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to one's own interest; void of regard I will buy with you, sell with you; but I wil for others.
not eat with you.
Sbakspeare What could the most aspiring selfish man de
Consult not with a buyer of selling. Ecclus. sire more, were he to form the notion of a being SE'LLANDER. N.s. A'dry scab in a horse's to whom he would recommend himself, than such hough or pastern.
Ainsworth. a knowledge as can discover the least appearance SEʼLLER. n. s. [from sell.] The person of perfection, and such a goodness as will pro- that sells ; vender. portion a reward to it?
To things of sale a seller's praise belongs.
The name of the agent, of the seller, notary, Those that imparted court a nobler aim, Exalt their kind, and take some virtue's name.
and witnesses, are in both instruments. Addison. Pope.
SE'LVAGE. n. s. [Of this word I know SE'LFISHNESS. n. s. [from selfish.] Atten
not the etymology. Skinner thinks selo tion to his own interest, without any
vage is said as salvage, from its saving regard to others; self-love.
the cloth.] The edge of cloth where This sublimer love, being, by an intimate con- it is closed by complicating the threads. junction with its object, thoroughly refined from Make loops of blue upon the edge of the one all base dross of selfishness and interest, nobly curtain from the salvage in the coupling. Exodus, begets a perfect submission of our wills to the SELVES. The plural of self. will of God.
Boyle. Consciousness being interrupted, and we los SE'LFISHLY. adv. [from selfish.] With ing sight of our past selves, doubts are raised
whether we are the same.
Lecle. regard only to his own interest; with., out love of others.
SEÄMBLABLE. adj. (semblable, French.] He can your merit selfishly approve,
Like; resembling. And shew the sense of it without the love. Pope,
Then be abhorr'd SE’LFSAME. adj. [self and same.] Exactly All feasts, societies, and throngs of men! the same.
His semblable, yea himself, Timon disdains. I have no great cause to look for other than
Shakspeare, the self-same proportion and lot, which your
With semblable reason we might expect a remanner hath been hitherto to lay on them that gularity in the winds.
Brown, concur not in opinion with you. Hooker. Se'MBLABLY. adv. [from semblable.] Flight pursu'd one way the self-same hour.
A gallant knight he was, his name was Blunt; Base ev'n to him from whom I did receive
Semblably furnish'd like the king himself. All that a son could to a parent give :.
Sbakspears. Behold me punish'd in the self-same kind; SEÄMBLANCE, n. s. (semblance, French ; Th'ungrateful does a more ungrateful find. from semblant.)
Dryden. 1. Likeness; resemblance ; similitude; reSE'LION. N. s. [selio, low Latin.) A ridge
presentation. of land.
Ain sworth. Solicit Henry with her wond'rous praise : SEL.L. pronoun. [for self:] Sell is retained Bethink thee on her virtues, that surmount
in Scotland for self, and sells in the plu- Her natural graces, that extinguish art: ral for selves.
Repeat their semblance often.
She's but the sign and semblance of her honour; They turn round like grindle-stones,
Behold how like a maid she blushes here!
0, what authority and shew of truth
Can cunning sin cover itself withal! Sbakspeare.
He with high words, that bore SELL. n. so (selle, French; sella, Latin.]
Semblance of worth, not substance, gently raised A saddle. Obsolete.
Their fainting courage, and dispelld their fears. Turning to that place, in which
Milton. He left his lofty steed with golden sells,
This last effort brought forth the opinion, that And goodly gorgeous barbes, him found not these bodies are not what they seem to be; that there.
Fuiry Queen. they are no shells, but mere sportings of active TO SELL. v. a. [rýllan, Saxon; sela, nature, and only semblances or imitations of Islandick.]
Woodward. 1. To give for a price ; to vend : the word
It is not his meaning that we put on the out.
ward face and semblance of virtue, only to con. correlative to buy.
ceal and disguise our vice:
Regers. The Midianites sold him into Egypt, unto Potiphar.
2. Appearance ; show; figure. Genesis.
Be Let us sell him to the Ishmaelites.
you the soldier; for you likest are, This sense is likewise mistress of an art,
For manly semblance, and for skill in war. Spens.
Their semblance kind, and mild their gestures Which to soft people sweet perfumes doth sell.
