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to wait for my money a while. But those men in the good old times—ah! you remember, Charon, what fine fellows used to come here,-good warriers all, covered with blood and wounds, most of them! Now, 'tis either somebody who has been poisoned by his son or his wife, or with his limbs and carcass bloated by gluttony, pale spiritless wretches, all of them, not a whit like the others. Most of them come here owing to their attempts to overreach each other in money matters, it seems to
Menippus.—Then take me back to life again.
Charon.— Yes, a fine proposal—that I may get a whipping from Æacus for it.
Menippus.—Then don't bother.
Charon.--Show me what you've got in your scrip there.
Menippus.---Lentils, if you please, and a bit of sup. • per for Hecate.
Charon (turning to Mercury in despair).—Where on earth did you bring this dog of a cynic from, Mercury?--chattering, as he did, all the way across, cutting his jokes and laughing at the other passengers, and singing while they were all bemoaning themselves.
Mercury.--Didn't you know, Charon, who your passenger was? A most independent fellow, who cares for nobody. That's Menippus.
Charon (shaking his fist at him as he moves off).Well, let me only catch you again!
Menippus (looking back and laughing).-Ay, if you catch me; but 'tis hardly likely, my good friend, that you'll have me for a passenger twice.
Charon.-Why, money is certainly a very desirable thing.
Mercury.—Then don't think me unreasonable, if you please, if I look sharp after your little debt to
INCREASED LOVE OF LIFE WITH AGE.
MERCURY AND CHARON SQUARING ACCOUNTS.
Mercury.—Let us have a reckoning, if you please, Mr. Ferryman, of how much you owe me up to this present date, that we mayn't have a squabble here. after about the items.
Charon.—By all means, Mercury-nothing like being correct in such matters; it saves a world of unpleasantness.
Mercury. I supplied an anchor to your order twenty-five drachmæ.
Charon.—That's very dear.
Mercury.--I vow to Pluto I gave five for it. And a row-lock thong-two obols.
Charon.-Well, put down five drachmæ, and two obols.
Mercury. And a needle to mend the sail. Five obols I paid for that.
Charon.-Well, put that much down too.
Mercury.--Then, there's the wax for caulking the seams of the boat that were open, and nails, and a rope to make halyards of,--two drachmæ altogether.
Charon.-Ay; you bought those worth the money.
Mercury.—That's all, if I've not forgotten something in my account. And now, when do you propose to pay me?
Charon.—It's out of my power, Mercury, at this moment; but if a pestilence or a war should send people down here in considerable numbers, you can make a good thing of it then by a little cheating in the passage money.
Mercury. So I may go to sleep at present, and put up prayers for all kinds of horrible things to happen, that I may get my dues thereby?
Charon.-I've no other way of paying you, Mer. cury, indeed. At present, as you see, very few come our way. It's a time of peace, you know.
Mercury.-Well, so much the better, even if I have
Age, that lessens the enjoyment of life, increases our desire of living. Those dangers which, in the vigour of youth, we had learned to despise, assume new terrors as we grow old. Our caution increasing as our years increase, fear becomes at last the prevail. ing passion of the mind, and the small remainder of life is taken up in useless efforts to keep off our end, or provide for a continued existence.
Strange contradiction in our nature, and to which even the wise are liable! If I should judge of that part of life whch lies before me by that which I have already seen, the prospect is hideous. Experience tells me that my past enjoyments have brought no real felicity, and sensation assures me that those I have felt are stronger than those which are yet to
Yet experience and sensation in vain persuade; hope, more powerful than either, Jresses out the distant prospect in fancied beauty; some happi. ness in long perspective, still beckons me to pursue; and, like a losing gamester, every new disappointment increases my ardour to continue the game.
