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The body feels the spur and switch. Hudibras.
with something like a thread; in her other hand
If one approach to dare his force,
He, wroth to see his kingdom fail,
SWINGE. n. s. (from the verb.) A sway; J. Motion of any thing hanging loosely. a sweep of any thing in motion. Not
In casting of any thing, the arms, to make a greater swing, are first cast backward. Bacon. The shallow water doth her force infringe,
Men use a pendulum, as a more steady and And renders vain her tail's impetuous swinge. regular motion than that of the earth; yet if
Walier. any one should ask how he certainly knows that SWI'NGEBUCKLER. n. š. (swinge and the two successive swings of a pendulum are
buckler.] A bully; a man who pretends equal, it would be very hard to satisfy him.
to feats of arms.
Locke. 2. A line on which any thing hangs loose.
You had not four such swingebrecklers in all the inns of court again.
Sbakspearia 3. Influence or power of a body put in motion,
SWI'Nger. n. s. [from swing.) He who The ram that batters down the wall,
swings; a hurler. For the great swing and rudeness of his poise, SWI'NGING. adj. [from swinge.] Great ; They place before his hand that made the en. huge. A low word. gine.
Sbakspeare. The countryman seeing the lion disarmed, In this encyclopædia, and round of know with a swinging cudgel broke off the match. ledge, like the great wheels of heaven, we're to
L'Estrange observe two circles, that, while we are daily A good swinging sum of John's readiest cash carried about, and whirled on by the swing and went towards building of Hocus's countryhouse. rapt of the one, we may maintain a natural and
Arbutbnet, proper course in the sober wheel of the other. SW I'NGINGLY. adv. (from swinging, or
swinge.] Vastly ; greatly. The descending of the earth to this orbit is
Henceforward he 'll print neithe: pamphlets not upon that mechanical account Cartesius pre
nor linen, tends, namely, the strong swing of the more
And, if swearing can do't, shall be swingingly
More. solid globuli that overflow it.
Swift 4. Course ; unrestrained liberty; aban. To Swi'ngle. v. n. [from saving.] donment to any motive.
1. To dangle; to wave hanging. Facts unjust Commit, even to the full swing of his lust.
2. To swing in pleasure.
Cbapman. . SW I'NISH. adj. [from swine.] Befitting Take thy swing ;
swine; resembling swine; gross; brutal, For not to take, is but the self-same thing.
They clepe us drunkards, and with swinish Dryden.
phrase These exuberant productions only excited and Soil our addition.
Șbakspeare. fomented his lusts; so that his whole time lay
Szvinish gluttony upon his hands, and gave him leisure to con Ne'er looks to heav'n amidst his gorgeous feast; trive, and with full swing pursue his follies. But, with besotted base ingratitude,
Woodward. Crams, and blasphemes his feeder.
To SWINK. v. n. [rpincan, Saxon.) To
labour; to toil; to drudge. Obsolete. Swift.
Riches, renown, and principality,
For which men swine and sweat incessantly. s. Unrestrained tendency.
Spenset, Where the swing goeth, there follow, fawn,
For they do swink and sweat to feed the flatter, laugh, and lie lustily at other men's
Who live like lords of that which they do gather. Those that are so persuaded, desire to be wise
Spenser. in a way that will gratify their appetites, and so
TO SWINK. v. a. To overlabour. Obso• give up themselves to the swing of their une bounded propensions.
lete. Were it not for these, civil government were
The labour'd ox not able to stand before the prevailing swing of
In his loose traces from the furrow came,
. corrupt nature, which would know no honesty but advantage.
Soutb. Swin K. 1. s. (rpine, Saxon.) Labour ; TO SWINGE. v. a. [rpingan, Saxon. toil; drudgery. Obsolete.
The g in this word, and all its deriva Ah, Piers, been thy teeth on edge, to think tives, sounds as in gem, giant.]
How great sport they gaynen with
little swirke! J. To whip; to bastinade ; to punish.
Thou's but a lazy loorde,
And rekes much of thy swinke.
Spenser. you swingd me for my love, which makes me che bolder to chide you for yours. Sbakspeare.
Switch. n.s. A small flexible twig.
