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CHAPTER X.

Domestic Occurrences.- Termination of internal Disorders.--Public

Interest in the Transactions respecting the Princess of Wales.-- Affairs of the Roman Catholics.-Orange Societies in England.-Bible Associations.--East India new Charter. Reduction of the Price of Provisions.

NEW years have passed in tried by special commission at

which more internal public York, struck a terror which put tranquillity has been enjoyed by an end to all further disturbances the people of these islands than of that kind. the present. There has, indeed, For a considerable period, the been a lamentable frequency of public feelings were much agiprivate crimes, many of an atro- tated by the transactions which cious nature, which may lead to took place with respect to the the - apprehension that the long Princess of Wales. In our account continuation of a state of war, and of parliamentary affairs a relation the wants and distresses of the has been given of all the occurlower classes, have communicated rences in the great assembly of a tinge of savageness to the na the nation which had a reference tional character; but scarcely any to this delicate and interesting subacts have occurred of open resist- ject, and of the causes which ance to the authority of law and brought it under discussion; and government. Much of this quiet among the State papers will be and submission has doubtless been found some of the documents proowing to the vigorous exertions duced on the occasion. In the made for the suppression of that progress of the inquiry, a very spirit of riot and depredation wbich general impression was made on had arisen to so alarming a height the public, that an illustrious in the last year, and had rendered stranger, a woman and a mother, necessary some unusual measures had been treated with harshness of restraint and severity. A few and injustice, and even that meainstances of the destruction of sures of additional severity were frames and other outrages by the meditated against her; and with people called Luddites were that zeal in favour of the oppressed ported in the early part of the which is one of the fairest traits of year; but the execution of the the British character, defenders of murderers of Mr. Horsefall, and the honour and safety of the Prinafterwards that of fourteen rioters cess started up on all sides. Of

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public bodies, the livery of Lon- interest; the obnoxious proceeddon was the first to take up her ings with respect to the Princess

At a common-hall con were suspended, so that her situavoked on the 2nd of April, an ad- tion afforded no longer any cause dress to the Princess was moved; for apprehension; and before many and though it was opposed by months were elapsed, the whole some who thought it would be an matter appeared to be sunk in obliudseasonable interference in a vion. It will, however, remain matter which might probably be upon record as an example, not settled in an amicable way between void of instruction, of the power the parties concerned, yet the sense exerted by a manifestation of the of the meeting was general with public feelings, when imprudently respect to the treatment she had called forth by measures which experienced, which was censured place an individual in the light of in the warmest terms, even by an injured and persecuted object. those members of the corporation With respect to the high personwho are regarded as most under ages concerned, it is to be lathe influence of the court. The mented that what has passed must address was carried almost unani tend to render more irreparable mously. It stated the indigna- a breach which has been the tion and abhorrence” with which source of so much regret to the the livery of London viewed " the nation. foul conspiracy against the honour Another principal object of doand life” of her Royal Highness, mestic interest during this

year

was and their “ admiration at her mo- the claim of the Roman Catholics deration, frankness, and magnani. for admission to the full rights of mity under her long persecution.” citizens. To the parliamentary The address was presented in great proceedings respecting this matter ceremony; was followed by ano we have already devoted a chapther from the corporation of Lon- ter; but it will be proper to subdon'; and a number of other public join some notice of the more li. bodies imitated the example. At mited exertions to which this imlength, however, a party began to portant contest gave birth. It has interfere. It was thought that been mentioned that the opposition those who were disaffected to the ' to the Catholic claims by petitions present order of things made use from the clergy and laity, which of the occasion to render the per- commenced in the last year, was son and government of the Prince carried in this to an'extent appearRegent unpopular; as indeed that ing to comprise the greater part of effect was at first produced in no the Protestant population. The inconsiderable degree. The friends most observable circumstance in a of the court and ministry, of course, historical view with regard to this discouraged these addresses, which interposition is, that although much were perhaps conceived in a style zeal and activity was displayed in of exaggeration and intemperance; promoting these petitions, yet that the topic grew stale, and was sus the whole was conducted with pera perseded by others of more general fect order and quiet, unattended

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with any riotous disposition to- pending in parliament for Catholic wards the persons or worship of emancipation. It was observed the Catholics; affording a demon. that the bill was narrowed to the stration that the question was be- relief of Catholics alone, without come, in the public mind, rather comprehending the other classes one of political expedience than of of Dissenters, whose uniform lireligious controversy. Security to berality had given them weighty the church establishment against, claims upon the gratitude of the not the Catholics only, but all those Catholic body-that there are exwho are subjected to the opera- ceptions in the bill with regard to tion of the test laws, was ob certain places, founded upon a viously the consideration which ac- principle of exclusion which they tuated the great body of the pe- cannot recognize-that the enacttitioners.

ment for admission into corporaThe English Catholics, whose tions keeps the Catholics still pracproceedings have always been cha- tically excluded by leaving them racterised by great prudence and to the mercy of bye-laws; and moderation, held a meeting on

that other disabilities are left, prov. March 20th, Lord Clifford in the ing the imperfection and inadechair, which passed two resolu- quacy of the bill; on which actions, the first declaring their gra count the board feels the propriety titude to the House of Commons of nominating additional delegates for its decision in favour of taking to attend in London to the progress into consideration the laws affect. of the bill. ing the Roman Catholics of the If this measure was calculated united empire, and their hopes of to throw an impediment in the a beneficial result'; the second, ex- way of the proposed bill, the resopressing their anxiety to afford lutions of the Irish Roman Catholic every facility for an amicable ad- prelates at a general meeting on justment, and affirming that “the May 27th, were much more adaptsatisfaction they look to in being ed to produce the same effect. admitted to the benefits of the They unanimously declare, that constitution will be greatly dimi- the ecclesiastical clauses contained nished, if not accompanied by the in the bill are utterly incompatible cordial concurrence of their Pro- with the discipline of the Roman testant fellow subjects, whose good. Catholic church, and with the free will they have been anxious to exercise of their religion, and that conciliate, and for the attainment they cannot, without incurring the of which they are, and ever shall guilt of schism, accede to such rebe, willing to make every sacrifice gulations. that is not inconsistent with their The British Catholic board, even religious principles."