Davies. All the inns and public-houses are obliged to
Peace in their hands, and friendship in their
face. furnish themselves with corn, which is sold out
Fairfax. at a much dearer rate than 't is bought up. Addis.
All that fair and good in thy divine You have made an order that ale should be
Semblance, and in thy beauty's heav'nly ray,
Milton. sold for three halfpence a quart. Swift.
United I beheld. 2. To betray for money: as, he sold his SE’MBLANT.adj. (semblant, Fr.) Like ; countıy.
resembling; having the appearance of You would have sold your king to slaughter,
any thing. Little used. His princes and his peers to servitude. Sbaksp.
Thy picture, like thy fame, TO SELL, V. n. To have commerce or Entire may last; that, as their eyes survey traffick with one.
The semblant shade, yet men unborn may say,
Thus great, thus gracious, look'd Britannia's drawn from the circumference to the queen;
centre of a circle. Her brow thus smooth, her look was thus se- Their difference is as little considerable as a
semidiameter of the earth in two measures of the SE'M BLANT. n. s. Show; figure ; resemr- highest heaven, the one taken from the surface blance ; representation. Not in use. of the earth, the other from its centre: the disHer purpose was not such as she did feign, proportion is just nothing.
More. Ne yet her person such as it was seen;
The force of this instrument consists in the But under simple shew, and semblant plain, disproportion of distance betixt the semidiame Lurks false Duessa, secretly unseen. Fairy Queen. ter of the cylınder and the semidiameter of the Full lively is the sembiant, tho' the substance rundle with the spokes.
Spenser; SEMIDIAPHANE'ITY. n. s. (semi and dia. SE'MBLATIVE. adj. [from semblant.]
phaneity.] Half transparency; imperSuitable ; accommodate ; fit; resem
fect transparency. bling Diana's lip
The transparency or semidiapbaneity of the su
perficial corpuscles of bigger bodies may have an Is not more smooth and ruby; thy small pipe
interest in the production of their colours. Boyle. Is as the maiden's organ, shrill and sound; And all is semblative a woman's part. Shaksp. SEMIDIA'PHANous, adj. (semi and dia. To SEMBLE. v. n. [sembler, Fr.] To re- phanous.] Half transparent; imperfectly
present; to make a likeness. Little transparent. used.
Another plate, finely variegated with a semin Let Europe, sav'd, the column high erect,
diapbanous grey or sky, yellow and brown. Than Trajan's higher, or than Antonine's,
Woodward. Where sembling art may carve the fair effect. SE'MIDOUBLE. n. s. (semi and double.] And full achievement of thy great designs. Prior. In the Romish breviary, such offices and SEMI. n. s. [Latin.) A word which, used feasts as are celebrated with less solem
in composition, signifies half; as, semi- nity than the double ones, but yet with circle, half a circle.
more than the single ones. Bailey. SEMIA'NNULAR. adj. (semi and annulus, SEMIFLO'SCULOUS. adj. (semi and floscu. a ring.] Half round.
lus, Lat.] Having a semifloret. Bailey. Another boar tusk, somewhat slenderer, and SE'MIFLORET. n. s. (semi and foret. ] of a semiannular figure.
Among florists, an half fioret, which is SE'MIEREF. n. s. (semibreve, Fr.]
tubulous at the beginning like a floret, Semibref is a note in musick relating to time, and is the last in augmentation. It is commonly
and afterwards expanded in the form of called the master-note, or measure-note, or time
Bailey. note, as being of a certain determinate measure SEMIFLU'ID. adj. (semi and Auid.] Im. or length of time by itself; and all the other perfectly fluid. notes of augmentation and diminution are ad
Phlegm, or petuite, is a sort of semi fuid; it justed to its value.
being so far solid that one part draws along seHe takes my hand, and as a still which stays veral other parts adhering to it, which doth noc A semibref, 'ewixt each drop, he niggardly, happen in a perfect fluid ; and yet no part will
As loth to enrich me, so tells many a lye. Donne. draw the whole mass, as happens in a perfect SEMICIRCLE. n. s. (semicirculus, Latin ; solid.
