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restation and oath, he now cleareth how | ter, and their falvation, that he waves the groundless their jealoulies were of him, and consideration of his being a privileged per. how little cause they had to suspect the re- son, and darts his eyes only towards that ality of his affection towards, and estima- which he was bent upon, as Moses in a tion of them; he therefore first points forth like case, Exod. xxxii. 32. in that he could his affection towards them, verses 2. 3. and wish himself an anatheina. He seems to then holds forth how highly he eiteemech allude unto the custom of the Heathens, of them, verses 4. 5. where he reckoneth who called him, whom they had destined up all their privileges, which they had as to death to pacify the gods for their inibeing the people of God. And all this quity, and the removal of some judgmeirt * while, tho' he be immediately upon the that was upon them, and so wished to be back of this to speak of clearing God not abhored of God, and accounted a cherem, withstanding of their rejection; yet he or devoted thing, which behoved to be doth not exprelly inake mention of their killed, Lev. xxvii. 28. 29. and then addeth, off-casting, but rather doch insinuate so for my brethren my kinsfolk according to the much, and yet so clearly, as all of them fless; to them, that whatever they would might be convinced of the truth, by ex- alledge, yet he had not shaken off all napressing his great grief for their care. tural aifection, but looked upon them as Therefore, says he, I have heaviness; that bis brethren and kinsfolk, and how strong is, anguuh and paia, as of a woman in tra- this tye of natural conjunction was to him, vail; for the word ligpifieth so, John xvi. 21. and should be to others. and not only fo, but great heaviness; the grief which I have conceived at your con

OBSERVATIONS. dition is not ordinary, but more than or- I. Tho' carnal people, who judge of dinary: and also continual forrow in ry. things amiss, do look upon ministers as heart; your case goeth near my heart, and their rank enemies, because of their freeciuleih grief to my spirit, and sorrow that dom; yet notwithstanding of all this free- is lasting, continual sorrow. All which he dom which faithful ministers may, and further confirmeth, verse 3. where he hold- will use, they may carry a strong affection ech forth the greatest expression of affection even towards there with whom they are imaginable, saying, For I could wish that most free. Tho' the Jews were jealous myself were accursed from Christ, for my of Paul, and looked upon him as their brethren my kinsmen according to the flesh; enemy, because he told the truth, as. Gal, what more teitimony and proof of love iv. 16. also; yet here he lhewech that their can a man delire, than thus to be content jealousy was groundless, and how dearly to be cast out of the church, as one ana- | he loved them; for he was fore vexed thematized, for his friends, if that could with their condition, and was in heaviness do them good, and help them out of their and continual forrow, &c. condition: now, says the apostle, if it were II. The best proof that. a minister can poffible that I could save you, and deliver give of his strong affections towards carnal you out of that state of rejection in which people, who do much question the fame, ye are, by becoming an anathema myself, \ is to express the real grief and forrow of I could be content, so strong is my affection his heart for their woful and wreiched . towards you; so far am I from rejoicing condition; as Paul doch here, saying, I at your sad condition, who were once a have great heaviness and continual forrow. people so much accounted of: he was, in III. The unchurching of a particular a manner, fo transported with the strength visible church being a fad judgment, Rev, of his affection to God's glory in the mat. l ii. 5. is matter of grief and sorrow to any

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stone, and therefore mentioned in the plu- of justification thro' him; and therefore ral number; which were called, the tables after he has shortly described his person of the covenant, Deut. ix. I. 15. Heb. he closeth with an amen, going before a ix. 4. 5. The giving of the law; that is, them in what he would gladly have had the judicial law, whereby they were ruled them doing. He describeth him in his as a commonwealth, all their judicial sta- two natures, as man and God; as man he tutes were given by the mouth of God, had his original of the Jews, and therefore Deut. iy. 8. not by man, as the laws he says, of whom, as concerning the flesh of other nations were, such as Solon, Li-Christ came; he came of the Jews, but it curgus, Numa, Draco, and the like. was according to the flesh, or his human 6. And the service of God; that is, the nature; and this supposeth that he had ceremonial law, or the rites, ceremonies, another nature, viz. a divine nature; and and way how the Lord would be worship- therefore he addeth, God; to fhew, that ed; these were the ordinances of divine as he was man, so was he true God: and service spoken of, Heb. ix, 1. 7. And for further confirming of this, he addeth tbe promises; that is the covenant of grace, wo epithets of God; as 1. That he is which contained the promises of grace and over all; which sheweth bis glory and glory, wherein every thing held forth is power to be equal with the Father's, in freely promised, and all things necessary that he is far beyond all fathers and perto a soul here or hereafter, are freely pro- fons whatsoever, yea, and over all things mised. 8. Whose are the fathers ; that is, in heaven and earth. 2. Blessed for ever; they are descended of noble progenitors, an epithet which agreeth only to the true of Abraham, Ifaac, and Jacob, men emi-God, and which also pointeth forth his pently beloved of God and eminent in pi eternity. And then, that he might engage ery, men with whom the Lord made a co- the Jews to fall in love with Christ, who venant, Gen. xvii. 4. and so they sprung is such an excellent person, he castech a from a people in covenant with God, who copy unto them, and crieth oui, Amen; fhewech mercy to the thousand generation as if he had said, I am heartily content of them that love him and keep his com- with this Mediator, who is God blessed mandments, Exod. xx. 6. 9. And of whom, for ever; my soul closeth with him, and as concerning the flesh, Christ came; a great | I relt upon him, and am fully satisfied in honour indeed to this pation of ihe Jews, him, and with him. that Christ the only Son of God came of them, and took his human nature of them;

OBSERVATIONS. te who by his incarnation, and taking on I. Seeing carnal men stand much upon our nature, hath honoured all mankind, their external privileges, and account him and made us, in this respect, greater than their enemy who would seem to lessen angels, whose nature he did not take on; them, or deny them: therefore, seeing it he came of the Jews, and so was, accord. may gain such in some reasure, or at least, icg to the flesh, nearer of kin to them than | it may open a door for their gaining, we to others, and this was no small piece of would deny to such none of their titles, or sonour. And for the further clearing of honours, and due privileges, and thereby the excellency of this eminent one, who prevent their irritation, as Paul doth here: was so dear of kin to the Jews, he further he will deny theme.none of their due pri-. describeth what an one he was, and that, vileges, but reckons them up to che full,

as the Jews might not be so enraged a- saying, Who are Ifraelites, &c. ainst him as they were, but might carry II. It is a great discredit unto a people, more affection towards him, and to the way I when degenerated from the heavenly stout

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