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R U L E S
All SERVANTS in general.
Master or Lady calleth a Servant by Name, if that Servant be
not in the Way, none of you are to answer, for then there will be no End of
your Drudgery: And Masters themselves allow, that if a Servant cometh when he is called, it is sufficient. When
have done a Fault, be always pert and infolent, and behave yourself, as if you were the injured Person ; this will immediately put your Master or Lady off their Mettle. If
Master wronged by any of your Fellow-fervants, be sure to conceal it,' for, fear of being called a Tell-tale: However, there is one Exception, in case of a favourite Servant, who is justly hated by the whole Family; who therefore are bound in Prudence to lay all the Faults they can upon the Favourite.
The Cook, the Butler, the Groom, the Mara ketman, and every other Servant who is concerned in the Expences of the Family, should act as if his Master's whole Estate ought to be applied to that Servant's particular Business. For Instance: If the Cook computeth his Master's Estate to be a thousand Pounds a Year, he reasonably concludes that a thousand Pounds a Year will afford Meat enough; and therefore, he need not be saving : The Butler makes the same Judgment; so may the Groom and the Coachman : And thus every Branch of Expence will be filled to your Master's Honour.
su When you are chid before Company, (whichi with Submission to our Masters and Ladies, is an unmannerly Practice) it often happens that some Stranger will have the Good-nature to drop a Word in your Excuse ; in such a Cafe, you have a good Title to justify yourself, and may rightly conclude, that whenever he chideéth you afterwards on other Occasions, he may be in the wrong; in which Opinion you will be the better confirmed, by stating the Cafe to your Fellow-fervants, in your own Way; who will certainly decide in
Favour : Therefore, as I have said before, whenever you are chidden, complain as if you were injured.
It often happens, that Servants sent on Mefsages, are apt to stay out somewhat longer than the Message requireth, perhaps, two, four, fix, eight Hours, or some such Trifle ; for the Temptation to be sure was great; and Flesh and
Blood cannot always resist. When you return, the Master storms, the Lady scoldeth, stripping, cudgelling, and turning off, is the Word; But, here you ought to be provided with a Set of Excuses, enough to serve on all Occasions : For Instance; your Uncle came fourscore Miles to Town this Morning, on Purpose to see you, and goeth back by Break of Day To-morrow : A Brother-servant that borrowed Money of you when he was out of Place, was running away to Ireland: You were taking Leave of an old Fellow-servant, who was shipping for Barbaand you
coucher at Night: You were taking Leave of a dear Cousin, who is to be hanged on Saturday :
You wrenched your Foot against a Stone, and · was forced to stay three Hours in a Shop, before
you could stir a Step: Some Nastiness was thrown on you out of a Garret Window, and you were ashamed to come home before you were cleaned, and the Smell went off ; You were pressed for the Sea-service, and carried before a Justice of Peace, who kept you
three Hours before he examined you; and you got off with much a-do: A Bailiff, by Mistake, seized you for
for a Debtor, and kept you the whole Evening in a Spunging-house : You were told your Master had gone to a Tavern, and came to some Mischance; and your Grief was so you inquired for his Honour
in an hundred Taverns between Pall-Mall and Temple-Bar.
Take all Tradesmens Parts against your Master; and when you are sent to buy any Thing, never offer to cheapen it, but generously pay the full Demand. This is highly for your Master's Honour, and
be fome Shillings in
Pocket; and you are to consider, if your Master hath paid too much, hệ can better afford the Loss than a poor Trades
Never submit to stir a Finger in any Business, but that for which you were particularly hired, For Example
; if the Groom be drunk or ab fent, and the Butler be ordered to shut the Staz ble Door, the Answer is ready, An please your Honour, I don't understand Horses : If a Core ner of the Hangings wanteth a single Nail to faften it, and the Footman be directed to tack
he may say, he doth not understand that Sort of Work, but his Honour may send for the Upholsterer,
Masters and Ladies are usually quarrelling with the Servants for not shutting the Doors after them : But neither Masters nor Ladies consider that those Doors must be they can be shut, and that the Labour is dou, ble to open and shut the Doors; therefore the best, shortest, and easiest Way, is, to do nei, ther. But, if you are so often teized to shut the Door, that you cannot easily forget it, then
give the Door such a Clap as you go out, as will shake the whole Room, and make every Thing rattle in it, to put your Master and Lady in Mind that you observe their Directions. If
you find yourself to grow into Favour with your Master or Lady, take some Opportunity in a very mild Way, to give them Warn, ing; and when they ask the Reason, and seem loth to
with you, answer, that you would rather live with them, than any Body else, but a poor Servant is not to be blamed if he striveth to better himself; that Service is no Inheritance ;
that your Work is great, and your Wages very small : Upon which, if your
Mafter hath any Generosity, he will add five or ten Shillings a Quarter, rather than let you go: But, if you are baulked, and have no Mind to go off, get some Fellow-fervant to tell your Master, that he had prevailed upon you to Stay.
Whatever good Bits you can pilfer in the Day, fave them to junket with your
Fellowservants at Night; and take in the Butler, provided he will give you Drink. Write your own Name, and
Sweetheart's, with the Smoak of a Candle, on the Roof of the Kitchen, or the Servants Hall, to thew
your Learning If you are a young fightly Fellow, whenever you whisper your Mistress at the Table, run your Nose full in her Cheek; or, if your Breath be good, breathe full in her Face : This I