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til he hath called for it thrice at least; by which Means, fơne out of Modesty, and others out of Forgetfulness, with call the feldomer, and thus

your Master's Liquor will be saved. If any one desireth a Glass of bottled Ale; first shake the Bottle, to see whether any thing be in it, then taste it, to know what Liquor it is, that you may not be mistaken, and lastly, wipe the Mouth of the Bottle with the Palm of your Hand, to shew your Cleanliness.

Be more careful to have the Cork in the Belly of the Bottle than in the Mouth; and, if the Cork be musty, or white Fryers in your Liquor, your Master will fave the more.

If an humble Companion, a Chaplain, a Tutor, or a dependant Cousin happen to be at Table, whom

you find to be little regarded by the Master, and the Company, which no Body is readier to difcover and obsere than we Servants, it must be the Business of you and the Footman, to follow the Example of your Betters, by treating him many Degrees worse than


of the rest, and you cannot please your Master better, or at least your Lady:

If any one calleth for Small-beer towards the End of Dinner, do not give yourself the Pains of going down to the Cellar, but gather the Droppings and Leavings out of the severalCups, and Glasses, and Salvers into one; but turn your Back to the Company, for Fear of being observed : On the contrary, if any.one calleth for Ale towards the End of Dinner, fill the

largest largest Tankard-cup top full, by which you will have the greatest Part left to oblige your Fellowservants, without the Sin of stealing from your Master.

There is likewise an honest Perquisite, by which you have a Chance of getting every Day the best part of a Bottle of Wine to yourself; for, you are not to suppose that Gentlefolks will value the Remainder of a Bottle ; therefore, always set a fresh one before them after Dinner, although there hath not been above a Glassdrank of the other.

Take special Care that your Bottles be not musty before


fill them, in order to which, blow strongly into the Mouth of every Bottle, and then if you smell nothing but your own Breath, immediately fill it.

If you are sent down in Haste to draw any Drink, and find it will not run, do not be at the Trouble of opening a Vent, but blow strongly into the Foffet, and you will find it immediately pour

into your Mouth ; or take out the Vent, but do not stay to put it in again, for Fear your Mafter should want you.

If you are curious to taste some of your Marter's choice Bottles, empty as many of them just below the Neck as will make the Quantity you want; but then take Care to fill them up again with clean Water, that you may not lefson your Master's Liquor.

There is an excellent Invention found out of late Years in the Management of Ale and Small

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beer at the Side-board : For Instance, a Gentleman calleth for a Glass of Ale, and drinketh but half; another calleth for Small-beer, you immediately teem out the Remainder of the Ale into the Tankard, and fill the Glass with Smallbeer, and so backwards and forwards as long as Dinner lasteth ; by which you answer three great Ends: First, you


your self the Trouble of washing, and consequently the Danger of breaking your Glasses :. Secondly, you are sure not to be mistaken in giving Gentlemen the Liquor they call for : And lastly, by this Method

you are sure nothing is loft. Because Butlers often forget to bring up their Ale and Beer time enough, be sure remember to have up yours two Hours before Dinner; and place them in the funny Part of the Room, to let People see that you have not been negligent.

Some Butlers have a Way of decanting (as they call it) bottled Ale, by which they lose a good Part of the Bottom: Let your Method be, to turn the Bottle directly upside down, which will make the Liquor appear double the Quantity ; by this Means, you will be sure not to lose one Drop, and the Froth will conceal the Muddiness.

Clean your Plate, wipe your Knives, and rub the foul Tables, with the Napkins and Tablecloth used that Day; for, it is but one washing, besides you save wearing out the coarse Rubbers; in Reward of which good Husbandry, my Judgment is, that you may lawfully make use of the


finest Damask Napkins to be Night-caps for yourfelf.

There is nothing wherein the Skill of a Butler more appears, than in the Management of Candles, whereof, although fome Part may fall to the Share of other Servants, yet you being the Principal Perfon concerned, I shall direct my Instructions upon this Article to you only, leaving your Fellow-fervants to apply upon Occafion. : First, to avoid burning Day-light, and to save your Master's Candles, never bring them

until Half an Hour after it be dark, although they be called for never fo often.

Let your Sockets be full of Grease to the Brim, with the old Snuff at the Top, then stick on your fresh Candles. It is true, this may endanger their falling, but the Candles will appear so much the longer and the handsomer before Company. At other Times, for Variety, put your Candles loose in the Sockets, to thew they are clean to the Bottom.

When your Candle is too big. for the Socket, melt it to a right Size in the Fire ; and to hide the Smuts wrap it in Paper half way,

way up. You cannot butobserve the greatExtravagance of 'late: Years among the Gentry upon the Article of Candles, which a good Butler ought by all means to discourage, both to save his own Pains and his Master's Money: This may

be contrived several Ways: As when you are or dered to put Candles into the Sconces.


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Sconces are great Wafters of Candles, and you, who are always to consider the Advantage of your Master, should do your utmoft to difcourage them: Therefore, your Business must be to press the Candle with both your Hands into the Socket, so as to make it lean in such a manner, that the Grease may drop all upon the Floor, if some Lady's Head-dress or Gentleman's Perriwig be not ready to intercept it: You may likewife stick the Candle fo loose that it will fall upon the Glass of the Sconce, and break it into Shatters; this will save your Master many a fair Penny in the Year, both in Candles, and to the Glass-man, and your self much Labour; for the Sconces spoiled cannot be used.

Never let the Candles burn too low, but give them as a lawful Perquisite to your Friend the Cook, to increase her Kitchen-stuff; or, if this be not allowed in your House, give them in Charity to the poor Neighbours, who often run on your Errands. When


cut Bread for a Toast, do notstand idly watching it, but lay it on the Coals, and mind

your other Business; then come back, and if you find it toasted quite through, scrape off the burnt Side, and serve it

up: When


dress up your Side-board, set the best Glasses as near the Edge of the Table as you can; by which means they will cast a double Lustre, and make a much finer Figure; and the Consequence can be at worst, but the break

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