Arbuthnot. semi and circle.] A half round; part of SEMILU'NAR. I adj. [semilunaire, Fr. a circle divided by the diameter. SEMILU'NARY.) semi and luna, Lat.] Black brows
Resembling in form a half moon. Become some women best, so they be in a semi- The eyes are guarded with a semilunar ridge. circle,
Grew. Or a half-moon, made with a pen. Shakspeare. SEMIME'T AL. n. s. (semi and metal.] Half
Has he given the lye In circle, or oblique, or semicircle,
metal; imperfect metal. Or direct parallel?
Semimetals are metallick fossils, heavy, opaque, The chains that held my left leg gave me the
of a bright glittering surface, not malleable under liberty of walking backwards and forwards in a
the hammer; as quicksilver, antimony, cobalt, semicircle.
the arsenicks, bismuth, zink, with its ore calaSEMICI'R CLED. I adj. (semi and circu.
mine: to these may be added the semimetallick
recrements, tutty and pampholyx. Hill. SEMICI'RCULAR. lar.] Half round.
SE'MINAL. adj. (seminal, Fr. seminis, The firm fixure of thy foot would give an ex
Latin. cellent motion to thy gait, in a semicircled fare thingale.
1. Belonging to seed. The rainbow is caused by the rays of the sun 2. Contained in the seed ; radical. falling upon a rorid and opposite cloud, whereof Had our senses never presented us with those some reflected, others refracted, beget the semi- obvious seminal principles of apparent generasircular variety we call the rainbow. Brown, tions, we should never have suspected that a
The seas are inclosed between the two semi- plant or animal would have proceeded from such circular moles that surround it. Addison. unlikely materials.
Glanville. SEMICO'LON. n. s. (semi and xudoy.} Half Though we cannot prolong the period of a a colon; a point made thus  to note
commonwealth beyond the decree of heaven, or
the date of its nature, any more than human life a greater pause than that of a comma.
beyond the strength of the seminal virtue, yet SEMUDIA'METER. n. s. (semi and dia- we may manage a sickly constitution, and premeter.] Half the line which, drawn servé a strong one.
Swift. through the centre of a circle, divides SEMINA’LSTY. n. s. [from semen, Lat.) it into two equal parts; a straight line I. The nature of seed.
As though there were a seminality in urine, or A kind of amethystine fint, not composed of that, like the seed, it carried with ic the idea of crystals or grains ; but one entire massy stone, every part, they conceive we behold therein the
semiperspicuous, and of a pale blue, almost of the anatomy of every particle. Brown. colour of some cows horns.
Grew. 2. The power of being produced.
SE'MIPROOF. n. s. (semi and proof ) The In the seeds of wheat chere lieth obscurely the proof of a single evidence. Bailey. seminality of darnel.
Brown. SEMIQUA'DRATE. I 1. s. [In astronumy.] SE'MINARY, n. s. [seminaire, Fr. semina- SEMIQUA’RTILE.) An aspect of the rium, from semino, Lat.)
planets when distant from each other 1. The ground where any thing is sown to
forty-five degrees, or one sign and a half. be afterward transplanted ; seedplot.
Bailey. Some, at the first transplanting trees out of SEMIQUA'VER. n. s. [In musick.] A note their seminaries, cut them off about an inch from the ground, and plant them like quickset.
containing half the quantity of a quaver.
Mortimer. 2. The place or original stock whence any SEMIQUI'NTILE. n. s. [In astronomy] thing is brought.
An aspect of the planets when at the This stratum is expanded, serving for a com- distance of thirty-six degrees from one mon integument, and being the seminary or another.
Bailey. promptuary that furnisheth forth matter for the SEMISE'XTILE. n. s. [In astronomy.) A formation and increment of animal and vegetable bodies.
semisixth ; an aspect of the planets 3. Seminal state.
when they are distant from each other The hand of God, who first created the earth, one twelfth part of a circle, or thirty hath wisely contrived them in their proper semi- degrees.
Bailey. karies, and where they best maintain the inten- SEMISPHE'RICAL. adj. (semi and spherition of their species.
cal.] Belonging to half a sphere. 4. Principle; causality. Nothing subministrates apter matter to be SEMISPHERO'IDAL. adj. [semi and sphe
Bailey. converted into pestilent seminaries, sooner than steams of nasty folks and beggars.
roidal.] Formed like a half spheroid. 3. Breeding-place; place of education, SEMITE'RTIAN. n. s. [semi and tertian.]
from which scholars are transplanted An ague compounded of a tertian and a into life.
