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Blue Dun. Dub with the fur of a water-rat; warp with ash-colour. Wing, of a coot's feather. Morning and afternoon.

MAY. SILVER-Twist HACKLE. Dub with the herl of an ostrich feather; warp with dark green, silver twist, and black cock's hackle over all. Taken from nine to eleven, especially in a showery day.

Sooty Dun. "Dub with black spaniel's fur, or the herl of an ostrich ; warp with green. Wing, the dark part of a land-rail or coot. Taken best in a showery day, as also in April or June.

Light FLAMING or SPRING BROWN. Dub with light brown of a calf; warp with orange colour; wing of a pale grey mallard's feather. Taken chiefly before sun-set in a warm evening : a good fly.

Although much is said in the First Part of the foregoing Dialogues, [p.99] of the Oak-fly, the Author has given but a very superficial description of it, and his directions for making it are extremely imperfect; we would therefore recommend the making it after the natural fly, and that according to the following directions :

OAK FLY. By some called the Ash-fly, (by others, erroneously, the Hawthorn-fly.) The head, which is large, of an ash-colour; the upper part of the body greyish, with two or three hairs of bright brown mixed,

and a

little light blue, and sometimes a hair or two of light green ; the tail part is greyish mixed with orange; wing, of a mottled brown feather of a woodcock, partridge, or brown hen; hook No. 8 or 9. This is the fly which is seen much in March, April, May, and June, on the body of ash-trees, oaks, willows, and thorns growing near the water, standing with its head downwards. It is an excellent fly, but difficult to imitate, being of many colours, unequally mixed. It takes chiefly in the morning: it does not seem to come from any cadis, for it never drops in great numbers on the water; and the wings are short, and lie flat on the back, like the blue-bottle, or large flesh-fly.

ORANGE-TAWNEY, ORANGE-BROWN, CAMLET-FLY, ALDER-FLY, WITHY-FLY, or BASTARD Cadis. Dub with dark brown spaniel's hair, or calf's hair that shines, or barge-sail; warp with deep orange; black hackle under the wing. Wing, of a darkish feather of a mallard or starling. Taken chiefly in a morning, before the Green-drake comes upon the water.

HUZZARD. Dub with pale lemon-coloured mohair, or ostrich-feather dyed yellow; warp with yellow; gold twist

and yellow hackle over all. Wing, of a very pale mallard's feather dyed of a lemon-colour; the wings large, and longer than the body, lying fat on the back. Taken in a blustering day, before the May-fly comes in. A fly little known, but the most beautiful of the insect species that frequent the water. It is larger than the Green-drake; of a beautiful lemon-colour, both body and wings, which are four in number, and lie close to its back. It is to be met with in but few rivers, and is therefore esteemed a great curiosity: in those rivers that produce them, they appear in great numbers about the latter end of April; at which time, and afterwards, the Trouts rise at them very eagerly: doubtless this is a true water-fly; it is supposed to be produced from a very large cadis.

Death DRAKE. The body, one herl of black strich and two of peacock; silver twist; black hackle. Wing, of the dark feather of a mallard, of a copper colour. Taken chiefly in an evening, when the May-Ay is almost gone.

YELLOW MILLER, or Owl-Fly. The body of a yellow martern's fur, or ostrich herl dyed buff colour. Wing, of the ruddy feather of a young peacock's wing, or pale brown chicken. Taken from sun-set till ten at night, and from two till four in the morning.

JUNE. The May-flies, most of them, as above.

JULY. MIDDLING BROWN. Made of calf's hair twisted upon pale yellow silk, for the silk to appear. Wing, of a mallard's feather.

Dark Brown. Warp with red silk, with a deep orange tag at the tail. Wing, of a mallard's feather.

Willow CRICKET, or SMALL PEACOCK FLY. A herl of a green peacock's feather; warp with green silk. Wing, of a starling's feather longer than the body. A morning fly, especially for Grayling in rapid rivers.

Pısmire. The body, some few reeves of a cock-pheasant's tail-feather, or ruddy barge-sail, or brown carpet, or old bear's-hair, towards the roots, tanned with the weather; one peacock’s herl may be twisted with it: warp with ruddy silk. Wing, the light part of a starling's feather, left longer than the body. A killing fly after an emmet-flight, but not before.

AUGUST. The Pismire through this month; as also the other flies of the last month.

SEPTEMBER. LARGE FETID Light BROWN. The body of light calf or cow's hair, or seal's fur dyed of the colour; warp with ruddy or orange-coloured silk. Wing, of a ruddy brown chicken large and long. A killing fly in a morning. This fly is much upon Hackney river, and is much ruddier there than elsewhere. In the Thames, I have caught with it Dace of the largest size, and in great numbers. Somewhat of its history is given in the Notes, p. 202, 203.


No. III. [Referred to from Part II. page 313, n.] JANUARY. SPRING BLACK. Body, black wool of a sheep's face, with or without a greenish peacock's herl; warp with brown silk. Wing, the grey feather of a mallard.

Second SPRING BLACK. Body, the very blackest part of the darkest hare's scut you can procure;

with without a greenish peacock's herl; warp with ash-coloured silk. Wing, of a fieldfare's feather. This and the other Spring Black are best taken in bright weather.

