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"The First Part of Henry VI.' was originally | bracing many details. That portion of the printed, under that title, in the folio collec- question which is founded upon an expression tion of 1623. Upon the authority, then, of of Robert Greene, that Shakspere pilfered the editors of that edition of Mr. Will these plays from some unknown author, is liam Shakespeare's Comedies, Histories, and fully discussed in the 'Biography,' book iii., Tragedies, published according to the true c. 3. We there state that a full ‘Illustration' original Copies,' this drama properly finds a of the unity of the three Parts of Henry place in every modern edition of our poet's VI.,' and of 'Richard III.' will be found works. But since the time of Malone most in a subsequent Volume. It will be more English critics have agreed that this play is convenient to give that 'Illustration' with spurious; and Drake, without hesitation, re- the play of 'Richard III.,' when the entire fers to what Shakspere's friends and editors text will be before the reader. denominated the Second and Third Parts of In the humble house of Shakspere's boy

Henry VI.' as the First and Second Parts; hood, there was, in all probability, to be and recommends all future editors, if they found a thick squat folio volume, then some print this first play at all, to give it only in thirty years printed, in which might be read, an Appendix. If we were in the habit, then, “what misery, what murder, and what exeof taking upon trust what the previous crable plagues this famous region hath sufeditors of Shakspere have authoritatively fered by the division and dissension of the held, we should either reject this play alto renowned houses of Lancaster and York.” gether, or, if we printed it, we should inform This book was 'Hall's Chronicle. With the our readers that “the hand of Shakspere is local and family associations that must have nowhere visible throughout." We cannot belonged to his early years, the subject of consent to follow either of these courses. the four dramas that relate to the dissension We print the play, and we do not tell the of the houses of Lancaster and York, or reader that Shakspere never touched it. rather the subject of this one great drama in The question of the authenticity of the three four parts, must have irresistibly presented parts of Henry VI.' is a very large one, em- | itself to the mind of Shakspere, as one

SCENE III.—London. Hill before the Tower.
Enter, at the gates, the DUKE OF GLOSTER, with his Serving-men in blue coats.
Glo. I am come to survey the Tower this day:

Since Henry's death, I fear there is conveyance a.
Where be these warders, that they wait not here?
Open the gates; 't is Gloster that calls.

[Servants knock. 1 WARD. [Within.] Who 's there that knocks so imperiously? 1 Serv. It is the poble duke of Gloster. 2 WARD. [Within.] Whoe'er he be, you may not be let in. 1 SERV. Villains, answer you so the lord protector? I WARD. (Within.] The Lord protect him! so we answer him :

We do no otherwise than we are will’d.
Glo. Who willed you? or whose will stands but mine?

There's none protector of the realm but I.
Break up the gates, I 'll be your warrantize:
Shall I be flouted thus by dunghill grooms ?

Servants rush at the Tower gates. Enter to the gates, WOODVILLE, the

Wood. [Within.] What noise is this? what traitors have we here?
Glo. Lieutenant, is it you whose voice I hear?

Open the gates; here 's Gloster that would enter.
Wood. (Within.] Have patience, noble duke; I may not open ;

The cardinal of Winchester forbids ::
From him I have express commandment,

That thou, nor none of thine, shall be let in.
Glo. Faint-hearted Woodville, prizest him 'fore me?

Arrogant Winchester? that haughty prelate,
Whom Henry, our late sovereign, ne'er could brook ?
Thou art no friend to God, or to the king:

Open the gates, or I 'll shut thee out shortly. 1 Serv. Open the gates unto the lord protector;

Or we 'll burst them open, if that you come not quickly.

Enter WINCHESTER, attended by a train of Servants in tawny coats.
Win. How now, ambitious Humphrey ? what means this ?
Glo. Peel'd priest, dost thou command me to be shut out?
Win. I do, thou most usurping proditor,

a Conveyance-theft.

Break up. So in Hall's Chronicle:-" The lusty Kentish-men, hoping on more friends, brake up the gates of the King's Bench and Marshalsea.”

Peeld-an allusion to the shaven crown of the priest.

And not protector of the king or realm.
Glo. Stand back, thou manifest conspirator ;

Thou that contriv'dst to murder our dead lord ;
Thou that giv'st whores indulgences to sin :
I 'll canvass thee in thy broad cardinal's hat,

If thou proceed in this thy insolence.
Win. Nay, stand thou back, I will not budge a foot ;

This be Damascus, be thou cursed Cain,

To slay thy brother Abel, if thou wilt a.
Glo. I will not slay thee, but I 'll drive thee back:

Thy scarlet robes, as a child's bearing cloth

I 'll use, to carry thee out of this place.
Win. Do what thou dar'st; I beard thee to thy face.
Glo. What! am I dar'd, and bearded to my face ?-

Draw, men, for all this privileged place;
Blue-coats to tawny-coats 4. Priest, beware your beard ;

[GLOSTER and his men attack the Bishop.
I mean to tug it, and to cuff you soundly:
Under my feet I stamp thy cardinal's hat;
In spite of pope, or dignities of church,

Here by the cheeks I 'll drag thee up and down. Win. Gloster, thou 'lt answer this before the pope. Glo. Winchester goose! I cry—a rope! a rope !

Now beat them hence: Why do you let them stay ?

Thee I 'll chase hence, thou wolf in sheep's array.-
Out, tawny-coats !-out, scarlet hypocrite !

Here a great tumult. In the midst of it, enter the Mayor of London, and


May. Fie, lords! that you, being supreme magistrates,

Thus contumeliously should break the peace !
Glo. Peace, mayor; thou know'st little of my wrongs.

Here 's Beaufort, that regards nor God nor king,

Hath here distrain'd the Tower to his use.
Win. Here's Gloster, toob, a foe to citizens ;

One that still motions war, and never peace,
O'ercharging your free purses with large fines;
That seeks to overthrow religion,
Because he is protector of the realm;
And would have armour here out of the Tower,
To crown himself king, and suppress the prince.

a The old travellers believed that Damascus was the scene of the first murder. Maundevile says, “ And in that place where Damascus was founded Kaym slew Abel his brother.”

So the second folio; the first omits too.

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