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I wish Pope were as great an urger as 1. water impregnated with an urinous spirit, like

Swift. that obtainable from animal substances. U'RGEWONDER. n. S. A sort of grain.

Arbutbnor. This barley is called by some 'urgewonder. Urn. n. s. (urne, Fr. urna, Latin.]

Mortimer. 1. Any vessel, of which the mouth is U'R M. n. s.

narrower than the body. Urim and thummim were something in Aaron's Vesta is not displeas'd, if her chaste urn breast-plate; but what, criticks and commenta Do with repaired fuel burn;, tors are by no means agreed. The word urim

But my saint frowns, though to her honour'd signifies light, and thummim perfection. It is most probable that they were only names given I consecrate a never-dying flame. Carew.' to signify the clearness and certainty of the di Minos, the strict inquisitor, appears, vine answers which were obtained by the high And lives and crimes, with his assessors, hears; priest consulting God with his breast-plate on, Round in his urn the blended balls he rowls; in contradistinction to the obscure, enigmatical, Absolves the just, and dooms the guilty souls. uncertain, and imperfect answers of the heathen

Dryden. oracles.


2. A water-pot; particularly that in the He in cælestial panoply all arm’d, Of radiant ugim, work divinely wrought. Milton.

sign of Aquarius.

The fish oppose the maid, the watry urn U'RINAL. n. s. (urinal, Fr. from urine. ] With adverse fires sees raging Leo burn. Creerb.

A bottle, in which water is kept for in 3. The vessel in, which the remains of spection.

burnt bodies were put. These follies shine through you, like the wa O lay these bones in an unworthy urn, ter in an urinal.

Sbakspeare. Tombless, with no remembrance over them. A candle out of a musket will pierce through

Sbakspeare. an inch board, or an urinal force a nail through a A rustick digging in the ground by Padua, plank.

Brown, found an urn, or earthen pot, in which there This hand, when glory calls,

was another urn; and, in this lesser, a lamp Can brandish arms as well as urinals. Garth. clearly burning.

Wilkins. Some with scymitars in their hands, and others His scatter'd limbs with my dead body burn; with urinals, ran to and fro. Spectator. And once more join us in the pious urn. Dryden. U'RINARY. adj. (from urine.] Relating to URO'SCOPY. n. s. [zpor and oxirlw.] Inthe urine.

spection of urine. The urachus or ligamentous passage is derived In this work, attempts will exceed performfrom the bottom of the bladder, whereby it dis ances; it being composed by snatches of time, as chargeth the waterish and urinary part of its medical vacations, and uroscopy, would permif. Brown.

Brown. Diureticks that relax the urinary passages, U'RRY. n. s. A mineral. should he tried before such as stimulate.

In the coal-mines they dig a blue or black clay,

Arbutbnot. that lies near the coal, commonly called urry, U'RINAtive. adj. Working by urine; which is an unripe coal, and is very proper for provoking urine.

hot lands, especially pasture-ground. Mortims. Medicines urinative do not work by rejection Us. The oblique case of we. and indigestion, as solutive do.


The lord made not this covenant with our URINA'TOR. n. s. [urinateur, Fr. urinator, fathers, but with us, even us, who are all of us Lat.) A diver; one who searches un here alive this day.

Deuteronomy. der water.

U’SAGE. n. s. (usage, French.) The precious things that grow there, as pearl, 1. Treatment. may be much more easily fetched up by the help of this, than by any other way of the urinators.

Might'st thou deserve, or they impose, this Wilkins. 14 Suge

Shaksoare. Those relations of urinators belong only to The lustre in your eye, heav'n in your cheek, those places where they have dived, which are Plead you fair usage:

Sbakspeare. always rocky.


My brother U'RINE, n. s. [urine, Fr. urina, Lat.) Is pris'ner to the bishop, at whose hands Animal water.

He hath good usage, and great liberty. Sbals: Drink, sir, is a great provoker of nose-paint

The rest were sav'd, and made enthralled

swaines ing, sleep, and urine.

Sbakspeare. As though there were a seminality in urine,

To all th. basest


there bred. Cbapman. or that, like the seed, it carried with it the idea

What usage have I met with from this adverof every part, they foolishly believe we can visi sary, who passes by the very words I translated, bly behold therein the anatomy of every parti

and produces other passages; and then hectors cle.


and cries out of my disingenuity ? Solling feet. The chyle cannot pass by urine nor sweat.

