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Hero *. Burton t tells us, that “ Hierom Pauli, in his description of the city of Bercino (in Spain), relates how they (the terrestrial devils) have been familiarly seen near that town, about fountains and hills." We could wish the writer in the Quarterly Review $ had described more accurately the personages whose song was completed by the Humpback.
The house-spirit is known in Spain under the name of Duende, or Trasgo; and, notwithstanding the supposed terrors of the Inquisition, we believe there are as many Duende stories in Spain as Brownie ones in Scotland. The learned Father Feijoo has an essay on Duendes, in which he disproves their existence S. As, however, like most other learned men, he wrote chiefly from books, his examples are Hödeken and the Kobolds, whom he read of in Agricola and others.
The Duende plays precisely the same tricks as the Follet and Gobelin of France; and if the description of him, given by Cosimo, in Calderon's
* Quarterly Review, vol. xxii. † Anat. of Mel. p. 48.
# Vol. xxxii. They were Witches, in the Italian tale of Redi.
$ Teatro Critico, tom. ii. The philosophical Padre very truly says, that the Duende is most usually a knavish servant, who has his own good reasons for making a noise, and disturbing or frightening the family.
Dama Duende, be the popular one, the Duende is not unlike the Monaciello of Naples :
Era un Frayle
The cucurucho, or Hood, is also the appendage of the Nis, the Hobgoblin, and the Brownie.
All the sweetest ditties singing,
Sweetest ditties that might be;
Bee! thou little mundane bird !
Of the mythology of the Finnish race, the first, probably, that appeared in Europe, and one of the most widely spread in the world, our knowledge is very slight. It appears, however, either to have influenced that of the Gothic race, or to have been affected by it.
The Finlanders, Laplanders, and other nations of this race, who are neighbours of the Scandinavians and Germans, believe, like them, in Dwarfs and Kobolds. The former they describe as having a magnificent region under the ground, to which mortals, are sometimes admitted and are there sumptuously entertained, getting plenty of tobacco and brandy, and other things esteemed by them delicious.