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Nor could her virtues, nor repeated vows engaged in his service out of the realm. And the Of thousand lovers, the relentless hand

king also by the common law might take his credit Of death arrest.

Philips. into his protection, so that no one might sue o
Then died Scamandrius, expert in the chace, arrest him till the king's debt was paid; but,
In woods and wilds to wound the savage race; the statute 23 Edw. III. c. 19, notwithstanding
Diana taught him all her sylvan arts,
To bend the bow, and aim unerring darts ;

such protection, another creditor may proceed to But vainly here Diana's arts he tries,

judgment against him, with a stay of execution The fatal lance arrests him as he flies.

till the king's debt be paid ; unless such creditor Pope's Iliad, v. 65. will undertake for the king's debt, and then he

shall have execution for both. And lastly, by

And it is hard To feel the hand of death arrest one's steps,

statute 29 Car. II. c. 7, no arrest can be made, Throw a chill blight o'er all one's budding hopes,

nor process served, upon a Sunday, except for And hurl one's soul untimely to the shades,

treason, felony, or breach of the peace. By 51st Lost in the gaping gulf of black oblivion.

Geo. III. c. 124, the power of arresting in civil cases

Kirke White's Poems. is confined to those in which £15 at the least was And dun and sombre 'mid the holy calm,

the original amount of the debt, except in cases Near Theseus' fane, yon solitary palm,

of promissory notes and bills of exchange. All tinged with varied hues, arrest the eye-

An Arrest, in a criminal cause, is the appreAnd dull were his that passed them heedless by.

hending or restraining one's person, in order to Lord Byron's Corsair. be forthcoming to answer an alleged crime.

To An Arrest, in a civil cause, is defined to be this arrest all persons whatsoever are, without the apprehending or restraining one's person by distinction, liable; and doors may be broken process in execution of the command of some open to arrest the offender; but no man is to be court. An arrest must be by corporeal seizing or arrested, unless charged with such a crime as touching the defendants body, after which the hai- will at least justify holding him to bail when liff may justify breaking open the house in which taken. There is this difference also between he is, to take him; otherwise he has no such arrests in civil and criminal cases, that none power, hut must watch his opportunity to arrest shall be arrested for debt, trespass, or other him. For every man's house is looked upon by cause of action, but by virtue of a precept or the law to be his castle of defence and asylum, commandment out of some court; but for treawherein he should suffer no violence. Which son, felony, or breach of the peace, any man nay principle is carried so far in the civil law, that for arrest with or without warrant or precept. But the most part, not so much as a common citation or the king cannot command any one by word of summons, much less an arrest, can be executed mouth to be arrested; for he must do it by writ, upon a man within his own walls. Peers of the or order of his courts, according to law: nor may realm, members of parliament, and corporations, the king arrest any man for suspicion of treason, are privileged from arrests; and of course from or felony, as his subjects may ; because, if he outlawries. And against them the process to en- doth wrong, the party cannot have an action force an appearance must be by summons and dis- against him. Arrests by private persons are tress infinite, instead of a capias. Also clerks, at- in some cases commanded. ` Persons present at torneys, and all other persons attending the courts the conimitting of a felony must use their esof justice (for attorneys being officers of the court deavours to apprehend the offender, under are always supposed to be there attending), are penalty of fine and imprisonment; and they are not liable to be arrested by the ordinary process also with the utmost diligence to pursue and of the court, but must be sued by bill called usu- endeavour to take all those who shall be guilty ally a bill of privilege, as being personally present thereof out of their view, upon a hue and cry in court. Clergymen performing divine service, levied against them. By the vagrant aci, lich and not merely staying in the church with a frau- Geo. II. c. 5, every person may appreberi dulent design, are for the time privileged from beggars and vagrants; and every privata persoa arrests, by statute 50 Edw. III. c. 5, and 1 Rich. is bound to assist an officer requiring him to II. c. 16; as likewise members of convocation ac- apprehend a felon. In some cases likewise tually attending thereon, by statute 8 Henry VI. arrests by private persons are rewarded by law. c. 1. Suitors, witnesses, and other persons ne- By the 4th and 5th William and Mary, c. & cessarily attending any courts of record upon persons apprehending highwaymen, and pro business, are not to be arrested during their actual secuting them to a conviction, are entitled to a attendance, which includes the necessary coming reward of £40 and if they are killed in the and returning. Seamen in the king's service are attempt, their executors, &c. are entitled to be privileged from arrests for debt under £20, 1 Geo. like reward. By the 6th and 7th William III. II. c. 14, and 14 Geo. II. c. 38; and soldiers or c. 17, persons apprehending counterfeiters and marines are not liable to arrests for a debt of less clippers of the coin, and prosecuting them to than £10, 30 Geo. II. c. 6. 11. And no arrest conviction, are entitled to £30. By 5th Acre, can be made in the king's presence, nor within c. 31, persons who shall take one guilty of the verge of his royal palace, nor in any place burglary, or the felonious breaking and enteri where the king's justices are actually sitting. any house in the day time, and prosecute tea The king hath moreover a special prerogative, to conviction, shall receive the sum of (+) which indeed is very seldom exerted, that he may within one month after such conviction. Ama by his writ of protection privilege a defendant from by public officers, as watchmen, constables, &c. all personal and man real suits, for one year at are either made by their own authority, wixch a time, and no longer; in respect of his being differs but very little from the power of a prisste

