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ports, viz. barley, oats, wheat, more moderate rate, and with much flour, oxen and cows, sheep, swine, greater ease than formerly. The bacon, butter, and pork, and point- difference in the rate at which the ed out the increase which had nett revenue of that department taken place in their exportation had been collected, being 20 per during the last twelve years, and cent. less than the preceding year. noticed that the export of wheat The right hon. gentleman then in the last two years was 703, 846 observed that Ireland would not barrels, which exceeds the exports bear, in addition to the taxation of the twelve years immediately already imposed upon her, those preceding the Union and he strong direct taxes in the contemhoped for still more extensive re- plation of some gentlemen, withsults if the beneficial measure out trenching on those resources which his hon. friend, sir Henry which were the foundation of her Parnell, was to introduce, and prosperity. He was favourable to which he should certainly support, en union of the financial departshould receive the sanction of the ments of the two countries, from legislature.

which he conceived most benefiWith respect to the general im cial results would be derived. He provement of the country, it was was aware that a more efficient pretty evident from the state of control of the departments would the exchange between Great Bri- be one of the first consequences tain and Ireland, which, notwith of establishments, and a diminution standing the sums annually trans- of expenditure. He went however mitted to absentees, was very no further than to desire to unite much decreased. The rate of ex. the treasuries and to consolidate the change was formerly as high as debts. For if gentlemen supposed 17; but in the present year it fell that Ireland could afford a contrito five one-half, or one-fourth. bution on the same principles as Many objections had been made England, even in the proportion in former, years, when the Irish which her growing means and budget was brought forward-one increasing population might induce of these was the high charge of them to reckon on, they would the collection and management of find themselves greatly mistaken the revenue. He was happy to indeed; even those who calculated announce, that a very great im on a great increase of general reprovement had taken place in that ceipt, by the imposition of those respect. The right hon. gentleman taxes which Great Britain paid, then entered into a statement to were deceiving the country and show the saving which had taken themselves. Ireland now paid place in the collection of the re taxes on her consumption, from venue since 1811; from which it which Great Britain was exempted appeared, that the gross revenue -the principle articles of that conwas now collected five per cent. sumption were of British manufacunder the rate of that year; and ture and of British produce and the nett revenue eight per cent. In besides those articles, which were the Post-office department, the re- charged with heavier imposts, Irevenue was now collected at a much land paid nearly 300,000l. per

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annum, on the importation of into the state of the exchanges articles, most of them of prime between Great Britain and Ireland nécessity, none of which were' -at the same time he had little liable to any internal duty in doubt that the proportion of absenGreat Britain. It would scarcely tees was greatly increased. The be contended by the warmest ad- number who had followed the seat vocate for what was called vigor- of legislation and of government ous taxation, that if the financial was necessarily great, and he was system of the two countries weré sorry to say, that many who had to be in other respects assimilated, not the same excuse, daily added the Irish people were still to be to those who drew the sole sources subjected to duties such as these; of their support from the country to preserve them as protecting which they deserted.

The two duties would be in his mind the heads which he adverted to would most puerile economy; since it was altogether diminish the general no other than to compel every supply of Great Britain by the consumer, in Ireland to pay more amount of half a million, while than the article of his consump- the duties on articles of consumption was worth, or than he ought tion imported into Ireland, and the

produce of your hearth and other Here then there would be a loss duties, which he was prepared to of near 300,0001. per annum in contend you could not, if you introour customs, which the new systém duced, or rather attempted to inof finance must supply. But there troduce the taxes paid in Great was much more. The property. Britain, any longer retain, would tax payable on the interest of the shew you that one million per Irish debt received in this country, annum of this expected revenue would surely be considered appli- which was to flow into the imcable to the Irish supply, and ought perial treasury, was not in fact any to be carried to the account of that addition or increase to the general country which provided with such resources of the state. difficulty for its charge. The same The right hon. gentleman then result would arise respecting the made various observations to show property of Irish absentees; at the difficulties under which Ireland least in equity he was sure it ought, laboured in extending her proporand the deduction on these two tion of the supplies to governlast-mentioned grounds be at least ment, and the great exertions she half a million from the general re had already made; and he consources of the empire. On this he cluded with moving the first resoonly estimated the remittances to lution, relative to the additional absentees at two millions, which duties on spirits. A desultory was the amount presumed in the debate followed, after which all year 1804, when a committee of the resolutions were agreed to. the House of Commons inquired

CHAPTER

CHAPTER IX.

Debate in both Houses on the Swedish Treaty.--Discussion in the House

of Commons respecting Orange Lodges in England. Vote of Credit.Prorogation of Parliament, and Prince Regent's Speech.

O to

N June 11th the “ Treaty of, of one million sterling. He also tween his Britannic majesty and possession of the island of Guadathe king of Sweden” was laid be- loupe in the West Indies, and fore both Houses of Parliament. sfers to him all his rights over

