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8. Mild; soft; gentle.

SWEE'T BRIAR. . s. (sweet and briar.] Let me report to him

A fragrant shrub. Your sweet dependency, and you shall find

For March come violets and peach-tree in A congu'ror that will pray in aid for kindness. blossom, the cornelian-tree in blossom, and Sbakspeare. sweetbriar.

Bacon. The Pleiades before him danc'd,

SWEE'T BROOM. n. s. [grica, Latin.] An Shedding sweet influence.


Mercy has, could Mercy's self be seen,
No sweeter look than this propitious queen.

SweetCI'CELY. n. so [myrrhus, Lat.] A Waller. plant.

Miller. 9. Grateful ; pleasing.

To SWEE'TEN. v. a. (from sweet.] Nothing so sweete is as our countrie's earth, I. To make sweet. And joy of those, from whom we claime our The world the garden is, she is the flow'r birth.

Chapman. That sweetens all the place; she is the guest Swec interchange of hill and valley. Milton. Of rarest price.

Sidney: Euryalus,

Here is the smell of the blood still : all the Than whom the Trojan host

perfumes of Arabia will not sweeten this little No fairer face or sweeter air could boast. Dryd. hand.

Sbakspeare. so. Not stale; not stinking: as, that meat

Give me an ounce of civet to sweeten my ima is sweet.


Shakspeare. SWEET. n. so

With fairest flow'rs, Fidele,

I'll sweeten thy sad grave. Shakspeare. 1. Sweetness ; something pleasing.

Be humbly minded, know your post ;
Pluck out

Szveeten your tea, and watch your toast. Swift. The multitudinous tongue, let them not lick

2. To make mild or kind. The sweet which is their poison. Sbakspeare. What softer sounds are these salute the ear,

All kindnesses descend upon such a temper, From the large circle of the hemisphere,

as rivers of fresh waters falling into the main

sea; the sea swallows them all, but is not As if the center of all sweets met here?

South. Ben Jonson.

changed or sweetened by them. If ev'ry sweet, and ev'ry grace,

Devotion softens his heart, enlightens his Must fly from that forsaken face. Carew.

mind, sweetens his temper, and makes every Hail! wedded love,

thing that comes from him instructive, amiable, and affecting.

Law. Perpetual fountain of domestic sweets! Milton. Taught to live

3. To make less painful. The easiest way; nor with perplexing thoughts

She, the sweetness of my heart, even sweetens To interrupt the sweet of life.

the death which her sweetness brought upon

Now since the Latian and the Trojan brood
Have tasted vengeance, and the sweets of blood,

Thou shalt secure her helpless sex froin Speak.

Dryden. Can Ceyx then sustain to leave his wife,

And she thy cares will sweeten with her And unconcern'd forsake the sweets of life?


Dryden. Dryden.

Interest of state and change of circumstances We have so great an abhorrence of pain, that

may have sweetened these reflections to the poa little of it extinguishes all our pleasures; a

liter sort, but impressions are not so easily

Addison. little bitter mingled in our cup leaves no relish

worn out of the minds of the vulgar. of the sweet.


Thy mercy sweeten'd ev'ry soil, Love had ordain'd that it was Abra's turn

Made ev'ry region please; To mix the sweets, and minister the urn. Prior.

The hoary Alpin hills it warm'd, 2. A word of endearment.

And smooth'd the Tyrrhene seas.
Sweet ! leave me here a while ;

4. To palliate ; to reconcile.
My spirits grow dull
, and fain I would beguile

These lessons may be gilt and sweetened as we The tedious day with sleep. Shakspeare.

order pills and potions, so as to take off the disWherefore frowns my sweet?

gust of the remedy.

L'Estrange. Have I too long been absent from these lips?

s. To make grateful or pleasing. Ben Jonson.

I would have my love 3. A perfume.

Angry sometimes, to sweeten off the rest
As, in perfumes,

Of her behaviour.

Ben Jongen. 'T is hard to say what scent is uppermost;

6. To soften; to make delicate. Nor this part musick or civet can we call,

Corregio has made his memory immortal, by Or amber, but a rich result of all :

the strength he has given to his figures, and by So she was all a sweet.

Dryden. sweetening his lights and shadows, and melting Flowers

them into each other so happily, that they are Innumerable, by the soft south-west

even imperceptible.

Dryden. Open'd, and gather'd by religious hands, To SWEETEN. v. n. To grow sweet. Rebound their sweets from the odoriferous pave Where a wasp hath bitten in a grape, or any ment. Prior. fruit, it will sweeten hastily.

Bacon. SWEEʻTBREAD. N. s. The pancreas of the SwE E'TENER. N. s. [from sweeten.] calf.

