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the Protester, (printed in small folio, like the <JHAf.
North Briton, Auditor, &c. and which seems to
designs in such ministers: That, it being notorious that books*, inculcating the worst maxims of government, and desending the most avowed tyrannies, have been put into the hands of the Prince of Wales, it cannot but affect the memorialists with the most melancholy apprehensions, when they rind that the men who had the honesty and resolution to complain of such astonishing methods of instruction, are driven, away from court f, and the, men, who have dared to teach such doctrines, are continued in trust and savour* That the security of this government, being built on Whig principles; iS alone supported by Whig zeal That the establishment of the present Royal Family being settled in the timely overthrow of Queen Anne's last ministry, it cannot but alarm all true Whigs, to hear of schoolmasters of very contraty principles, being thought of for preceptors; and to see none but the Friends and pupils df the late Lord Bolingbroke entrusted with the education of a Prince* whose samily that Lord endeavoured, by his measures, to exclude, and by his writings to expel, from the throne of these kingdoms: That there,being great reason to believe, that a noble Lord has accused one of the
* Father Orleans's Revolution of the House pf Stuart.— Ramsay's Travels of Cyrus.—Sir Robert Filmer's Patriarch; and other book* inculcating the same principles.
f Alluding to the resignation of Lord Harcourt and Dr. Hayter, who were succeeded by Lord Waldegrave and Dr. Stone.
The following lines were were written under Dr. Hayter'd portrait, published at this time:
Not gentler virtues glow'd in Cambray's breast,
0 guard my royal pupil, Heaven! he said!
1 would have form'd his footsteps in thy way,
Vol. I. L preceptott
be the paper alluded to by Lord Melcomte, in hi£ ^ Diary, pp* 235 and 236,) number sifteen, Sep1753. tember 8, 1753, after faving a good deal about Sione, are these words, "And whatever may be the misgivings and repinings of those who expreceptors of Jacobitism, it is astonishing that no notice has been taken of a complaint of so high a nature; on the contrary, the accused person continues in the same trust, without any enquiry into the grounds of the charge, or any step taken by the accused to purge himself of a crime of so black a dye: That no satissaction being given to the governor and preceptor, one ,of whom, though a nuDkman of the most unblemished honour, and the other a prelate of the most unbiassed virtue, who have both been treated in the grossest terms of abuse, by a menial servant of the samily; it is derogatory to his Majesty's authority, under which they acted; is an affront to the peer-* age, and an outrage to the dignity of the church. That whoever advised the resusal of an audience to the Bishop of Norwich, who was so justly alarmed at the wrong methods which he saw taken in the education of the Prince of Wales, is an enemy to this country, and can only mean, at least, to govern by a saction, or is himself influenced by a more dangeroNS faction, which intends to overthrow the government, and restore that of the exiled and arbitrary House of Stuart. That to have a Scotchman [Murray^ of a most dissaffected samily, aud allied in the nearest manner, to the Pretender's first minister, consulted in the education of the Prince of Wales, and intrusted with the most important secrets of government, must tend to alarm and disgust the friends of the present Royal Family, and to encourage the hopes and attempts of the ja-> cobites. Lastly, the Memorialists cannot help remarking, that the three or four low, dark, suspected persons, are the only men whose station is fixed and permanent; but that all the great offices and officers, are so constantly varied and shiifHed about, to the disgrace of this country, that the best affected persons apprehend, that there i3 a settled design in these low and suspected people, to infuse such jealousies, caprices, and sickleness into the two ministers, whose confidence they engross, as may render this government ridiculous and contemptible, and facilitate the revolution, which the memorialists think they have but too much reason to fear is meditating. '•
God Preserve The .king.
pected a kingdom of their own, and who now CV see,themselves for ever excluded. Those who . have the forming of the youth, have reason to i promise themselves a like ascendancy over the man."
This business being settled, Leicester-house went on as it pleased. _ Stone and Murray and Lord Bute, were, in perfect union; not indeed ostensibly, but confidentially. And in a very little time, (that is before the war broke out) Lord Bath paid his court to Lord Bute, and was admitted of his cabinet. From this time may be dated that unhappy and dangerous idea, which. Lord Bute had imbibed, of forming A double cabinet. He had it from Lord Bath, who told him, the official men ought never to be trusted with information of any measurei until it was given them to execute. They were theservantSt he said, of the executive power, not the power itself. This extraordinary doctrine will appear more fully, if the letters at Fonthill are printed; for Mr. Alderman Beck ford was one of those,) who at this time, paid their devoirs at Leicesterhouse.
After Stone and Murray had been acquitted by the privy council, very little attention Was paid to Leicester-house, or its concerns, by the Pelhams, ox their Whig friends. In a very sew years the ideas of A separate interest, and of a separate party, were become persectly visible at Leicesterhouse.
Sulsuliary Treaties with Hanover, Hesse and RuJJid —Payment to Russia refused—Duke of Newcastle sends Mr. Torke to Mr. Pitt—Mr. Fox offers to join Mr. Pitt—Debate on the subsidiary treaties—Mr* Pitt turned out—His hallances found in the Bank —she Duke's Ministry appointed—Further debate on the treaties—France menaces an invasion of Great Britain—Hessians and Hanoverians arrive in England—France takes Minorca-—Mr. Pitt and Mr. Fox explain the causes of that capture— Another cause—Convention with Prussia.
Chap. \J N the 15th of September, 1755, tne King
X11, returned from Hanover, with a subsidary treaty
I75S- nc nac* concluded with Hesse for 12,000 men,
for the desence of Hanovef or Great Britain.
Treaties Another treaty with Russia; which he had nego
w ?" tiated abroad, for 40,000 men for the desence
Hesse, and of Hanover, in case that Electorate should be Russia, invaded, was finished', aud signed at Kensington on the 30th of the same month.
In the month of October, a draft from Petersburgh, was presented to the British exchequer for ioo.oool. in consequence of the Ruffian treaty. Mr. Legge consulted Mr. Pitt. They
^iTss1 united in resusing payment, until the treaty had resused, been approved of by parliament.
While the King was at Hanover, the Duke of Chap; Newcastle received information of the negotia- ,Jz}~. tions carrying on there; and being sensible of 1755. the disapprobation with which the treaties with Hesse and Russia, would be received in England, he endeavoured, by negotiations at home, to strengthen his ministerial power. Of all his opponents, he reckoned Mr. Pitt the most formidable: to him, therefore, he sirst applied. He Mr.Yorke sent the Honourable Charles Torke to him, to g"toM* found him, as he called it. When Mr. Torke had opened his business, and began to make a tender of the Duke's sincere friendship for Mr. Pitt,
his Grace's unlimited considence in Mr.
Pitt slopped him short, and faid, "that as to friendship and confidence, there were none between them; if ever there had been any, they were now entirely destroyed: that he (Mr. Pitt) laboured under the King's displeasure, which the Duke of Newcastle ought to have removed; the Duke persectly knew, that the royal displeasure arose from misrepresentation, and until that proscription was taken off, he would enter into no converfation whatever, either with his Grace, or with any body from him."
Mr. Fox having been informed of this differ- Mr> Fox fence between the Duke of Newcastle and Mr. offers to Pitt, made a proposal to join Mr. Pitt against the.S" Mr* Duke of Newcastle. Mr. Pitt rejected the propofal. It is easy to see Mr. Pitt's motive for this. Mr. Pox was the savourite of the Duke of Cumberland; and his Royal Highness had differed