Are not haviks brought to the hand and to the Arbuthnot.

lure, and lions reclaimed, by good usage? TO U'RINE. V. n. [uriner, Fr. from the

l' Estrange

He was alarmed with the expectation of that noun.] To make water.

usage, which was then a certain consequent of Places where men urine commonly have some such meritorious acts.

FdL smell of violets.


Neptune took unkindly to be bound, No oviparous animal, which spawn or lay eggs, And Éurus never such nard usage found doth urine, except the tortoise. Brown. In his Æolian prison.

Dryden. U'RINOU S. adj. (from urine.] Partaking 2. Custom ; practice long continued. of urine.

Of things once received and confirmed by use, The putrid matter being distilled, affords a long usage is a law sufficient. ln civil aftas;


Which way

when there is no other law, custom itself doch stand for law,

Hooker. 3. Manners ; behaviour. Obsolete.

A gentle nymph was found,
Hight Astery, excelling all the crew

In courteous usage, and unstained hue. Spenser. U'SAGER, n. s. (usager, Fr. from usage.]

One who has the use of any thing in
trust for another.

He consum'd the common treasury,
Whereof he being the simple usager
But for the state, not in propriety,
Did alien t' his minions.

Daniel. U'SANCE. n. s. (usance, French.) 3. Use ; proper employment.

What art thou,
That'here in desart hast thine habitance,
And these rich heaps of wealth dost hide apart
From the world's eye, and from her right usance?

Spenser. 2. Usury ; interest paid for money.

He lerds out inoney gratis, and brings down The rate of usance.

Slakspears USE. n. s. (usus, Latin.] 1. The act of employing any thing to any purpose.

The fat of the beast that dieth of itself, may be used in any other use.

Leviticus. Number the mind makes use of in measuring all things by us measurable.

Locke, Consider the history, with what uso our au. thor makes of it.

Locke Things may, and must, differ in their use; but yet they are all to be used according to the will of God

Law. 2. Qualities that make a thing proper for any purpose.

Rice is of excellent use for illnesses of the stomach, that proceed from cold or moist humours; a great digester and restorer of appeti tite.

Tomple. 3. Need of; occasion on which a thing can be employed.

This will secure a father to my child; That done, I have no farther use for life.

A. Philips 4. Advantage received; power of receiving advantage.

More figures in a picture than are necessary, our author calls figures to be let; because the picture has no use for them.

Dryden. 3. Convenience; help; usefulness.

Distinct growth in knowledge carries its own light in every step of its progression; than which nothing is of more use to the understanding.

Locke. Nothing would be of greater use towards the improvement of knowledge and politeness, than some effectual method for correcting, enlarging, and ascertaining our language. When will my friendship be of use to thee?

4. Philips. You shew us Rome was glorious, not profuse: And pompous buildings once were things of use.

Pope. 6. Usage; customary act.

That which those nations did use, having been also in use with others, the ancient Roman laus do forbid.

Hooker, He that first brought the word slam, wheedle, or banter, in use, put together, as he thought fit,

those ideas he made it sand for. Locke, 7. Practice; habit.

Sweetness, truth, and ev'ry grace
Which time and use are wout to teach,
The eye may in a moment reach,

And read distinctly in her face. Waller. 8. Custom ; common occurrence.

O Cæsar! these things are beyond all use,
And I do fear them.

Sbakspears. 9. Interest; money paid for the use of money.

If it be good, thou hast received it from God, and then thou art more obliged to pay duty and tribute, use and principal, to him. Taylor.

Most of the learned, heathen and christian, assert the taking of use to be unlawful; yet the divines of the reformed church beyond the seas,

do generally athirm it to be lawful. Soutb. To Use, v.a. (user, Fr. usus, Latin.] 1. To employ to any purpose.

You 're welcome,
Most learned, rev'rend sir, into our kingdom;
Use us and it.

Sbakspeare. They could use both the right hand and the left in hurling stones and shooting arrows.

