du conseil de tous et de chacun de had conceived a warm regard for one nous trois, et des trois états du royaume." whom she designed to make, if possible, her own rival.
Two years later and the Dauphin Queen Yolande, for she was titular found himself King, though he had but sovereign of the two Sicilies, was a far- a scanty territory, and few adherents.
The imbecile Charles had breathed his she strenuously laboured to make the last. The victorious Henry had also been King lay aside his besetting sin of insnatched away by the unsparing hand of dolence, and act with vigour against the destroyer. Paris and the northern the English. Fortune seemed invaprovinces were, however, held for the riably to desert the banner of the lawyoung Henry VI., by his uncle, the brave ful sovereign, and Charles found his Duke of Bedford. Charles VII. could best generals and bravest troops so only establish his court on the southern often defeated that his friends lost bank of the Loire; and even there he hope and confidence, and bis dispirited scarcely felt his position secure. soldiery deserted their colours. petit Roi de Bourges," was the name While the Dauphin remained inactive contemptuously given to him by the at Chinon, Orleans, his principal strong. English. Charles le Victorieux, "Char- hold on the Loire, was closely invested les « le Bien Servi," were titles which by the English. Dunois, and others be could triumphantly claim, vot many of his brave adherents, bad thrown years later. This wondrous success is themselves into the beleaguered city; to be ascribed, not to his personal ex- but with slender hope of making a ertions, for he was, as has been inti. successful resistance to the besieging mated, indolent and excessively ad- host. In this extremity of Charles's dicted to pleasure, but to the discri- or rather of Yolande's fortunes (for minating wisdom, or rather instinct, it was she who in truth bad so far with which he chose his counsellors. fought the battle of French indepenHe had the art, or the good luck, to dence) another still more heroic Frenchgather around him and attach to his woman suddenly appeared on the stage. cause the greatest captains of the age, Commissioned from on high, as she and the wisest and most far-sighted believed to rescue her native land politicians; and, notwithstanding his from foreign invaders--to raise the indolent babits, had the good sense to siege of Orleans, and see her King profit by their counsels and services. crowned at Rheims-Jeanne D'Arc, We have only to mention the names of the simple shepherd-girl of Domremi, " the brave Dunois," the Comte de presented herself to Charles at Chinon. Richemont, La-Ilire, Saintrailles, &c., Yolande saw, and at a glance comprewho conducted his military operations ; hended her enthusiasm. Perhaps, too, in the diplomatic department the saga- she credited her mission : at all events, cious Yolande of Anjou, Jacques Bou she sympathised in her patriotic fervour; reau, and his brother Gaspard, who and lost no time in cominunicating a created for him the most effective ar- share of her sympathy to Charles. tillery in Europe; and in finance, that Jeanne's divine commission was recogmost skilful of exchequer-chancellors, nized. Accoutred in armour, and girt Jacques Cæur.