Fetch me a dozen crabtree staves, and strong With rheumatisms, and crippled with his gout,
ones; these are but switches. Forgets what he in youthful times has done,
When a circle 'bout the wrist And swinges his own vices in his son.
Is made by beadle exorcist,
Dryden, jun. The printer brought along with him a bundle
Mauritania, on the fifth medal, leads a horse of those papers, which, in the phrase of the whig
she holds a switcb. coffee-houses, have swinged off the Examiner.
To SWITCH. v.a. [from the noun.) To 2. To move as a lash. Not in use.
lash; to jerk.
Lay thy bridle's weight
The physician looks with another eye on the Most of thy left side; thy right horse then medicinal herb than the grazing ox, which swoops switching, all thy throat
it in with the common grass.
Glanville. Spent in encouragements give him; and all the
3. To pass with violence. Not used. rein let float.
The nine-ston'd crophy thus whilst she doth Swi'vel. . s. Something fixed in another entertain, body so as to turn round in it.
Proud Tamer swoops along with such a lusty SwoʻBBER. N. s. (See SW ABBER.]
Swoop. n. s. [from the verb.] Fall of a On a brown george with lousy swobbers fed. bird of prey upon his quarry.
All my pretty ones? 2. Four privileged cards that are only in. Did you say all ? 'What, all? O hellkite! all? cidentally used in betting at the game
What, all my pretty chickens and their dam, of whist.
At one fell swoop?
The eagle fell into the fox's quarters, and care The clergyman used to play at whist and
ried away a whole litter of cubs at a swoop. swobbers: playing now and then a sober game
L'Estrange. at whist for pastime, it might he pardoned; but To Swop.v. a. (Of uncertain derivation.] he could not digest those wicked swobbers. Swift. SwO'LLEN. The participle passive of
To change; to exchange one thing for
another. A low word. 6woln. swell.
When I drove a thrust home, he put it by, Unto his aid she hastily did draw
And cried, as in derision, spare the stripling; His dreadful beast, who, swoln with blood of
Oh that insulting word! I would have swoppd late,
Youth for old age, and all my life behind, Came ramping forth with proud presumptuous To have been then a momentary man. Dryden. gait.
Spenser: When thus the gather'd storms of wretched SWORD. n. s. [rpeono, Saxon; sweerd, love
Dutch.) In my swoln bosom with long war had strove,
1. A weapon used either in cutting or At length they broke their bounds: at length
thrusting; the usual weapon of fights their force Bore down whatever met its stronger course;
hand to hand. Laid all the civil bonds of manhood waste,
Old unhappy traitor, the stvord is out And scatter'd ruin as the torrent pass’d. Prior.
That must destroy thee.
Shakspeare. Whereas at first we had only three of these
Each man took his sword, and slew all the males.
Genesis. principles, their number is already swoln to five.
But the sword SwoM. The preterit of swim.
Of Michael from the armoury of God
Was giv'n him temper'd so, that neither keen To Swoon. v. n. [aspunan, Saxon.] To
Nor solid might resist that edge: it met suffer a suspension of thought and sen The sword of Satan with steep force to sinite sation; to faint.
Descending, and in half cut sheer; not stay'd, So play the foolish throngs with one that But with swift wheel reverse, deep ent'ring shar'a swoons ;
All his right side: then Satan tirse knew pain, Come all to help him, and so stop the air And writh'd him to and fro convolv'd; so sore By which he should revive. Shakspeare. The griding sword with discontinuous wound 'If thou stand'st not i' th' state of hanging, or Pass'd through him.
Milton, of some death more long in spectatorship, and 2. Destruction by war: as fire and sword. crueler in suffering, behold now presently, and The sword without, and terrour within. swoon for what's to come upon thee. Sbaksp.
Deuteronomy. We see the great and sudden effect of smells in fetching men again, when they stoon. Bacon. 3. Vengeance of justice.
Justice to merit does weak aid afford; The most in years swoon'd first away for pain;
She quits the balance, and resigns the sword. Then, scarce recover'd, spoke. Dryden.
Dryden, The woman finds it all a trick,
4. Emblem of authority. That he could swoon when she was sick;
This I, her sword-bearer, do carry, And knows that in that grief he reckon'd
For civil deed and military. On black-ey'd Susan for his second. Prior.
