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It is imagined that the several descriptions of River Fish, contained in the foregoing pages, are abundantly sufficient for the information of any mere angler. But those who are curious to know the essential differences between the various species, are hereby recommended to a work entitled Ichthyographia, s. Historia Piscium, by Francis Willoughby, Esq. fol. Oxon. 1686; and to a posthumous work of that learned man and excellent naturalist, the Rev. Mr John Ray, entitled Synopsis Methodica Avium et Piscium, published by Dr Derham, in octavo, 1713.
And whereas, in page 194, &c. n. it is hinted, that the history of aquatic insects is but little known; and this stupendous branch of natural science is well worthy of farther investigation; the reader is hereby directed to the perusal of the Life of the Ephemeron, an insect little differing from our green and gray drake, translated from the Low Dutch of Dr Swammerdam, by Dr Edward Tyson, London, quarto, 1681. And for his farther information on this subject, we have added, as the first number of the Appendix to this work, a translation of a Synopsis of these creatures, drawn out from the observations of the above Mr Willoughby, and exhibited in Mr Ray's Methodus Insectorum, mentioned by Dr Derham in his Physico-Theology, page 234. *
It is not for the improvement of angling alone, that the above authors are referred to: the study of the works of nature is the most effectual way to open and enlarge the mind, and excite in us the affections of reverence and gratitude towards that Being whose wisdom and goodness are discernible in the structure of the meanest reptile. Farther, “ The wisdom of God receives small honour from those vulgar heads that rudely stare about, and, with a gross rusticity, admire his works : those highly magnify him, whose judicious inquiry into his acts, and deliberate research into his creatures, return the duty of a devout and learned admiration." - Religio Medici, sec. 13.
The fullest and plainest account, for the use of general readers, of every species of insects, hitherto published in English, may be found in Insect Architecture, Insect Transformations, Insect Miscellanies, and Alphabet of Insects. -J. R.
CONTEMPLATIVE MAN'S RECREATION,
INSTRUCTIONS HOW TO ANGLE FOR A TROUT OR
GRAYLING, IN A CLEAR STREAM.
Qui mihi onn credit, faciat licet ipse periclum :
it fuerit scriptis æquior ille meis.
THE LIFE AND WRITINGS
CHARLES COTTON, ESQ.
CHARLES COTTON, Esq. was descended from an honourable family of the town and county of Southampton. His grandfather was Sir George Cotton, knight ; and his grandmother, Cassandra, the heiress of a family named MacWilliams : the issue of their marriage were, a daughter named Cassandra, who died unmarried, and a son named Charles, who, settling at Ovingden in the county of Sussex, married Olive, the daughter of Sir John Stanhope of Elvaston, in the county of Derby, knight, half brother to Philip the first Earl of Chesterfield, and ancestor of the present Earl of Harrington, and by her had issue Charles, the author of the ensuing dialogues.
Of the elder Charles we learn, from unquestionable authority, that he was, even when young, a person of distinguished parts and accomplishments; for in the enumeration of those eminent persons whom Mr Hyde, afterward the Lord Chancellor Clarendon, chose for his friends and associates, while a student of the law, we find Mr Cotton mentioned, together with Ben Jonson, Mr Selden, Mr John Vaughan, afterward Lord Chief Justice, Sir Kenelm
Digby, Mr Thomas May, the translator of Lucan, and Thomas Carew, the poet. The characters of these several persons are exhibited, with the usual elegance and accuracy of their