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THE KING'S PROPOSITIONS.
THE King is persuaded that if the intentions of his Royal Highness, as to the submissions to be made to his Majesty, are such as ought to be expected from a good son, the Prince will not fail to agree to the following articles :
I. Not to take any person into his service, but with the King's approbation, nor to entertain in his family such persons as are disagreeable to his Majesty.
II. Not to hold any correspondence with such as the King shall cause to be declared to him to be disagreeable to his Majesty.
III. To use in a decent man
THE PRINCE'S REPLIES. The Prince's verbal replies communicated by the Speaker of the House of Commons to the Baron de Bernsdorff (and by him to the King).
I. That with regard to the first Article, he does not presume to take any person into his service without first having informed the King, and if his Majesty had any good objection against such person or persons he would name others. But that his Royal Highness would not, in respect to this first Article, in any manner be willing to admit simple (unexplained) objections, namely, that such or such person is disagreeable to the King.
II. With regard to this second Article the Prince says, that he has never maintained any correspondence with any one who was not affectionately disposed towards the King and his family, and never would maintain any with others. But that the word disagreeable was so general that he did know in what manner to understand it.
III. That he replied to the
ner the King's ministers and third Article, that he had always
IV. To pay the civilities that are requisite to the Dukes of Newcastle and Roxburgh.
V. It being the King's undoubted right to appoint for his grandchildren (as being children of the Crown of Great Britain) such governors and governesses, and other servants, as He shall judge necessary; as also to settle and order, as He shall think fit, all that concerns the said children, the Prince his son will therein comply with the pleasure of the King his father.
treated in a decent manner the ministers and servants of the King, excepting those who had offended his Royal Highness in such delicate points as are familiar to all the world.
IV. That with regard to the fourth Article the Prince says, that he had already acquitted himself of his duty in the matter of the Duke of Newcastle, and that with respect to the Duke of Roxburgh he never had any intention of offending him.
V. That the fifth Article had appeared severer to the Prince than the preceding message from the King, since in that the sum had been fixed, and the Prince then knew what to depend upon; whereas, under pretext of his having accepted this fifth Article, fifty or sixty thousand pounds a year might be demanded of him, and even all he has be taken away.
CRAGGS TO MR. WORSLEY.
Whitehall, 18th March, 1717-18.
Mr. Addison having humbly represented to the King, that the bad state of his health will not permit him to attend the business of his office, as Secretary of State, his Majesty has been pleased to honour me with the seals, and has assigned to my care the affairs of the southern province; I take the first opportunity of acquainting you therewith, that you may please to transmit to me, from time to time, such advices as you shall judge to be for his Majesty's service; and according as I shall receive his Majesty's directions upon them, I will not fail to communicate the same to you. As this will give me the pleasure of corresponding with you, I shall be extremely glad, if it may, at the same time, furnish me with occasions of being useful in anything relating to your own particular.
I am, very sincerely, sir,
ADDISON TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE JAMES CRAGGS, ESQ., HIS MAJESTY'S PRINCIPAL SECRETARY OF STATE.1
June 4th, 1719.
I cannot wish that any of my writings should last longer than the memory of our friendship, and therefore I thus publicly bequeath them to you, in return for the many valuable instances of your affection.
That they may come to you with as little disadvantage as possible, I have left the care of them to one whom, by the experience of some years, I know well qualified to answer my intentions. He has already the honour and happiness of being under your protection, and, as he will very much stand in need of it, I cannot wish him better than that he may continue to deserve the favour and countenance of such a patron.
I have no time to lay out in forming such compliments as would but ill suit that familiarity between us which was once my greatest pleasure and will be my greatest honour hereafter. Instead of them, accept of my hearty wishes, that the great reputation you have acquired so early may increase more and more, and that you may long serve your country with those excellent talents, and unblemished integrity, which have so powerfully recommended you to the most gracious and amiable monarch that ever filled a throne. May the frankness and generosity of your spirit continue to soften and subdue your enemies, and gain you many friends, if possible as sincere as yourself. When you have found such, they cannot wish you more true happiness than 1, who am, with the greatest zeal,
Dear sir, your most affectionate friend,
DEATH OF ADDISON.