1 Chronicles.
This occasion gave
For me to use my wits, which to their height
I striv'd to skrew up.

Chapman. Two trumpets of silver, that thou mayest use for the calling of the assembly. Numbers

He was unhappily too much used as a check upon the lord Coventry; and when that lord perplexed their counsels with inconvenient objections, the authority of the lard Manchester was still called upon.

Clarendon. These words of God to Cain, are, by many interpreters, understood in a quite different sense than what our author uses them in. Locke.

That prince was using all his endeavours to introduce popery, which he openly professed.

Swift. 2. To accustom ; to habituate.

He that intends to gain th' Olympick prize,
Must use himself to hunger, heat, and cold.

Roscommon. Those who think only of the matter, use theme selves only to speak extempore.

Locke. I've hitherto been usd to think A blind ofhcious zeal to serve my king, The ruling principle.

Addison. A people long used to hardships lose by degrees the very notions of liberty; they look upon themselves as at mercy.

Swift. 3. To treat. Why dost thou use me thus? I know thee not.

Shakspeare. When he came to ask leave of Solyman that he might depart, he was courteously used of him.


I know
My Aurengzebe wou'd ne'er have us’d me so.

Dryden. If Virgil or Ovid bc thus used, 'tis no longer to be called their work, when neither the thoughts nor words are drawn from the original. Dryden.

St. Paul was not afraid to plead his own cause, and serve himself of law, when others went about to use him with violence, contrary to it.

Kettlewell, I love to use people according to their own sense of good-brecding.

Tatler. Cato has us'd me ill; he has refus'd His daughter Marcia to my ardent vows. Addis,

Gay is used as the friends of tories are by whigs, and generally by tories too. Pope to Swift 4. To practise customarily.

Use hospitality one to another, without grudging

1 Petcr.


s. To behave : with the reciprocal pro The hurtful teeth of vipers are useless to us, noun. Out of use.

and yet are parts of their bodies. Bogle. Pray forgive me, if I have used myself unman

His friend, on whose assistance he most relied, nerly.


either proves false and forsakes him, or looks on TO USE. v. n.

with an useless pity, and cannot help him. 1. To be accustomed ; to practise cus


The waterman forlorn along the shore tomarily.

Pensive reclines upon his useless oar.

Gay. They use to place him that shall be their cap U'SELESSLY. adv. [from useless.] Withtain upon a stone, always reserved for that purpose, and placed commonly upon a hill. Spenser.

out the quality of answering any purIn polling of trees, many do use to leave a pose. bough or two on the top, to help to draw up


In a sauntering humour, some, out of custom, sap.


let a good part of their lives run uselessly away, A prudent governor, to advance religion, will without business or recreation. Locke. not consider men's duty, but their practire; not what they ought to do, but what they use to do. U'SELESSNESS., n. s. [from useless.] Un

South. fitness to any end. 2. To be customarily in any manner ; 10

He made a learned discourse on the trouble, be wont.

uselessness, and indecency of foxes wearing tails. Fears use to be represented in such an imagi

L'Estrange: nary fashion, as they rather dazzle men's eyes

He would convince them of the vanity and than open them.

uselessness of that learning, which makes not the

Soutb. The waters going and returning as the wave

possessor a better man. and great commotions of the sea use to do, rerir U'SER. n. s. [from use.] One who uses. ed leisurely.

Burnet. Such things which, by imparting the delight 3. To frequent; to inhabit. Obsolete. to others, make the user thereof welcome, as Conduct me well

musick, dancing, hunting, feasting, riding. In these strange ways, where never foot did use,

Sidney Spenser.

T'hat wind-like user of his feet, faire Thetis' Snakes that use within the house for shade


Chapman. . Securely lurk, and like a plague invade

My lord received from the countess of WarThy cattle with venom.

May. wick, a lady powerful in the court, and indeed a Ye vallies low, where the mild whispers use virtuous user of her power, the best advice that Of shades, and wanton winds, and gushing brooks. was ever given.

W obien, Milton. UʻSHER. n. s. [huissier, French.) U'seful. adj. [use and full.] Conveni.

1. One whose business is to introduce ent; profitable to any end ; conducive or helpful to any purpose ; valuable for

strangers, or walk before a person of

high rank. use.

The wife of Antony Providence would only enter mankind into the useful knowledge of her treasures, leaving

Should have an army for an usber, and

The neighs of horse to tell her approach, the rest to employ our industry. More.

