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of what I intend, may serve for either Sex ; änd

your Part naturally follows the former, because the Butler and you are joined in Interest; your Vails are generally equal, and paid when others are disappointed; you can junket together at Nights upon your own Progue, when the rest of the House are in Bed, and have it in


Power to make every Fellowservant your Friend ; you can give a good Bit, or a good Sup, to the little Masters and Miffes, and gain their Affections: A Quarrel between you is very dangerous to you both, and will probably end in one of you being turned off ; in which fåtal Case, perhaps, it will not be so easy, in fome Time, to cotton with another. And now, Mrs. Cook, I proceed to give you my Instructions, which I desire you will get some Fellow-servant in the Family to read to you constantly, one Night in every Week, when you are going to Bed, whether you

serve in Town or Country, for my

Leffons shall be fitted for both.

If your Lady forgetteth at Supper, that there is any

cold Meat in the House, do not you be fo officious as to put her in Mind; it is plain The did not want it ; and, if she recollecteth it the next Day, say she gave you no Orders, and it is spent; therefore, for fear of telling a Lye, dispose of it with the Butler, or any other Crony, before

Never send úp a Leg of a Fowl, at Supper, while there is a Cat or Dog in the House, that

you go to Bed.



your Kitchen

fend up,

your Office,

can be accused for running away with it; but, if there happen to be neither, you must lay it upon the Rats, or a strange Greyhound.

It is ill Housewifery to foul Rubbers with wiping the Bottoms of the Dishes you

since the Table-cloth will do as well, and is changed every Meal.

Never clean your Spits after they have been used; for the Grease left upon them by Meat, is the best thing to preserve them from Rust; and when you make use of them again, the same Greafe will keep the Inside of the Meat moist. If

you live in a rich Family, roasting and boiling are below the Dignity of and which it becometh you to be ignorant of; therefore, leave that Work wholly to the Kitchen-Wench, for fear of disgracing the Family you live in. If

you are employed in Marketing, buy your Meat as cheap as you can ; but when in your Accounts, be tender of


Master's Honour, and set down the highest Rate ; which, besides, is but Justice ; for nobody can afford to sell at the same Rate that he buyeth ; and I am confident that you may charge fafely; swear that you gave no more than what the Butcher and Poulterer asked. If

your Lady order Meat for Supper, you are not to understand that you must set it up all; therefore you may give half to yourself and the Butler.

you bring Good Cooks cannot abide what they very justly call fidling Work, where Abundance of Time is spent, and little done : Such, for Instance, is the dressing small Birds, requiring a world of Cookery and Clutter, and a second or third Spit, which, by the way, is absolutely needless ; for it would be a very ridiculous Thing indeed, if a Spit which is strong enough to turn a Surloin of Beef, should not be able to turn a Lark: However, if your Lady be nice, and is afraid that a large Spit will tear them, place them handsomely in the Drippingpan,


you to set

up a piece of

where the Fat of roasted Mutton or Beef falling on the Birds, will serve to baste them, and so fave both Time and Butter; for what Cook of any Spirit would lose her Time in picking Larks, Wheatears, and other small Birds ? Therefore, if you cannot get the Maids,

young Miffes, to assist you, e'en make short Work, and either singe or flay them; there is no great Loss in the Skins, and the Flesh is just the same.

If you are employed in Market, do not accept a Treat of a Beef-stake, and Pot of Ale, from the Butcher, which, I think, in Confcience, is no better than wronging your Master ; but do you always take that Perquisite in Money, if you do not go in Trust; or in Poundage when

The Kitchen-Bellows being usually out of Order, with stirring the Fire with the Muzzle, to save the Tongs and Poker, borrow the Bel

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or the

you pay the Bills.

lows out of your Lady's Bed-chamber, which, being least used, are commonly the best in the House; and, if you happen to damage or grease them, you have the Chance to keep them entirely for your own Use.

Let'a Blackguard Boy be always about the House to send on your Errands, and go to Market for you in rainy Days, which will save your Cloaths, and make you appear more creditable to your Mistress. If your Mistress alloweth


the Kitchenstuff, in return of her Generosity, take care to boil and roast your Meat sufficient. If she keepeth it for her own Profit, do her Justice ; and rather than let a good Fire be wanting, enliven it now and then with the Dripping, and the Butter that happeneth to turn to Oil.

Send up your Meat well stuck with Skewers, to make it look round and plump; and an Iron Skewer, rightly employed now and then, will make it look handsomer.

When you roast a long Joint of Meat, be careful only about the Middle, and leave the two extreme Parts raw, which

may other Time, and will also save Firing.

When you scour your Plates and Dishes, bend the Brim inward, so as to make them hold the more.

Always keep a large Fire in the Kitchen when there is a small Dinner, or the Family dineth Abroad, that the Neighbours, seeing the Smoak, may commend your Master's


serve an

House-keeping : But, when much Company is invited, then be as sparing as possible of

your Coals, because a great deal of the Meat being half raw, will be saved, and serve for next Day.

Boil your Meat constantly in Pump-water, because you may sometimes want River or Pipe-water ; and then your Mistress, observeing your Meat of a different Colour, will chide you when

you are not in Fault. When you have Plenty of Fowl in the Larder, leave the Door open, in Pity to the poor Cat, if she be a good Mouser.

If you find it necessary to go to Market in a wet Day, take out your Mistress's Riding-hood and Cloak, to save


Cloaths. Get three or four Chair-women constantly to attend you in the Kitchen, whom you pay at small Charges, only with the broken Meat, a few Coals, and all the Cinders.

To keep troublesome Servants out of the Kitchen, always leave the Winder sticking on the Jack, to fall on their Heads.

If a Lump of Soot falleth into the Soup, and you cannot conveniently get it out, fcum it well, and it will give the Soup a high French Taste.

If you melt your Butter to Oil, be under no Concern, but send it up; for Oil is a genteeler Sauce than Butter.

Scrape the Bottoms of your Pots and Kettles with a Silver Spoon, for fear of giving them a Taste of Copper.


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