The following are its principal that island. The king of Sweden articles.' The King of Sweden reciprocally grants to the subjects engages to employ a corps of not of his Britannic majesty, for twenless than 30,000 men in a direct ty years, the right of entrepôt in operation on the continent against the ports of Gottenburgh, Carlthe common foe, in concert with sham, and Stralsund for all coine, the Russian troops under the com modities of Great Britain, or her mand of the prince royal of Swe- colonies, upon a duty of one per den, according to stipulations al- cent. ad valorem.' ready existing between the courts A separate article, added to the of Stockholm and Petersburgh. His treaty, relates to the conditions on Britannic majesty accedes to the which Guadaloupe is to be held by conventions made between those Sweden. See State Papers. two powers, in so much as not Notice was given in each House, only to oppose no obstacle to the of a day for taking this treaty into annexation of Norway to the king consideration. dom of Sweden, but to assist, if On June 14th, Earl Grey rose necessary, in obtaining that ob- in the House of Lords to put some ject by a naval co-operation ; it questions to the earl of Liverpool being however understood, that re- respecting the Swedish treaty. course shall not be had to force, He recited the article relative to unless the king of Denmark shall the annexation of Norway to the previously have refused to join crown of Sweden, and observing the alliance of the north upon the that Great Britain was bound to conditions stipulated in the engage- co-operate by force in its acquisiments between the courts of Stock. tion in the event of a refusal of holm and Petersburgh. His Bri- the court of Denmark to accede to tannic majesty engages, inde- the northern alliance upon certain pendently of other succours, to terms not yet known to their lordfurnish to Sweden for the service ships, he wished to be informed of the present campaign, the sum what were the conditions in the

alliance between Russia and Swe- at present content himself with den upon the non-accession of saying that they had proceeded Denmark, by which such a for- upon no such principle of policy feiture was to be incurred. Their as that to which the noble earl had lordships, who had with just in- adverted. With respect to the dignation reprobated the principle engagements between Russia and of dismemberment and partition Sweden, aš they had not been under the pretext of moral or phy- communicated to the ministers sical convenience, ought fully to upon authority, he did not feel know upon what grounds they himself justified to comply with proceeded in. sanctioning a treaty his lordship's wishes on that head, that appeared in any degree to re- but he had no objection to lay cognize such a political doctrine ; upon the table the substance of they should therefore be further the article to which the present informed of what had lately passed treaty referred. He must decline between our government and that the production of the correspondof Copenhagen, which was known ence with the Danish minister, as to have sent a minister to this it involved topics which, if discourt, during which time hostili- closed, might be prejudicial to ties had been suspended, but had other powers; but the information been since resumed. He hoped required on this point was not nethe noble lard would have no ob- cessary for the consideration of the jection to produce the correspond present treaty. In reply to the ence between the Danish minister observation made as to the time in and our government; and he also which the treaty was laid on the wished to know how it happened table, he said that it could not be that the treaty before them, which produced till its ratification which had been signed on the 3rd of only arrived on the 10th of May, March, was not laid upon their and some subsequent discussions table till so late a period of the rendered it inexpedient to lay it session. Another point on which before parliament sooner than had information was desirable, was how been done. With respect to the far Sweden had actually put in exe- money advanced to Sweden, he cution her engagements by the had no objection to give the fullest treaty, and what sum had been information on that head. As to already paid her on this ground. our engagements with other pow. Further, he thought that our en ers, all the treaties entered into gagements with Russia, and other were already before parliament ; foreign powers, were necessary to but with regard to any further be known, in order to enter upon discussions relative to co-operaa due consideration of this im tion, the House must be aware portant subject.

that it would be improper to say The Earl of Liverpool vould any thing at this moment. not anticipate the future discus Earl Grey expressed himself'not sion, in which his Majesty's ser. entirely satisfied with the extent vants would have an opportunity of information offered

to be of fully explaining the grounds of granted, and intimated that when the treaty with Sweden, and would the discussion came on, he should

take the sense of the House on the Britain is to be invited to accede subject.

to and guarantee this treaty. By In answer to a question after- a subsequent convention, the Ruswards put 'to lord Liverpool, his sian auxiliary force is augmented lordship affirmed that there was to 35,000 men.

The date of this no treaty of concert and subsidy treaty is March 24, 1812. with either Russia or Prussia. Earl Grey, on June 18th, rose

On June 16th, there was laid and first observed that the docubefore parliament a paper con

ment laid on the table was not taining the substance of the en that which the House had a right gagements between the courts of to look for, as it might reasonStockholm and Petersburgh, so far ably expect the communication of as they are referred to in the treaty the articles themselves, instead of between Great Britain and Swe- the alleged substance of them. den. In this it is stated that the Not, however, to dwell upon that French government having, by the circumstance, he contended that occupation of Swedish Pomerania, not only hostilities with Dencommitted an act of liostility mark having been continued after against the Swedish government, an offer of peace, but a treaty havand by the movement of its armies ing been entered into with anohaving menaced the empire of ther power for its spoliation, it Russia, the contracting parties en was become doubly necessary that gage to make a diversion with a it should be proved that Denmark combined force of 25 or 30,000 had refused that justice which Swedes, and 15 or 20,000 Rus- Great Britain had a right to desians upon some point of the coast mand: it was a fact that the ports of Germany; but that, as the king of Denmark had been closed against of Sweden cannot make such the privateers of France, and every diversion consistently with the se- facility given to British commerce, .curity of his dominions, so long as as early as the 10th or 12th of he must regard Norway as an February. Soon after, an official enemy, the emperor of Russia en- agent arrived from Copenhagen, gages, either by negociation or who was succeeded by Count military co-operation, to unite Nor- Bernstorf. Hence it appeared that way to Sweden, which acquisition long before the Swedish treaty was is to be considered as a prelimi- concluded, Denmark had by overt nary to the diversion in Germany. acts incontestibly proved her paThe two powers unwilling to make cific disposition towards this counan enemy of the king of Den- try. After some other observamark, will propose to him to ac tions relative to the right of the cede to this alliance, and offer him House to be fully informed how a complete indemnity for Norway the case stood before it gave its by a territory more contiguous to sanction to a treaty of robbery and his German dominions, provided spoliation, his lordship. concluded he will for ever cede his rights on with moving, that an humble ad. Norway. In case he shall refuse dress be presented to the Prince this offer, they engage to consider Regent, for an account of all comDenmark as an enemy. Great 'munications that had taken place

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