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person; or they are made by a warrant from a given by some to the parietaria, or pellitory ol justice of Peace. See WARRANT.

the wall. On the continent of Europe the method of ARRHEPHORIA, a feast among the ancient procuring a man's appearance before a court of Athenians instituted in honor of Minerva, and justice is different from the above : the forms Herse daughter of Cecrops. The word was introduced in the Roman civil law, in the reigns composed of apontov, mystery, and pepw, I of the latter emperors, being adopted. The usual carry; on account of certain mysterious things practice is to have the person sued summoned which were carried in procession at this solemto appear before the court by a public icer nity. Boys, or, as some say, girls, between seven belonging to it, a week before the time. If no and twelve years of age were the ministers that regard is paid to such summons twice repeated, assisted at this feast, and were denominated aponthe plaintiff, or his attorney, is allowed to make popoe. This feast was also called Hersiphoria, before the court a formal reading of his demand, from Herse, already mentioned. which is then granted him, and he may proceed ARRIA, the virtuous and heroic wife of Pætus, to execution.

who being condemned to death unjustly, along Arrest of judgment, in law, the assigning with her husband, by the tyrant Nero, first stabjust reason why judgment should not pass; as bed herself, and then gave the dagger to her want of notice of the trial ; a material defect in husband, saying Pætus, it is not painful.' the pleading; when the record differs from the Martial's epigram on this subject is well known, deed impleaded ; when persons are misnamed; but it is remarked that he has given an ingenious where more is given by the verdict than is laid turn to the speech, which injures its noble simin the declaration, &c. This may be done either plicity : in criminal or civil causes.

Casta suo gladium cum traderet Arria Pæto, Arrest, in horsemanship, a mangy humor be- Quem de visceribus traxerat ipsa suis ; tween the ham and pastern of the hinder legs of

Si qua fides, vulnus quod feci, non dolet, inquit, a horse.

Sed quod tu facies, hoc mihi, Pæte dolet. ARRESTANDIS BONIS ne dissipentur, a When Arria drew the dagger from her side, writ which lies for him whose cattle or goods are

Thus to her consort spoke th’ illustrious bride : taken by another, who during the controversy is

• The wound I gave myself I do not grieve; likely to make away with them, and will hardly

I die by that which Pætus must receive.' be able to give satisfaction for them afterwards. ARRIAGA (Roderic d'), a learned Spanish

ARRESTANDO IPSUM qui pecuniam re- Jesuit, born in 1592. He became professor in cepit ad proficiscendum iu obsequium regis, theology and philosophy at Prague, where he &c. is a writ which lies for the apprehension of died in 1667. He wrote a Course of Philosohim that hath taken bounty-money to serve in phy, and of Theology. The former was printed the king's wars, and hides himself when he at Antwerp in 1532, and the latter in 1683;