Whence, then, is this increased love of life, which grows upon us with our years? whence comes it, that we thus make greater efforts to preserve our existence at a period when it becomes scarce worth the keeping? Is it that nature, attentive to the preservation of mankind, increases our wishes to live, while she lessens our enjoyments; and, as she robs the senses of every pleasure, equips imagination in the spoil? Life would be insupportable to an old man who, loaded with infirmities, feared death no more than when in the vigour of manhood; the numberless calamities of decaying nature, and the consciousness of surviving every pleasure, would at once induce him, with his own hand, to terminate the scene of misery; but happily the contempt of death forsakes him at a time when it could only be prejudicial, and life requires an imaginary value in proportion as its real value is no more.
Chinvang the Chaste, ascending the throne of
China, commanded that all who were unjustly de. more desirable to us the longer we exist, he would tained in prison during the preceeding reigns should have then faced old age without shrinking; he would be set free. Among the number who came to thank have boldly dared to live, and served that society by their deliverer on this occasion there appeared a his future assiduity which he basely injured by his majestic old man, who, falling at the emperor's feet, desertion. addressed him as follows; 'Great father of China, behold a wretch, now eighty-five years old, who was
THE RACE OF LIFE. shut up in a dungeon at the age of twenty-two. I
OLIVER WENDELL HOLMES—" THE AUTOCRAT OF THE BREAKwas imprisoned, though a stranger to crime, or with
FAST TABLE.” out being even confronted by my accusers. I have now lived in solitude and darkness for more than
Nothing strikes one more, in the race of life, than fifty years, and am grown familiar with distress. As
to see how many give out in the first half of the yet, dazzled with the splendour of that sun to which
“Commencement day” always reminds me you have restored me, I have been wandering the
of the start for the “ Derby," when the beautiful streets to find out some friend that would assist, or
high-bred three-year-olds of the season are brought relieve, or remember me; but my friends, my family,
up for trial. That day is the start, and life is the and relations are all dead, and I am forgotten. Per
Here we are at Cambridge, and a class is just mit me, then, O Chinvang, to wear out the wretched
“graduating.” Poor Harry! he was to have been remains of life in my former prison; the walls of my
there too, but he has paid forfeit; step out here into dungeon are to me more pleasing than the most
the grass back of the church; ah! there it is :splendid palace; I have not long to live, and shall be
“ HUNC LAPIDEM POSUERUNT unhappy except I spend the rest of my days where
Socii MERENTES." my youth was passed--in that prison from whence But this is the start, and here they are,-coats bright you were pleased to release me.'
as silk, and manes as smooth as eau lustrale can make The old man's passion for confinement is similar to them. Some of the best of the colts are pranced that we all have for life. We are habituated to the round, a few minutes each, to show their paces. prison, we look round with discontent, are displeased What is that old gentleman crying about? and the with the abode and yet the length of our captivity old lady by him, and the three girls, what are they only increases our fondness for the cell. The trees all covering their eyes for? Oh, that is their colt we have planted, the houses we have built, or the which has just been trotted upon the stage. Do they posterity we have begotten, all serve to bind us closer really think those little thin legs can do any thing in to earth, and imbitter our parting. Life sues the such a slashing sweepstakes as is coming off in these young like a new acquaintance; the companion, as next forty years? Oh, this terrible gift of secondyet unexhausted, is at once instructive and amusing; sight that comes to some of us when we begin to its company pleases, yet for all this it is but little
look through the silver rings of the arcus senilis! regarded. To us, who are declined in years, life Ten years gone. First turn in the race. A few appears like an old friend; its jests have been antici- broken down, two or three bolted. Several show in pated in former conversation; it has no new story to advance of the ruck. Cassock, a black colt, seems to make us smile, no new improvement with which to be ahead of the rest; those black colts commonly surprise, yet still we love it; destitute of every enjoy- get the start, I have noticed, of the others, in the ment, still we love it; husband the wasting treasure first quarter. Meteor has pulled up. with increasing frugality, and feel all the poignancy Twenty years. Second corner turned. Cassock has of anguish in the fatal separation.