Long ere she did appear.

Sbakspeare Gold and silver being little useful to the life of man, in proportion to food, raiment, and car.

You make guards and ysbers march before, and then enters your prince.

Tatlete riage, has its value only from the consent of

Gay paid his courtship with the crowd,

Locke. That the legislature should have power to

As far as modest pride allow'd;

Rejects a servile usber's place, change the succession, is very usefsel towards And leaves St. James's in disgrace.

Swift preserving our religion and liberty. Swift:

Deliver a particular account of the great and 2. An under-teacher; one who introduces, useful things already performed. Swift. young scholars to higher learning.

Next to reading, meditation, and prayer, there Though grammar's pronts less than rhetorick's is nothing that so secures our hearts from foolish

are, passions, nothing that preserves so holy and wise Yet ev'n in those his wsber claims a share. a frame of mind, as some useful, humble em.

Dryden ployment of ourseives.

Law, U’SEFULLY. adv. (from useful.] In such

To U'SHER. W. a. [from the noun.) To

introduce as a forerunner or harbinger; a manner as to help forward some end. In this account they must constitute two at

to forerun. least, male and female, in every species; which

No sun shall ever usber forth my honours, chance could not have made so very nearly alike

Or gild again the noble troops that wasted without copying, nor so usfully differing with Upon my smiles.

Sbakspeare. out contrivance.

Bentley. U'SEFULNESS. n. s. Conduciveness or

Declin'd, was hasting now with prone career helpfulness to some end.

To th' ocean isles; and, in th' ascending scale

Of heav'n, the stars, that usber evening, rose. The grandeur of the commonwealth shows

Miltos. itself chiefly in works that were necessary or As the deluge is represented a disruption of convenient. On the contrary, the magnificence

the abyss, so the future combustion of the earth of Rome, under the eniperors, was rather for ostentation than any real usefulness. Addison.

is to be usbered in, and accompanied, with violent

impressions upon nature, and the chief will be U'seless, a.tj. (from use.) Answering no earthquakes.

Burnet, purpose; having no end.

With songs and dance we celebrate the day, So have I seen the lost clouds pour

And with due honours usher in the May. Dride Into the sea an useless show'r;

The Examiner was usbered into the world by And the vext sailors curse the rain

a letter, setting forth the great genius of the For which poor shepherds pray'd in vain. Waller. author.


The sun,


him usury:

Oh name for ever sad, for ever dear! U'SURER. n. s. (usurier, French ; usura, Still breath'd in sighs, still usber'd with a tear, Latin.] One who puts money out at


interest. Commonly used for one that USQUE BA’UGH. n. s. [An Irish and Erse

takes exorbitant interest. word, which signifies the water of life.]

Fie! thou sham'st thy shape, thy love, thy It is a compounded distilled spirit, be

wit; ing drawn on aromaticks; and the Irish Which, like an usurer, abound'st in all, sort is particularly distinguished for its And usest none in that true use indeed, pleasant and mild favour. The High

Which should bedeck thy shape, thy love, thy

wit. land sort is somewhat hotter; and, hy


When usurers tell their gold i' th' field, corruption, in Scottish they call it

And bawds and whores do churches build. aubisky.

Sbakspeare. U'STION. n. s. (ustion, Fr. ustus, Latin.] If thou lend money to any that is poor, thou The act of burning; the state of being

shalt not be to him as an usurer, nor lay upon

Exodus. burned.

There may be no commutative injustice, USTO'Rious. adj. [ustum, Latin.] Having while each retains a mutual benefit; the usurer the quality of burning.

for his money, the borrower for his industry. The power of a burning glass is by an ustori

Cbild. ous quality in the mirror or glass, arising from a The asses usuræ occasioned great tumults

certain unknown substantial form. Watts. among the people; yet he that took it was not U'SUAL. adj. [usuel, French.) Common ; reckoned to transgress any law; and there were frequent; customary; frequently oc some greedy usurers that exacted double, triple.