Bailey. It was the seat of the greatest monarchy, and
The natural product of such a cold moist year the seminary of the greatest men of the world, are tertians, semitertians, and some quartans. whilst it was heathen. Bacon.
Arbuthnot. The inns of court must be the worst instituted SEMITONE. n. s. [semiton, Fr.) In musenjinaries in any christian country. Locke. sick, one of the degrees of concinuous SEMINATION. 1. s. [from semino, Lat.) intervals of concords.
Bailey. The act of sowing.
SEMIVO'WEL, n. s. (semi and vowel.) A SEMINIFICAL. adj. [semen and facio, consonant which makes an imperfect SEMINI'PICK. ) Lat.] Productive of sound, or does not demand a total oc. seed.
clusion of the mouth. We are made to believe, that in the fourteenth When Homer would represent any agreeable year males are seminifical and pubescent; but he object, he makes use of the smoothest vowels that shall inquire into the generality, will rather and most flowing semivowels.
Brocre. adhere into Aristotle.
Brown. SE'M PERVIVE. n. so (semper and vivus, SEMINIFICA’TION.n.s. Propagation from
Lat, that is, always alive.] A plant. the seed or 'seminal parts. Hale.
The greater sempervive will put out branches SEMIOPA'Cous. adj. (semi and opacus, two or three years; but they wrap the root in Lat.) Half dark.
an oil-cloth once in half a year. Bacon. Semiopacous bodies are such as, looked upon in SEMPITE'RNAL. adj. (sempiternel, Fr. an ordmary light, and not held betwixt it and the eye, are not wont to be discriminated from the sempiternus, from semper and æternus, rest of the opacous bodies.
Latin.] SEMIO'RDINATE, n. s. [In conick sec- 1. Eternal in futurity; having beginning,
tions.] A line drawn at right angles to, but no end. and bissected by, the axis, and reaching
Those, though they suppose the world not to
be eternal, à parte ante; are not contented to from one side of the section to another;
suppose it to be sempiternal, or eternal à porte the half of which is properly the semi
post; but will carry up the creation of the world ordinate, but is now called the ordinate.
to an immense antiquity.
Hule. Harris. 2. In poetry it is used simply for eternal. SEMIPE'D AL. adj. (semi and pedis, Lat.) Should we the long-depending scale ascend Containing half a foot.
Of sons and fathers, will it never end?
If 't will, then must we through the order run SEMIPELLU'CID. adj. (semi and pelluci
To some one man whose being ne'er begun ; dus, Latin.] Half clear; imperfectly
If that one man was sempiternal, why transparent.
Did he, since independent, ever die? Blackmore. A light grey semipellucid flint, of much the SEMPITE'RNITY. n. so (sempiternitas, same complexion with the common Indian agat.
Lat.] Future duration without end. Woodward.
The future eternity or sempiternity of the SEMIPERSPI'Cuous. adj. (semi and per
world being admitted, though the eternity è parte spicuus, Latin.] Half transparent ; im. ante be denied, there will be a future intinity for perfectly clear.
the emanation of the divine goodness. Hak.
SE'MSTRESS. n. s. (reamesıne, Sax.) A
But first, whom shall we send
In search of this new world? Here he had need woman whose business is to sew ; a
All circumspection, and we now no less woman who lives by her needle.
Choice in our suffrage; for on whom we send Two hundred semstresses were employed to The weight of all and our last hope relies. Mill. make me shirts, and linen for bed and table,
3. To transmit by another; not to bring. which they were forced to quilt together in several folds.
They sent it to the elders by the hands of Barnabas.
Acts. The tuck'd-up semstress walks with hasty strides.
Swift. 4. To dismiss another as agent; not to go.
God will deigri SE'NARY. adj. (senarius, seni, Lat.) Be. To visit oft the dwellings of just men
longing to the number six ; containing Delighted, and with frequent intercourse, six.
Thither will send his winged messengers SE'NATE. n. s. (senatus, Lat. senat, Fr.]
On errands of supernal grace.
Milton. An assembly of counsellors; a body of 5. To grant as from a distant place; as, if
God send life. men set apart to consult for the publick good.
I pray thee send me good speed this day, and shew kindness unto my master.
