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Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1846,

By HARPER & BROTHERS, In the Clerk's Office of the Southern District of New York.

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SOUTH OF THE OHIO RIVER.- -A.D. 1770 To 1810.

Argumenl.-Condition of the frontier Settlements of western Pennsylvania and Vir.

ginia. — Characteristic Traits of the Pioneers generally. – Manners and Customs :

1. Costume of the Hunters: the Hunting-shirt; Pantaloons; Breech-cloth and Leg.

gins ; Moccasin. — 2. Habitation : the Log Cabin ; its Location; internal Appear.

ance.—3. Employments: the respective Duties of Man and Wife.—4. Diet: Meats ;

wild Game ; Bread; Pone; Journey-cake; Hog and Hommony; Substitutes for Tea

and Coffee.-5. Settlement Rights: Nature and Extent; tomahawk Improvements.

-6. Fort, or Station : Form and Construction; its Location and Use; Stations in

Kentucky.—7. Hunters : Science of Hunting; a hunting Camp; Game; Hides ; Pel.

tries.—8. Caravans : annual Trips to Baltimore and Frederic; Equipment of Cara-

van; solitary Route across the Mountains ; Order of March ; Fare.-9. The moral

Sense : state of Morals; natural Honesty and Sense of Honor the supreme Law;

force of Public Opinion ; "Lynch Law;" “Regulators.”—10. Social Virtues : Hos-

pitality; Sociality ; Conviviality; a marriage Party; Sports and Amusements.—11.

Boatmen : general Character; Costume; Habits; peculiar Traits of Character.–12.

National Character : Diversity of People and Languages blended; Peculiarities of

Feelings and Habits neutralized; Influence of free Government upon the Enterprise

and moral Character.—13. Religious Trails : Religion disconnected with civil Pow.

er; Ministers dependent for Support upon their own Merit; religious “Awakenings,"

or "Revivals," in the West ; “ Camp-meeting" Scene; Origin of Camp Meetings in

Kentucky and Tennessee; Camp Meeting at Cane Ridge; at Desba's Creek; at

Cabin Creek; astonishing Influence of sylvan Preaching, and the attendant Circum-

stances; extraordinary Conversions; Disturbance of mental and nervous Systems

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the Frontier.-— Their cautious and destructie Movements.-Renegade white Men

associated with Indians.

Indian Implements of War.-The Rif--The Scalping-knife.- Tomahawk.–Battle-

ax.-War-club.—Declaration of W-

-Torture.-Running the Gantlet.- Torture at

the Stake by Fire.

Eminent Pioneers of Kentucky.-1. Daniel Boone.--His Nativity and early Habits.--

Personal Traits of Character. His first Acquaintance with Kentucky in 1769 and

1771.--At Watauga in 1950.-Opens a Road from Holston to Kentucky River.-

Captain at Boonesborough until 1778.–Captured by Indians at Blue Licks. His

Captivity and Escape.--An active Defender of Kentucky until 1783.-Abandons

Kentucky in 1800.-Settles in Missouri.--His Remains and those of his Wife re-

moved to Kentucky in 1845.—2. Simon Kenton.-His Character as a fearless Pio-

neer.—Nativity and Early Habits.—Youthful Indiscretion and subsequent Hardships.

-A Hunter in Kentucky.-- A Hunter in Western Virginia.-Attached to Dunmore's

Army.-Becomes “a Hunter of Kentucky.”—His personal Appearance at the Age

of twenty-one Years.—His benevolent Disposition.-Attached to Kentucky Stations.

-Accompanies Colonel Clark to Kaskaskia.—Returns to Harrod's Station.— Visits

the Paint Creek Towns.-Captured by Indians.-Wild Horse Torture.--Divers Tor-

tures and Punishments suffered during his Captivity.--Sold in Detroit.-Escapes to

Kentucky.-Serves under Colonel Clark in 1780 and 1782.-An active partisan War.

