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To illustrate the significance and application of the new plan and figures : suppose an acid phosphate on sale at Wilmington contains 12 per cent. of soluble and reverted phosphoric acid (which together are called "available"). 12, pounds in 100 is 250 pounds in a ton. Multiply 250 by 7.1 cents, the figure for one pound“ available,” and you get $18.75 as the cash value of the article at retail. Now this signifies that the man who pays cash can get that article at Wilmington at that price, the way the market stands at present. Or, supposing the freight to Charlotte is $2.50, the man who pays cash in Charlotte can get that article at $21.25, which is the Wilmington cash value with freight added.

This must not be understood as applicable to any but cash purchasers.

On the one hand, the man who buys largely, or offers other inducements, will get his fertilizer cheaper. On the other, the farmer who promises to pay in a fluctuating staple next November, must expect to pay considerable money in addition for the time and risk.

The Station made 223 analyses of samples of commercial fertilizers during 1886. Some of these were farmers' samples. This is nearly 2) analyses of each brand sold in the State that year. This does not include the analyses of phosphates, agricultural chemicals, or other ingredients of fertilizers.

The analyses in the following tables were all made on samples drawn according to law by the special agents of the Department of Agriculture from new lots of goods received in the State after the beginning of the new year.

On the even pages will be found a list of fertilizers licensed to be sold in the State during the year, with the addresses of the manufacturers or general agents. On the page opposite the name is the analysis and relative valuation of the fertilizer.

In many instances, several analyses are given for one brand. In most cases the analyses agree fairly well, and thus reflect credit upon their makers. In other cases, resulting probably

, from carelessness in mixing, or some mistake in bagging or ship

ping, the samples differed somewhat in character, and as it was impossible to ascertain which one of them correctly represented the true character of the goods of this name on sale in the State, the varying analyses are all published.

The water given is that lost by continual heating at the temperature of boiling water. The insoluble phosphoric acid is that contained in phosphates which fail to dissolve in neutral ammonium citrate solution (sp. gr. 1.09) by the method of the Association Official Agricultural Chemists.

The soluble phosphoric acid is that free or in form of phosphates (generally the one-lime phosphate or acid phosphate of lime), soluble in pure cold water. The "reverted” is that insoluble in water, but dissolving in neutral standard ammonium citrate solution. This is all that the term reverted signifies here, and it is used simply to stand for the phrase, “insoluble in pure water, but soluble in standard ammonium citrate solution under the standard conditions.” It is generally agreed that it is within the power of plants to take up directly the phosphates so dissolving, or in other words, that these phosphates are "available.”

The total “available phosphoric” acid is simply the sum of the soluble and “reverted." The nitrogen is given as such, and calenlated to its equivalent, ammonia. The potash is given as simple, uncombined potash (K 20).

The number of the analysis on the Station books is given in the first column at the left, and the place where this particular sa lc was drawn, in the column at the right of the first page.

ADDRESS OF MANUFACTURER OR

GENERAL AGENT.

SAMPLED AT

NAME.

Station No.

3

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N. C.,

3674 / Acid Phosphate

Rasin Fertilizer Co., P. O. Box'Lilesville ...... 1 3758)

715, Baltimore, Md.,

Toisnot.... 3636 ) Acme Fertilizer.

Acme Manufactnring Co., Wil- Wilmington ..... 2 4198)

mington,

Lexington.... 4169 Allison & Addison Acid Phos Allison & Addison, Richmond, Wadesboro phate, Va.,

Selma. 3677 Americus brand Ammonia- Williams, Clark & Co., 112 Pearl Liberty..

4 3714)

ted Bone Superphosphate strpet, N.Y., 3726 Ammoniated Bone.......... Maryland Fertilizer and Manu- Shelby ..

5 facturing (0., Baltimore, 3630 Ammoniated Dissolved Bone.. John Merryman & Co., 24 Second Wilmington 6 3735

street, Baltimord, Md.,

Wilmington 3746

Ammoniated Soluble Navas-, Navassa Guano Co., Wilmington, Warsaw .... 7 3785) sa Guano.