8 vols. folio. ARRESTMENT, in Scots law, signifies the ARRIAGI, in the materia medica, a name securing of a criminal till trial, or till he find given by some authors, particularly by Serapion caution to stand, in what are called bailable and Avicenna, to a fine kind of camphor. crimes. In civil cases it signifies either the de- ARRIAN, a famous Grecian philosopher and taining of strangers or natives in meditatione historian of the second century. He was born fugæ, till they find caution judicio sisti, or the at Nicomedia in Bithynia, and flourished under attaching the effects of a stranger in order to Adrian and the two Antonines. He united in found jurisdiction. But in the most general ac- himself the character of a warrior and a philosoceptation of the word, it denotes that diligence pher. His great learning and eloquence proby which a creditor detains the goods or effects cured him the title of the second Xenophon;' of his debtor in the hands of third parties till the and raised him to the consulship and most condebt due to him be either paid or secured. See siderable dignities at Rome. His History of Law, Index.

Alexander the Great, in seven books, is admired ARRESTO Facto SUPER BONIS, &c. a writ by the best judges. He also wrote a book brought by a denisen against the goods of aliens on the affairs of India, which pursues the history found within this kingdom, as a recompense for of Alexander, but is not deemed of equal augoods taken from him in a foreign country. thority with the former. An epistle from Arrian

ARRETIUM, or ARRIETIUM, one of the to Adrian is also extant, entitled Periplus Ponti twelve ancient towns of Tuscany, near the Arnis Euxini. There are besides, a Treatise on Tacand Clanis, situated in a pleasant valley; now tics; a Periplus of the Red Sea; his Enchiridion, called Arezzo, forty-two miles east of Florence. a Treatise containing the Discourses of Epictetus. See Arezzo.

The best editions of Arrian are that of GroARETS, or ARRETES, in ichthyology, the novius, Greek and Latin, 1704, folio ; of Raback-hones of fishes.

phelius, Greek and Latin, Amsterdam, 1750, ARRHABONARII; from appasov, earnest; 8vo.; and of Schneider, Leipsic, 1798. An a sect of Christians who held that the eucharist English translation of his History of Alexander is neither the real flesh nor blood of Christ, nor was published by Rooke in 2 vols. 8vo. 1729. yet the sign of them; but only the pledge or ARRIDE'. Ad rideo, to smile at. To look earnest thereof.

pleasantly upon one, to manifest a pleasing saARRHAPHON, a skull without sutures, found tisfaction. to be the cause of incurable cephalalgiæ.

should go.

FA Fore heavens, his humor urrido ARRHENOGOGON, in botany, a name ceedingly.

me er

CAR. Arrides you?

All restless he watch and warding keeps, Fast. I, pleases me (a pox on't) I am so haunted Never his carefull head in resting pillow steeps. at the court, and at my lodging, with your refined

Fletcher's Purple Island choise spirits, that it makes me cleane of another garbe, Happy to whom this glorious death arrives ; another sheafe, I know not howe I cannot frame me! More to be valued than a thousand lives. Waller. to your harsh vulgar phrase, 'tis against my genius. How are we changed, since first we saw the queen! Ben Jonson. Every Man out of his Humour. She, like the sun, does still the same appear;

R. ARRIEGE, a river of France, which rises Bright as she was at her arrival here.

It is the highest wisdom, by despising the world to among the Pyrenees, runs through the department, and passing by Foix and Pamiers, falls arrive at heaven ; they are blessed who converse with


Tavler. into the Garonne near Toulouse. Gold-dust

The virtuous may know in speculation, wbat they has been found amongst its sands.

could never arrive at by practice; and aroid the spares ARRIEGE, or Ariege, a department of France, of the crafty.

Addes. which takes its name from the river Arriege, is The citizen, above all other men, has opportanities bounded on the east by the department of the of arriving at the highest fruit of wealth to the liberal Aude, on the south by a part of the Pyrenean without the least expense of a man's own fortune. mountains, and on the west and north by the

Steele. department of the Upper Garonne. Its extent

Old men love novelties; the last arrived is 244 square leagues, and its population, ac

Still pleases best, the youngest steals their smiles.

Youse. cording to the most recent returns, 222,936. is divided into three arrondissements, viz. that

The unravelling is the arrival of Ulysses upon his own island.

