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who entertained a jealousy of the that the influence of the East Inconsequences which might result dia Company with the govern from submitting the grounds of ment was exerted with powerful Christian doctrine to the judgment and progressive effect. Still; howof the unlearned, yet the idea of ever; a large scope is afforded by opening the scriptures to all ranks the new regulations, to that spiof people is so conformable to the rit of enterprise which so pecuprinciples and practice of the early liarly characterises the British reformers, that the opposition to it commercial body; and speculahas borne an unfavourable aspect. tion is doubtless already busied in It has been a more plausible ob- framing plans for future advenjection, that, as a charity, such tures. The passing of the bill in institutions were not at the present the House of Commons, on July time particularly wanted; that the 13th, produced a minute from means were disproportioned to the the conimittee of the Courts of end ; and that the matter has been Directors, dated on the 15th, in taken up like one of those rages which a detail was given of the which successively occupy the circumstances attending the nemind of the public, and foster ex- gociations between the company travagant and delusive expecta- and the government on the occations. Meantime it cannot be sion, with a view of the reguladenied that much occasional bene- tions in the bill, and the effects fit has accrued to the promoters on the company's prosperity which of these associations, by giving might be expected to result from exercise to their benevolent feel- them. On the 21st, a general ings, and joining them in charita- court was held at the East India ble union with the well-disposed House, when the opinions from of different persuasions.

behind the bar being read in faThe agitation produced in the vour of accepting the bill for the commercial world by the proceed- new charter, a motion was made ings respecting the renewal of the to that effect by sir Hugh Inglis. charter of the East India Com- After some discussion, and the pany has been noticed in the ac- rejection of a proposed amend. count of the parliamentary trans- ment, the motion was carried actions relative to that important unanimously; and the chairman, national concern ; and it cannot Mr. R. Thornton, congratulated be doubted that the changes in the court upon the attainment of a troduced into the new charter, charter which, in some instances, (the principal of which are to be had exceeded their most sanguine found in our abstract of the bill) expectations. will render the present year an

The bounteous harvest which era in the history of British com crowned the hopes of the year, merce.

Those changes are in- has already produced the desirable deed less than were expected by the effect of reducing the price of the sanguine advocates for free and most necessary articles of human open trade; and it was manifest, subsistence to half, or two-thirds, during the course of discussion, of that which they bore during

all its early months.

At the same

No cause therefore now exists for time the greatly increased de discontents among the lower ormand for the manufactures of the ders of the community; and there country, in consequence of the is every reason to hope that the subversion of the French system calm produced by fear will be of their exclusion from the conti- succeeded by the more permanent nent, has given full scope for in- tranquillity consequent upon satisdustry, and raised the wages of fied labour. workmen to their former rates.

CHAPTER XI.

Naval Occurrences.- Loss of the Java.-Engagement between the Amelia

and a French Frigate.-Capture of a Flotilla on the coast of Calabria.- Capture of the Isle of Ponza.-Loss of the Peacock sloop. Capture of a Convoy on the Dalmatian Coast.- Successes in the Bay of Chesapeake. -Loss of the Vincejo.- Capture of the Chesapeake Frigate by the Shannon.-Capture of the Annaconda, and the Islands of Ocracoke and Portsmouth. - Capture of Fiume.- Success at Cassis.Capture of the American-sloop Argus. Success in the Gulf of Cataro.

-Capture of Le Weser and La Trave. Reduction of Batteries at Cuxhaven, &c.

IN
N this year, as in the preceding, 1812, off St. Salvador, on the

few opportunities have been coast of Brazil, a strange sail, to afforded to the British navy to act which she gave chace. The ship a distinguished part in the course proved to be the American frigate of events which will ever render Constitution, which, shortening the period memorable. The French sail about two o'clock in the afternavy, reduced to inaction, or to a noon, came into action. The few petty and stolen attempts, has American manquvred for some presented no occasion of fair and time to avoid close combat, aiming decisive combat ; and the blockade by firing high to disable the masts of the American coast has curbed of his antagonist, in which he obthat adventurous spirit which some tained some success, having shot unexpected successes appeared to away the head of the bowsprit with have excited in the infant navy of the jib-boom of the Java, and much the United States. Actions worthy injured the running rigging. Capt. of record have not, however, been Lambert, finding the enemy's rak. entirely wanting; and in several ing fire very heavy, ordered him to instances of co-operation with the be laid on board; but this was land forces, our seamen have found rendered impracticable by further room for the display of their ac- damages to the masts and rigging customed courage and activity. which left his ship quite unmanage

The first event, however, to be able, with most of the starboard related, is one of additional mis- guns useless from the wreck lying fortune, though not of disgrace, to over them. At half-past three the the British flag. His majesty's captain received a dangerous wound frigate Java, capt. Lambert, bound which obliged him to be carried to the East Indies, with lieuto-gen. below. From this time till a quar, Hislop, and the officers of his staff ter past four the Java could only on board, descried, on Dec. 29th, fire two or three guns; but her

