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fore readily gave into a scheme calculated to remove both obstacles at once. This was the marriage of the Prince of Orange to the eldest daughter of the Duke of York. So early as 1674‘, Lord Arlington had been sent to Holland to offer this match, with a proposal, at the same time, that the Prince of Orange should assist Charles against his rebellious subjects. * But the Prince of Orange at that time waved the subject; saying, with respect to the demand for aid, that he could not think the King of England could be so ill-beloved or so imprudent as to need such assistance. The first motion

April, was now made by the Prince himself

1677- to Sir William Temple, who thereupon entrusted his wife with a verbal message

to Lord Danby. The marriage was. not pro‘ "

posed to the King till two months after, and the Prince did not come to England till the end of Septemberflr .Even at this time the King continued his secret transactions with France. In August he had concluded'a treaty, by which two millions of livres were to be paid him; and, at the .verymoment of the Prince’s arrival, he wrote orders to Montague,

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his ambassador, to get this sum” increased to 200,0001. "

The favourite argument of Montague on these occasions was, that France had gained six mil

lions additional revenue by her conquests in

Flanders, in which it was but just that Charles should share, as accessary by connivance. ’r

When the Prince of Orange arrived in England, he refused, with admirable spirit, to enter into any negociations concerning the terms of peace till the marriage was concluded. This refusal, and the opposition offered by the Duke of York, had nearly prevented the match, but the King suddenly submitted; and these nuptials, so auspicious to the future liberties of England, were immediately celebrated.

The terms of the peace were then agreed upon between the King, the Prince of Orange, Lord Danby, and Sir William Temple. The King was to communicate them to France, and the Prince of Orange to Spain. Upon the question being asked, who was to carry them to France, Lord Danby said it must either be Sir William Temple or himself; and as he could

not be spared, Temple was named. He was to give the court of Versailles only two days for an answer; and in case of a refusal, the King was immediately to join the confederates. But the day before Sir William Temple was to go away, the King sent for him, and, with some confusion, told him that he had changed his mind, and would send some other person with the propoa'tions. Temple, instead of being angry, expressed great joy at this news. The King then pretended to consult him about the person to be sent, and said, “ What think you of Lord Duras ?” (Lord Feversham.) Temple agreed that he would do very well. Notwithstanding this appearance of asking advice, how‘ ever, the appointment had been settled that morning with the Duke of York, and the instructions were of a nature that would hardly have pleased Sir William Temple. Lord Duras was ordered to offer the terms which had been concerted with the Prince of Orange, and to assure Lewis, that without them the Prince did not conceive Flanders could be left in any possibility of defence:--'that Lewis, having always professed that he did not mean to conquer Flanders, and Charles having told his Parliament and people that he would not see

* Montague's Letter to the King, October 12., in Danby’s Letters. .

1- Danby’s Letters.

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think proper; and finally, no time was fixed

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promised to do, only revoked a proclamation, by which, in pursuance of his secret engagements with Lewis, he had adjourned Parliament till April. At the same time, he sent Mr. MonF tague, who had lately come over to England, to renew the propositions for peace, and represent, still more strongly, the necessity he should be under of declaring war- against France, if r peace was not instantly concluded: he begged His Most Christian Majesty to call to mind how I much inconvenience he had sufl’ered by parting


with so many sessions of Parliament in discontent, and that a longer resistence to the wishes. of his people would be attended with danger to his very being and crown : he, therefore, hoped his good brother would not consider the parting with a town or two for the sake of him who had so far forfeited his interest in his three \ kingdoms, to keep his friendship with him, an unreasonable demand: he concluded with declaring, that if Flanders should be lost, such disorders would probably ensue, both in the minds of his subjects in general, and in Parliament in particular, as would tend more to his ) injury than all the conquests His Most ChrisI

tian Majesty had made could be of advantage to him. *


* Secretary Coventry's Instructions in MSS. at Longleat. See Appendix.

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