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But he said he found the courage of a man that could venture, in the heat of blood, was very different from the courage of a dying Christian,

and' dying in cold blood. That must come from ,

an inward peace of conscience, and assurance of the mercy of God; and he had that to such a degree, that though, from the first day of his imprisonment, he reckoned he was a dead man, it had never given him any sort of trouble. He added, that God knew the trouble he had been in some weeks before, when his son was ill, had gone nearer his heart, and taken more of his rest from him, than his present condition had done ; and that he had had a cholic a little while before, which had so oppressed his spirits, that he saw how little a man could do, if he came to die in such a manner: whereas he had now all his thoughts perfectly about him, and had no other apprehensions of death than being a little gazed at by his friends and enemies, and a moment’s pain. Though he had been guilty of many defects and failings (amongst which he reckoned the seldom receiving the sacrament), yet, he thanked God he had a clear conscience, not only in relation to the public (in which he had gone so sincerely that he was sure he had nothing to answer for but sins of ignorance, and some indecent discourses, in which he had been generally more guilty by hearing them, and be

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trayed Walcot. Then, he said, he wondered not he had sworn falsely of him; but till then

he thought he had forgot himself. He spoke of \

all who had appeared against him with great pity, but with no resentment. He spoke particularly of Lord Howard, and said, he had been well enough known before, but was now so much better, that he could betray nobody any more. Lord Essex had forced him to admit Lord Howard to a meeting at his house: for when he saw Lord Howard, Sydney, and Hampden coming in, he said to Lord Essex, “ What have we to do with this rogue P” but Lord Essex forced him to stay: having that mistrust, however, he said very little. At another time, Lord Essex himself said to Lord Russell, upon his mentioning his suspicions of Lord Howard, “ If you should betray me, every‘ body would blame you, and not me ; but if Lord Howard should betray us, every body would blame us as much as him.” Lord Russell told Dr. Burnet many particulars, in which Lord Howard had sworn falsely against him, but which Burnet, unfortunately, omits to mention. He said he could not complain of Pem

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which, though I do to the last moment acquit myself of all designs against your person, or of altering of the government, and protest I know , ‘ of no design, now on foot, against either ; yet I 1' do not deny but I have heard many things, and l said somethings contrary to my duty ; for which, j as I have asked God's pardon, so I humbly beg ‘ Your Majesty’s. And I take the liberty to add, that though I have met with hard measure, yet I forgive all concerned in it from the highest to the lowest; and I pray God to bless both your person and government, and that the public peace, and the true Protestant religion, may be preserved under you. And I crave leave to end my days with this sincere protestation, that my heart was ever devoted to that which I thought was your true interest; in which, if I was mis~ . taken, Ihope your displeasure against me will end with my life, and that no part of it shall fall on my wife and children ; which is the last petition will ever be offered you from, May it please Your Majesty, Your Majesty’s most faithful, most dutiful, and most obedient subject, W. RUSSELL.”

.Newgate, July 19, 1688.”

A copy of this letter in the Woburn papers, is thus endorsed :-“ A copy of my Lord’s letter to the King, to be delivered after his death, --and was so, by his ‘uncle, Colonel Russell.”

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