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To the Earl of Leicester. I may not forget continually to put your honour in mind of my affection unto your lordship, having to the world both professed and protested the same. Your honour having no use of such your followers hath utterly forgotten me; notwithstanding, if your lordship shall please to think me yours, as I am, I will be found as ready, and dare do as much in your service as any man you may command ; and do neither so much despair of myself, but that I may be some way able to perform as much. I have spent some time here under the deputy in such poor place and charge, as were it not for that I knew him to be as if yours, I would disdain it as much as to keep sheep. I will not trouble your honour with the business of this lost land; for that sir Warram Sentleger can best of any man deliver unto your lordship, the good, the bad, the mischiefs, the means to amend, and all in all of this common-wealth, or rather

He hopeth to find your honour his assured good lord, and your honour may most assuredly command him. He is lovingly inclined toward your honour, and your lordship shall win by your favour toward him, a wise, faithful, and valiant gentleman, whose word and deeds your honour shall ever find to be one. Thus having no other matter, but only to desire the continuance of your honour's favour, I humbly take my leave. From the camp of Kismore in Ireland, August the 25th. Your honour's faithful and obedient,



I ain bold, being bound by very conscience, to commend unto your honour's consideration the pitiful estate of John Fitz-Edmonds of Cloyne, a gentleman, and the only man untouched and proved true to the queen both in this and the last rebellion. Sir Warram can deliver his services, what he is, and what he deserveth.

To Sir Humphrey Gilbert.

[No date, but written in 1583.] BROTHER, I HAVE sent you a token from her majesty, an anchor guided by a lady as you see; and further, her highness willed me to send you word, that she wished you as great good hap and safety to your ship, as if herself were there in person, desiring you to have care of yourself as of that which she tendereth ; and therefore, for her sake, you must provide for it accordingly. Further, she commandeth that. you leave your picture with me. For the rest I leave till our meeting, or to the report of this bearer, who would needs be the messenger of this good news. So I commit you to the will and protection of God, who send us such life or death as he shall please, or hath appointed. Richmond, this Friday morning.

Your true brother,


To the Earl of Leicester. MY VERY GOOD LORD, You wrote unto me in your last letters for pioneers to be sent over ; whereupon I moved her majesty, and found her very willing, insomuch as order was given for a commission; but since, the matter is stayed, I know not for what cause. Also, according to your losdship’s desire, I spoke for one Jukes for the office of the back-house, and the matter well liked. In ought else your lordship shall find me most assured to my power to perform all offices of love, honour, and service toward you. But I have been of late very pestilent reported in this place to be rather a drawer-back, than a furtherer of the action where you govern. Your lordship doth well understand my affection toward Spain, and how I have consumed the best part of my fortune, hurting the tyrannous prosperity of that estate, and it were now strange and monstrous that I should become an enemy to my country and conscience. But all that I have desired at your lordship’s hands is, that you will evermore deal directly

with me in all matter of suspect doubleness, and so ever esteem me as you shall find my deserving, good or bad. In the mean time, I humbly beseech you, let no poetical scribe work your lordship by any device to doubt that I am a hollow or cold servant to the action, or a mean well-willer and follower of your own. And even so, I humbly take my leave, wishing you all honour and prosperity. From the court, the 29th of March, 1586. Your lordship, to do you service,


The queen is on very good terms with you, and, thank be to God, well pacified, and you are again her sweet Robin.

To Sir Robert Cecil, July 1592.


I PRAY be a mean to her majesty for the signing of the bills for the guards' coats, which are to be made now for the progress, and which the clerk of the check hath importuned me to write for. My heart was never broken till this day, that I hear the queen goes away so far off, whom I have followed so many years with so great love and desire, in so many journeys, and am now left behind her in a dark prison all alone. While she was yet nigher at hand, that I might hear of her once in two or three days, my sorrows were the less: but even now my heart is cast into the depth of all misery. I, that was wont to behold her riding like Alexander, hunting like Diana, walking like Venus, the gentle wind blowing her fair hair about her pure cheeks, like a

nymph, sometime sitting in the shade like a goddess, some• time singing like an angel, sometime playing like Orpheus :

behold the sorrow of this world! once amiss hath bereaved me of all. O glory, that only shineth in misfortune, what is become of thy assurance ! all wounds have scars, but that of fantasy; all affections their relenting, but that of woman kind. Who is the judge of friendship but adversity, or when is grace witnessed but in offences ? There were no divinity but by reason of compassion ; for revenges are brutish and mortal. All those times past, the loves, the sighs, the sorrows, the desires, can they not weigh down one frail misfortune? Cannot one drop of gall be hidden in so great heaps of sweetness ? I may then conclude, spes et fortuna, valete. She is gone in whom I trusted, and of me hath not one thought of mercy, nor any respect of that that was. Do with me now therefore what you list. I am more weary of life than they are desirous I should perish, which if it had been for her, as it is by her, I had been too hap pily born. Yours, not worthy any name or title,

WALTER RALEGH. To my honourable friend, Sir

Robert Cecil, knight of her majesty's most honourable privy-council.

To Sir Robert Cecil, July 1592.


I WROTE unto your father how I am dealt withal by the deputy, to whom my disgraces have been highly commended. He supposed a debt of four hundred pounds to the queen for rent, and sent order to the sheriff to take away all the cattle my tenants had, and sell them the next day, unless the money were paid the same day. All Munster hath scarce so much money in it; and the debt was indeed but fifty marks, which was paid, and it was the first and only rent that hath yet been paid by any undertaker. But the sheriff did as he commanded, and took away five hundred milch kine from the poor people; some had but two, and some three, to relieve their poor wives and children, and in a strange country newly set down to build and plant. He hath forcibly thrust me out of possession of a castle, because it is in law between me and his cousin Winckfeld, and will not hear my attorneys speak. He hath admitted a ward, and given it his man, of a castle which is

the queen's, and hath been by me new built and planted with English this five years; and to profit his man with a wardship, loseth her majesty's inheritance, and would plant the cousin of a rebel in the place of English men, the castle standing in the most dangerous place of all Munster. Besides there is a band of soldiers, which a base fellow O'donell hath in Yoholl, which doth cost the queen twelve hundred pound a year, and hath not ten good men in it; but our poorest people muster and serve him for threepence a day, and the rest of his soldiers do nothing but spoil the country, and drive away our best tenants. If the queen be over rich, it may be maintained; but I will, at three days' warning, raise her a better band, and arm it better tenfold, and better men, whensoever she shall need it. And in the mean time it may either be employed in the north, or discharged; for there is in Munster besides a band of horse, and another of foot, which is more than needeth. In this,

you please to move it, you may save her majesty so much in her coffers. For the rest I will send my man to attend you, although I care not either for life or lands; but it will be no small weakening to the queen in those parts, and no small comfort to the ill-affected Irish, to have the English inhabitants driven out of the country, which are yet strong enough to master the rest without her charge. Yours, to do you service,

WALTER RALEGH. To my honourable friend Sir R.

Cecil, knight of her majesty's most honourable privy-council.


To Sir Robert Cecil, July 1592. SIR, I PRAY send me the news of Ireland. I hear that there are three thousand of the Burghs in arms, and young O'donell and the sons of Shane Oneale. I wrote in a letter of Mr. Killegrew's ten days past a prophecy of this rebellion, which when the queen read, she made a scorn at my conceit; but you shall find it but a shower of a further tempest, .


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