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tably attended with the utter ruin of those who had sent them. As for the subject of their embassy, they could not promise themselves a favourable sentence from a judge, who would not so much as hear them, being highly incensed against their whole nation, as the only people subject to Rome who refused to acknowledge his divinity. They continued in the city, waiting with the greatest anxiety imaginable for the decision of their cause ; for, upon the sentence which the Emperor might think fit to pronounce, depended the fate of the whole Jewish nation; who would be eve. ry where persecuted, and stripped of their eitects, privileges, oratories, &c. if the Emperor should countenance the Alexandrians in their cruel and unwarrantable proceedings a. gainst them. Josephus seems to speak of another audience granted by Caius to the Jewish and Alexandrian ambassadors; wherein Apion inveighed with great bitterness against the Jews, alledging many things against them : but his main charge was, That whereas temples and altars were erected to Caius by all other nations, and the same adoration paid to him, as to the rest of the gods, the Jews alone obstinately re. fused either to consecrate images to him, or to fwear by his name. When Philo was about to reply in behalf of the Jews, Caius, in a great rage, commanded him to be silent, and with dreadful menaces bid him be gone. Hereupon Philo, turning to his colleagues, Let us take courage, said he ; now Caius is “ against us, God will be for us." What fentence Caius pronounced in the end, we find nowhere recorded : all we know is, that,

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during his whole reign, the Jews were grievously persecuted and oppressed by the Alexandrians ; and that Alexander Lysimachus, brother to Philo, and alabarch of the Alexandrian Jews, was, by Gaius's order, committed to prison, and there detained, till he was discharged by Claudius; upon whose accession to the empire, the Jews, notwithstanding their boasted patience, betook themselves to arms ; which occasioned a great tumult at Alexan. dria. Claudius, upon the first tidings of the commotion, wrote to the governor of Egypt, injoining him to appease it ; and, at the request of the two kings, Agrippa and Herod, enacted an edict, which he sent to Alexandria, confirming to the Jews all the privileges they had ever enjoyed in that city, and declaring all the proceedings of Caius against them null and void.

A succinct History of James I. King of Scotlanda

· [Taken from the Scottish History.] ROBERT III. King of Scotland, had, by his

1 Queen Annabella Drummond, of the family of Stobhall, two sons and one daughter: . The daughter was first married to James Ken nedy of Drummuir, afterwards to George Douglas, the first Earl of Angus .of that fira name; and, thirdly, she was married to the Lord Graham. The Earl of Caisilis is the offe

spring of her first marriage, the Duke of Dou. · glas of the second, the Laird of Fintray of the third. His two sons were David, and James,

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who afterwards reigned. The eldest son Da. vid was a youth of no mean accomplishments, but extremely addicted to vice and debauchery; which gave great uneasiness to his father. When David was eighteen years of age, his father, in an assembly of the states at Perth, created him Duke of Rothsay; and he crea la ted his own brother Robert, then Earl of Mon. toith and Fife, Duke of Albany. These were the first Dukes that were created in Scotland.

Shortly after the death of Archibald Dou. glas the year before, there immediately fol. lowed the decease of the Queen Annabella, and of Walter Trayle Archbishop of St. Andrews; insomuch that all mens minds did presage a great change of affairs. For the splendor of military matters was upheld by Douglas ; the ecclcfiaftical authority and resemblance (in some sort) of ancient discipline, by Trayle; and the dignity of the court, by the Queen, . as did soon appear by what happened after her deach. For David, the King's son, was a young man of a fierce disposition, and inclined to wantonness and luft. The indulgence of his father increased those vices; for though he had not authority enough to maintain the raverence due to him, yet, by the diligent admonicion of those who were appointed to be David's tutors in his youth, but much more by the counsel and advice of his mother, his youthful heats of temper were somewhat reItrained: but when she was dead, he, as now freed from this curb, returned to his own man. ners and lustful courses ; for, laying aside all fhame and fear, he took away other mens wives by force, nay, and, virgins toc; though.


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weil descended; and those that he could not persuade by fair means, he ravished by compulsion; and, if any one endeavoured to 2bridge him in his debauched courses, he was sure never to conie off' without suffering for it. Many complaints were brought to his father about there his exorbitancies ; so that he wrote to his brother, the Governor, to keep him with him, and to have a strict eye over his conversation, till that spirit of lewdness fhould abate, and till he gave some hopes of his amendment of life. The Governor had now an opportunity put into his hands, to effect what he most defired; and that was, to destroy his brother's issue : So that, meeting David three miles from St. Andrews, he case ried him into the castle there, which he kept in the nature of a garrison, after the Archbishop's death. After a while he took him from thence, and carried him to his own castle of Falkland; and there shut him up close prisoner, intending to starve him. But that miserable death, to which his uncle's cruelty had designed him, was protracted for a few days, by the compassion of two of the female sex. One was a young maid, whose father was governor of the castle and garrison. She gave him oat. cakes made so thin, that they could be fold, ed up together, (as it is usual in Scotland to make them), and, as often as she went into the garden near the prison, she put them under a linnen vail or hood, which she did, as it were, carelessly cast over her head, to keep her from the sun, and thrust them into the prison to him through a small crany, rather than a window. The other was a country-nurse, who


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milked her breast, and, by a little canal, contact, was veyed it into his mouth. By this mean fare, de murder. which served rather to increase, than asswage saltul puniti his hunger, his wretched life and punishment was lengthened out for a little while ; till at length, by the vigilance of the guards, they were discovered, and put to death; the father mightily abhorring the perfidiousness of his own daughter, whilst he endeavoured to ma. ibis brother nifest his fidelity to an unfaithful regent. The young man being thus left destitute of all human support, having, by force of hunger, whe, like a gnawed and torn his own flesh, died at length more than a fingle death. His end was long concealed from his father, though it was como monly known abroad, because no man durt be the messenger of such fad tidings to him. · In the mean time, the Scottish King heard inds, how of the death of David his eldest son, by the red for fi unnatural cruelty of his uncle. The author hous, and com was sufficiently pointed at by private whil- Walter we perings, though no man dared publickly to be an ho accuse so potent a man. Whereupon the King sends for his brother, and sharply expoftulates with him concerning the matter. He had prepared his tale before-hand, and charges Oos thers with the guilt of the young man's death; friend of as for him and his, they were ready, forsooth, whenever the King pleased, to plead and al. fert their innocency, in a due course of law; rid Brun but as for the murderers, some of them he had taken already, and the rest he would make die ligent search after. Thus the matter being brought to examination according to law, the author of the wickedness summons a counsel; fets up accusers; and he, who was impleaded

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