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performeth handsomely, it will do him Honour, and cost your Master nothing.
You need not wipe your Knife to cut Bread for the Table, because, in cutting a Slice or two, it will wipe itself.
Put your finger into every Bottle, to feel whether it be full, which is the surest Way ; for Feeling hạth no Fellow.
When you go down to the Cellar to draw Ale or Small-beer, take care to observe directly the following Method : Hold the Veffel between the Finger and Thumb of your right Hand, with the Palm upwards, then hold the Candle between your fingers, but a little leaning towards the Mouth of the Veffel; then take out the Spiggot with your left Hand, and clap the Point of it in your Mouth, and keep your left Hand to watch Accidents : When the Vessel is full, withdraw the Spiggot from your Mouth, well wetted with Spittle, which being of a slimy Consistence, will make it stick faster in the Foffet. If any Tallow droppeth into the Vessel, you may easily, if you think fit, remove it with a Spoon, or rather with your Finger.
Always lock up a Cat in the Closet where you keep your China Plates for fear the Mice may
steal in and break them. A good Butler always breaketh off the Point of his Bottle-screw in two Days, by trying which is hardest; the Point of the Screw, or
the Neck of the Bottle : In this Cafe, to supply the Want of a Screw, after the Stump hath torn the Cork in Pieces, make use of a Silver Fork, and when the Scraps of the Cork are almost drawn out, flirt the Mouth of the Bottle into the Cistern, three or four Times, until
you quite clear it.
If a Gentleman dineth often with your Mafter, and giveth you nothing when he goeth away, you may use several Methods to Thew him some Marks of your Difpleasure, and quicken his Memory: If he calleth for Bread or Drink, you may pretend not to hear, or send it to another who called after him: If he alketh for Wine, let him stay a while, and then send him Small-beer ; give him always foul Glasses; and send him a Spoon when he wanteth a knife; wink at the Footman to leave him without a Plate : By these, and the like Expedients, you may probably be a better Man by Half a Crown before he leaves the House, provided you watch an Opportunity of standing by when he is going; If
your Lady loveth Play, your Fortune is fixed for ever : Moderate Gaming will be a Perquisite of ten Shillings a Week; and in such a Family I would rather chuse to be Butler than Chaplain, or even rather than be Steward : It is all ready Money, and got without Labour, unless
your Lady happeneth to be one of those, who either obligeth you to find Wax-Candles. or forceth you to divide it with some favourite
Servants ; but at worst, the old Cards are your own; and if the Gamefters play deep, or grow pcevish, they will change the Cards fo often, that the old ones will be a considerable Advantage, by selling them to the Coffee-Houses, or Families who love Play, but cannot afford better than Cards at second Hand : When you attend at the Service, be sure to leave new Packs within the Reach of the Gamefters, which, those who have ill Luck will readily take to change their Fortune ; and now and then, an old Pack, mingled with the rest, will easily pass. Be sure to be very officious on PlayNights, and ready with your Candles to light out your Company; and have Salvers of Wine at hand, to give them when they call; but, manage fo with the Cook, that there be no Supper, because it will be so much faved in your
Master's Family; and, because a Supper will considerably lessen your
Gains. Next to Cards, there is nothing so profitable to you as Bottles ; in which Perquifite you have no Competitors, except the Footmen, who are apt to steal and vend them for Pots of
but you are bound to prevent any such Abuses in
your Master's Family: The Footmen are not to answer for what are broken at a general Bottling ; and those
may as your Discretion will make them.
The Profit of Glasses is so very inconsiderable, that it is hardly worth mentioning : It consisteth only in a small Present made by the
be as many
Glass-man, and about four Shillings in the Pound added to the Prices, for Trouble and Skill in chufing them. If hath a large Stock of Glasses, and you, or your Fellow-fervants, happen to break any of them without your Master's Knowledge, keep it a Secret until there are not enough left to serve the Table, then tell your Master that the Glasses are gone : This will be but one Vexation to him, which is much better than fretting once or twice a Week; and it is the Office of a good Servant to discompose his Master and his Lady as seldom as he can ; and here the Cat and Dog will be of great Use to take the Blame from you. NOTE, That Bottles miffing are suppofed to be half stolen by Stragglers, and other Servants; and the other half broken by Accident, and a general Washing.
Whet the Backs of your Knives until they are as sharp as the Edge, which will have this Advantage, that when Gentlemen find them blunt on one Side, they may try the other ; and to shew you spare no Pains in sharpening the Knives, whet them so long, until you wear out a good Part of the Iron, and even the Bote tom of the Silver Handle. This doth Credit to your Master; for it sheweth good Housekeeping, and the Goldsmith '
may one Day make you a Present.
Your Lady, when she finds the Small-beer or Ale dead, will blame
for not remembering to put the Peg into the Vent-hole.
This is a great Mistake, nothing being plainer, than that the Peg keeps the Air in the Vefsel, which spoils the Drink, and therefore, ought to be left out; but, if the insisteth upon it, to prevent the Trouble of pulling out the Vent, and putting it in a dozen Times a Day, which is not to be borne by a good Servant, leave the Spiggot half out at Night, and you will find, with only the Loss of two or three Quarts of Liquor, the Vessel will run freely.
When you prepare your Candles, wrap them up . in a piece of brown Paper, and so stick them in the Socket: Let the Paper come halfway up the Candle, which looketh handsome, if any body should come in.
Do all in the Dark to save your Master's Candles.
С НА Р. ІІ.
DIRECTIONS to the COOK.
LTHOUGH I am not ignorant that it
hath been a long Time since the Cuftom began among People of Quality to keep Men-Cooks, and generally of the French Nation; yet, because my Treatise is chiefly calculated for the general Run of Knights, Squires, and Gentlemen both in Town and Country, I shall therefore apply to you, Mrs. Cook, as a Woman: However, a great Part