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VIII. That by the original Constitution of these Kingdoms, the Clergy had the sole Right of taxing themselves, and were in Possession of that Right as low as the Restoration; and, if that Right be now devolved upon the Commons by the Cession of the Clergy, the Commons can be considered in this case in no other Light than as the Guardians of the Clergy.

ix. That besides those Tythes always in the Poffefsion of the Clergy, there are some Portions of Tythes lately come into their Possession by Purchase; that, if this Clause should take Place, they would not be allowed the Benefit of these Purchases upon an equal Foot of Advantage with the rest of their Fellow Subjects ; and that some Tythes, in the Hands of Impropriators, are under Settlements and Mortgages.

X. That the Gentlemen of this House should consider, that loading the Clergy is loading their own younger Brothers and Children, with this additional Grievance, that it is taking from the

poorer to give to the elder and richer; and,

LASTLY, That if it were at any Time just and proper to do this, it would however be too severe to do it now, when all the Tythes of the Kingdom are known, for some Years past, to have funk almost above one-third Part in their Value.

Any Income in the Hands of the Clergy, is at least as useful to the Publick, as the same İncome in the Hands of the Laity.

younger and

It were more reasonable to grant the Clergy, in three parts of the Nation, an additional Support, than to diminish the present Subfist


Great Employments are and will be in the Hands of Englishmen ; nothing left for the younger Sons of Irishmen but Vicarages, Tidewaiters Places, &c. therefore no Reason to make them worse.

The Modus upon the Flax in England affecteth only Lands reclaimed since the Year 1690, and is at the Rate of five Shillings the English Acre, which is equivalent to eight Shillings and eight Pence Irish, and that to be paid before the Farmer removeth it from the Field. Flax is a Manufacture of little Consequence in England, but is the Staple in Ireland; and if it increaseth (as it probably will) must, in many Places, jostle out Corn, because it is more gainful.

The Clergy of the established Church have no Interest like those of the Church of Rome, distinct from the true Interest of their Country; and therefore ought to suffer under no distinct Impositions or Taxes of any kind, .

The Bill for settling the Modus of Flax in England was brought in, in the first Year of the Reign of King George I. when the Clergy lay very unjustly under the Imputation of some Difaffećtion; and to encourage the bringing in of some Fens in Lincolnshire, which were not to be continued under Flax; but it left all VOL. VIII.



Lands where Flax had been sown before that Time, under the same Condition of Tytheing, in which they were before the passing of that Bill. Whereas this Bill taketh away what the Clergy are actually possessed of.

That the Woollen Manufacture is the Staple of England, as the Linen is that of Ireland, yet no Attempt was ever made in England to reduce the Tythe of Wool for the Encouragement of that Manufacture. This Manufacture hath already been remarkably favoured by the Clergy, who have hitherto been generally content with less than half, some with six Pence a Garden, and some have taken nothing.

Employments, they say, have been taxed ; the Reasons for which Taxation will not hold with regard to Property, at least until Employments become Inheritances. The Commons always have had so tender a regard to Property, that they never would suffer


Law to pass, whereby any particular Persons might be aggrieved without their own Consent,



Beasts Confession




Observing how most Men mistake

their own Talents.


Printed in the Year MDccLII.

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