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Master's Generosity ; thus his Fame will reach from one County to another ; and what is a Gallon of Ale, or a Pint of Brandy, in his Worship’s Pocket? And, although he should be in the Number of those who value their Credit less than their Purse, yet your Care of the former ought to be so much the greater ; his Horse wanted two Removes ; your Horse wanted Nails his Allowance of Oats and Beans was greater than the Journey required ; a third Part may be retrenched, and turned into Ale or Brandy; and thus his Honour may be preserved by your Discretion, and less Expence to him; or, if he travelleth with no other Servant, the Matter is easily made up
in the Bill between you and the Tapster :
Therefore, as soon as you alight at the Inn, deliver the Horses to the Stable-boy, and let him gallop them to the next Pond ; then call for a Pot of Ale, for it is very fit that a Christian should drink before a Beast. Leave your Master to the Care of the Servants in the Inn, and your Horses to those in the Stable : Thus, both he and they are left in the
properest Hands; but you are to provide for yourself; therefore, get your Supper, drink freely, and go to Bed without troubling your Master, who is in better Hands than yours. The Oftler is an honest Fellow, loveth Horses in his Heart, and would not wrong the dumb Creatures for the World. Be tender of your Master, and order the Servants not to awake him too
early. Get your Breakfast before he is up, that he may not wait for you ; make the Oftler tell him that the Roads are very good, and the Miles short, but advise him to stay a little longer until the Weather cleareth up, for he is afraid there will be Rain, and he will be Time enough after Dinner.
Let your Master mount before you, out of good Manners.
As he is leaving the Inn, drop a good Word in favour of the Oftler ; what Care he took of the Cattle ; and add, that
you never saw civiler Servants. Master ride on before, and do you stay until the Landlord hath given you a Dram ; then gallop after him, through the Town or Village, with full Speed, for fear he should want you, and to shew your Horsemanship.
If you are a piece of a Farrier, as every good Groom ought to be, get Sack, Brandy, or strong Beer, to rub your Horses Heels every Night; and be not sparing, for (if any be spent) what is left, you know how to dispose of it. Consider
Master's Health ; and rather than let him take long Journies, say the Cattle are weak, and fallen in their Flesh with hard Riding ; tell him of a very good Inn five Miles nearer than he intended to go; or leave one of his Horses Fore-lhoes loose in the Morning; or contrive, that the Saddle may pinch the Beast in the Withers; or keep him without Corn all Night and Morning, so that he may tire on the Road; or wedge a thin Plate of
Iron between the Hoof and the Shoe, to make him halt; and all this in perfect Tenderness to
When you are going to be hired, and the Gentleman asketh you, Whether you are apt to be drunk ? own freely, that you love a Cup of good Ale; but that it is your Way, drunk or sober, never to neglect your Horses.
When your Master hath a Mind to ride out for the Air, or for Pleasure, if any private Bufiness of your own maketh it inconvenient for you to attend him, give him to understand, that the Horses want bleeding, or purging ; that his own Pad hath got a Surfeit ; or, that the Saddle wanteth stuffing; and his Bridle is gone to be mended : This you may honestly do, because it will be no Injury to the Horses, or your Master ; and, at the same Time, shews the great Care you have of the poor dumb Creatures.
If there be a particular Inn in the Town, whither you are going, and where you are well acquainted with the Oftler or Tapster, and the People of the House, find Fault with the other Inns, and recommend your Master thither; it may probably be a Pot and a Dram or two more in your Way, and to your Master's Ho
If your Master sendeth you to buy Hay, deal with those who will be the most liberal to you; for, Service being no Inheritance, you ought not to let slip any lawful and customary Vol. VIII.
Master buyeth it himself, he wrongeth you"; and, to teach him his Duty, be sure to find Fault with that Hay as long as it lasteth; and, if the Horses thrive with it, the Fault is
yours. Hay and Oats, in the Management of a skilful Groom, will make excellent Ale, as well as Brandy; but this I only hint.
When your Master dineth, or lieth, at a Gentleman's House in the Country, although there be no Groom, or he be gone Abroad, or that the Horses have been neglected, be sure to employ one of the Servants to hold the Horse when your Master mounteth ; this I would have you do, when
your Master only alighteth, to call in for a few Minutes, for Brother-servants must always befriend one an
other; and this also concerneth your Master's : Honour, because he cannot do less than give a Piece of Money to him who holdeth his Horse.
In long Journies, ask your Master Leave to give Ale to the Horses; carry two Quarts full to the Stable, pour half a Pint into a Bowl, and, if they will not drink it, you and the Oftler must do the best you can ; perhaps they may be in a better Humour at the next Inn, for I would have you never fail to try the Experiment. When you go
Horses in the Park, or the Fields, give them to a Horse-boy, or one of the Blackguards, who, being lighter than you, may be trusted to run Races, with
to air your
lefs Damage to the Horses, and teach them to leap over Hedge and Ditch, while you are drinking a friendly Pot with your Brothergrooms; but sometimes you and they may run Races yourselves, for the Honour of your Horses, and of your Mafters.
Never stint your Horses at home in Hay and Oats, but fill the Rack to the Top, and the Manger to the Brim ; for you would take it ill to be stinted yourself; although, perhaps, they may not have the Stomach to eat, consider, they have no Tongues to ask. If the Hay be thrown down, there is no Loss, for it will make Litter, and save Straw.
When your Master is leaving a Gentleman's House in the Country, where he hath lain a Night, then consider his Honour; let him know how many Servants there are, of both Sexes, who expect Vails ; and give them their Cue, to attend, in two Lines, as he leaves the House but desire him not to trust the Money with the Butler, for fear he should cheat the rest: This will force your Master to be more generous; and then you may take Occasion to tell your Master, that 'Squire such a one, whom you
lived with last, always gave so much a-piece to the common Servants, and so much to the House-keeper, and the rest, naming at least double to what he intended to give ; but, be sure to tell the Servants what a good Office you did them: This will gain you Love, and your Master Honour.