Broome's View of Epic Poetry. of Foix, that of Pamiers, and that of St. Girons, This department forms, with that of the Haute Baltic Sea,'a little south of the island of Funen,

ARROE, a small island of Denmark, in the Garonne, the diocese of the archbishop of Tou- and north of that of Dulcen. It is eight miles louse. The general aspect of the country is in length and about two in breadth; and produces mountainous, and there are several mines of lead, copper, and iron. The climate, which is corn, aniseed, black cattle, and horses. It has

three parishes, the most considerable of which very cold on the mountains, is warm in the valleys and plains. The many pastures render

is Koping. It stands at the south side of the the herds of cattle numerous and thriving. The with some trade. Long. 100 20 E., lat. 550

island, in the bottom of a bay, and has a port principal objects of culture and trade are cattle, 10'N. resin, turpentine, pitch, cork, and particularly iron. Corn is not grown in sufficient quantity

ARʼROGATE, Adrogo, adrogatum, to ask for home consumption.

ARʻROGANCE, for or seek after. To claim

AR'ROGANCY, too much consequence, to ask ARRIERE BAN; Casseneuve derives this word from arriere and ban; ban denotes the convening

ARʻROGANT, for more honor, merit, or of the nobless or vassals, who hold fees imme

AR'ROGANTLY, consideration than is due.

ARROGA'TION, diately of the crown; and arriere, those who

To think 100 highly of one's only hold of the king immediately. A general estimation from others,' to make unjust prezent

ARROGʻATIVE. self, and to exact the same proclamation, by which the king of France sum

sions. mons to the war all that hold of him, both his own vassals or the noblesse, and the vassals of The speech of Themistocles the Athenian, which his vassals.

was haughty and arrogant, in taking so much to I Arriere Fee, or Fief, is a fee dependent on

self, had been a grave and wise observation and ceea superior one. These fees commenced when

sure applicd at large to others. Desired at a feast to dukes and counts, rendering their governments could make a small town a great city,

touch a lute, he said he could not fiddle, but yet be hereditary, distributed to their officers parts of

Lord Bao's EASY the domains, and permitted those officers to

Feagh's right unto that country, which he claims, gratify the soldiers under them in the same or the seignory therein, must be vain and arrogant. manner.

Spenser om Ireland ARRIGHETTO, or ARRIGO, a Florentine

Who, not content poet of the twelfth century. He took holy orders, With fair equality, fraternal state, and obtained the benefice of Calvazo, which he Will arrogate dominion undeserved lost from some irregularity. He made his mis

Over his brethren. førtunes the subject of his poems, printed first

An arrogant way of treating with other proces in 1684, which are still popular for the elegance

states, is natural to popular governments.

Τεπερά, of their style, and the pensive melody of their

Rome never arrogated to herself any infallibis versification.

but what she pretended to be founded upon Chrst's ARRIVE, Fr. arriver, perhaps from

promise. ARRIV'AL, - the Fr.rive, the shore. To ap- What is so hateful to a poor man as the perse

ARRIV'ANCE. Sproach the shore, to come to, proud arrogance of a rich man. to reach, to attain; applied to persons, or what is personified.

I must confess I was very much surprised to see > Every minute is expectancy

great a body of editors, critics, commentators, 2 Of more arrivance.

Shakspeare. grammarians, meet with so very ill a recepties. They Bid bim (the intellect] soar up to heaven, and thence had formed themselves into a body, and wib am down throwing

deal of arrogance demanded the first station is de The centre search, and Dis' dark realm, he's gone, column of knowledge; but the goddess, instead Returns, arrives, before thou saw'st him going; complying with their request, clapped thes 10 And while his weary kingdom safely sleeps,




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After having thus ascribed due honor to birth and about twenty-four or thirty feet broad, called parentage, I must, however, take notice of those who caponier; and a ditch þefore it, of five or six arrogate to themselves more honors than are due to

toises. them on this account.