dropped from the front, and Fudex, an iron-gray, has Sir Philip Mordaunt was young, beautiful, sincere, the lead. But look! how they have thinned out! brave, an Englishman. He had a complete fortune Down flat--five,-six,-how many? They lie still of his own, and the love of the king his master, which enough! they will not get up again in this race, be was equivalent to riches. Life opened all her very sure! And the rest of them, what a “tailing treasures before him, and promised a long succession off!” Anybody can see who is going to winof future happiness. He came, tasted of the enter- perhaps. tainment, but was disgusted even at the beginning. Thirty years. Third corner turned. Dives, bright He professed an aversion to living, was tired of walk. sorrel, ridden by the fellow in the yellow jacket, ing round the saine circle; had tried every enjoy- begins to make play fast; is getting to be the favourment, and found them all grow weaker at every ite with many. But who is that other one that has repetition. “If life be in youth so displeasing,' cried been lengthening his stride from the first, and now he to himself, 'what will it appear when age comes shows close up to the front? Don't you remember on? if it be at present indifferent, sure it will then be the quiet brown colt Astervid, with the star in his execrable. This thought imbittered every reflection; forehead? That is he; he is one of the sort that till at last, with all the serenity of perverted reason, | lasts; look out for him! The black “colt,” as we he ended the debate with a pistol! Had this self- used to call him, is in the background, taking it easily deluded man been apprised that existence grows in a gentle trot. There is one they used to call the
Filly, on account of a certain feminine air he had; the same feeling, and in their way did what they well up, you see; the Filly is not to be despised, could. But the friend who knew most of Eva's own my boy!
imaginings and foreshadowings was her faithful Forty years. More dropping off,—but places much bearer, Tom. To him she said what she would not as before
disturb her father by saying. To him she imparted Fifty years.
Race over. All that are on the those mysterious intimations which the soul feels as course are coming in at a walk; no more running. the cords begin to unbind ere it leaves its clay forever. Who is ahead? Ahead? What! and the winning. Tom, at last, would not sleep in his room, but lay post a slab of white or gray stone standing out from all night in the outer veranda, ready to rouse at that turf where there is no more jockeying or straining for victory! Well, the world marks their places Uncle Tom, what alive have you taken to sleepin its betting-book; but be sure that these matter ing anywhere and everywhere, like a dog: for?" said very little, if they have run as well as they knew how! Miss Ophelia. “I thought you was one of the
orderly sort that liked to lie in bed in a Christian way.” EVA'S DEATH.
“I do, Miss Feely,” said Tom, mysteriously. “I
do; but now” HARRIET BEECHER STOWE_"UNCLE TOM'S CABIN."
Well, what now?" Eva, after this, declined rapidly; there was no “We mustn't speak loud; Mas'r St. Clare won't more any doubt of the event; the fondest hope could hear on't; but Miss Feely, you know there must be not be blinded. Her beautiful room was avowedly somebody watchin' for the bridegroom.” a sick-room; and Miss Ophelia, day and night, per- “ What do you mean,
Tom?" formed the duties of a nurse, and never did her “You know it says in Scripture, “At midnight friends appreciate her value more than in that capac- there was a great cry made. Behold the bridegroom ity. With so well-trained a hand and eye, such per- cometh.' That's what I'm spectin' now, every night, fect adroitness and practice in every art which could Miss Feely; and I couldn't sleep out o' hearin', no promote neatness and comfort and keep out of sight ways." every disagreeable incident of sickness,—with such Why, Uncle Tom, what makes you think so?” a perfect sense of time, such a clear, untroubled " Miss Eva she talks to me. The Lord, He sends head, such exact accuracy in remembering every his messenger in the soul. I must be thar, Miss prescription and direction of the doctors--she was
Feely; for when that ar blessed child goes into the everything to St. Clare. They who had shrugged | kingdom they'll open the door so wide, we'll all get their shoulders at the little peculiarities and setnesses a look in at the glory, Miss Feely." -so unlike the careless freedom of Southern man
“Uncle Tom, did Miss Eva say she felt more ners--acknowledged that now she was the exacı per. unwell than usual to-night!" son that was wanted.
