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NOTES TO OLD MORTALITY.
1. Pas*'3 24* There was actually a young cornet of the Life-Guards named Grahame, and probably some relation of Claverhouse, slain in the skirmish of Drumclog. In the old ballad on the Battle of Both well Bridge, Claverhouse is said to have coutinued the slaughter of the fugitives in revenge of this gentleman's death.
"Haud up your hand," then Monmuuth said j
"Gie quarters to these men for me;" But bloody Claver'se swore an oath,
His kinsman's death avenged should be.
The body of this young man was found shockingly mangled after the battle, his eyes pulled out, and his features so much defaced, that it was impossible to recognise him. The Tory writers say that this was done by the Whigs; because, finding the uame Grahame wrought iu the young gentleman's neckcloth, they took the corpse for that of Claver'se himself. The Whig authorities give a different account, from tradition, of the cause of Cornet Grahame's body being thus mangled, lie had, say they, refused his own dog any food on the morning of the battle, affirming, with an oath, that he should have no breakfast but upon the Hesh of the Whigs. The ravenous animal, it is said, flew at his master as soon as he lell, and lacerated his face and throat.
These two stories are presented to the reader, leaving it to him to judge whether it is most likely that a party of persecuted anu insurgent fanatics should mangle a body supposed to be that of their chief enemy, in the same manner as several persons present at Drumclog had shortly before treated the person of Archbishop Sharpe; or that a domestic dog should, for want of a single breakfast, become so ferocious as to feed on his own master, selecting his body from scores that were lying around, equally accessible to his ravenous appetite.
2. Page 34. The belief of the Covenanters that their principal enemies, and Claverhouse in particular, had obtained from the Devil a charm which rendered them proof" against leaden bullets, led them to pervert even the circumstances of his death. Howie of Lochgoiu, after giving some account of the battle of Killicrankie, adds:
'' The battle was very bloody, and by Mackay's third fire, Claverhouse fell, of whom historians give little account ; but it has been said for certain, that his own waiting-servant, taking a resolution to rid the world of this truculent bloody monster, and knowing he had proof of lead, shot him with a silver button he had before taken off* his own coat for that purpose. However, he fell, and with him Popery, and King James's interest in Scotland.— God's Judgment on Persecutors, p. xxxix.
Original, note.—'' Perhaps some may think this anent proof of a shot a paradox, and be ready to object here, as formerly, concerning Bishop Sharpe and Dalziel—' How can the Devil have or give a power to save life V Ate. Without entering' upon the thing- in its reality, I shall only observe, 1st, That it is neither in his power, or ol his nature, to be a saviour of men's lives; he is called Apollyou the destroyer. 2d, That even in this case he is said only to give enchantment against one kind of metal, and this does not save life: for the lead would uol Lake Sharpe or Claverhouse's lives, yet steel and silver would do it ; and for Dalziel, though he died not on the field, he did not escape the arrows of the Almighty."—Ibidem.
3. Page 37. It appears from the letter of Claverhouse afterwards quoted, that the horse ou which he rode at Drumclog was not black, but sorrel. The author has been misled as to the colour by the many extraordinary traditions current in Scotland concerning Claverhouse's famous black charger, which was generally believed to have been a gift to its rider from the Author o. Evil, who is said to have performed the Cesarean operation upon its dam. This horse was so fleet, and its rider so expert, that they are said to have outstripped and coted, or turned, a hare upon the Bran-Law, near the head of Moffat Water, where the descent is so precipitous, that no merely earthly horse could keep its feet, or merely mortal rider could keep the saddle.
There is a curious passage in the testimony of John Dick, one of the suffering Presbyterians, in which the author, by describing each of the persecutors 7>v their predominant qualities or passions, shows how little their bestloved attributes would avail them iu the great day of judgment. When he introduces Claverhouse, it is to reproach him with his passion for horses in general, and for that steed in particular, which was killed at Drumclog, in the manner described in the text:
"As for that bloodthirsty wretch, Claverhouse, how thinks he to shelter himself that day 1 Is it possible the pitiful thing can be so mad as to think to secure himself by the fleetness of his horse, (a creature he has so much respect for, that he regarded more the loss of his horse at Drumclog, than all the men that fell there, and sure there fell prettier men ou either side than himself?) No, sure—could he fall upon a chemist that could extract the spirit out of all the horses in the world, and infuse them into his one, though he were on that horse never so well mounted, he need not dream ot escaping."— The Testimony to tlie Doctrine, Worship, Discipline, and Gommment of Ou Church of Scotland, fyc. as it was left in write by thai truly pious and eminently faithful, and now glorified Martyr, Mr. John Dick. To which in added, his last Sj)eech and Behainour on the Scaffold, on 5th March, 1684, which day he sealed this testimony. 57 pp. 4to. No year or place of publication.
The reader may perhaps receive some farther information on the subject of Cornet Grahame s death and the flight of Claverhouse, from the following Latin lines, a part of a poem entitled, Helium Bofhuellianum,by Andrew Guild, which exists in manuscript in the Advocates' Library:
"Mons est occiduus, surgil qui eclsus in oris,
Trajectus globulo, Grcemus, quo fortior alter,
MS. Helium Bothuellianum.
4. Page 46. This affair, the only one in which Claverhouse was defeated, or the insurgent Cameronians successful, was fought pretty much in th» manner mentioned in the text. The Royalists lost about thirty or forty men. The commander of the Presbyterian, or rather Covenanting party, was Mr. Robert Hamilton, of the honourable House of Preston, brother of Sir William Hamilton, to whose title and estate he afterwards succeeded j but, according to his biographer, Howie of Lochgoin, he never took possession of either, as he could not do so without acknowledging the right of King William (an uncovenanted monarch) to the crown. Hamilton had been bred by Bishop Burnet, while the latter lived at Glasgow; his brother, Sir Thomas, having married a sister of that historian. .' He was then," says the Bishop, "a lively, hopeful young man; but getting into that company, and into their notions, he became a crack-brained enthusiast."
