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Thus was the executive, the government, and the nation outraged by this enthusiastic zealot of the French Republic. * * Pause reader and reflect, what would have become the fate of America at this time, under the old confederation; or even under the new, with a weak executive 2 and acknowledge the hand of God in thus preserving the vine he had planted. At this time certain societies sprang up in America, bearing the political stamp of the Jacobin societies in France, and assumed a dictatorial stile in the politics of the nation. Assurances from these societies led Mr. Genet to believe, that if he persevered in his appeals to the people, against the government, the people would finally support him, and do justice to France. To pursue the overt acts of outrage against the executive, as well as the measures of the government, by this diplomatic disciple of liberty and equality, and shew how he meditated war against Florida and Louisiana, by raising troops in Georgia, and Kentucky, without the knowledge and consent of the United States, and in defiance to the government, as well as existing treaties, would exceed the limits of this work, as well as the patience of every true American; suffice it to say, that when the dignified patience of the president had become exhausted, he demanded of the French government, that Mr.Genet should be recalled; and he was recalled. Mr. Genet was succeeded by Mr. Adet, and at the same time Mr. Monroe was sent out to France, to succeed Mr. Morris recalled. On the 1st of December, Congress met at Philadelphia, agreeable to adjournment; notwithstanding the yellow fever had not wholly subsided,” and on the 4th the president delivered his speech to both houses. This speech

*This malignant disease had raged like the plague through the autumn. *

gave a dignified, and luminous display of the political state of the nation; was cordially received, and as cordially answered by both houses. Early in the session, the secretary of the treasury, (agreeable to a resolution of the house passed in February 1791,) presented a luminous and dignified report upon the commercial state of the nation, with his views, and advice thereon, &c. On the 30th the secretary presented an additional report, which was occasioned by certain regulations of a commercial nature on the part of France, towards the West-India trade, &c. both of which were highly acceptable, and did honor to the department; and with this official act, the secretary, agreeable to previous notice, resigned, and was succeeded by Edmund Randoph, Esq. January 1794. o The limits of this work will not permit me to notice the resolutions brought forward by Mr. Madison, upon this report, nor the long and interesting discussion that followed upon the subject. • * In the midst of this commercial strife, the state of Algiers began her depredations upon the commerce of the United States, and captured eleven sail of her merchantmen. This when communicated to Congress by the executive, led to the following resolution. * * - so “Resolved, that a naval force, adequate to the protec. tion of the commerce of the United States against the Algerine corsairs, ought to be provided.” * This bill opened again a torrent of debate, and let loose all the violence of party jealousy, and party strife, in the sharp conflict of wordy war. - The bill finally passed by a majority of 11 only, to authorise the building of six frigates, four of 44, and two of

32 guns each. And received the assent of the president. At this time the depredations of Great-Britain became so serious upon American commerce, under sanction of her commercial decrees, that Congress authorised the president to lay an embargo, which was accordingly done; and on the 16th of April following, the president nomina. ted Mr. Jay as envoy extraordinary, to negociate a commercial treaty with the court of Great-Britain. The recommendation was finally approved, and Mr. Jay, agreeable to appointment, proceeded to the court of London, where he negociated a commercial treaty, agreeable to his instructions. Pending this negociation an attempt was made to adjust the differences with the hostile Indians by a treaty, which was spun out through the summer and into autumn, so far as to prevent Gen. Wayne from attempting any serious operations. He accordingly advanced to Greenville, and erected a fort upon the ground where the Americans were defeated in 1791, and called it Fort Recovery. Here he fixed his winter quarters. At the same time a detachment from the garrison of Detroit erected a fort upon the Miami of the Lake, 50 miles within the limits of the United States, which gave great excitement, and occasioned sharp remonstrances from the American government. Gen. Wayne pushed his preparations to commence the operations of the campaign early ; but such were the unavoidable delays, in furnishing the necessary supplies, that he could not take the field before midsummer. About the first of August, Gen. Wayne advanced upon the banks of the Miami of the Lake, to the distance of thirty miles from the British Fort, where he was joined by Gen. Scott, at the head of eleven hundred Kentucky militia. Wol. III. 51

Gen. Wayne made one more effort to settle a peace with the Indians, by inviting them to meet him by a deputation for that purpose, but without effect ; and on the 15th, Gen. Wayne advanced down the Miami, until he reached the rapids; here his advance guard under the command of Marjor Price was surprised by an Indian ambuscade. Major Priče advanced upon the enemy with trailed arms, and at the point of the bayonet roused him from his govert. At the same time Gen. Wayne ordered Capt. Campbell, at the head of his legion, to charge home upon the enemy’s left flank, and Gen. Scott with his militia, to turn their right; all which was executed so promptly, that the enemy were instantly routed, put to flight, and pursued under the guns of the British fort. Gen. Wayne checked the pursuit, encamped upon the Miami, near to the field of action, and proceeded to destroy the villages, corn-fields, &c. and even the stores of Col. McKee, the noted Indian trader, from Canada ; all which opened a sharp correspondence between General Wayne and Major Campbell, commandant of the fort. General Wayne returned by easy marches to his former station ; but laid waste the Indian villages, and corn-fields,to the extent of 50 miles on each side of the river, and erected forts to secure the conquest, and keep the Indians quiet. General Wayne lost in this action 107 killed, wounded, and missing; among the former was Capt. Campbell, at the head of the cavalry; and Lt. Towles of the infantry, brave officers, whose loss was greatly lamented. General Wayne with his brave officers and soldiers, gained great honor, for that prompt and energetic courage they displayed, both in the action, and throughout the expedition; and merited as they received, the applause of the government, and the nation. The treaty of Greenville was the result of this victory. At this eventful moment, the whiskey boys in the back parts of Pennsylvania, whose opposition to the excise has been noticed, resisted the execution of the excise law by force of arms, and a general insurrection took place. * When these proceedings reached the executive, he call'ed on the judge of the district to certify, “that the laws of the United States had been opposed by combinations too powerful to be suppressed by the ordinary course of judicial proceedings, or by the powers vested in the marshals.” Which certificate authorised the president to call out the militia of the United States to quell the insurrection. The regular preliminary thus being settled, the president consulted his cabinet council, together with the governor of Pennsylvania, and then issued his proclamation, commanding the insurgents to disperse, and retire peaceably to their several abodes, before the first day of September next. At the same time the president made a requisition upon the state of New-Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, and Virginia, for their several quotas of militia, to raise an army of twelve thousand, to be ready at a minute's warning, to march into the back counties of Pennsylvania, and quell the insurrection. In the mean time the president dispatched an embassy into these counties, consisting of the attorney-general, Judge Yates, and Mr. Ross, a senator of Pennsylvania, to seceive the submissions, and grant amnesty to all such as should lay down their arms, and submit to the laws. Governor Mifflin also issued a proclamation, and sent commissioners to co-operate with those of the government; but all to no effect; the insurrection went forward,

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