1. One that palliates; one that represents Never tie yourself always to eat meats of easy digesture, as veal, pullets, or sweetbreads.

things tenderly: Harvey.

But you, who, till your fortune 's made, Sweetbread and collops were with skewers

Must be a sweet'ner by your trade,

Must swear he never meant us ill. Swift. prick'd

Those softeners, sweeteners, and compoundAbout the sides; imbibing what they deck'd.


ers, shake their heads so strongly, that we can When you roast a breast of veal, remember

hear their pockets jingle.

Swift. your sweetheart the butler loves a sweetbread.

2. That which contemperates acrimony. Stuift. Powder of crabs eyes and daws, and burnt




egg-shells, are prescribed as sweeteness of any The right form, the true figure, the natural sharp humours.


colour that is fit and due to the dignity of a SWEETHEART. n. s. (sweet and heart.] man, to the beauty of a woman, to the sweetness A lover or mistress.

of a young babe.

Ascban, Mistress, retire yourself

O our lives sweetness! Into some covert; take your sweethearts,

That we the pain of death would hourly bear, And pluck o'er your brows.

Rather than die at once.

Sbakspeare. Sweetheart, your colour, I warrant you, is as

Where a rainbow toucheth, there breatheth red as any rose.


forth a sweet smell: for this happeneth but in One thing, sweetheart, I will ask,

certain matters which have in themselves some Take me for a new-fashion'd mask. Cleaveland.

sweetness, which the gentle dew of the rainbow A wench was wringing her hands and crying;

draweth forth.

Bacon. , she had newly parted with her sweetheart.

His soveetness of carriage is very particularly L'Estrange.

remembered by his contemporaries. Feil. She interprets all your dreams for these,

Serene and clear harmonious Horace flows, Foretells th' estate, when the rich uncle dies,

With sweetness not to be exprest in prose. And sees a sweetheart in the sacrifice. Dryden.

Roscomenon. SWEE'TING. n. s. [from sweet.]

Suppose two authors equally sweet, there is a

great distinction to be made in sweetness ; as in 1. A sweet luscious apple.

that of sugar, and that of honey. Dryden, A child will chuse a sweeting, because it is This old man's talk, though honey fior'd presently fair and pleasant, and refuse a run In every word, would now lose all its sweetues. net, because it is then green, hard, and sour.

Addison Ascbam.

Praise the easy vigour of a line, 2. A word of endearment.

Where Denham's strength and Waller's streetTrip no further, pretty sweeting ;

ness join.

Pope Journeys end in lovers meeting. Sbakspeare. A man of good education, excellent underSWEE'TISH. adj. [from sweet.] Someivhat standing, and exact caste; these qualities are sweet.

adorned with great modesty, and a most amiable They esteemed that blood pituitous naturally,

sweetness of temper.

Steift. which abounded with an exceeding quantity of SWEETWI'LLIAM.) n. s. [armeria, Lat.] sweetish chyle.

Floyer. SWEETWI'Llow. Plants. A species SWEE'TLY.adv. [from sweet.] In a sweet

of gilliflowers. manner; with sweetness. The best wine for my beloved goeth down

SWEETWI'LLOW, n. s. Gale or Dutch sweetly.

Curticles. myrtle. He bore his great commission in his look ; To SWELL. v. n. participle pass. swollen, But sweetly temper'd awe, and soften'd all he

[rpellan, Saxon, swellen, Dutch.] spoke.

No poet ever sweetly sung,

1. To grow bigger ; to grow turgid ; to Unless he were like Phobus young ;

extend the parts. Nor ever nymph inspir'd to rhyme,

Propitious Tyber smooth'd his wat'ry way, Unless like Venus in her prime. Szift. He rolled his river back, and pois'd he stood, SWEE'TMEAT. n. s. [saveet and meat.] A gentle swelling, and a peaceful flood. Dryden. Delicacies made of fruits preserved with 2. To tumify by obstruction.

Strangely visited people, Mopsa, as glad as of sweet weats to go of such All swoľn and ulc'rous, pitiful to the eye; an errand, quickly returned. Sidney. The mere despair of surgery, he cures. Sbalst

. Why all the charges of the nuptial feast,

Swoln in his breast; his inward pains el Wine and deserts, and sweet meats to digest.

Dryden. All means are us'd, and all without success. There was plenty, but the dishes were ill

Dryder sorted; whole pyramids of sweetmeats for boys

3. To be exasperated. and women, but little solid meat for men.


My pity hath been balm to heal their wounds, Make your transparent smøretmeats truly nice,

My mildness hath allay'd their swelling griets With Indian sugar and Arabian spice. King.

Sbakspeare. If a child cries for any unwholesome fruit, you

4. To look big. purchase his quiet by giving him a less hurtful

Here he comes, swelling like a Turkey-cock. sweetmeat : this may preserve his health, but


. spoils his mind.