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mizen mast being then shot away, that the surviving officers of the
she fell off, and many of her star. Java were most honourably ac-
board guns were brought to bear. quitted of blame for the surrender
The two ships were now brought of their ship.
broadside to broadside, and both An action in which a serious loss
continued to fight for some time was sustained, with no other ad-
in this position. The Constitution vantage than the gallant repulse
then made sail a-head out of gun- of a superior foe, occurred in an
shot, to repair her damages, leav-' engagement between his majesty's
ing the Java a wreck, with only ship Amelia, the hon. capt. Irby,
the main-mast standing, and that and a French frigate, off the coast
tottering. Every attempt was how- of Africa. Capt. Irby, being about
ever made to put her in a state for to quit Sierra Leone river at the
renewing the action, but the main close of January, was informed by
mast fell over the side, and the lieut. Pascoe, of the Daring, gun-
starboard guns were nearly all co- brig, that he had been obliged to
vered. The enemy now standing, run his véssel on shore, and blow
forwards to make an attack, and her up, in consequence of being
preparing to take a raking position, chased by a French frigate, which,
Mr. Chads, the first lieutenant, with two consorts, he had left
consulted his officers whether, in at anchor off the De Loss isländs.
their disabled condition, with great Capt. Irby dispatched lieut. Pas-
part of the crew killed or wounded, coe to reconnoitre, who brought
it would be justifiable to waste intelligence that the force of the
more lives in continuing a fruitless enemy was two frigates of the
defence. The result was, that they largest class, L'Arethuse and Lé
agreed in the painful necessity of Rubis, with a Portuguese ship,
striking their colours; and their their prize. Capt. Irby, thereupon,
victor, commodore Baiobridge, determined to eruize off those
gave a testimony of the desperate islands in order to fall in with any
state to which their ship was re other English ships of war that
duced, by ordering her to be set might be coming down the coast,
on fire as soon as the wounded

and protect the trade to Sierra were removed. The loss on board Leone. One of the French frithe Java was very severe in officers gates stood out to sea on Feb. 6th, and men, and the gallant captain and on the next day the other Lambert died in consequence of stood towards the Amelia, which his wounds a few days after, and had been lying off the island of was interred with all military ho- Tamara in the night. Capt. Irby, nours in fort St. Pedro. The loss with the hope of drawing her from on board the Constitution was also her consort, continued standing to considerable. The respective force sea till sun-set, when not perceive of the ships was, Java, guns, 46; ing the other ship from the mastweight of metal, 1034ib. ; crew head, he shortened sail, wore, and and supernumeraries, 377: Con- stood to her. At 45 minutes past stitution, guns, 55; weight of me seven, p. m. the two antagonists tal, 1490; crew, 480. It searcely began firing within pistol shot, needs be added, after this relation, and the action continued till 21

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minutes past 11, when the French companies of the 75th regiment, frigate bore 'away, leaving the commanded by major Stuart, and Amelia in an ungovernable condi arriving at day-light, landed about tion, with her sails and rigging cut 150 of the soldiers, with an auxito pieces, and her masts injured. liary party of seamen under the During the action the Amelia twice command of lieut. Le Hunt. fell on board the enemy in attempt- Major Stewart immediately led ing to thwart his hawse ; when he them to occupy a height defended made efforts to board, but was re- by a whole battalion, with two pulsed. “ The superior, force of troops of cavalry, and two pieces of the enemy. (says capt. Irby), the artillery. A most determined atconsiderable quantity of gold-dust tack was made, which was resisted we have on board, as well as the till the enemy's commander and certainty of the other frigate com most of his officers were killed or ing up, would have prevented my made prisoners, and the height was seeking a renewal of the action, if covered with their dead. The it had not been totally impractica- flotilla, under capt. Imbert, in the ble.". The slaughter on board the meantime was "cannonading the Amelia was too good a proof, to- batteries, which held out till they gether with the disabling of the were stormed by lieut. Le Hunt ship, how well the enemy's guns with his seamen. Every thing now were served. The return of killed, came into the possession of the and since dead, was 51, of wound assailants, who launched the most ed, 95. Among the former were valuable of the vessels and timber, three lieutenants, and lieutenant and set the rest on fire. Of the Pascoe, of the Daring. Capt. Irby enemy, 150 were killed, and 163 was severely wounded. He imme- wounded, and their two guns were diately proceeded homewards, and taken. The loss of the victors was arrived at Spithead on March 22od. comparatively trifling, but the gal

A brilliant service performed by Jant major Stewart was unfortuthe Sicilian flotilla under the com- nately killed by a musket shot as mand of capt. Hall, aided by a he was pushing off from shore part of the 75th regiment, was re after the re-embarkation of the ported by się Edward Pellew, the troops. admiral in the Mediterranean, in Another successful enterprise in the month of March. Capt. Hall, which the land and sea forces were in a letter to lord W. Bentinck, conjointly engaged was the caprelates, that the enemy having ture of the Isle of Ponza, off the thrown up new works, at Pietra gulf of Gaeta, on the Neapolitan Nera, on the coast of Calabria, coast. Capt. Napier, of the Thames, confided so much in their strength, having taken on board lieutenant that a convoy of 50 armed vessels col. Coffin, and the 2nd battalion assembled to transport timber and of the 10th regiment, arrived off other government property to Na- Ponza, accompanied by the Fuples, On receiving this intelli- rieuse, on Feb. 23rd. The harbour gence, capt. Hall, on the night of of the island is about a quarter

of Feb. 14th, proceeded with two a mile wide, with a mofe at the divisions of the flotilla, and four extremity, defended by four bat

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