with the sword of Saint Catherine de Yolande seems to have understood Fierbois, she threw herself into Orfully the character of her son-in-law. leans. Her enthusiasm, her pious She knew him to be of an affectionate fervour, and her conviction of a and trusting nature, and peculiarly triumphant accomplishment of ber sensitive to the refined charms of fe- mission, inspired the garrison with male society. He was capable of ap
courage. Now here, preciating all that is excellent in the there ; successive sallies from the becharacter of woman-her heroism, leagured city fell with the speed and her generous abnegation of self-ber destruction of lightning on the English enduring devotion. Yolande artfully outposts. A being partaking of the availed herself of these influences. Un- character of an angel and a prophetess seen herself, she was, as we have al. headed these unexpected and terrible ready observed, the guiding hand attacks. The superstitious terrors of which influenced Charles throughout the English were alarmed. Seven days his entire career, and through him the after Jeanne entered Orleans, the destinies of France. ller daughter, siege was raised, and the English were Queen Marie, was a very superior in full retreat towards the Seine. So woman, amiable, accomplished, genc- far, the mission sped prosperously; rous, and gentle; but she never pos. she had now to retrieve her undertak sessed her husband's affections, though ing to see Charles placed on the throne her conduct secured his esteem and of his ancestors in the old kingly capi. respect. Stimulated by her mother, tal of Rheims; but to carry him thither
through a hostile country, every strong- taxation of her native village. Until the hold of which was in the hands of his revolution of 1793, Neant à cause de la enemies, was even a more difficult Pucelle was entered opposite the name achievement than the relief of Orleans. of Domremi, in the books of the taxHowever, Jeanne's own belief in her ing officer for that district of Lorraine. preternatural mission had now spread But alas! for Jeanne; a far diffar and wide, and those who at first ferent destiny awaited her. The had probably used her as an adven- market-place of Rouen witnessed a turess, now followed her as a heaven. tragedy which, merely to read of, inspired guide. The expedition to has “ drawn iron tears Rheims was undertaken—every obsta- a manly breast. The pure, the meek cle gave way before the enthusiasm heroine, who had done such great of Charles's followers. Rheims, after things for “the pity" she had for the a progress as triumphant as dangerous, realm of France, was here to expiate was gained ; and the consecrated oil, the crime of patriotism by the punishwhich would insure the validity of his ment of'witchcraft. Her infamous judge, title in the eyes of all true French- Cauchon, Bishop of Beauvais, conmen, was at length poured on the head demned her to be burnt alive. “Helas !" of King Charles the Seventh. As she exclaimed, when she heard her senCharles kneeled by the high altar, tence, “ reduire en cendres mon corps Jeanne “la Pucelle” stood by his . qui est pur, et n'a rien de corrompu, side, leaning on her snow-white c'est un horrible supplice!" As the banner, spotted with the fleur-de-lis of priest who attended her dismounted France, on which was represented the from the scaffold, when the executioner Saviour of the world, with the simple was about to apply his torch, she said inscription, Jhesus Maria. " It had to him, “ Tenez-vous en bas, levez la shared the danger,” she said ; "it was croix devant moi, que je la voie en meet that it should share the glory.” mourant, et dites-moi de pieuses paroles
There are probably few persons who jusqu'à la fin.” Her last utterance are not familiar with that exquisite
was, “ Jésus!" impersonation of Jeanne D'Arc, for Chinon, where Charles held his little which we are indebted to the chisel of
court, is a place familiar, at least by a second “Maid of Orleans.” The
name, to most of us, its castle being a princess Marie of Wirtemberg, daugh. favourite residence of our English soter to the ex-King of the French, has vereigns of the race of Plantagenet. represented ber in the garb so minute- Its situation is picturesque and impoly described by contemporary writers, sing; planted on an elevated platform “arinée tout en blanc, sauf la teste, of rock overhanging the Loire, and une petite bache en sa main ;” leaning commanding its junction with the on the sword in form of the cross ; her Vienne, surrounded by the verdant fair head bowed, and her features ex- woods and rich pasture-land of Toupressing resolution, blended with re- raine, the “garden of France." The pose. Her mission was now accom- ruins, which are considerable in extent, plished; she fell at her monarch's feet are of great interest, recalling the stirbathed in tears. “ Gentil roi," she ring times of the crusaders, and, a few said, addressing him, “orest exécuté le centuries later, the wrongs and sufferplaisir de Dieu, qui voulait que vous ings of the Knights Templars, whose vinssiez à Rheims, recevoir votre digne grand master, the heroic Jacques de sacre, pour montrer que vous êtes vrai Molay, was immolated within its walls. roi, et celui auquel doit appartenir le The adjoining monastery of Fonteroyaume."
