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you can do with
up Butter for Sauce, be so thrifty as to let it be half Water; which is also much wholsomer.
Never make use of a Spoon in any Thing that
Hands, for fear of wearing out your Master's Plate. When
you cannot get Dinner ready at the Time appointed, put the Clock back, and then it may be ready to a Minute.
Let a red hot Coal now and then fall into the Dripping-pan, that the Smoak of the Dripping may ascend, and give the roast Meat a high Taste.
You are to look upon your Kitchen as your Dressing-room; but you are not to wash your Hands until
have gone to the Necessaryhouse, spitted your Meat, thrusted
Pullets, and picked your Sallad ; nor indeed, until after you
have sent up your second Course, for your
Hands will be ten Times fouled with the many Things you are forced to handle ; but when your Work is over, one Washing will serve for all.
There is but one Part of your Dressing that I would admit, while the Victuals are boiling, roasting, or stewing, I mean, the combing your Head, which loseth no Time ; because you can stand over your Cookery, and watch it with one Hand, while you are using the Comb with the other.
If some of the Combings happen to be sent up with the Victuals, you may safely lay the
Fault upon any of the Footmen that hath vexed you; as those Gentlemen are sometimes apt to be malicious, if you refuse them a Sop in the Pan, or a Slice from the Spit, much more when you discharge a Ladle-full of hot Porridge on their Legs, or send them up to their Masters with a Difh-clout pinned at their Tails.
In roasting and boiling, order the Kitchenmaid to bring none but the large Coals, and fave the small ones for the Fires above Stairs the first are properest for dressing Meat, and when they are out, if you happen to miscarry in any Dish, you may fairly lay the Fault
upon want of Coals; besides, the Cinder-pickers will be sure to speak ill of your Master's Housekeeping, where they do not find plenty of large Cinders mixed with fresh large Coals : Thus you may dress your Meat with Credit, do an Act of Charity, raise the Honour of your Master, and sometimes get Share of a Pot of Ale for your Bounty to the Cinder-woman.
As soon as you have sent up the second Course, you have nothing to do, in a great Family, until Supper ; therefore, fcour your Hands and Face, put on your Hood and Scarfe, and take your Pleasure among your Cronies, until nine or ten at Night--but dine first.
Let there be always a strict Friendship between you and the Butler, for it is both your Interests to be united ; the Butler often wanteth a comfortable Tit-bit, and you much
oftener a cool Cup of good Liquor : However,
roast a Breast of Veal, remem ber your Sweet-heart the Butler loveth a Sweetbread; therefore, set it aside until Evening ; You can fay, the Cat or the Dog hath run away with it, or you found it tainted, or Flyblown; and besides, it looketh as well on the Table without the Sweet-bread as with it.
When you make the Company wait long for Dinner, and the Meat be overdone, which is generally the Cafe, you may lawfully lay the Fault upon your Lady, who hurried you fo to send up Dinner, that you were forced to send it up too much boiled and roasted.
When you are in haste to take down your. Dishes, tip them in such a manner, that a Dozen will fall together upon the Dresser, just ready for your Hand.
To save Time and Trouble, cut your Apples and Onions with the fame Knife ; for. well-bred Gentry love the Taste of an Onion in every Thing they eat.
Lump three or four Pounds of Butter together with your Hands, then dash it against the Wall, just over the Dresser, so as to have it ready to pull, by Pieces, as you have Occasion for it.
If you have a Silver Sauce-pan for the Kitchen-use, let me advise you to batter it well, and keep it always black ; this will be for
your Master's Honour, because it fhews there hath been constant good House-keeping; and make room for the Sauce-paņ, by wriggling it on the Coals, &c.
If your Butter, when it is melted, tafteth of Brass, it is your Master's Fault, who will not allow
you a Silver Sauce-pan; besides, the less of it will go further, and new tiņning is very chargeable. If you have a Silver Sauce-pan, and the Butter smelleth of Smoak, lay the Fault upon the Coals. If your
Dinner miscarrieth in almost every Dish, how could you help it? You were teized by the Footmen coming into the Kitchen and, to prove it true, take Occasion to be angry, and throw a Ladle-full of Broth on one or two of their Liveries ; besides, Friday and Childermas Day, are two cross Days in the Week, and it is impossible to have good Luck on either of them, therefore on those two Days you have a lawful Excuse. In the same Manner, if
you are allowed a large Silver Spoon for the Kitchen, let half the Bole of it be worn out with continual scraping and stirring; and often say merrily, This Spoon oweth my Master no Service. When
Mess of Broth, Watergruel, or the like, to your Master in a Morning, do not forget, with your Thumb and two
Fingers, to put Salt on the side of the Plate ; for, if you make use of a Spoon, or the End of a Knife, there may be Danger that the Salt would fall, and that would be a Sign of ill Luck; only remember to lick your Thumb and Fingers clean, before you offer to touch the Salt.
CH A P. III.
DIRECTIONS to the FOOTMAN.
OUR Employment, being of a mixed
Nature, extendeth to a great Variety of Business; and
stand in a fair Way of being the Favourite of your Master or Mistress, or of the young Masters and Misses ; you are the fine Gentleman of the Family, with whom all the Maids are in Love. You are sometimes a Pattern of Dress to your Master, and sometimes he is fo to you. You wait at Table in all Companies, and consequently have the Opportunity to see and know the World, and to understand Men and Manners. Vails are but few, unless you are sent with a Prefent, or attend the Tea in the Country; but, you are called Mr. in the Neighbourhood, and sometimes pick up a Fortune, perhaps your Master's Daughter ; and I have known many
your Tribe to have good Commands in the Army. In Town, you have a Seat re
I confess your