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desirous of going to, and remain- facts, many of which had appeared ing in India, for the purpose of in publications on the subject, and accomplishing those benevolent de- the purpose of which was to do signs.'

away the notion of the impossibiLord Castlereagh premised his lity of working any change upon the motion for this resolution with religious opinions of the Hindoos, some observations to correct the to show the present wretched state misconceptions which had prevail- of their morality and the mischiefs ed on this matter. He said that a of their superstitions, and to answer very general idea had gone forth, some of the charges made against that it was intended to encourage the missionaries. After several an unrestrained resort of persons other members had spoken on each to India for religious purposes, on side of the question, a division the same ground as it was ima- took place, when there appeared, gined that an unrestrained com for the resolution, 89; against it, mercial intercourse for commercial 36. Majority, 53. purposes with that country would On June 28th, Lord Castlereagk be permitted. The House would moved for the House to go into a now be aware that the latter was committee of the whole House on a mistaken notion ; and he could the bill for continuing the charter say the same of the former. It of the East India Company, with was, however, thought by the its new regulations. On this ocframers of the resolution in ques- casion, as if nothing had already tion, that no danger would arise been said on the subject, speakers from allowing a certain number of arose, who at great length gave persons, under the cognizance of their opinions on the various tothe court of directors, who were pics connected with it; in partiagain controlled by the board of cular, the friends and partizans of commissioners, to proceed as mis. the Company fought their battle sionaries to India. .As the House with great vigour, though with no had adverted to the interests of re new weapons. The bill was at ligion in the charter granted in length committed, and a day was 1793, it would seem as if they appointed for receiving the rewere now less disposed to the port. cause of Christianity than former. The committee being resumed ly, if such a proposition had been on July 1st, Lord Castlereagh reomitted. He then made some ob- quested that gentlemen would in servations to show that there were this stage confine themselves to the no grounds for apprehension from consideration of the particular such an allowance, under proper clauses of the bill

, without any control, and that great good previous discussion on the general might result from it. He then principle. On the reading of the moved the resolution.

second clause, relative to the trade A long debate ensued, in which with China, Mr. Canning rose, in Mr. Wilberforce particularly dis- pursuance of a former notice, to tinguished himself as the advocate move a limitation with respect to for proselyting attempts. In his time. After some preliminary obspeech he adduced a number of servations to show that the conti

nuance of such a monopoly was the committee to the clause rela, not necessary to the political power tive to the appropriation of the of the Company, he moved as an Company's funds, which, he said, amendment, that theexclusive trade had been generally misunderstood. to China should be granted them It was not the design of the for a period of ten years. A de framers of the bill to take out of bate followed on this topic, which the hands of the Company the apwas concluded by a division, for. plication of any funds of which the amendment, 29; against it, 69. they were in legal possession, and Majority 40.

of which they might dispose to the Mr. Phillips proposed as an a general advantage of the propriemendment of the clause that notice tors: the great object in view was, should be given to the Company to draw a precise line between the on the 10th of April, 1813, that territorial and the commercial their exclusive trade was to termi- transactions of the Company. nate in three years, the substitu On the clause providing that tion of April 10, 1821.

20,000 of the king's troops should This amendment was rejected be maintained in India by the by 59 votes against 18.

Company, Mr. R. Thornton obWhen the clause respecting the jected that it was a larger number propagation of Christianity was chan was hitherto allowed by law read, a decided opposition to it to be employed. Lord Castlereagh was declared ; and Sir T. Sutton said, that although a much smaller moved the omission of the words number had been named in the in the preamble of the clause de- last act, yet that in point of fact claring the purposes for which mis- many more troops had been found sionaries were to be sent to India, necessary, and that the number and the substitution of the words employed was above 20,000. Our s for various lawful purposes.” This territory in the East had trebled motion rekindled the debate be- since 1793, whence an increased tween the opposers and the pro- military establishment was requimoters of the scheme for Christian site. izing India; of the former of whom On the clause respecting the were the greater number of those appointment of a bishop and three who had resided in that country; archdeacons, Mr. W. Dundas stat. of the latter, those at home who ed that a majority of the British are distinguished by the name of residents in India were of the the evangelical party. The sub- Scotch church, and therefore would stance of the debate being only a have no provision for their public repetition of the matter of prior worship; he therefore proposed a discussions, it will suffice to state clause for the appointment of three the result, which was a division, Scotch clergymen, one at each when there appeared for the origi- presidency, with a salary of 1,000l. nal clause, 54; for the amendment, each. This clause was discussed, 32. Majority 22.

and no other argument was brought The consideration of the bill be. against it, than that its principle ing resumed on July 2nd, Lord would require that wherever there Castlereagh called the attention of was an establishment for the epis

copal church, there should also be tived, and the third reading took one for the presbyterian. On a place on July 13. division, the clause was rejected by In the House of Lords the pro20 against 18. At a subsequent dis- gress of this bill was much more cussion it was made known, tbat the silent than in the Commons, few Company had given an assurance members seeming to interest them. for the maintenance of ministers selves in its provisions after they of the Scotch church at its own had given a general opinion of it expence.

at its first introduction. The earl or the further proceedings of of Lauderdale was most conspithe House of Commons respecting cuous in opposition, and he enthis bill to its final passing the tered upon the journals of the House, it is unnecessary to detail House a protest against the second the particulars. Complaints of pre- reading, in strong terms of cencipitation were made by the friends sure, particularly of the enactment of the Company to the last ; and which directs the yearly issue in the court of proprietors instructed India, for the purpose of invest. those directors who have seats ments, of a sum equal to the payin parliament, to move for a delay ment made from the funds at till the bill in its amended shape bome on account of the territorial should have undergone their consi- charges of the preceding year. deration ; but the minister was The bill passed into a law just firm in resisting such motions. before the close of the session. An Some new clauses and amenda abstract of its clauses will be found ments were proposed, and nega. in another part of our volume.

