The Origins of English Words: A Discursive Dictionary of Indo-European Roots
JHU Press, 2001 - 636 страници
There are no direct records of the original Indo-European speech. By comparing the vocabularies of its various descendants, however, it is possible to reconstruct the basic Indo-European roots with considerable confidence. In The Origins of English Words, Shipley catalogues these proposed roots and follows the often devious, always fascinating, process by which some of their offshoots have grown.
Anecdotal, eclectic, and always enthusiastic, The Origins of English Words is a diverting expedition beyond linguistics into literature, history, folklore, anthropology, philosophy, and science.
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For some three hundred fifty years Anglo-Saxon and Norman French competed,
and gradually merged, until Chaucer's poems and Caxton's printing press set the
crown upon their fusion into English. In the shuffle and friction of these tongues, ...
Between two consonants that go well together the vowel may be dropped. Thus
the root bhel, which gives English bellows, drops the vowel to form the English
bladder. Where Greek has o, Latin may have e; as cosmogony, ingenuity. Here,
A Discursive Dictionary of Indo-European Roots Joseph Twadell Shipley. word: a
, instead; b, debt; c, acquaintance . . . z, jazz. A full alphabetical list of silent letters
is in my book In Praise of English.
In their Dictionary of Psychological and Psychoanalytical Terms, H. B. and A. C.
English set a prefatory jingle, mocking such misuse of the classical roots. There
are many words ending in mania; even more-some 275-in phobia; yet these ...
German v is English / In both the United States and England, school and
orchestra have a k sound; but schedule is pronounced skedule in the one country
and shedule in the other. Scandinavian fisk and German Fisch are both
pronounced as ...