“ No; but she telled me this morning she was Uncle Tom was much in Eva's ro The child
comin' nearer-thar's them that tells it to the child, suffered much from nervous restlessness, and it was Miss Feely. It's the angels,—- it's the trumpet sound a relief to her to be carried; and it was Tom's great. afore the break o' day,'” said Tom, quoting from a est delight to carry her little frail form in his arms, favorite hymn. resting on a pillow, now up and down her room, now This dialogue passed between Miss Ophelia and out into the veranda; and when the fresh sea-breezes Tom, between ten and eleven, one evening, after her blew from the lake, and the child felt freshest in the arrangements had all been made for the night, when morning, he would sometimes walk with her under on going to bolt her outer door, she found Tom the orange-trees in the garden, or sitting down in stretched along by it, in the outer veranda. some of their old seats, sing to her their favorite old She was not nervous or impressible; but the sol. hymns
enn, heartfelt manner struck her. Eva had been Her father often did the same thing; but his frame unusually bright and cheerful that afternoon, and had was slighter, and when he was weary,
Eva would say
sat raised in her bed, and looked over all her little to him,
trinkets and precious things, and designated the “ On, papa, let Tom take me. Poor fellow! it friends to whom she would have them given; and pleases him; and you know it's all he can do now, her manner was more animated, and her voice more and he wants to do something!”
natural, than they had known it for weeks. Her “So do I, Eva!" said her father.
father had been in, in the evening, and had said that “Well, papa, you can do everything and are every- Eva appeared more like her former self than ever thing to me. You read to me, you sit up nights; she had done since her sickness; and when he kissed and Tom has only this one thing, and his singing; her for the night, he said to Miss Ophelia, “ Cousin, and I know, too, he does it easier than you can. He we may keep her with us after all; she is certainly carries me so strong!"
better;" and he had retired with a lighter heart in his The desire to do something was not confined to bosom than he had had there for weeks. Tom. Every servant in the establishment showed But at midnight,-strange, mystic hour!-whea
Tom had his master's hands between his own, and with tears streaming down his dark cheeks, looked up for help where he had always been used to look.
“Pray that this may be cut short!” said St. Clare: “this wrings my heart!”
“Oh, bless the Lord ! it's over,—it's over, dear mas. ter!" said Tom. “Look at her."
The child lay panting on her pillows as one exhausted,—the large clear eyes rolled up and fixed. Ah, what said those eyes that spoke so much of heaven? Earth was past, and earthly pain; but so solemn, so mysterious, was the triumphant brightness of that face, that it checked even the sobs of sorrow. They pressed around her, in breathless stillness.
“Eva!” said St. Clare, gently. She did not hear.
“Oh, Eva, tell us what you see! What is it?" said her father.
A bright, a glorious smile passed over her face, and she said, brokenly, “Oh! love-joy-peace!" gave one sigh, and passed from death unto life!
Farewell, beloved child! the bright, eternal doors have closed after thee; we shall see thy sweet face no more. Oh, woe for them who watched thy entrance into heaven, when they shall wake and find only the cold gray sky of daily life, and thou gone forever!
the veil between the frail present and the eternal future grows thin,—then came the messenger!
There was a sound in that chamber, firsî of one who stepped quickly. It was Miss Ophelia, who had resolved to sit up all night with her little charge, and who at the turn of the night had discerned what experienced nurses significantly call “a change." The outer door was quickly opened and Tom, who was watching outside, was on the alert in a moment.
“Go for the doctor, Tom! Lose not a moment,” said Miss Ophelia; and stepping across the room she rapped at St. Clare's door.
“Cousin,” she said, “ I wish you would come.”