Lecke. s. To be turgid. Used of style. At a lord-mayor's feast, the sweetmeats do Peleus and Telephus, exil'd and poor, not make their appearance till people are cloyed Forget their swelling and gigantick words. with beef and mutton. Addison.

Rosiemno. They are allowed to kiss the child at meeting 6. To protuberate. and parting; but a professor, who always stands

This iniquity shall be as a breach ready to fall

, by, will not suffer them to bring any presents of swelling out in a high wall. toys or sweetmeats.

Swift. SWEE'TNESS. n. s. [from sweet.] The

7. To rise into arrogance; to be elated.

all things else above our humble fate, quality of being sweet in any of its

Your equal mind yet swells not into state. senses ; fragrance ; melody; luscious.

Dryden. ness; deliciousness; agreeableness ; de- 8. To be inflated with anger. lightfulness; gentleness of manners ; I will help every one from him that særelleb mildness of aspect.

against him, and will set him at rest. Peales. She, the sweetness of my heart, even sweeten

We have made peace of enmity ing the death which ber owsitness brought upon

Between these swelling wrong-incensed peers. Sitricy,





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The hearts of princes kiss obedience, To SWE'LTER. v. a. To parch, or dry up So much they love it; but to stubborn spirits with heat. They swell and grow as terrible as storms.

Some would always have long nights and short Sbakspeare.

days; others again long days and short nights; 9. To grow upon the view.

one climate would be scorched and sweltered O for a muse of fire, that would ascend with everlasting dog-days, while an eternal DeThe brightest heaven of invention!

cember blasted another.

Bentley A kingdom for a stage, princes to act,

SWE'LTRY. adj. [from swelter.] Suffo And monarchs to behold the swelling scene.


cating with heat.

Swept. The participle and preterit of so. It implies commonly a notion of some

soveep. thing wrong. Your youth admires

To SWERD. v. n. To breed a green turf. The throws and stellings of a Roman soul, (See To SWARD.] Cato's bold flights, th' extravagance of virtue. The clays that are long in swerding, and little

Addison. subject to weeds, are the best land for clover. Immoderate valour swells into a fault.

Mortimer. Addison. To SWERVE. v. n. (severven, Saxon and To SWELL. v. a.

Dutch.] 3. To cause to rise or increase; to make 1. To wander ; to rove. tumid.

A maid thitherward did run, Wind, blow the earth into the sea,

To catch her sparrow, which from her did Or swell the curled waters 'bove the main.

Sidney, Sbakspeare. The swerving vines on the call elms prevail, You who supply the ground with seeds of Unhurt by southern show'rs or northern hail. grain,

Dryden. And you who swell those seeds with kindly 2. To deviate ; to depart from rule, cusrain.

Dryden. tom, or duty. 2. To aggravate ; to heighten.

That which angels do clearly behold, and It is low ebb with his accuser, when such without any swerving observe, is a law celestial peccadillos are put to swell the charge.

and heavenly.

Hooker. Atterbury. Howsoever swervings are now and then in3. To raise to arrogance.

cident into the course of nature, nevertheless, All these miseries proceed from the same na so constantly the laws of nature are by natural tural causes, which have usually attended king agents observed, that no man denieth but those doms swolen with long plenty, pride, and excess.

things which nature worketh are wrought al

Clarendon. ways, or for the most part, after one and the . The king of men, who, stoln with pride, same manner.

Hooker. Refus'd his presents, and his prayers deny'd. The ungodly have laid a snare for me; buc

Dryden. yet I swerve not from thy commandments. SWELL. n. s. [from the verb.] Extension

Common Prayer. of bulk.

Were I the fairest youth
That ever made the eye swerve.

The swan's down feather,

There is a protection very just which princes That stands upon the stuell at full of cide, And neither way inclines.


owe to their servants, when, in obedience to SWE'LLING. N. s. [from swell.]

their just commands, upon extraordinary oc

casions, in the execution of their trusts, they 1. Morbid tumour.

swerve from the strict letter of the law. There is not a chronical disease that more

Clarendon. frequently introduces the distemper I am dis Till then his majesty had not in the least coursing of chan strumous or scrophulous swell swerved from that act of parliament. Clarendon. ings or ulcers.

Blackmore. Annihilation in the course of nature, defect 2. Protuberance ; prominence.

and szerving in the creature, would immediThe superficies of such plates are not even,

ately follow.

Hakewill. but have many cavities and swellings, which, Firm we subsist, yet possible to swerve. how shallow soever, do a little vary the chick

Milton. ness of the plate.