Arbuthnot. curring Consultation with oracles was a thing very

USU'RIOUS, adj. (usuaire, French ; from usual and frequent in their times.


usury.] Given to the practice of usury;
Could I the care of Providence deserve, exorbitantly greedy of profit.
Heav'n must destroy me, if it wauld preserve ; For every hour that thou wilt spare me now,
And that's my fate, or sure it would have sent

I will allow,
Some usual evil for my punishment. Dryden. Usarious god of love, twenty to thee,

For roots and herbage, rais'd at hours to spare, When with my brown my grey hairs equal be. With humble milk, compos'd his usual fare.

Donne, Harte, To UsU'Rp. v. a. (usurper, Fr. usurpo, U'SUALLY. adv. (from usual.] Com Lat.) To possess by force or intrusion; monly; frequently ; customarily: to seize or possess without right. The finding out the similitudes of different

So ugly a darkness, as if it would prevent the things, wherein the fancy is conversant, is usually night's coming, usurped the day's right. Sidney. a bar to the discerning the disparities of similar

Not having the natural superiority of fathers, appearances, which is the business of discretion.

their power must be usurped, and then unlawa

Fell. ful; or, if lawful, then granted or consented If men's desires are usually as large as their

unto by them over whom they exercise the abilities, what course we took to allure the for

same, or else given them extraordinarily from mer, by that we might engage the latter. South.


Hooker. Where men err against this method, it is

In as much as the due estimation of heavenly usually on purpose, and to shew their learning.

truth dependeth witolly upon the known and apSwift.

proved authority of those famous oracles of God, U'SUALNESS. n.s. (from usual.] Coin it greatly behoveth the church to have always monness; frequency.

must special care, lest human inventions #sure USUCA'Prion. n. s. (usus and capio, Lat.] the room and title of divine worship: Hooker. In the civil law, the acquisition of the

Victorious prince of York!

Before I see thee seated in that throne property of a thing by possession and

Which now the house of Lancaster usurps, enjoyment thereof for a certain term of

These eyes shall never close.

Sbakspeare. years prescribed by law.

Dict. What art thou, that usurp'st this time of night, USUFRU'ct. n. s. (usufruit, French; usus Together with that fair and warlike form? and fructus, Latin.) The temporary


Their fox-like thefts are so rank, as a man may use ; enjoyment of the profits, without

find whole pages usurped from one author. power to alienate,

Ben Jonson. The persons receiving the same have only he

So he dies, usufruci thereof, and not any fee or inheritance But soon revives; death over him no pow'r therein.


Shall long usurp: ere the third dawning light USUFRUCTU’ARY. n.s. (usufructuaire, Fr. Return, the stars ot moru shall see him rise

Milton. usufructuarius, Latin.) One that has Out of his graves the use and temporary profit, not the

All fountains of the deep

Broke up, shail heave the ocean to usurp property of a thing.

Beyond all bounds, till inundation rise The parsons of parishes are not in law ac

Above the highest hills.

Milton. counted proprietors, but only usufructuaries, as

Farewell court, having no right of fee simple vested in them.

Where vice not only hath usurpt the place, Ayliffe,

But the reward, and even the name, of virtue. TO U'SURE. v. n. [usura, Latin.]' To

Denbam. practise usury ; to take interest for mo. Your care about your banks infers a fear ney.

of threat'ning Hoods and inundations near : Is this the balsam that the usuring senate If so, a just reprize would only be Pours into captains wounds? Sbakspears. Of what the land usurp'd upon the sea. Dryden.

Who next usurps will a just prince appear, What he borrows from the antients, he reSo much your ruin will his reign endear. Dryd. pays with usury of his own : in coin as good, and

Struggling in vain, impatient of her load, almost as universally valuable. Dryden. And lab'ring underneath the pond'rous God, 2. The practice of taking interest. It is The more she strove to shake him from her

commonly used with some reproach. breast,

Usury bringeth the treasure of a realm into With more and far superiour force he press'd,

few hands: for the usurer being at certainties, Commands his entrance, and without controul

and others at uncertainties, at the end most of Usurps her organs, and inspires her soul. Dryden.

the money will be in the box.

Bacon. Who 's this, that dares usurp. The guards and habit of Numidia's prince?

UTE'NSIL:n. s. [utensile, French; utensile, Addison.

low Latin.) An instrument for any use, USURPA'TION. n. s. (usurpation, French;

such as the vessels of the kitchen, or from usurp.] Forcible, unjust, illegal tools of a trade. seizure or possession.

