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Further Arrangements—Lord Chatham regrets the loss of Lord Temple—Seized with the Gout at Bath, and at Mar [borough—Comes to Hampjiead —Another Change meditated—General Conway 'wipes to resign—Lord Northington wishes to resign—King's Message to Lord Chatham—Duke of Newcastle is very anxious to preserve the Union of the Opposition—Application to Lord Rockingham— Declaration of the Duke of Bedford—Declaration of the Duke of Newcastle-r-Conference at Newcastle House—Breaks off-—Importance of the Minister of the House of Commons—America the true cause—Second Conference at Newcastle House— Anecdotes of Mr. Lownds's Tickets, and of the Judges' Tickets—Lord Rockingham waits on the King—Lord Holland advises the King.
IT H a view to detach some os the Duke Chap. of Bedford's friends from his Grace's interest,XXXIir* Lord Chatham, in ten days after the preceding"^"7^66^ negotiation was closed, gave the same peerage y rth to the Marquis of Lome which he had resused arrangeto the request of the Duke: And at the samement8time Mr. Nugent, who was placed at the head of the board of trade, was created Lord Clare. But the American business, usually managed and transacted at that board, was transserred to the
Chap, office of the southern secretary of state; and the XXXIII. board itself was reduced to the state of a board 1766^ of reserence only. As soon as Lord Chatham had made this alteration, and a few other lesser arrangements, he went into Somersetshire.
Although the vacant offices were silled, yet he was far from being satisfied with the choice he had been obliged to muke of several of the individuals, or with the union he had been obligLord ed to accept. And he regretted, more than any Chatham other circumstance, the loss of his brother, Lord IcXaf1 Tmple, because he selt that loss more and more Lord every day—He now selt the loss of a repository Temple. 0f njs confidence—the solace of his hours of affliction. Grief, vexation, and disappointment, preyed upon his nerves; which, though in early lise, naturally strong, were now become weak by age and infirmity. His peerage had diminished his popularity. A considerable part of hjs ministry consisted of men who had been appointed through necessity, not through choice; and this circumstance being notorious to those whom he had selected in the first instance, inspired them with a spirit of envy and ambition, to become the rivals of his situation and power. He was agitated by contending passions—a mind sometimes vigorous, and often depressed—his body tortured by pain, and imprisoned by in
wkh^he firrmtv—ne 'nt0 a Paroxysm of the gout at gout at Bath, which seemed to threaten his extinction. Bath. In the month of February 1767, he attempted M67- to return to London, but was unable to proceed 'further further than Marlborough, where he lay until Chap. March, and then finished his journey. He re- XXXI11tired to a house he had hired at Hampstead; ^"7^^ but was in so feeble a slate, he could not attend to any public business. He remained at Hampstead some time, having fold his estate at r0Ugh. Hayes, in Kent. The air of Hampstead was too sharp for his disorder—that of Hayes he thought to suited him better; therefore he wished to re-stead, possess his former habitation; which being made known to Mr. Walpole, the purchaser, he very politely giatified his Lordship, notwithstanding he had bought the place for his own residence.
During his absence, Mr. Townfbend in some degree assumed the reins of government. He supposed Lord Chatham's state of health to be such as would totally and for ever preclude his return to public business. He therefore medi- Another tated the accomplishment of some alliances, with change a view of forming another administration for therae ' a establishment of his own power. In this project he was joined by General Conway. They cultivated a favourable understanding with Lord Rockingham. Their first object was the removal os the Duke of Grafton; but Lord Chatham arriving in the vicinity of London, the design was abandoned, and the Duke and Mr. Townjhend became reconciled.*
During Lord Chatham's slay at Hampstead, the King sent frequent messages to him, desiring him not to be concerned at his confinement or ab
• They had dissered upon the affaire of India.
Chap, sence from public business; for that he sthe XXXIII • v.—^.J King] was resolved to support him.
1767. -j-" Early in the month of June, General General Conway declared to several of his friends, that he Conway foa(j resolved to resign his office of secretary of resign. state; because his situation was of late become very difagreeable to him, not only from having been frequently over-ruled in his opinions respecting measures, but from his being sensible that he was acting in opposition to his friends, and particularly to those friends with whom he anxiously wished to be reunited. And he made the same declaration, or something not very unlike it, to the King; but at the fame time faid, he would stay till a successor was appointed. In consequence of this declaration, he ceased to transact any business in his office, and circular letters were sent to the ambassadors for four weeks together, signifying that he was out of employment. Lord Towards the end of June, Lord Norihington
Northing- decided t0 tne Yav\% his resolution to resign, on
ton wishes, . a o ' "*".
to resign, account of his ill state of health, and real inability to attend the public business; and advised the King to send for the Duke of Bedford, Lord T'ernple, and Mr. Grenville, whom he had before publicly declared were equal to their offices.
This, though an expected event, bore no relation to the preceding declaration of Mr. Con>way, nor were the two persons in the smallest degree connected.
f From the Political Register, (with several corrections and additions) vol. I. page 201.
A few days after the rising of parliament, Chap. which was on the z& of July, the King wrote a letteT with his own hand to Lord 'Chatbam, who 1767. lay sick at Hampstead, acquainting him of his King's resolution to make some alterations in his ser- message to vants, and desiring his assistance or advice. Lord Chatham. -Chatham returned a verbal answer to this effect, 4* That such was his ill state of health, that his Majesty must hot 6xpect from him any further advice or assistance, in any arrrangement whatever."
""it being now certain, that application must be Duke of 'made to some part of the opposition, the Duke ^^ca-s" of Newcastle, who dreaded nothing so much as a topreserve division of them, and therefore had for some the un'on time strongly recommended a firm union among pof,t^,nF" them, against the secret designs of the savourite; .whom, he suspected, would repeat his old trick of dividing them. His Grace conversed with the friends of all the leaders in the opposition; and pressed,'with particular assiduity and extraordinary ardour, the great and indispensible necessity of a saithsul and steady adherence to each other! He shewed the advantages which must result from such an union, and exhibited the wretched and ruined situation into which any part of them must inevitably sall, if they suffered themselves to be seduced from their friends. His Grace took infinite pains to unite the housesof Rufsel and Wentworth; lest, by the secret , machinations of the savourite, (against whose pernicious influence no administration had hitherto been able to stand, the moment he chose to become