These words fell on his heart like clods upon a coffin. Why did they? He was up and in the room in an instant, and bending over Eva, who still slept.
What was it he saw that made his heart stand still? Why was no word spoken between the two? Thou canst say, who hast seen that same expression on the face dearest to thee,—that look indescribable, hope. less, unmistakable, that says to thee that thy beloved is no longer thine.
On the face of the child, however, there was no ghastly imprint--only. a high and almost sublime expression,—the overshadowing presence of spiritual natures, the dawning of immortal life in that childish soul.
They stood there so still, gazing upon her, that even the ticking of the watch seemed too loud. In a few moments Tom returned with the doctor. He entered, gave one look, and stood silent as the rest.
“When did this change take place?” said he, in a low whisper to Miss Ophelia.
“ About the turn of the night,” was the reply.
Marie, roused by the entrance of the doctor, appeared hurriedly, from the next room.'
“Augustine! Cousin !-Oh!-what!” she hurriedly began.
“Hush!” said St. Clare, hoarsely, “She is dying !"
Mammy heard the words and flew to awaken the servants. The house was soon roused,-lights were seen, footsteps heard, anxious faces thronged the veranda and looked tearfully through the glass doors; but St. Clare heard and said nothing,-he saw only that look on the face of the little sleeper.
“Oh, if she would only wake, and speak once more!” he said; and stooping over her, he spoke in her ear, "Eva, darling!”
The large blue eyes unclosed,-a smile passed over her face; she tried to raise her head, and speak.
“Do you know me, Eva?”
“Dear papa," said the child, with a last effort, throwing her arms about his neck. In a moment they dropped again; and as St. Clare raised his head he saw a spasm of mortal agony pass over the face; she struggled for breath, and threw up her little hands.
“ O God, this is dreadful!” he said, turning away in agony, and wringing Tom's hand, scarce conscious what he was doing. “Oh, Tom, my boy, it is kill. ing me!"
JOHN BUNYAN–“ PILGRIM'S PROGRESS." Now I beheld in my dream, that they had not journeyed far, but the river and the way for a time parted, at which they were not a little sorry; yet they durst not go out of the way. Now the way from the river was rough, and their feet tender by reason of their travels; so, the souls of the pilgrims were much discouraged because of the way. Wherefore, still as they went on, they wished for a better way. Now, a little before them, there was on the left hand of the road a meadow, and a stile to go over into it, and that meadow is called Bypath meadow. Then said Christian to his fellow, If this meadow lieth along by our wayside, let's go over into it. Then he went to the stile to see; and behold, a path lay along by the way on the other side of the fence. It is according to my wish, said Christiain; here is the easiest going; come good Hopeful, and let us go over.
Hopeful.—But how if this path should lead us out of the way?
That is not likely, said the other. Look, doth it not go along by the wayside? So Hopeful, being persuaded by his fellow, went after him over the stile. When they were gone over, and were got into the path, they found it very easy for their feet; and withal they, looking before them, espied a man walking as they did, and his name was Vain.Confi. dence; so they called after him, and asked him whither that way led. He said, To the Celestial Gate. Look; said Christian, did I not tell you so? By this you may see we are right. So they followed, and he wert before them. But behold, the night came on, and it grew very dark; so they that were behind lost sight of him that went before.
He, therefore, that went before (Vain-Confidence by name), not seeing the way before him, fell into a deep pit, which was on purpose there made, by the prince of those grounds, to catch vain-glorious fools withal, and was dashed in pieces with his fall.
Now, Christian and his fellow heard him fall. So they called to know the matter, but there was none to answer, only they heard a groaning. Then said Hopeful, Where are we now? Then was his fellow silent, as mistrusting that he had led him out of the way; and now it began to rain, and thunder, and lighten, in a most dreadful manner, and the water rose amain.
Then Hopeful groaned in himself, saying, Oh, that I had kept on my way!
Christian.- Who could have thought that this path should have led us out of the way?