vrault-founded by the devoted enthuJeanne now longed to return to her siast, Robert D'Arbrissol, who, followsimple pastoral life, and her native ing the example of his Divine Master, village. She confided her wishes to preached repentance and forgiveness Dunois. “Je voudrais bien que le to the " chiefest of sinners ;" and by gentil roi voulût me faire ramener au- his eloquent and heartfelt exhortations près de mes père et mère qui auraient reclaimed from vice innumerable Magtant de joie à me revoir. Je garderais dalens, miserable outcasts from society, leurs brébis et bétail, et ferais ce que and hopeless, until he proclaimed to j'avais coutume de faire.” The only them the message of mercy, of forgiveacknowledgment of her services which ness from God or man,--this noble she demanded, was the exemption from and beautiful house of Fontevrault con
VOL. XXXVI.NO, CCXI.
tains the mortal remains of the heroic guilt is the great disenchanter. How Caur-de-Lion.
keenly Agnès felt her position, is At a short distance froin Chinon evinced by the brief records of her stood the Maison Robardeau. This words and feelings which have been was now to become the residence of handed down in history. Of her deathAgnès Sorel. The scandal of that day bed penitence we shall speak hereafter. reported, and possibly with truth, that Yet she had everything in the present, Robardeau was connected with the if we except the approval of her con. castle where the monarch held his science, to make life dear to her. He court, by an underground passage. whom she loved so fondly, and to
Charles possessed many qualities whom she had dedicated her entire exwhich fitted him to captivate the ima- istence, repaid by the most fervent gination and win the affections of a and constant devotion the sacrifice young and susceptible heart. His she had made for his sake. France, features were regular, beautiful alike perhaps, an almost equal object of in form and expression ; though his adoration, sprang up in freedom and tout ensemble was not effective from power under the administration which his want of height. He haul a heart she helped to guide. No woman was warm and devoted, manners gay and ever more truly loved. For twenty fascinating, a mind well cultivated, years—until death separated themand elegant tastes. He was personally Charles never swerved in his attachbrave, though his love of pleasure, as ment for his “good and gentle Agnès." well as a natural prudence, deterred The honours and splendours of this him on many occasions from leading world were lavishly showered on her ; his armies in person to battle or vic- yet she “bore her faculties so meekly," tory. But, above all, he had at first that she made no enemies, but could sight conceived, and always afterwards boast of many, and faithful friends. cherished for the fair Agnès, an impas- The Queen loved her as a sister. The sioned and unswerving attachment, contemporary chroniclers vie with one which ended only with life. The young another in eulogising her wisdom and girl long resisted his suit, though she goodness—some of them, in their zeal also loved in return; but she was in for her virtue, denying even the nature the midst of influences and induce- of her connexion with the King. Allments, such as perhaps never before powerful and beloved, she could find or since solicited a woman to dis- but one faint consolation for the loss honour, and her weak woman's heart of her innocence-promoting the hapat last yielded.
piness of others, and exercising her When Agnès Sorel forfeited the ap- vast influence with the King for the proval of conscience—the calm dignity honour of her country, by urging him of her hitherto pure and spotless life- to complete the emancipation of his she forfeited also the happiness she had kingdom from its foreign foes. At till then enjoyed. Never more, after the time when his fortunes were most such a fall, does Nature unfold her desperate, she had placed at his discharms, as in the days of bright child- posal all her wealth, in jewels or hood, or happy and innocent girl. monoy, for the payment of his troops. hood " As I wandered free,
* Hier sind Juwelen-Schmelzt mein Silber In every field for me
einIts thousand flowers were blowing:
Verkauft, verpfändet meine Schlösser
Auf meine Güter in Provence--Macht Alles In every bud, a mystery ;
Zu Gelde und befriediget die Truppen!" Magic, in every thing unknown. The field, the air, the grove was haunted, Well might the enamoured monarch And all that age has disenchanted.
feel the sentiments of grateful admi. Yes! give me-give me back the days of ration for these disinterested services youth,
of his fair Agnès, which Schiller has Poor, yet how rich !-my glad inheritance, made him utter so nobly :The inextinguishable love of truth, While life's realities were all romance."
Zieren würde sie
Den ersten Thron der Welt-doch sie ver-now the murky shadows of sin have schmäht ihn, obscured the happy vision-conscious Nur meine Liebe will sie seyn und heissen.