Hudibras. There appeared such an ecstasy in his action, SwO'RDED. adj. [from sword.] Girt with that he seemed ready to swoon away in the sur
a sword. prize of joy.
The swarded seraphim
Are seen in glitt'ring ranks with wings display'd. $woon. n. s. [from the verb.] A lipo.
Milton. thymy; a fainting fit.
SwO'RDER. n. s. [from sword.] A cut. To Swoop. v. a. [I suppose formed from throat ; a soldier. In contempt. the sound.]
A Roman sworder and banditto slave 1. To seize by falling at once as a hawk Murther'd sweet Tully. Sbakspeare. upon his prey:
Cæsar will A fowl in Madagascar, called a ruck, the fea
Unstate his happiness, and be stag'd to th’shew thers of whose wings are twelve paces, can with
Against a sworder.
Sbakspeare. as much ease swoop up an elephant as our kites SwO'RDFISH. n.s. (xiphias.] A fish with a do a mouse.
Wilkins. long sharp bone issuing from his head. This mould'ring piecemeal in your hands did A swordfisb small him from the rest did sunder, fall,
That in his throat him pricking softly under, And now at last you came to swoop it all. His wide abyss him forced forth to spew. Dryden.
Spenser. 2. To prey upon; to catch up.
Malpighi observed the middle of the optick
To utter; to pronounce ; to articulata
nerve of the swordfsb to be a large membrane, Sycomore is our aeer najus, one of the kindsot folded, according to its length, in many doubles, maples: it is a quick grower. Mortimer. like a fan.
Derbam. If ye had faith as a grain of mustard-seed, ye Our little fleet was now engag'd so far,
might say unto this sycamine tree, be thou plucked That like the swordfish in the whale they up, and it should obey you.
I was no prophet, but an herdman, and a ga: The combat only seem'd a civil war,
therer of sycamore fruit.
Amori. Till chro' their bowels we our passage wrought. Go to yonder sycamore-tree, and hide your
Dryden. bottle of drink under its hollow root. Walton, SwO'RD GRASS. n. s. [gladiolus.] A kind Sycamores with eglantine were spread; of sedge; glader.
Ainsworth. A hedge about the sides, a covering over head. SwO'RD KNOT, 1. s. [sword and knot.]
Dryden. Riband tied to the hilt of the sword. SY'COPHANT. n. s. [ouxspevons; SECOWigs with wigs, swordknots with swordknots phanta, Latin.] A talebearer; a makestrive,
bate; a malicious parasite. Beaus banish beaus, and coaches coaches drive.
Accusing sycopbants of all men did best sort
Pope. to his nature; but therefore not seening sycon SwO'RDLAW. x. s. Violence; the law by phants, because of no evil they said, they could which all is yielded to the stronger.
bring any new or doubetul thing unto him, but So violence
such as already he had been ape to determine; Proceeded, and oppression, and swordlarv, 50 as they came but as proofs of his wisdom, Thro' all the plain, and refuge none was found. fearful and more secure, while the fear he had
Milton. figured in his mind had any possibility of event. SwO'R DMAN. ». s. [sword and man.]
Sidney Soldies ; fighting man.
Men know themselves void of those qualides Worthy fellow's, and like to prove most sincwy
which the impudent sgcophant, at the same time,
both ascribes to them, and in his sleeve laughs swordmea. Sbudspeare.
Soutb. At Lecca's house,
at them for believing. Among your swordmen, where so many associates 10 Sy'COPHANT. V. n. (ovxapavsiw; from Both of thy mischief and thy madness met. the noun.) To play the sycophant. A
Ben Fonsen. low bad word. Essex was made lieutenant-general of the army, the darling of the swordmen. Clarer.don.
His sycophanting arts being detected, that game
is not to be played the second time; whereas 2 SwoʻRD PLAYER. n. s. [sword and plac.] man of clear reputation, though his barque be
Gla tiator ; fencer; one who exhibits in split, has something left towards setting up again. publick his skill at the weapons by fight
Government of the Tongui. ing prizes.
SYCOPHA'NTICK. adj. [from sycophant.} . These they called swordplayers, and this spec Talebearing ; mischievously officious. tacle a swordfight.
