A Treatise on the Law of Circumstantial Evidence: Illustrated by Numerous Cases

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T. & J. W. Johnson & Company, 1896 - 555 страници

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Страница 319 - And as these two questions appear to us to be more conveniently answered together, we have to submit our opinion to be, that the jury ought to be told in all cases that every man is presumed to be sane, and to possess a sufficient degree of reason to be responsible for his crimes, until the contrary be proved to their satisfaction...
Страница 220 - Comparison of a disputed writing with any writing proved to the satisfaction of the Judge to be genuine shall be permitted to be made by witnesses; and such writings, and the evidence of witnesses respecting the same, may be submitted to the Court and jury as evidence of the genuineness, or otherwise, of the writing in dispute.
Страница 311 - And to warrant a conviction on circumstantial evidence each fact necessary to the conclusion sought to be established must be proven by competent evidence beyond a reasonable doubt, and all the facts necessary to such conclusion must be consistent with each other and with the main fact sought to be proved, and the circumstances, taken together, must be of a conclusive nature, leading, on the whole, to a satisfactory conclusion, and producing, in effect, a reasonable and moral certainty that the accused,...
Страница 239 - The usual character of human testimony is substantial truth under circumstantial variety. This is what the daily experience of courts of justice teaches. When accounts of a transaction come from the mouths of different witnesses, it is seldom that it is not possible to pick out apparent or real inconsistencies between them. These inconsistencies arc studiously displayed by an adverse pleader, but oftentimes with little impression upon the minds of the judges.
Страница 346 - It is a fundamental rule, that it is not necessary to prove the direct fact of adultery ; because, if it were otherwise, there is not one case in a hundred in which that proof would be attainable: it is very rarely indeed that the parties are surprised in the direct fact of adultery.
Страница 336 - It is not a mere possible doubt; because everything relating to human affairs, and depending on moral evidence, is open to some possible or imaginary doubt. It is that state of the case, which, after the entire comparison and consideration of all the evidence, leaves the minds of jurors in that condition that they cannot say they feel an abiding conviction, to a moral certainty, of the truth of the charge.
Страница 157 - In answer thereto, we state to your Lordships, that we think the medical man, under the circumstances supposed, cannot in strictness be asked his opinion in the terms above stated, because each of those questions involves the determination of the truth of the facts deposed to, which it is for the jury to decide, and the questions are not mere questions upon a matter of science, in which case such evidence is admissible. But where the facts are admitted or not disputed, and the question becomes substantially...
Страница 365 - no person can be convicted of murder, or manslaughter, unless the death of the person alleged to have been killed and the fact of the killing by the defendant, as alleged, are, each, established as independent facts ; the former by direct proof and the latter beyond a reasonable doubt».
Страница 269 - Provided, that if upon the Trial of any Person for any such subsequent Offence such Person shall give Evidence of his good Character, it shall be lawful for the Prosecutor, in answer thereto, to give Evidence of the Conviction of such Person for the previous...
Страница 300 - The law does not require, in order to justify the inference of legal guilt in cases of circumstantial evidence, that the existence of the inculpatory facts must be absolutely incompatible with the innocence of the accused, and incapable of explanation upon any other reasonable hypothesis than that of guilt.