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CHAP. XII.

arm.

Retreat of the French from Wilna.-The Emperor of Russia's Proclamation.

Capture of Kowno.- Losses of the French at that Period.D'Yorck's Conven-
tion.--Koningsberg and other Places taken by the Russians, who cross the Vistula.
Situation of Prussia.— The King retires to Breslau, and calls upon his Subjects to

The Austrians abandon their Posts on the Narew, and the Russians enter
Warsaw.Pillau surrendered, and Dantzic and Thorn invested.-Austrians con-
clude a Truce.--Saxons pursued.-Proposed Mediation of the King of Prussii.-
His Treaty of Alliance with the Russian Emperor.--King of Sarony quits Dres.
den. The French evacuate Berlin.-Morand withdraws from Swedish Pomerania.
Russians enter Hamburgh.-Hanseatic Legion formed.-British take possession of
Cuxhaven - Affair of Bremer-lee.-- Russians cross the Elbe.- Morand's Corps
destroyed.-Distribution of the Allied Armies.-Thorn surrenders.-France.-
Napoleon's Preparations.- Concordat.-Exposé.–Napoleon sets out for the Army.
Position of the Different Forces.-

Battle of Lutzen.-King of Şaxony joins the
French.- French cross the Elbe Battles of Bautzen and Wurtzchen.- Allies re-
treat towards the Oder.An Action of Cavalry.Breslau entered by Lauriston.-
Affairs in the North.Treaty between Sweden and England.- Hamburgh occu-
pied by the Russians, Danes, and Swedes.- Recovered by the French.- Von Hess's
Address to the Burgher Guard.Napoleon proposes an Armistice.- Accepted.
Demarkation of Limits.- Napoleon's Decree from the Field of Wurtzchen. (114

CHAP. XIII.

Armistice prolonged.-Congress at Prague.-

Hostilities resumed.-- Austrian Decla-
ration of War against France.-Crown Prince of Sweden at the Head of the
Combined Army of the North of Germany.- Advances to Berlin.-Interview of
the Sovereigns at Prague.-Their Plans. Action between Blucher and the French
on the Bober. - French driven back to Dresden.- Attack of the Allies on that
City. Their Retreat to Bohemia.-- Defeat of Vandamme.- Blucher's Defeat of
Macdonald.- Silesia Freed from the Enemy.-Crown Prince's Advance.- Vic-
tory at Juterboch.-Davoust's Retreat from Mecklenburgh.-Actions in Bohemia.
Allies Asssemble round Leipsic. ---Cassei Taken and Retaken.—

Bremen Recovered.
Napoleon quits Dresden.Al liance between Austria and Bavaria.Blucher's Vic-
tory near Leipzic.- Grand Attack upon Leipzic and its Capture.- Retreat of the
French Army.--Action with General Wrede at Hanau.-- Napoleon arrives with
his Army at Ments.

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CHAP. XIV.

War in the Peninsula.-Longa's Success at Sedano.-Lord Wellington's Visit to Cadiz

and Lisbon.-French Attack at Bejar repulsed.--Position of their Armies.---Sir
J. Murray's Advance to Castella.-- Attack of Suchet Repulsed.-Castro taken.-
Lord Wellington begins his March.- Advance to Burgos, and thence to Vittoria.
Battle of Vittoria.- Castro Recovered.- Pamplona invested, and Tolosa taken.
Clausel pursued to Saragossa.--Sir J. Murray's Investment of Tarragona, and
precipitate Retreat. French Driven from the Valley of Bastun.-Mina's pursuit

CHAP. XV.

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CHAP. XVII.

South America. Montevideo. Buenos Ayres. -- Santa Martha. - Venezuela

Mexico.--Peru.-West-Indies.- Free Trade proclaimed at Porto Rico.-Hurri-
canes åt Dominica, Bermuda, Jamaica, 8c.— Trinidad.Java.-- Reduction of the
Sultan of Djojocarta. Hindostan.- War between Russia and Persia.— Turkey.-
Egypt.

s 192

CHAP. XVIII.

Meeting of Parliament.- Regent's Speech and Addresses. - Conventions with Russia

and Prussia.--Augmentation of disposable Force.- Local Militia Bill.The Loan.
-Foreign Subsidies.-Unanimity in Parliament.Questions concerning the Prince
of Orange's new Title and Authority; and the Declaration of the Allied Powers.
-Motion for Adjournment.

[200

CHRONICLE.

PAGE 1.

Births
Marriages
Promotions
Deaths
Centenary Deaths
Sheriff's

105
107
109
113
124
128

APPENDIX TO CHRONICLE.

128
131
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137
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144

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ARTICLES FROM THE LONDON GAZETTE.
From Col. Gillespie, Commander of the Forces at Java
Capture of the Java Frigate
From Sir G. Prevost --Defeat of Gen. Winchester
From Sir E. Pellew.- Action on the Coast of Calabria
From Capt. Irby.Engagement between the Amelia and a French Frigate
From Sir G. Prevost.-Action at Ogdensburgh
From Sir John Murray.--Defeat of Suchet
From Sir G. Prevost. ---Capture of York by the Americans,

Aitack
Sacket's Harbour, and other actions.
Reduction of Ponza, Agosta, and Cursola
From Lord Wellington.-Motion and advance of his Army.
From the same.- Battle of Vittoria
From the same. Pursuit of the French and actions. Sir J. Murray's raising

the Siege of Tarragona
From Sir G. Prevost.- Loss of Fort George
Capture of the Chesapeake by the Shannon
From Sir J. B. Warren.-

Affairs at Craney Island and Hampton
From Lord Wellington--Battles in the Pyrenees ; failure at St. Sebastian
From the same.-Storming of St. Sebastian ; repulse of the French
From Sir E. Pellew.Storming of Fiume
From Captain Maples.- Capture of the Argus

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P R E F A C E.

MONG the striking examples of vicissitude in A be difficult to produce any one more extraordinary in its circumstances and important in its effects than that which the present year has exhibited. The preceding year, indeed, which witnessed the discomfiture of a mighty attempt to ruin one empire by the accumulated force of another, followed by prodigious loss to the assailing power, closed with a prospect of great changes in the relative state of Europe ; but the extent to which these changes have actually proceeded could scarcely have been contemplated by the most sagacious or sanguine political speculators. That the wild and unlimited schemes of ambition which had urged the French Ruler to annex remote provinces to his overgrown dominion, and trample upon all the rights of independent states, must sooner or later be crushed by their own vastness, and the universal alarm and odium they were calculated to create, might almost with certainty have been predicted from the undeviating course of events in the records of mankind; but that the wheel of fortune should revolve with so much rapidity, who could hope or foresee? In 1812 France led against Russia, along with her native and associated troops, the contingents of her allies, Prussia, Saxony, Austria, Bavaria, and the Rhenish confederates. In 1813 all these were leagued against her, and in conjunction with Russia, displayed hostilé banners upon French ground on one frontier, whilst another, with its strong barrier of the Pyrenees, was forced by a combined army of English,

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