Hakewill. SWORE. The preterit of swear.
To SycophA'NTISE. v. n. [Ouldbartinė;; How soon unsay
from sycophant.) To play the talebearer. What feign'd submission swore. Milton.
Dict. SWORN. The participle passive of swear. SYLL A'BICAL. adj. [syllabique, French;
What does else want credit, come to me, SYLLA'BICK. S from syllubie.] Relating And I'll be sworn 't is true. Shakspeare. to syllables ; consisting of syllables.
I am sworn brother, sweet, To grim necessity; and he and I
SYLLA'BICALLY. adv. [from syllabica!.] Will keep a league till death. Sbakspeare,
In a syllabical manner. They that are mad against me, are sworn ŞY'LLABLE. n. s. [oudhabi; syllabe, Fr.] against me.
1. As much of a word as is uttered by the He refused not the civil offer of a Pharisee, though his sworn enemy; and would eat at the
help of one vowel, or one articulation.
I heard table of those who sought his ruin. Calamy. To shelter innocence,
Each syllable that breath made up between them. The nation all elects some patron-knight,
Sbakspeare. Sworn to be true to love, and slave to fane,
There is that property in all letters of aptness And many a valiant chief enrols his name.
to be conjoined in syllables and words, through Granville.
the voluble motions of the organs from one stop SwUM. The pret. and part. pass. of swim.
or figure to another, that they modify and dis
criminate the voice without appearing to disconAir, water, earth, tinue it.
, By fowl, fish, beast, was flown, was swum, was walk'd
2. Any thing proverbially concise. Frequent.,
Abraham, Tob, and the rest that lived before SWUNG. The pret. and part. pass. of
any syllable of the law of God was written, did they not sin as much as we do in every action
not commanded? Her hand within her hair she wound,
To-morrow, and to-morrow, and to-morrow, Swung her to earth, and dragg’d her on the Creeps in this petty pace from day to day, ground.
Addison. To the last syllable of recorded time; SY B. adj. [properly sib, sib, Saxon.] Re. And all our yesterdays have lighted fools
, lated by blood. The Scottish dialect The way to dusty death. still retains it.
He hath told so many melancholy stories with If what my grandsire to me said be true,
out one syllable of truth, that he hath blunted Siker I am very syb to you.
the edge of my fears. SY'CAMINE. n.s. A tree. The sycamore To SY'LLABLE. v. a. (from the noun.] Sy'CAMORE.) of scripture is not the same with ours,
Not in use.
Airy tongues that sellable men's names that the author of the gloss enquires into the On sands and shores, and desart wildernesses. nature of faith.
2. A type; that which comprehends in its SY'LLABUB. *. s. (rightly SILLABU B, figure a representation of something which see. ) Milk and acids.
else. No syllabubs made at the milking pail,
Salt, as incorruptible, was the symbol of friendBut what are composid of a pot of good ale. ship; which, if it casually fell, was accounted
ominous, and their amity of no duration. Brown. Two lines would express all they say in two Words are the signs and symbols of things; and pages: 't is nothing but whipe syllabub and froth,
as, in accounts, cyphers and figures pass for real without solidity.
Felton. " sums, so words and names pass for things them SY'LLABUS. n. s. Couar.de os.) An abstract ; selves.
South. a compendium containing the heads of The heathens made choice of these lights as a discourse.
apt symbols of eternity, because, contrary to all SY'LLOGISM. n. s. [orAlgylcu.os; syllo
sublunary beings, though they seem to perisk
every night, they renew themselves every morngisme, French.) An argument composed ing.
Addisona of three propositions : as, every man
SYMBOʻLICAL. adj. [symbolique, French; thinks; Peter is a man, therefore Peter
oype bonszās; from symbol.] Representathinks.
tive; typical; expressing by signs; comA piece of rhetorick is a sufficient argument of logick, an apologue of Æsop beyond a sylio
prehending something more than itself. gism in Barbara.
By this encroachment idolatry first crept in, What a miraculous thing should we count it,
men converting the symbolical use of idols into if the fiint and the steel, instead of a few sparks,
their proper worship, and receiving the represhould chance to knock out definitions and sylls
sentation of things unto them as the substance gisias!
