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STATES. 11787a17906|1800 c1810d 1820 e 1830f Maine (g)

New Hampshire.
Rhode Island
New York
New Jersey

6 Pennsylvania

North Carolina

South Carolina
Tennessee (h)
Ohio (0)
Louisiana (k)
Indiana (1)
Mississippi (m)
Illinois (n)
Alabama (0)
Missouri (p)
Michigan (9)
Arkansas (r)

0 1 0 1 0 0

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(a) As per constitution.

(6) As per act of April 14, 1792, one representative for 33,000, first census.

(c) As per act of January 14, 1802, one representative for 33,000, second census.

(d) As per act of December 21, 1811, one representative for 35,000, third census.

(e) As per act of March 7, 1822, one representative for 40,000, fourth census.

(f) As per act of May 22, 1832, one representative for 47,700, fifth census.

[When vacancies happen in the representation. from any state, the executive authority thereof shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies. I. 2.1

[No senator or representative shall, during the time for which he was elected, be appointed to any civil office under the authority of the United States, which shall have been created, or the emo.

(g) Previous to the 3d March, 1820, Maine formed a part of Massachusetts, and was called the District of Maine, and its representatives are numbered with those of Massachusetts. By compact between Maine and Massachusetts, Maine became a separate and independent state, and by act of congress of 3d March, 1820, was admitted into the Union as such ; the admission to take place on the 15th of the same month. On the 7th of April, 1820, Maine was declared entitled to seven representatives, to be taken from those of Massachusetts.

(h) Admitted under act of congress of June 1st, 1796, with one representative,

(j) Admitted under act of congress of April 30, 1802, with one representative.

(k) Admitted under act of congress of April 8, 1812, with one representative.

(1) Admitted under act of congress of December 11, 1816, with one representative.

(m) Admitted under act of congress of December 10, 1817, with one representative.

(n) Admitted under act of congress of December, 3, 1818, with one representative.

(0) Admitted under act of congress of December 14, 1819, with one representative.

(p) Admitted under act of congress of March 2, 1821, with one representative.

(9) Admitted under act of congress of January 26, 1837, with one representative.

(r) Admitted under act of congress of June 15, 1836, with one representative.


luments whereof shall have been increased, dur. ing such time; and no person holding any office under the United States, shall be a member of either house during his continuance in office. Const. I. 6.]

SEC. VI-QUORUM. [A majority of each house shall constitute a quorum to do business; but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day, and may be authorised to compel the attendance of absent members, in such manner and under such penalties, as each house may provide. Const. I. 5.]

In general, the chair is not to be taken till a quorum for business is present; unless after due waiting, such a quorum be despaired of, when the chair may be taken and the house adjourned. And whenever, during business, it is observed that a quorum is not present, any member may call for the house to be counted, and being found defi. cient, business is suspended. 2 Hats. 125, 126. · [The president having taken the chair, and a quorum being present, the journal of the preceding day shall be read, to the end that any mistake may be corrected that shall have been made in the entries. Rules of the Senate.]

SEC. VII—CALL OF THE HOUSE. On a call of the house, each person rises up as he is called and answereth;' the absentees are then only noted, but no excuse to be made till the house be fully called over. Then the absentees are called a second time, and if still absent ex. cuses are to be heard. Ord. House of Commons, 92.

They rise that their persons may be recognised; the voice in such a crowd, being an insufficient verification of their presence. But in so small a body as the senate of the United States, the trou. ble of rising cannot be necessary.

Orders for calls on different days may subsist at the same time. 2 Hats. 72.

- SEC. VIII.-ABSENCE. [No member shall absent himself from the ser. vice of the senate, without leave of the senate first obtained. And in case a less number than a quorum of the senate shall convene, they are here. by authorised to send the serjeant-at-arms, or any other person or persons by them authorised, for any or all absent members, as the majority of such members present shall agree, at the expense of such absent members respectively, unless such excuse for non-attendance shall be made, as the senate, when a quorum is convened, shall judge sufficient: and in that case the expense shall be paid out of the contingent fund. And this rule shall apply as well to the first convention of the senate, at the legal time of meeting, as to each day of the session, after the hour is arrived, to which the senate stood adjourned. Rule 8.]


[The vice-president of the United States shall be president of the senate, but shall have no vote unless they be equally divided. Constitution, I. 3]

[The senate shall choose their officers, and also a president pro tempore in the absence of the vice

president, or when he shall exercise the office of president of the United States. Constitution, I. 3.)

[The house of representatives shall choose their speaker and other officers. Const. I. 2.1

When but one person is proposed, and no objec. tion made, it has not been usual in parliament to put any question to the house; but without a question, the members proposing him conduct him to the chair. But if there be objection, or another proposed, a question is put by the clerk. 2 Hats. 158. As are also questions of adjournment. 6 Grey, 406. Where the house debated and exchanged messages and answers with the king for a week, without a speaker, till they were prorogued. They have done it de die in diem for 14 days. 1 Chand. 331, 335.

[In the senate, a president pro tempore in the absence of the vice-president is proposed and cho. sen by ballot. His office is understood to be de. termined on the vice-president's appearing and taking the chair, or at the meeting of the senate after the first recess.]

Where the speaker has been ill, other speakers pro tempore have been appointed. Instances of this, are 1 H. 4. Sir John Cheyney, and for Sir William Sturton, and in 15 H. 6. Sir John Tyr. rel, in 1656, January 27, 1658. March 9, 1659. January 13.

Sir Job Charlton ill, Seymour chosen 1673, Feb. 18.

Not merely Seymour being ill, Sir Robert [ pro tempore Sawyer chosen, 1678, April 15. i Chand. 169

Sawyer being ill, Seymour cho. / 276, 277.


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