Burn but his books; he has brave utensils,
The Piercies,
Which, when he has a house, he 'll deck withal.

Sbakspeare. Finding his usurpation most unjust,

Mules after these, camels and dromedaries, Endeavour'd my advancement to the throne.

And waggons fraught with utensils of war.

Milter. Succeeding kings recovery of their right from

Tithes and lands given to God are never, and unjust usurpations, shall never be prejudiced by

plate, vestments, and other sacred utensils, are any act ci mine.

King Charles.
seldom consecrated.

South. To raise a tempest on the sea was usurpation

The springs of life their former vigour feel; on the prerogative of Neptune, who had given

Such zeal he had for that vile utensil. Gartb. him no leave.

Dryden. U'Terine. adj. [uterin, French ; uterinus, O baseness to support a tyrant throne, And crush your freeborn brethren of the world!

Latin.] Belonging to the womb. Nay, to become a part of usurpation,

In hot climates, and where the uterine parts T'espouse the tyrant's person and her crimes. exceed in heat, by the coldness of some simple,

Dryden. they may be reduced unto a conceptive constiWhatever opposition was made to the usurpa


Bresen. tions of king James, proceeded altogether from

The vessels of the interiour glandulous subthe church of England.


stance of the womb, are contorted with turnings USU'RPER. n. s. [from usurp.] One who

and meanders, that they might accommodate

themselves without danger of rupture to the seizes or possesses that to which he has

necessary extension of the ulerine substance. no right. It is generally used to one

Rar. who excludes the right heir from the U'TERUS. n. s. [Latin.] The womb. throne.

UTILITY. n. s. (utilité, French ; utilitas, Ever sithence he hath continued his first

Latin.] Usefulness; profit ; conveniusurped power, and now exacteth upon all men

ence; advantageousness : applied to what he list; so that now to subdue or expel an usurper, should be no unjust enterprize, but a

things only; as, this book is of great restitution of antient right unto the crown. utility, not, this book was written for

Spenser. the utility of scholars.
Richard duke of York

Those things which have long gone together, Was rightful heir unto the English crown; are confederate; whereas new things piece not And that your majesty was an usurper. Sbaksp. 30 well; but though they help by their utility,

But this usurper his encroachment proud yet they trouble by their inconformity. Bacen. Stays not on mau; to God his tow'r intends Should we blindiy obey the restraints of phy. Siege and defiance.

Milton, sicions and astrologers, we should confine the Few usurpers to the shades descend

utility of physick unto a very few days. Brows. By a dry death, or with a quiet end.

Dryden. M. Zulichem desired me that I would give a He griev'd, the land he freed should be op relation of the cure of the gout, that might be

miade publick, as a thing which might prove of And he less for it than usurpers do. Dryden. common utility to so great numbers as were sube USU'RPINGLY. adv. [from usurp.) With

ject to that disease.

Tempio out just claim.

U'TIS. n. s. A word which probably is Lay aside the sword,

corrupted, at least is not now under. Which sways usurpingly these several titles,

stood. Utis was the octave of a saint's And put the same into young Arthur's hand, day, and may perhaps be taken for any Thy right royal sovereign.

Sbakspeare. festivity. U'SURY. K. s. [usuré, French; usura, Then here will be old utis: it will be an exLatin.)

cellent stratagem.

Sbakspeare. 1. Money paid for the use of money ; in

UʻTMOST. adj. (utmæst, Saxon; from terest.

urter.] He that high does sit, and all things see 1. Extreme ; placed at the extremity. With equal eyes, their merits to restore;

Much like a subtile spider, which doth sit Behold, what ye this day have done for me, In middle of her web, which spreadeth wide; And what I cannot quit, requite with usury.

If aught do touch the utmost thread of it,
She feels it instantly on every side.

The wished day is come at last,

As far remov'd from God, and light of heav'n, That shall, for all the pains and sorrows past,

As from the center thrice to th' uimast pole. Pay to her usury of long delight. Spenser.

Milter. Our angles are like money put to usury, they

I went, by your command, may thrive, though we sit still and do nothing. To view the utmost limits of the land. Drydes.

Walton. 2. Being in the highest degree.


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