Arrow, in surveying, is used for small straight ARROJO DE ST. SERVAN, a town of Spain, sticks, about two feet long, shod with iron ferin Estremadura, three miles south of Merida. rils. Their use is to stick into the ground at the

ARRONDEE, in heraldry, a cross, the arms end of the chain. of which are composed of sections of a circle, ARROW-HEAD, from arrow and head; a water not opposite to each other, so as to make the plant, so called from the resemblance of its leaves arms bulge out thicker in one part than another; to the head of an arrow. but the sections of each arm lying the same ARROW-HEADS, or ARROW-STONES, in antiway, so that the arm is everywhere of an equal quity, pieces of barbed flint, thin and sharp at thickness, and all of them terminating at the the points, with which our ancestors armed their edge of the escutcheon like the plain cross. arrows. Specimens of them are often found in

ÅRROQUHAR, a parish of Scotland, in various places of Scotland, and preserved by Dumbartonshire, fourteen miles long and about antiquarians. The inhabitants of some of the four broad. In the Gaelic it is pronounced South Sea islands head their arrows with stone, Arrar and Ardthir, i. e. high country; which is others with bones; metal being unknown among descriptive of the place, as it is almost wholly them. mountainous; notwithstanding which the climate ARROW, MAGICAL, a sort of weapon very is temperate

common among the barbarous inhabitants o. ARROTINO, in sculpture, a celebrated an- Lapland, and many of the northern climates ; tique statue in the gallery of the great duke of and supposed to possess very strange virtues. Florence, representing an old man naked, rest- ARROW-MAKERS are also called fetchers; and ing on one knee, and whetting a knife upon a were formerly, as well as bowyers, persons of stone, with his head in an attitude of listening. great consequence in the kingdom. Arrow-heads According to Millin, there is in its expression a and quarrels were to be well boched or brased ferocious smile, and he supposes it the image of a and hardened at the points with steel; the doing slave, who, while sharpening his knife, overhears of which seems to have been the business of the some plan of a conspiracy; perhaps that of arrow-smith. Vindex, who discovered the conspiracy of the ARROWSMITH (Aaron), hydrographer to sons of Brutus; or of Milichus, who informed his majesty, an individual of high celebrity, as Nero of the projects of his master Scevinus and a constructor of maps and charts. His many the Pisos against him.

valuable works, frequently adverted to as standARROUX, a river of France in the depart- ards for comparison and reference, sufficiently ment of Cote d'Or, which passes through Au- attest the extent of his researches and the general tun, and falls into the Loire, between Bourbon accuracy of his observations. He published a Lancy and Digoin.

New General Atlas, 4to. 1817, to accompany the AR'ROW Ang.-Sax. arwe, from arwian,

Edinburgh Gazetteer, and also a vast number of Arírowy. S to prepare. The pointed weapon maps and charts of the world and of various

} of any material prepared to be shot from a bow. regions, many of which are noticed with appro

bation in the catalogue at the end of Pinkerton's I swear to thee by Cupid's strongest bow,

Geography. He was also the author of a pamBy his best arrow with the golden head.

Shakspeare. phlet, entitled, A Companion to a Map of the

. He saw them, in their forms of battle ranged;

World, containing much useful information. How quick they wheel'd, and flying behind them shot ARS, Latin, from apos, utility, Greek. Art. Sharp sleet of arrowy show'r against the face The word is often conjoined with adjectives exOf their pursuers, and o'ercame by flight. Milton. pressing particular, real, or pretended arts ;

For this day will pour down,
If I conjecture aught, no drizzling show'r,

Ars Notoria, a pretended manner of acquiring
But rattling storm of arrows barb’d with fire. sciences by infusion, without any application,

Id. except fasting, and performing certain ceremoHere were boys so desperately resolved, as to pull nies. This art was condemned by the Sorbonne, arrows out of their flesh, and deliver them, to be shot A. D. 1320. again, by the archers on their side. Hayward. ARS THESSALICA, the Thessalian art, is used by

Mean time the virgin huntress was not slow ancient writers for a species of magic, whereby To expel the shaft from her contracted bow; it was pretended they could draw the moon and Beneath his ear the fastened arrow stood,

stars out of heaven! It was denominated ThesAnd from the wound appear'd the trickling blood. salian from its supposed inventors, the people

Dryden's Fables. of Thessaly.
Say, írom what golden quivers of the sky,

ARSACES I., king of Parthia, was a man of
Do all thy winged arrows fly?

obscure origin, who, upon seeing Seleucus deSwiftness and power by birth are thine,

feated by the Gauls, invaded Parthia, and From thy great sire they came, thy sire the word conquered the governor of the province called divine.