rior until 1792.—Encounters Tecumseh.-Serves in Wayne's Army.- Abandons Ken-

tucky in 1802.—Removes to Ohio.-Serves under Colonel Shelby in 1813.—Died in

1836.—3. Robert Patterson.—Nativity, early Life, and Habits.-Serves in Dunmore's

Army.-A prominent Pioneer of Kentucky in 1776.-Erects a Station on the Site of

Lexington in 1779.–Active Defender of Kentucky during the Indian War.–4. Ma-

jor George Rogers Clark.—His early frontier Services.—His Character and Military

Genius.-Superintends the Defense of Kentucky from 1776 to 1782.—Reduction of

British Posts in 1778, 1779

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Argument.-Retrospect of the frontier Settlements of Western Virginia, Pennsylva-

nia, North Carolina, and Kentucky in 1776.--Check to these Settlements by hostile

Cherokees.-Cherokee War.—Three-fold Invasion of Cherokee Country:—" Treaty of
Dewett's Corner."-" Treaty of Long Island," on Holston.-Cherokees retire from

ceded Territory.-Hostilities of Northwestern Tribes.-Kentucky Stations supplied

with Powder by Major Clark.—Posts on the Ohio.-Attack on M'Clellan's Station,

December, 1776.-Hostilities in West Augusta. — County of Kentucky erected.--

Militia Organization in 1777.—District of West Augusta divided into three Counties.

-Ohio County organized.-Settlements in West Augusta.—The Indians attack Har-

rod's Station; also, Logan's Fort and Boonesborough.-Militia organization in Ohio

County.-Memorable Siege of Boonesborough from July 4th to September. - Captain

Logan's Re-enforcement from North Carolina.-Colonel John Bowman's Re-enforce.

ment.--County of Kentucky organized.—Militia Organization.—Extent of Kentucky

County.-Colonel Henderson indemnified for Loss of Transylvania.—Indian Hostili.

ties near the Ohio.-Cornstalk, Ellinipsico, and Red Hawk killed at Point Pleasant.

-Condition of Wheeling Fort.—"Fort Henry.”—Situation and Importance of this

Fort.-Attacked by four hundred Indians under Simon Girty.-Loss of the Garrison

near the Fort.— Incidents of Indian Warfare.—Major M'Cullock.-Captain Mason.-

Major Clark plans the Reduction of Kaskaskia.—The Expedition proceeds from “ the

Falls."-Surprise and Capture of Kaskaskia and “Fort Gage."-Suspension of Civil

Government in West Augusta.-Martial Law suspended.-Courts organized.- At-

torneys and Attorney-general.- Daniel Boone and twenty-seven Men captured at




Argument.-Severe Winter of 1780–81.—Scarcity in Kentucky.—Kentucky divided into

three Counties.- Indian Hostilities on Bear-grass Creek.- Attack on Boone's and

M'Afee's Stations. — Indians contemplate utter Destruction of Kentucky Settle-

ments.—Chickasås attack Fort Jefferson in 1780.—Counties of Kentucky organized.

-General Clark's gun-boat Defense on the Ohio River.-Abundant Crops of 1781.

-Indian Hostilities renewed in the Spring of 1782.-Estill's Defeat.-Last Survivor

uf bis Party.—Indian Hostilities continued.—Laherty's Defeat.-Indian Invasion, un-

der Simon Girty, on Bryant's Station.—Disastrous Battle of Blue Licks.-Colonel Lo.

gan buries the Dead. Upper Ohio.-Settlements of West Augusta harassed.-

Wheeling Campaign against the Moravian Towns.-Horrible Massacre of peaceable

Indians.-Former Position of the Moravian Towns.-Previous Admonitions neglected.

-Disastrous Campaign against Moravians on Sandusky.-Colonel Crawford and Dr.

Knight captured. - Execution and horrid Torture of Colonel Crawford. -- Britisha

Agency the Source of Indian Hostilities.- Attack on Wheeling Fort, and on Rice's

Fort. Loroer Ohio.-General Clark invades the Indian Country in 1782.- Effects of

this Invasion.-Domestic Prosperity of Kentucky.-Settlements extend North of

Licking.–Flood of Emigration sets into Kentucky.—The “ District of Kentucky" or-

ganized.-Peace with Great Britain announced.-Extent of the Kentucky Settle-

ments in 1783.- Population and Moral Condition of the Settlements.-Settlements

extend North of Licking River in 1784–85.-Settlements in Western Virginia . 119

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