(Several well-meaning persons bave been much scandalized at the manner in which the victors are said to have conducted themselves towards the prisoners at Drumclog. But the principle of these poor fanatics, (I mean the high-flying, or Cameronian parly,) was to obtain not merely toleration tor their church, but the same supremacy which Presbytery had acquired in Scotland after the treaty of Rippon, betwixt Charles I. and his Scottish subjects, in 1640.
The fact is, that they conceived themselves a chosen people, sent forth to extirpate the heathen, like the Jews of old, and under a similar charge to show no quarter.
The historian of the Insurrection of Bothwell makes the following explicit avowal of the principles on which their General acted :—
"Mr. Hamilton discovered a great deal x>( bravery and valour, both in the conflict with, and pursuit of, the enemy; but when he and some other were pursuing the enemy, others flew too greedily upon the spoil, small as ii wns, instead of pursuing the victory j and some, without Mr. Hamilton's knowledge, and directly contrary to his express command, gave five of those bloody enemies quarter, and then let them go; this greatly grieved Mr. Hamilton when he saw some of Babel's brats spared, alter that the Lord had delivered them into their hands, that they might dash them against the stones. Psalm exxxvii., 9. In his own account of this, he reckons the sparing of these enemies, and letting them go, to be among their first stoppings aside, for which he feared that the Lorcf would not honour them to do much more for him; and says, that he was neither for taking favours from, nor giving favours to the Lord's enemies." See A true and impartial Account of the 'persecuted Presbyterians in Scotland, their being in arms, and defeat at Botkiretl B''iggt i>n 1679, by William Wilson, late Schoolmaster in the parish of Douglas. The reader who would authenticate the quotation, must not consult any other edition than that of 1697 ', for somehow or other the publisher of the last edition has omitted this remarkable part of the narrative.
Sir Robert Hamilton himself full neither remorse nor shame for having put to death one of the prisoners after the battle with his own hand, which appears to have been a charge against him, by some whose fanaticism was lees exalted than his own.
'' As for that accusation they bring against me of killing that poor man (as they call him) at Drumclog, I may easu> guess that my accusers can be no other but some of the house of Saul or Shimei, or some such risen again to espouse that poor gentleman (Saul) his quarrel against honest Samuel, lor Ins offering to kill that poor man Agag, alter the king's giving him quarter. But I, being to command that day, gave out the word that no quarter should be given j and returning from pursuing Claverhouse, one or two of these ieliows were standing in the midst of a company .of our friends, and some were debating for quarter, others against it. None could blame me to decide the controversy, and I bless the Lord for it to this day. There were rive more that without my knowledge got quarter, who were brought to me after we were a mile from the place as having got quarter, which I reckoned among tiir first stepping* aside; and seeing that spirit amongst us at that time, I then told it to some that were with me, (to my best remembrance, it was honest old John Nisbet,) that I feared the Lord would not honour us to do much more for bim. I shall only say this,—I desire to bless his hojy name, that since ever be helped me to set my face to his work, I never had, nor would lake, a favour from enemies, either on right or left hand, and desired to give as few."
The preceding passage is extracted from a long vindication of his own conduct, sent by Sir Robert Hamilton, 7th December, 1685, addressed to the anti-Popish, anu-Prelatic, anti-Erastian, anti-sectarian true Presbyterian remnant of the Church of Scotland; and the substance is to be found in the work or collection, called, "Faithful Contendings Displayed, collected and transcribed by John Howie."
As the skirmish of Drumclog has been of late the subject of some inquiry, the reader may be curious to see Claverhouse's own account of the affair, in a letter to the Earl of Linlithgow, written immediately after the action. This gazette, as it may be called, occurs in the volume called Dundee's Letters, printed by Mr. Smythe of Methven, as a contribution to the Bannatyne Club. The original is in the library of the Duke of Buckingham. Claverhouse, it may be observed, spells like a chambermaid.
"FOR THE EARL OP LINLITHGOW.
[COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF OF KING CHARLES II.'S FORCES IN SCOTLAND.]
"Glaskow, Jun. the 1, 1679. "My Lord,—f-Upon Saturday's night, when my Lord Rosse came into this place, I marched out, and because of the insolency that had been done tue nights before at Ruglen, T went thither and inquyred for the names. So Scop as I got them, I sent out partys to sease on them, and found not only three of those rogues, but also ane intercomend minister called King. We had them at Strevan about six in the morning yesterday, and resolving to convey them to this, I thought that we might make a little tour to see if we could fall upon a conventicle; which we did, little to our advantage j for when we came in sight of them, we found them drawn up in batell, upon a. most adventageous ground, to which there was no coming but through mosses and lakes. They wer not preaching, and had got away all there women and shildrjng. They consisted of four battaillons of foot, and all well armed with fusils and pitchforks, and three squadrons of horse. We sent both partys to skirmish, they of foot and we of dragoons; they run for it, and sent down a battaillon o( foot against them; we sent threescore of dragoons, who made them run again sham fully; but in end they percaivingthat we had the better of then* in skirmish, they resolved a gjenerall engadgment, and imediatly advanced with there foot, the horse folowing; they came throght the lotche; the greatest body of all made up against my troupe; we keeped our fyre till they wer within ten pace of us: they recaived our fyr, and advanced to shok; the first they gave us brought down the Coronet Mi' Crafford and Captain Bleith, besides ihat with a pitchfork they made such an openeing in my rone horse's belly, that his guts hung out half an elle, and yet he carried me af an myl;