Andragoras, and laid the foundations of an ARROW, in fortification, is a work placed at empire, 250 years B.C. He added the kingdom thie salient angles of the glacis and consists of of the Hyrcani to his newly acquired possessions, two parapets, each forty toises long. This work and spent his time in establishing his power, has a communication with the covert way, of and regulating the laws. He reigned thirty-eight

such as,

years, and was killed in battle against Ariarathes Arsenals are also appropriated to naval turniIV. king of Cappadocia

ture and equipments. In an arsenal of conseARSACES II., son of the preceding, succeeded quence, all the proper departments connected his father on the throne of Parthia. He main- with the artillery service are provided with tained a powerful opposition to Antiochus the suitable buildings and accommodations appliGreat; and it seems probable this is the king of cable to their particular branches ; such as the Parthia spoken of in the first book of Maccabees, foundry, for casting of brass ordnance; the carxiv. 2, who considerably enlarged the kingdom riage department, which includes the wheelers, of Parthia, by his good conduct and valor. See carpenters, and smiths; the laboratory, for Parthia. He was succeeded by his son Arsaces making up and preparing all kinds of ammunition; Priapatius.

as well as all other departments requisite, acArsaces Tiranus, king of Armenia, was cording to the extent of the arsenal. treacherously made captive by Sapor king of The Royal ARSENAL at Woolwich is where Persia, who ordered him to be bound with silver stores, &c. belonging to the royal artillery are chains, after which he was confined in a prison deposited. It was formerly called the warren. at Ecbatana, in which he died A. A.C. 1632 ; ARSAMATIAS, in ancient geography, a river and Armenia then became a province of Persia. of Armenia, over which the Parthians compelledi

ARSAMAS, a town of Russia, in the territory the Romans to build for them a bridge. Lipsius of Morduates, seated on the river Mockcha-reca, has without sufficient reason, corrected the text on the road to Astracan, 500 miles south by east of Tacitus, and called it Arsanias. from Moscow, and 500 north by west from As- ARSANE, a town of Palestine, in which Asa, tracan. At this place Gen. Dolgorucki punished king of Israel was buried, according to Josephus. the rebellious Cossacks

ARSANIAS, ARSEN, a river of Asia, which ARSCHIN, a long measure used in China to had its source in the mountains east of the Eumeasure stuffs ; of the same length with the phrates, and passing through a small lake, traDutch ell, which is 2 feet 11 lines. Four arschins versed the south-west between the mountains, make three yards English.

passed by Arsamosata, and discharged itself into ARSELLA, in botany, a name given by some the Euphrates to the south-west of that city, of the Greek writers to the argemone, a kind of Pliny, Dion, Plutarch, and Tacitus, mention this wild poppy; and by others to the common river; and the latter says, that it ran between agrimony.

Tigranocerta and Artaxata. AR'SENAL. Ital. arsenale, perhaps from ARSARATHA, a town of Asia, in Armenia arce navale. An armory, a depot of military or Major. naval stores.

ARSE VERSE, in antiquity, a term or formula Walled towns, stored arsenals, and armories ; goodly inscribed on doors to prevent fire. It is said to races of horse, chariots of war, elephants, ordnance, be of Tuscan origin, where the word arse siguiartillery, and the like. All this is but a sheep in a fies avert, and verse, fire. lion's skin, except the breed and disposition of the

ARSEMINI, in geography, a town of the people be stout and warlike.

Lord Bacon's Essays.

island of Sardinia, seven miles south-west of I would have a room for the old Roman instru

Cagliari. ments of war, where you might see all the ancient

ARSEN, in ancient geography, a river of the military furniture, as it might have been in an arsenal western part of Arcadia, which ran from the of old Rome.

Addison. north-east to the south-west, and discharged xARSENAL. Th arsenal of Venice, the place self into the river Ladon. where galleys were built and laid up. The ARSENA, a naine given by Strabo to the lake arsenal of Paris, that where the cannon or great Arethusa, in Armenia Major. guns were cast; having this inscription over the ARSENARIA, in ancient geography, a Rogate :

man colony of Africa, in Mauritiana Cæsaries Ætna hæc Henrico Vulcania tela ministrat, sis. This town was an episcopal see. It corTela Gigantæos debellatura furores.

responds to the modern Arzew.


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