New Bern..... 3852 Anchor Brand

Southern Fertilizing Co., 1321 Cary Selma...... 8

street, Richmond, Va., 3745) Anchor Brand for Tobacco... Southern Fertilizing Co., 1321 Cary Warsaw 3851

street, Richmond, Va.,

Raleigh

9

3885

Macon...... 3816 Arlington Ammoniated $o. Dambmann Bros. & Co., Balti- Henderson ...... 10 luble Phosphate

more, Md., 3824 Ashepoo Acid Phosphate.. ... Ashepoo Phosphate Co., Robert- Charlotte 11

son, Taylor & Co., Ag'ts, Charles

ton, S. C., 3676 Atlantic Acid Phosphate...... Atlantic Phosphate Co., Charles- Wadesboro..... 12

ton, S. C., 3790 Baker's Dissolved Bone Chemical Co. of Canton, 32 and 31 Wilson....... 13 Phosphate

8. Charles st., Baltimore, 3646 | Baker's Standard Guano. Chemical Co. of Canton, 32 and 34 Fair Bluff.. 14 4188

S. Charles st., Baltimore, Salisbury. 3681 Baltiinore Soluble Bone........ Baltimore Guano Co., 32 and 34 S. Monroe...... 15

Charles st, Baltimore, 3728) Bone and Peruvian Guano.... 'I'pshur Guano Co., Norfolk, Va., Winston.........

16 3759

Toisnot.....
Wm. Davison & Co., Box 227, Durham

17 3721 " Bos" Ammoniated Super- Baltimore, Md.,

Henderson 3817) | phosphate Bradley Fertilizing Co., Lewis F. Winton

18 3699 Bradley's Patent Superphos. Detrick, Genera! Agent, 108 S. phate of Lime

Charles st., Baltimore, Md., 3700 British Mixture..

E. B. Whitman, 104 S. Charles st., Henderson....... 19

Baltimore, Md., 3751) Chesapeake Guano

Chesapeake Guano Co., 21 P. 0. Fremont 20 37761

Avenue, Baltimore, Md., Statesville........ 3625 Diamond Soluble Bone......... Walton, Whann & Co., Wilming. Wilmington ....21 37403

ton, Del..

Wilmington:

EQUIVALENT TO

AMMONIA.

POTASI.

Relative Com.

Value per ton (2,000 lbs.)

Water.

Found. Guart'd Found. Guartd.

1

14.50 13.63

$ 19.59

18.90

3.00

2.50

2 14.38

15.78

3.27 2.95

3.30 3.31

24.61 23.74

3 13.57

1.37 1\4toly

15.14

4 16.33

11.38

2.36 2.49

2.40 2.50

[blocks in formation]
[blocks in formation]

TOTAL AVAILABLE

PHOS ACID.

Ipsoluble Phos.

Acid.

Soluble Phos.

Acid.

Reverted Phos.

Acid.

Nitrogen.

Found. Guart'd

12.761

1.24
1.14

6.88
6.98

6.18
5.62

13.06
12.60

0.64
0.27

5.69
6.60

1.54 0.73

7.23 7.33

8.00 2.69

2.13

3.67

6.26

3.12

9.38

9 to 11

0.41
0.41

7.68
6.75

2.67
2.61

10.35
9.36

9.00 1.94

2.05

2.43

7.01

1.84

8.85

9.00 2.03

3.24 3.04

7.04 7.32

2.26
1.93

9.30
9.25

9.00 1.88

1.85

3.07
2.33

3.01
3.42

6.44
6.67

9.45
10.09

9.00 2.20 8.00 2.09

6.52

4.94

1.76

6.70

8.00 1.95

6.98
4.61
4.63

5.14
6.14
6.43

1.56
1.90
2.07

6.70 8.04 8.50

8.00 2.62

2.88

....... 2.58

1.34

8.66

1.41

10.07

9.50 2.47

2.55

7.74

2.43

10.17

10.00

2.17

9.07

1.78

10.85

10.00

3.13

10.09

1.75

11.84 12 to 14

4.18
3.81

4.96
7.11

2.95
1.45

7.91
8.56

8 to 11' 1.68

1.81

2.99

9.34

2.69

12.03

12.00 ......