Genesis. We debase
O send out thy light and thy truth; let them The nature of our seats, which will in time lead me.
Psalms. break ope
6. To inflict, as from a distance. The locks o’th' senate, and bring in the crows
The Lord shall send upon thee cursing, vexaTo peck the eagles.
tion, and rebuke, in all that thou settest thino There they shall found
Deuteronomy. Their government, and their great senate chuse.
Milton. 7. To emit; to immit ; to produce. He had not us'd excursions, spears, or darts,
The water sends forth plants that have no But counsel, order, and such aged arts;
roots fixed in the bottom, being almost but leaves.
Bacon. Which if our ancestors had not retain'd, The senate's name our council had not gain'd.
The senses send in only the influxes of material Denbam.
things, and the imagination and memory present Gallus was welcom'd to the sacred strand,
only their pictures or images, when the objects
themselves are absent. The senate rising to salute their guest. Dryden.
Cheyne. SENATE HOUSE. n. s. [senate and bouse.] 8. To diffuse ; to propagate.
Cherubic songs by night from neighb'ring hills Place of publick council.
Ağreal music send.
Milton. The nobles in great earnestness are going
When the fury took her stand on high, All to the senatebouse ; some news is come. A hiss from all the snaky tire went round:
Sbakspeare, The dreadful signal all the rocks rebound, SE'NATOR. 9. S. (senator, Lat. senateur, And through th' Achaian cities send the sound. Fr.] A publick counsellor.
Pope. Most unwise patricians,
9. To let fly; to cast or shoot. You grave but reckless senators. Sbakspeare. TO SEND. V. n. As if to ev'ry fop it might belong,
1. To dispatch a message. Like senators, to censure, right or wrong.
I have made bold to send in to your wife :
Granville. My suit is that she will to Desdemona SenaTO'RIAL. / adj. (senatorius, Latin ; Procure me some access.
Sbakspeare. SENATO'RIAN.S senatorial, senatorien,
This son of a murderer hath sent to take away fr.] Belonging to senators; befitting
They could not attempt their perfect reformsenators.
ation in church and state, till those votes were TO SEND. v.a. pret. and part. pass. sent. utterly abolished; therefore they sent the same (sandgan, Gothick; rendan, Saxon ; day again to the king.
Clarendor, senden, Dutch.)
2. To Send for. To require by message to 1. To dispatch from one place to another:
come, or cause to be brought. used both of persons and things.
Go with me, some few of you, and see the He sent letters by posts on horseback. Esther. place; and then you may send for your sick, His citizens sent a message after him, saying,
which bring on land.
Bacon. We will not have this man to reign over us. Luke. He sent for me; and, while I rais'd his head, There have been commissions
He threw his aged arms about my neck, Sent down among them, which have fiaw'd the And, seeing that I wept, he press'd me close. heart
Dryden. Of all their loyalties.
Shakspeare. SE'NDER. n. s. [from send.] He that My overshadowing spirit and might with thee sends. I send along:
This was a merry message.
-We hope to make the sender blush at it. And send him from the garden forth to till
Shakspears. The ground whence he was taken, fitter soil.
Love that comes too late.
Milton. Like a remorseful pardon slowly carried,
Sbakspears. Servants, sent on messages, stay out somewhat Best with the best, the sender, not the sent. longer than the message requires. Swift
Milton. 2. To commission by authority to go and SeNE'SCENCE. n. s. [senesco, Lat.) 'The act.
state of growing old; decay by time. I have not sent these prophets, yet they ran, The earth and all things will continue in the
Jeremiah. state wherein they now are, without the least
senescence or decay; without jarring, disorder, of invasion of one another.
Woodward. SE'NESCHAL. n. s. [seneschal, Fr. of un
certain original.] 1. One who had in great houses the care of feasts or domestick ceremonies.
John earl of Huntingdon, under his seal of arms, made sir John Arundel, of Trerice, senescbal of his household, as well in peace as in war.
Carew. Marshall'd feast, Serv'd up in hall with sewers and senescbals; The skill of artifice, or office, mean! Milion.
The senescbab rebuk'd, in haste withdrew; With equal haste a menial train pursue. Pope. 2. It afterward came to signify other of
fices. SE'NGREEN. n. s. (sedum.] A plant. SE'NILE. adj. [senilis, Lat.] Belonging to old age; consequent on old age.