Vol. LV.

[F]

CHAPTER

CHAPTER VIII.

THE

The Budget, English and Irish.
THE House of Commons on ing fund which was involved in the

March 31, being in a com- bill in progress through the House, mittee of Ways and Means, the provided it passed into a law. It, Chancellor of the Exchequer rose, on the other hand, parliament and said, that he should first men sliould not think it advisable to tion to the committee a transaction give the bill their sanction, at least which had taken place that morn he would not be liable to reproach ing. Government had made the for having neglected to provide proposal to a considerable body of supplies which might be applicable merchants and bankers of funding to defray the charge and sinking twelve millions of outstanding ex fund of exchequer bills outstandchequer bills in the same stock in ing. Reverting to the financial which they had lately been uni- occurrences of 1802, he observed, formly funded, namely, the five that although the noble lord then per cent navy annuities; for every at the head of the Treasury (lord 100l. so funded, the subscriber to Sidmouth) did not provide a sinkreceive 1151. 10s. of those annui- ing fund for the sum funded in that ties. The rate of interest to be year, yet the taxes imposed to depaid by the public on this 'sum fray the interest and charges of that would be 5l. 15s. 6d. which, added sum had exceeded the estimate by to the sinking fund upon it, would four or five millions. This excess amount to 6l. 18s. 7d. In addition of produce, which went to the to this proposal, it had been thought consolidated fund, he (the chanadvisable to give an option to cellor of the exchequer) might such of the holders of exchequer have been justified in applying to bills as might think fit to subscribe the services of the current year; an additional 50 per cent in money, but it was so important to maintain for which they should receive de- the consolidated fund, that it apbentures. On these debentures he peared to him to be very inexpeproposed an addition of one per dient to take such a step, and to cent, as a sinking fund for their re be far better however inconvedemption. After the right hon. nient in other respects, to add to gentleman had made various ex. the existing taxation. In addition planatory observations this to the 870,000l. which in the descheme, he said, he would now velopement of his financial plan, proceed, in conformity to his notice, he had shown to be necessary to io submit to the consideration of supply the drain on the sinking the committee the taxes which fund, the committee would recol. would be necessary, in order to lect, that in providing the supplies. make that provision for the sink. for the last year, there was one

on

proposition--the auction duty-country this would be comparawhich he had calculated at tively little felt. For the country 100,0001. and which having aban- had, until -recently, been so much doned, it became necessary for him excluded from foreign trade, that, to supply the consequent deficiency until lately, all foreign articles had in the consolidated fund. The

come to our markets, 'what with total sum, therefore, that it became the difficulty of transmission, the requisite to raise by permanent charge of freights, &c. under an taxes, was nearly a million of augmentation of expense, greatly money, viz. 870,0001. to be applied exceeding the proposed rate of to the sinking fund; and 100,0001. duty. Many circumstances had, the deficiency occasioned by the re. however, recently combined to linquishment last year of the auc render those articles at the present tion duty. For the purpose of pro- moment cheaper to the consumer, viding the last-mentioned sum, it even with the increased tax, than was his intention to propose to the they were last year without it. committee an additional duty on He would estimate the amount of tobacco equal to that imposed on the increase of the custom duties, it last year, which duty he would at from 850 to 900,0001. In ad. estimate at 100,000l. although pro- dition to this, however, he meant bably it would produce more. He to propose a slight augmentation of was not aware that this new tax the excise in a particular branch of would occasion any inconvenience; it. He proposed that this should or at least he was persuaded that take place in French wines, an it would cause as litile as any that article of mere luxury, entirely could be devised. With regard to the confined to the higher orders, and greater sum of 870,0001, the prin if checked in the importation, or cipal tax that he meant to propose wholly shut out, he should conto meet it, was an increase of the sider it to be a national advantage. custom duties. He thought this On French wines, he proposed to would be infinitely preferable to lay an additional excise duty of any augmentation of the assessed 13d. a bottle, which would be taxes, or of the stamp duties, which about 18d. to the consumer ; a tax had lately been so much increased. that could not be considered very As the most convenient mode, he burthensome to the country. proposed to raise the sum of 8 or The produce he estimated at 900,0001. by a general increase of 30,0001. no very important sum, those duties, with certain excep- and one indeed which it would tions. These exceptions were the hardly be worth while so to raise, duties on tea, sugar, wine, raw were not the subject itself one so silk, and cotton wool. On the

proper for taxation, that even were other articles which paid custom it likely to produce less, or were duties he proposed an increase of the consumption to be so diminish25 per cent. No such general ed as to impair the existing proaugmentation had occurred since duce of the duty upon it, he should 1804, and only one partial and still feel it to be incumbent upon small increase in 1805. Under him to make his present proposithe existing circumstances of the tion. The estimated produce,

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