Extract from the Chronological Diary of the Historical Register for the year 1719.
JUNE the 17th, died Joseph Addison, Esq.; he was son of Dr. Lancelot Addison, Dean of Lichfield; and being educated
This letter was originally prefixed to his Dialogue on Medals, first published after his death in 1719. It will be found in our vol. i. at the commencement, but as it essentially belongs here, as being probably the last which Addison wrote, we repeat it.
at the Charter-House School, was sent from thence to the University of Oxford, where he finished his studies in Magdalen College. He became first known to the world by the excellency of his Latin Poems, which he published in the Musæ Anglicanæ, and dedicated to Charles Montague, Earl of Halifax, who together with the Lord Somers, then Lord Keeper, (to whom he inscribed the first piece he published in English, viz. a Poem to His Majesty King William III., on the taking of Namur, in the year 1695,) recommended him to that Prince, who gave him a pension of £300 per annum, and sent him to travel. At his return from his travels, he was made Commissioner of Appeals in the Excise; afterwards he was Under-Secretary to two Secretaries of State, and Secretary of State himself in Ireland under two Lord-Lieutenants. Upon the death of Queen Anne he was made Secretary to the Regency, after that one of the Lords Commissioners for Trade and Plantations, and then advanced to be one of the Principal Secretaries of State to King George; which office, by reason of his ill state of health, he was obliged to resign some time before his death. In 1718, March 18, a pension of £1500 per annum was settled on him. He married Charlotte, daughter of Sir Thomas Middleton, of Chirk Castle in the county of Denbigh, Bart., and relict of Edward Rich, Earl of Warwick, by whom he left issue only one daughter. The asthmatic disorder, to which he had been long subject, now terminated in a dropsy; and it became evident to himself, and to all around him, that the hour of his dissolution could not be far distant. The deathbed of Addison was the triumph of religion and virtue. Reposing on the merits of his Redeemer, and conscious of a life well spent in the service of his fellow-creatures, he waited with tranquillity and resignation the moment of departure. The dying accents of the virtuous man have frequently, when other means have failed, produced the happiest effect; and Addison, anxious that a scene so awful might make its due impression, demanded the attendance of his son-in-law, Lord Warwick. This young nobleman was amiable, but dissipated; and Addison, for whom he still retained a high respect, had often, though in vain, endeavoured to correct his principles, and to curb the impetuosity of his passions. He now required his attendance to behold the reward of him who had obeyed his GOD. "He came," says Dr. Young,
who first related this affecting circumstance, "but life now glimmering in the socket, the dying friend was silent: after a decent and proper pause, the youth said, 'Dear Sir, you sent for me; I believe, I hope that you have some commands; I shall hold them most sacred.' May distant ages not only hear, but feel the reply! Forcibly grasping the youth's hand, he softly said, 'See in what peace a Christian can die.' He spoke with difficulty, and soon expired."1
A TRUE COPY OF THE LAST WILL AND TESTAMENT
IN the name of God Amen. I Joseph Addison now of the parish of Kensington in the county of Middlesex Esq. being of sound and disposing mind and memory yet considering the uncertainty of this mortal life do think it necessary to make and ordain this my last will and testament which is as followeth.
Imprimis I give and bequeath unto my dear and loving wife the Countess of Warwick and Holland her heirs executors and assigns all and singular my real and personal estate whatsoever and wheresoever of which I am now seized or possessed or entitled unto upon this condition that my said dear wife shall out of my said estates pay within half a year after my decease the sum of five hundred pounds to my sister Mrs. Combes and the yearly sum of fifty pounds to my mother now living at Coventry during her life by half yearly payments (viz.) at Michaelmas and Lady day the first of the said payments to be made at the first of the said Feasts that shall happen next after my decease and I do make and ordain my said dear wife executrix of this my last will and I do also appoint her to be guardian of my dear child Charlotte Addison, until she shall attain her age of one and twenty, being well assured that she will take due care of her education and maintenance and provide for her in case she live to be married.
Item I do hereby revoke all former wills by me made In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this fourteenth day of May in the fifth year of our Sovereign Lord King George and in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and nineteen. J. ADDISON.
1 See Young on Original Composition, Works, v. 179, edit. 1767.