Brown. SYLLOGISTICAL. adj. [Guddoy15ıxás;
The sacrament is a representation of Christ's
death, by such symbolical actions as himself apa SYLLOGI'STICK. from syllogism.)
Taylor. Retaining to a syllogism ; consisting of
SYMBO'LICALLY.adv.[from symbolical.) a syllogism. Though we suppose subject and predicate, and Typically; by representation.
This distinction of animals was hieroglyphical, copula, and propositions and syllogistical connexions in their reasoning, there is no such mat
in the inward sense implying an abstinence from ter; but the intire business is at the same mo
certain vices, symbolically intimated from the nam'ent present with them, without deducing one
ture of those animals.
Brown, thing from another.
Hal. It symbolically teaches our duty, and promotes Though the terms of propositions may be com
charity by a real signature and a sensible serplex, yet where the composition of the whole
Taylor. argument is thus plain, simple, and regular, it is SYMBOLIZ A’TION. 1. s. [from symbolize.] properly called a simple syllogism, since the The act of symbolizing; representation; complexion does not belong to the syllogisticé resemblance. form of it.
Watts. The hieroglyphical symbols of scripture, exSYLLOGISTICALLY. adv. [from syllo. cellently intended in the species of things sacrigistical.]. In the form of a syllogism. ficed in the dreams of Pharaon, are oftentimes
A man knows first, and then he is able to racked beyond their symbolizations. , Brown. prove syllogistically; so that syllogism comes af. TO SYMBOLIʼZE. v. n. (symboliser, Fr. ier knowledge, when a man has no need of it.
from symbol.) To have something in TO SY'LLOGIZE. v. n. [syllogizer, Fr.
common with another by representative Asyir.] To reason by syllogism. Logick is, in effect, an art of syllogizing.
Our king finding himself to symbolize in many Baker.
things with that king of the Hebrews, honoured Men have endeavoured to transform logick
him with the title of this foundation. Bacon. into a kind of mechanism, and to teach boys to
The pleasing of colour symbolizeth with the syllogize, or frame arguments and refute them,
pleasing of any single tone to the ear; but the without real knowledge.
Bacon. SY'LVAN. adj. [better silvan.] Woody;
Aristotle and the schools bave taught, that air shady; relating to woods.
and water, being symbolizing elements, in the Cedar and pine, and fir and branching palm, quality of moisture, are easily transmutable into A sylvan scene! and as the ranks ascerd,
Boyle. Shade above shade, a woody theatre
They both syimbolize in this, that they love to Of stateliest view.
Milton. look upon themselves through multiplying Eternal greens the mossy margin grace,
Howel. Watch'd by the sylvan genius of the place. Pope. I affectedly symbolized in careless mirth and SY'LVAN. n. s. (sylvain, French.] A freedom with the libertines, to circumvent ljo wood-god, or satyr; perhaps sometimes
More. a rustick.
The soul is such, that it strangely symbolizes _Her private orchards, wallid on ev'ry side,
with the thing it mightily desires. Soutb. To lawless sylvans all access deny'd. Pope. To SYMBOLI'ZE. v. a.
To make repreSY'MBOL. n. s. (symbole, Fr. cúpeconov; sentative of something, symbolum, Latin.]
Some symbolize the same from the mystery of 3. An abstract; a compendium; a com its colours.
Brown. prehensive form.
SYMME'TRIAN, N. s. [from symmetrga, Beginning with the symbol of our faith, upon One eminently studious of proportion.
His face was a thought longer than the exact to all their story, and sympatbized with their symmetrians would allow.
Sidney. heroes in all their adventures. Spectator. SyNmE'TRICAL. adj. [from symmetry:] Though the greatness of their mind exempts Proportionate; having parts well adapt.
them from fear, yet none condole and sympa.
Cellier, ed to each other.
thize more heartily. SY'MMETRIST. n. s. [from symmetry.] 2. To agree; to fit. Not proper,
Green is a pleasing colour, from a blue and a One very studious or observant of pro
yellow mixed together, and by consequence blue portion.
and yellow are two colours which sympathize. Some exact syminetrists have been blamed for
Dryden. being too true.