2.15
2.29

7.70
7.62

9.40 10 to 12 1.93
9.33

1.85

2.23
1.98

6.77
6.83

1.90
2.09

8.67 8.5to10.5 2.33
8.92

2.21

1.37

7.48

2.47

9.95!

9.15 2.18

2.65

2.40

1.30

1.00 24.71

0.99

7.87

1.91

9.78! 8 to 10 2.18

2.65

2 to 3

2.38

2 to 3

25.73

13.20 12.98

I to 2

3.45 3.15

4.87
4.99

3.62
3.07

8.49
8.06

8 to 10 1.70

1.65

2.06 2 to 2.5
2.0)

1.34
1.73

20,67
20.22

21 11.43

14.97

13.00)

3.16 6.70
0.56 11.97

5.65
2.09

12.35 14.06

18.53 21.09

ADDRESS OF MANUFACTURER OR

GENERAL AGENT.

NAME.

SAMPLED AT

Station No.

N. C.,

Diamond State Superphos- Lord & Polk, Odessa, Del., Oxford

22 phate, 3725 Dissolved Bone Phosphate of John S. Reese & Co., 10 South st., Lincolnton 23 Lime, Pacific,

Baltimore, Md., 36681 Durham Bull Fertilizer....... Durham Fertilizer Co., Durham, Shoe Heel 24 36705

Shoe Heel.. 3853 Eddystone Soluble Guano..... Clark's Cove Guano Co., New Bed- Selma

25 ford, Mass., John M. Green,

Manager, Atlanta, Ga., 3738 Edisto Acid Phosphate ......... Edisto Phosphate Co., Charleston, Wilmington.

26 S.C., 36511) Empire Guano............. Rasin Fertilizer Co., P. O. Box Lumberton 27 4197

715, Baltimore, Md.,

Concord ..... 3682 Etiwan Dissolved Bone........ Etiwan Phosphate Co., Charles- Monroe ........ 28

ton, S. C., 3779 Etiwan Guano........

Etiwan Phosphate Co., Charleston Tarboro 3883 Eureka Ammoniated Bone Atlantic & Va. Fertilizing Co., Raleigh....... 30 Superphosphate

P. O. box 72, Richmond, Va., 3778 Farmers' Bone Fertilizer ...... Enterprise Fertil'g Co., Tarboro... Tarboro............ 31 3644 Farmers' Friend Fertilizer... Read & Co., 88 Wall st., N. Y...... Fair Bluff......... 32 3690)

Oxford........ 3705 Game Guano........

Baltimore Guano Co., 32 S. Charles Edenton..... 33

street, Baltimore, 3675 Giant Guano..

Rasin Fertilizer Co., P. O. Box Lilesville.... 34

715, Baltimore, Md., 36261 Gibbs & Co.'s High Grade E. J. Powers, Wilmington, N. C., Wilmington 3791) Ammoniated Phosphate.....

35

Wilson....... 3657 \ Good Luck Guano................. The R. J. Ruth Co., 6 S. street, Whiteville..... 36 3876

Baltimore, Md.,

Wilmington 3718 High Grade Prem. Guano..... George L. Arps, Norfolk, Va., Fremont. 37 3638

Wilmington ..... 38:17

Wilson.... 3672) Home Fertilizer, Slingluff's Boykin, Carmer & Co, 11 and 13 Gibson.. 38 3783 Pure Dissolved Bone for... Liberty st., Baltimore, Md., Greenville.. 3901 )

Oxford.... 3739 L. & R. Acid Phosphate......... Lorentz & Rittler, 70 South st., Wilmington..... 39

Baltimore, Md., 3760) L. & R. Guano................ Lorentz & Rittler, 70 South st., Toisnot....... 40 3623

Baltimore, Md.,

Faison's.. 3850)

Raleigh....... 3683 Lazaretto Acid Phosphate.... Lazaretto Chem. and Fert. Works, Beaver Dam.... 41

G. W. Grafilin, Prop., 14 S. Holli.

day st., Baltimore, Md., 3599 Lister's Ammoniated Dis. Lister's Agricultural Chemical Raleigh ........

42 3401 solved Bone Phosphate, Works, Newark, N. J.,

Toisnot. 3610

New Bern......... 4175

Greensboro...
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