My green youth made me very unripe for a task of that nature, whose difficulty requires that it should be handled by a person in whom nature, education, and time, have happily matched a senile maturity of judgment with youthful vigour of fancy.
Boyle. SEʻNIOR. n. s. (senior, Lat.] 3. One older than another; one who, on
account of longer time, has some superiority.
How can you admit your seniors to the examination or allowing of them, not only being inferior in office and calling, but in gifts also ?
W bitgift. 2. An aged person.
A senior of the place replies, Well read, and curious of antiquities. Dryden. SENIO'RITY: n. s. [from senior.] Eldership; priority of birth.
As in insurrections the ringleader is looked on with a peculiar severity, so, in this case, the first provoker has, by his seniority and primogeniture, à double portion of the guilt. Gov.of the Tongwe.
He was the elder brother, and Ulysses might be consigned to his care by the right due to his seniority.
Broome. SE'NNA. n. s. (sena, Lat.] A physical tice.
Miller. What rhubarb, senna, or what purgative drug, Would scour these English hence? Sbakspeare.
Senna tree is of two sorts: the bastard senna, and the scorpion senna ; both which yield a pleasant leaf and flower.
Mortimer, SE'NNIGHT. n. s. (contracted from seven
night.] The space of seven nights and days; a week. See FORTNIGHT.
if mention is made, on Monday, of Thursday sennight, the Thursday that follows the next Thursday is meant.
Time trots hard with a young maid between the contract of her marriage and the day it is solemnized : if the interim be but a sennight, tine's pace is so hard that it seems the length of seven years.
Shekspeare: SENO'COLAR. adj. [seni and oculus, Lat.] Having six eyes.
Mest animals are binocular, spiders octonocular, and some senocular.
Derbam. SENSATION. n. s. [sensation, Fr. sensatio, school Lat.] Perception by means of the
Liversity of constitution, or other circumstances, vary the sensations; and to them of Java
The brain, distempered by a cold, beating against the root of the auditory nerve, and protracted to the tympanum, causes the sensation of noise.
Harvey. This great source of most of the ideas we have, depending wholly upon our senses, and derived by them to the understanding, I call sensation.
Locke. When we are asleep, joy and sorrow give us more vigorous sensations of pain or pleasure than -at any other time.
Adaison. The happiest, upon a fair estimate, have stronger sensations of pain than pleasure. Rogerso SENSE. n. s. [sens, Fr. sensus, Lat.] 1. Faculty or power by which external
objects are perceived ; the sight, touch, hearing, smell, taste. The pow't is sense, which from abroad doch
bring The colour, taste, and touch, and scent, and
sound, The quantity and shape of ev'ry thing Within earth's centre or heav'n's circle found :
And though things sensible be numberless, But only five the sense's organs be;
And in those five all things their forms express, Which we can touch, taste, feel, or hear, or see.
Davies Then is the soul a nature, which contains The pow'r of sense within a greater pow'r,
Which doth employ and use the sense's pains; But sits and rules within her private bow'r.
Davies. Both contain Within them ev'ry lower faculty Of sense, whereby they hear, see, smell, touch,
Milton. Of the five senses, two are usually and most properly called the senses of learning, as being most capable of receiving communication of thought and notions by selected signs; and these are hearing and seeing.
Holder. 2. Perception by the senses ; sensation.
In a living creature, though never so great, the sense and the affects of any one part of the body instantly make a transcursion throughout the whole.
Bacon. If we had nought but sense, then only they Should have sound minds which have their senses
sound; But wisdom grows when senses do decay, And folly most in quickest sense is found. Davies.
Such is the mighty swiftness of your mind, That, like the earth's, it leaves the sense behind.
Dryden. 3. Perception of intellect ; apprehension of mind.
This Basilius, having the quick sense of a lover, took as though his mistress had given him a secret reprehension.
Sidney. God, to remove his ways from human serse, Plac'd heav'n from earth so far. Milton. 4. Sensibility ; quickness or keenness of perception.
He should have liv'd,
Sbalspeare. 5. Understanding; soundness of faculties; strength of natural reason.
Opprest nature sleeps :
Sbakspeare. God hath endued mankind with powers and abilities which we call natural light and reason, and common sense.
Perper is cold,