Wotton. SY'MPATHY. n. s. (sympathie, French; SYMMETRY. n. s. [symmetrie, Fr. our Ou je oseba Tsoc. ) Fellow-feeling; mutual sen. and min for.] Adaptation of parts to each
sibility; the quality of being affected by other; proportion; harmony; agree the affection of another. ment of one part to another.
A world of earthly blessings to my soul, She by whose lines proportion should be If somiatby of love unite our thoughts. Sbaksp. Examin'd, measure of all symmetry;
You are not young; no more am 1: go to, Whom had that ancient seen, who thought souls then, there 's sympatby: you are merry, so am made
1; ha! ha! then there's more sympatby: you Of harmony, he would at next have said
love sack, and so do 1; would you desire better That harmony was she. Donne. sympatby?
Sbakspeare. And in the symmetry of her parts is found
But what it is,
Sbakspeare. Symmetry, equality, and correspondence of
I started back; parts, is the discernment of reason, not the ob It started back: but, pleas'd, I soon return'd;. ject of sense,
More. Pleas'd it return'd as soon, with answering looks Nor were they only animated by him, but their Of sympatby and love.
Milter, measure and symmetry were owing to him.
They saw, but other sight instead, a crowd
Dryden. Of ugly serpents: borror on them fell, SYMPATHETICAL. adj. (sympathetique,
And horrid sympatby.
Milten. SYMPATHETICK.) Fr. from sympa
Or sympathy, or some connat'ral force,
Pow'rful at greatest distance to unite, thy.] Having mutual sensation ; being
With secret amity, things of like kind, affected either by what happens to the
By secretest conveyance.
Milton other ; feeling in consequence of what There never was any heart truly great and another feels.
generous, that was not also tender and compas. Hereupon are grounded the gross mistakes in sionate: it is this noble quality that makes all the cure of diseases, not only from sympathetick men to be of one kind; for every man would be receipts, but amulets, charms, and all'incanta a distinct species to himselt, were there no 15. tory applications. Brown. pathy among individuals.
Soutb. United by this sympathetick bond,
Can kindness to desert like your's be strange! You grow familiar, intimate, and fond.
Kindness by secret sympathy is ry'd;
Roscommo For noble souls in nature are ally'd. Dryden. To confer at the distance of the Indies hy sym
There are such associations made in the pathetick conveyances, may be as usual to future minds of most men; and to this might be attritimes as to us in a literary correspondence. buted most of the sympathies and antipathies obGlinville. servable in them.
Locke, To you our author makes her soft request, SYMPHO'Nsous. adj. [from symphons.! Who speak the kindest, and who write the best: Your sympathetick hearts she hopes to move,
Harmonious; agreeing in sound.
Up he rode,
Follow'd with acclamation and the sound All the ideas of sensible qualities are not in
Sympbenious of ten thousand harps, that tun's herent in the inanimate bodies; but are the ef
Angelick harmonies, fects of their motion upon our nerves, and syon
SY'MPHONY. n. s. (symphonie, Fr. on patbetical and vital passions produced within our and purna] Concert of instruments; har. selves,
mony of mingled sounds.
, patbetick. With sympathy ; in conse
where it was a maxim that the images of all quence of sympathy.
things are latent in numbers, determines the T. SY'MPATHIZE. v. n. (sympathiser, Fr.
comeliest proportion between breadths and from sympatby.)
heizlits, reducing symmetry to symphony, and
the harmony of sound to a kind of harmony in 1. To feel with another; to feel in conse sight.
Watten quence of what another feels; to feel Speak, ye who hest can tell, ye sons of light, mutually.
ye behold him, and with songs The men sympathize with the mastiffs in ro And choral symphaniei, day without night, bustious and rough coming on. Sbakspeare.
Circle his chrone rejoicing.
The trumpets sound,
The marching troops through Athens take their
way; Hath doff'd her gaudy trim,
T e great earl marshal orders their array; With her great master so to sympathize. Milton.
Dryden, The limbs of his body is to every one a part SY'MPAYSIS, n. s. [ory and suw.] of himself: he sympathizes, and is concerned for Symphysis, in its original signiñcation, denotes them.
Locke. a connascency, dr growing together; and perhaps Their countrymen were particularly attentive is means of those bones which in young children