after the disappointment of their On May 1st, a full meeting of hopes, continued to maintain the the Irish Catholic board took place same moderate and dignified conat Dublin, when a discussion was duct. At a numerous meeting, entered upon respecting the civil held in London on May 29th, the enactments, solely, of the bill then Earl of Shrewsbury in the chair,

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two unanimous resolutions were integrity and wisdom of thc frapassed; the first, returning thanks mers of the bill; and they republish to those members of the House of a former resolution by which Dr. Commons who supported the bill Milner, in consequence of a calumfor their relief, and directing a nious accusation against Mr. But. deputation to convey their acknow- ler, was discharged from being a ledgments to some of the principal member of the private board of of them by name; the second, in the Britsh Catholics. It is obthe following words: “ That, al- servable that a vote of thanks to though_the Roman Catholics of the same gentleman was carried in Great Britain feel, as they neces- the Irish Catholic board, though sarily must, the most bitter and by a small majority: poignant regret, that hopes so The Irish Catholic prelates folnearly realized are still to be de- lowed up their private resolutions ferred: nevertheless, their long and against the priociples of the bill patient sufferings have taught them by a pastoral address to the clergy not to sink under the present dis- and laity of their flocks, dated appointment; and, confiding fully May 26th, in which, after repeatin the wisdom of the legislature, ing the substance of their two tesothe increasing liberality of their lutions, they add a third, to the countrymen, and the justice of following purpose,

That their cause, they are sensible that would willingly swear, if required they would be unworthy of the by the legislature, that we will name of Britons, if, for a moment, never concur in the appointment they relaxed their efforts to pro- or consecration of any bishop cure relief from the penalties and whom we do not conscientiously disabilities under which they suf- believe to be of unimpeachable fer; trusting and hoping, as they loyalty and peaceable conduct ;** most anxiously do, that the day is and further " that we have not, near at hand, when every jealousy and that we will not have, any and every animosity on account of correspondence or communication opinions purely religious, will be with thechief pastor of our church, buried in eternal oblivion, and that or with any person authorized to in the present and most rapidly act in his name,

for the purpose

of increasing danger of the empire, overthrowing or disturbing the every subject of this united king- Protestant government, or the Prodom may have an equal interest, testant church of Great Britain and by enjoying an equal participation, Ireland, or the Protestant church in the privileges, immunities, and of Scotland, as by law estabglories of their common coun

lished.”

At a meeting of the Catholic By a further resolution, they board in Dublin, July 17th, Mr. express their marked disapproba- O‘Gorman brought forward a motion of a paper intituled, "A brief tion for addressing the Spanish memorial on the Catholic Bill," Cortes to request their interference and signed John Milner, D. D., in favour of the Catholics of highly injurious to the political Ireland. After stating various in

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stances of the interposition of fo- nected by a regular organization, reign powers in the domestic af- by an oath, and by secret proceedfairs of a nation, he moved a reso- ings, before the public were aplution to refer the business of such prized of their existence. They at an application to the consideration length attracted the notice of parof a committee; which was car, liament, and a motion was made ried. A proposition, however, of on the subject in the House of such manifest absurdity, as that of Commons (See Debates). The ilcalling in as auxiliaries to a plan of legality and dangerous nature of enlarged toleration a body which such an institution was universally had declared it to be a fundamental acknowledged in that assembly; article of their new constitution, but it was thought that nothing that no other than the established more was necessary than such a religion should be permitted to public censure, to effect their supexist in Spain, indicated the pre- pression in this part of the united valence of a spirit among a part of kingdom. Undoubtedly, if it the Irish Catholics which could not were possible to revive the dise fail to produce disunion, and to graceful outrages of 1780, the throw discredit on their measures. establishment of clubs of this kind Accordingly, we do not hear of would be the most certain means any further meetings of the gene- of doing it. ral body countenanced by persons If the religious zeal by which of weight and distinction; and the present period is so strongly upon the whole, the result of the characterized had any share in the attempts made during this year to formation of these societies, it must meliorate the condition of the Ro- be allowed to have been much man Catholics does not afford any more laudably employed in those immediate prospect of further sucs associations for the distribution of cess.

the scriptures among the lower One extraordinary effect of the classes, both at home and abroad, alarm excited by the idea of an ad- which have peculiarly distinguishmission of persons of this religion to ed the present year. 'Scarcely has a participation of political power has there been a town, or even a vilbeen the adoption in England of lage of any consequence, in the the Irish Orange Society, originally kingdom, which has not had its instituted in that country as a sup- Bible Society, independent or port of the Protestant ascendancy, auxiliary, generally consisting of and poted as the most inveterate members belonging to the estan enemies to every indulgence grant- blishment, and to all the different ed to their Catholic fellow-subjects. sects, who have fraternally united Societies under this title, number- upon the simple purpose of'rening among their members some dering the sacred writings accessipersons of high rank, had been ble to all the indigent who might formed in London, and in many of be qualified and disposed to make the most considerable provincial use of them. And though in some towns, and even in some regi- instances discouragement has been ments, and were mutually con: thrown upon the

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