The Origins of English Words: A Discursive Dictionary of Indo-European Roots
JHU Press, 2001 - 636 страници
There are no direct records of the original Indo-European speech. By comparing the vocabularies of its various descendants, however, it is possible to reconstruct the basic Indo-European roots with considerable confidence. In The Origins of English Words, Shipley catalogues these proposed roots and follows the often devious, always fascinating, process by which some of their offshoots have grown.
Anecdotal, eclectic, and always enthusiastic, The Origins of English Words is a diverting expedition beyond linguistics into literature, history, folklore, anthropology, philosophy, and science.
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It embraces concise or colorful expressions from any source: Spanish pronto,
French detente, Russian sputnik, Latin condominium, Latin etc. (et cetera: and
others). This ingathering is a continuing process. New words may also be
... wanderful is a false coinage, a counterfeit (French feit from Latin factum, made)
made against but in imitation of a coveted or currently accepted form. The first
counter, a token, springs from Latin computare: to clear, to compute; the second ...
Between two consonants that go well together the vowel may be dropped. Thus
the root bhel, which gives English bellows, drops the vowel to form the English
bladder. Where Greek has o, Latin may have e; as cosmogony, ingenuity. Here,
Latin scintilla came directly into English, giving us scintillate as well; by
metathesis it is also the source of tinsel and stencil. ... hurry-scurry. From the root
sta, Greek histani led to English system; Latin si-st, to English assist, exist, and
Latin retained the n of nes; hence paternoster, the prayer to our Father (in heaven
), and the medieval nostrum, literally "our own": a secret recipe, concocted by the
man, usually a quack, that sold it. In Greek the letter gamma, before kappa, chi, ...