Hopeful.— I was afraid on't at the very first, and therefore gave you that gentle caution. I would have spoken plainer, but that you are older than I.
Christian.-Good brother, be not offended: I am sorry I have brought thee out of the way, and that I have put thee into such imminent danger. Pray, my brother, forgive me; I did not do it of an evil intent.
Hopeful.–Be comforted, my brother, for I forgive thee; and believe, too, that this shall be for our good.
Christian.-I am glad I have with me a merciful brother: but we must not stand here; let us try to go back again.
Hopeful.-But, good brother, let me go before.
Christian.—No, if you please, let me go first, that if there be any danger, I may be first therein, because by my means we are both gone out of the way.
Hopeful.—No, said hopeful, you shall not go first, for your mind being troubled may lead you out of the way again. Then for their encouragement they heard the voice of one saying, “Let thine heart be toward the highway, even the way that thou wentest: turn again.” But by this time the waters were greatly risen, by which the way of going back was very dangerous. (Then I thought that it is easier going out of the way when we are in, than going in when we are out.) Yet they adventured to go back; but it was so dark, and the flood was so high, that in their going back they had like to have been drowned nine or ten times.
Neither could they, with all the skill they had, get again to the stile that night. Wherefore at last, lighting under a little shelter, they sat down there till the day brake; but, being weary, they fell asleep. Now there was, not far from the place where they lay, a castle, called Doubting Castle, the owner whereof was Giant Despair, and it was in his grounds they now were sleeping; wherefore he, getting up in the morning early, and walking up and down in his fields, caught Christian and Hopeful asleep in his
grounds. Then with a grim and surly voice he bid them awake, and asked them whence they were, and what they did in his grounds. They told him they were pilgrims, and that they had lost their way. Then said the giant, You have this night trespassed on me by trampling in and lying on my grounds, and therefore you must go along with me.
So they were forced to go, because he was stronger than they. They had also but little to say, for they knew themselves in a fault. The giant, therefore, drove them before him, and put them into his castle, into a very dark dungeon, nasty and stinking to the spirits of these two men. Here, then, they lay from Wednesday morning till Saturday night, without one bit of bread or drop of drink, or light, or any to ask how they did; they were, therefore, here in evil case, and were far from friends and acquaintance. Now, in this place, Christian had double sorrow, because it was through his unadvised counsel that they were brought into this distress.
Now Giant Despair had a wife, and her name was Diffidence: so, when he was gone to bed, he told his wife what he had done, to wit, that he had taken a couple of prisoners, and cast them into his dungeon for trespassing on his grounds. Then, he asked her, also, what he had best do further with them. So she asked him what they were, whence they came, and whither they were bound; and he told her. Then she counselled him, that, when he arose in the morn. ing, he should beat them without mercy. So when he arose, he getteth him a grievous crab-tree cudgel, and goes down into the dungeon to them, and there first falls to rating of them as if they were dogs, although they gave him never a word of distaste. Then he fell upon them, and beat them fearfully, in such sort that they were not able to help themselves, or to turn them upon the floor. This done, he withdraws and leaves them to condole their misery, and to mourn under their distress; so all that day they spent their time in nothing but sighs and bitter lamentations. The next night, she, talking with her husband further about them, and understanding that they were yet alive, did advise him to counsel them to make away with themselves. So, when morning was come, he goes to them in a surly manner, as before, and perceiving them to be very sore with the stripes that he had given them the day before, he told them, that since they were never like to come out of that place, their only way would be forth with to make an end of themselves, either with knife, halter, or poison; for why, said he, should you choose to live, seeing it is attended with so much bitterness? But they desired him to let them go. With that he looked ugly upon them, and rushing to them, had doubtless made an end of them himself, but that he fell into one of his fits (for he sometimes in sunshiny weather fell into fits), and lost for a time the use of his hands; wherefore he withdrew, and left them, as before, to consider what to do. Then did the prisoners consult between themselves whether it was best