Bloa' HERL. Body, black rabbit's scut; black of a hare's scut; greenish peacock's herl; warp with brown silk. Wing, the light part of a fieldfare's feather.

Black #ACKLE. Body, pale yellow silk; with a black cock's hackle turned about it.

Dun HACKLE. Body, dun-coloured silk; with a dun cock's hackle.

FEBRUARY. The same flies as are directed for the preceding month.

MARCH. The same flies as are directed for the preceding months; and also the

TURKEY FLY, or MARCH Fly. Body, brown foal's hair, tops of the wings of a woodcock, some ruddy, others

(1) This is a north-country word, and, as I am told, signifies a colour rescmbling that of a mole's back, which has a bluish gloss. I find it thus explained, in a Catalogue of local words communicated in a Letter from Mr. Thoresby, of Leeds, to Mr. Ray: Bloa, black and blue." Philosophical Letters, between the learned Mr. Ray, and several of his ingenious correspondents, Octaro, 1718

P. 321.

in Wales.

grey, well mixed together; warp with pink and yellow, or pink and light-coloured brown silk, twisted together. Wing, of a pheasant-cock's feather. N. B. This, it is supposed, is the Cob-fly, so much cried up

APRIL. Light Bloa. Body, light fox-cub fur, a little light foal's hair ; a little squirrel's bloa, and the whitish yellow of the same, all these well mixed together; warp with yellow silk. Wing, of a light fieldfare's feather.

Dun. Body, dunnest filmerti or martern's fur, Indian fox-dun, light dun fox-cub, coarse hair of the stump of a squirrel's tail, of a brightish brown or a yellowish cast; warp with yellow silk. Wing, the light feather of a fieldfare.

Plain Hackle. Body, black cstrich herl, with red or black cock's hackle over it; and, in hot weather, add gold twist.

Red HACKLE. Body, red silk and gold twist, and a red cock's hackle, till June: afterwards use orange silk for the body. An excellent fly.

N. B. This is more properly the Orange-fly. It resembles in colour a Seville orange. Wings may he added, either of a ruddy hep or chicken, or of the softest feather of a rook's wing: the first will give it an orange, the latter, a dunnish hue. It has four wings, two next the body, of a very dark grey colour, and two serving as a case over them, sometimes of a dirty blackish colour and sometimes of an orange colour.

Blon Watchet? is a small fly, and appears on the water in a cold day. (Hook No. 9 or 10.) The body, fur of a water-rat, black part of a hare's scut, the pale roots cut off, a very little brown bear's hair; warp with pale brown or olive-coloured silk. Wing, of a hen blackbird.

Yellow Watchet, Body, water-rat's fur, the blackest part of a hare's scut, greenish yellow crewel for feet; warp with green silk. Wing, the lightest part of a blackbird's feather. Hook No. 9 or 10.

KNOTTED GREY Gnat. Body, darkest part of a hare's scut, dark brown foal's hair, dark fur of the black of an old fox; warp with grey silk. Wing, the bloa feather of a fieldfare.

GREEN-TAIL. Body, dark part of a hare's scut, and darkest bloa fur of an old fox; light part of a squirrel's

(1) Filmert. This is the animal which Walton, p. 12, calls the fulimart; but the former is a name by which it is very well known at the furriers.

(2) Watchet; Color cæruleus albicans, Skinner. Pale or sky-blue.

tail, and a hair or two of the coarse brownish part of it for feet; warp with ash-coloured silk. Wing, of a hen pheasant.

SAND Fly. Body, dark brown foal's hair, a little bloa squirrel's fur, and the whitish yellow of the same; warp with yellow silk. Wing, the light part of a fieldfare's feather.

MAY. The nine foregoing flies directed for April; and also the Broa Herl. Body, fox's fur, dark part of a hare's scut, greenish herl of a peacock (if the weather is warm for the season, otherwise little or none of the greenish herl); warp with brown silk. Wing, of a starling's feather.

Dun. Body, dunnish bloa fur of an old fox, mixed with pale yellow, the ends of the hairs of an old fox almost red, some coarse hairs taken out of the tail or brush; warp with yellow. Wing, starling's feather.

STONE Gnat. Body, the roots of the darkest part of a hare's scut, the top or ends being cut off; warp with ashcoloured silk. Wing, a blackbird's feather.

Light Blon. Body, light für of an old fox, mixed with pale yellow crewel; warp with pale yellow silk. Wing, light feather of a jay.

ORANGE Brown. Body, orange-coloured wool, with bright brown bear's hair mixed; warp with orange silk. Wing, of a starling's feather.

Peacock Hackle. Body, peacock's ruddy hert; red cock's hackle; warp with red silk.

Black Herl. Body, black herl of an ostrich, and ruddy herl of a peacock, twisted together; warp with brown silk. Wing, the light feather of a fieldfare.

PEwet, or LAPWING'S TOPPING. Body, peacock's herl, and that of a lapwing's crown feather, twisted together; warp with red silk. : Wing, the red feather of a partridge's tail.

Red Herl. Body, two herls of a peacock, twisted together; warp with ruddy silk. Wing, the red feather of a partridge's tail.

JÚNE. The Dun, Stone gnat, Light bloa, Orange brown, Peacock hackle, Black herl, Pewet's topping, and Red herl of the last month, go also through this. There are likewise taken the

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