Newton. Many, who, through the contagion of ill ex3. Effort for a vent.

ample, swerve exceedingly from the rules of My heart was torn in pieces to see the hus

their holy faith, yet would upon such an exband suppressing and keeping down the swell traordinary warning be brought to comply with ings of his grief.


Atterbury, To SWELT. v. n. To break out in sweat, 3. To ply; to bend. if that be the meaning.

Now their mightiest quell'd, the battle Chearful blood in faintness chill did melt,


Milton, Which, like a fever fit, through all his body

With many an inroad gor'd. swelt.

Spenser. 4. (I know not whence derived.] To climb TO SWE'LTER. v. n. (This is supposed on a narrow body: to be corrupted from sultry.) To be

Ten wildings have I gather'd for my dear,

Upon the topmost branch: the tree was high, pained with heat.

Yet nimbly up from bough to bough I severa'd.
If the sun's excessive heat
Makes our bodies sweiter,


She fled, returning by the way she went,
To an osier hedge we get
For a friendly shelter;

And swerv'd along her bow with swift ascent.
There we may

Think and pray,

SWIFT. adj. [rpift, Saxon.)
Before deach

1. Moving far in a short time ; quick Szops our breath. Chalkbil." Acet; speedy ; nimble ; rapid.

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Thou art so far before,

Exulting, till he finds their nobler sense That swiftest wing of recompence is slow Their disproportion'd speed does recompense; To overtake thee.

Sbakspeare. Then curses his conspiring feet, whose scent Yet are these feet, whose strengthless stay is Betrays that safety which their swiftness lent. numb,

Deaban. Unable to support this lump of clay,

Such is the mighty swiftness of your mind, Swift-winged with desire to get a grave. Sbaksp. That, like the earth's, it leaves our sense be. Men of war, whose faces were like the faces


Dryden. of lions, and as swift as the roes upon the moun To SWIG. v. n. [seviga, Islandick.] To

i Cbronicles. drink by large draughts. We imitate and practise to make swifter To SWILL. v.a. (rpilgan, Saxon.) motions than any out of other muskets. Bacon. To him with swift ascent he up return'd.

1. To drink luxuriously and grossly.

Milton. The wretched, bloody, and usurping boar, Things that move so swift as not to affect

That spoil'd your summer fields and fruitful the senses distinctly with several distinguishable

vines, distances of their motion, and so cause not any

Swills your warnt blood like wash, and makes train of ideas in the mind, are not perceived to

his trough

'In your embowell'd bosoms. Sbakspeare. move.


The most common of these causes are an It preserves the ends of the bones from incalescency, which they, being solid bodies, would hereditary disposition, and swilling down great

Ray. contract from any swift motion.

Arbutbref, quantities of cold liquors.

Such is the poet, fresh in pay,
Thy stumbling founder'd jade can trot as high
As any other Pegasus can fly;

The third night's profits of his play;
So the dull eel moves nimbler in the mud

His morning draughts till noon can swill, Than all the swift-finn'd racers of the flood.

Among his brethren of the quill. Swift.

Dorset, 2. To wash ; to drench.
Clouded in a deep abyss of light,

As fearfully as doth a galled rock
While present, too severe for human sight,

O'erliang and jutty his confounded base, Nor staying longer than one swift-wing d night.

Swill’d with the wild and wasteful ocean. Prior.

Sbakspeare. Mantiger made a circle round the chamber, With that a German oft has swirl's his and the swift-footed martin pursued him.


Arbuthnot, Deluded, that imperial Rhine bestow'd There too my son,-ah once my best delight,

The generous rummer.

Pbiligs. Once swift of foot, and terrible in fight. Pope. 3. To inebriate; to swell with plenitude. Swift they descend, with wing to wing con

I should be loth join'd,

To meet the rudeness and swilld insolence Stretch their broad plumes, and float upon the Of such late wassailers.

Miltos, wind.

Pope. He drinks a swilling draught; and, lin'd 2. Ready; prompt.

within, Let every man be swift to hear, slow to Will supple in the bath his outward skin. Dryd. speak.

James. Swill. n. s. [from the verb.] Drink To mischief swift.


luxuriously poured down. Swift. n. s. The current of a stream.

Give swine such swill as you have. Mortimer. He can live in the strongest swifts of the Thus as they swim in mutual swill, the talk

Walton. Reels fast from theme to theme. T borson, Swift. n.s. [from the quickness of its Swi'LLER. n. s. [from swill.] A luxu

flight ; apus.] A bird like a swallow; a rious drinker. martin.

To SWIM. v. n. preterit swam, swom, or Swifts and swallows have remarkably short

[rpimman, Saxon; swemmel, legs, and their toes grasp any thing very strongly.


Dutch.] Swi'ftly. adv. [from swift.] Fleetly; 1. To float on the water; not to sink.

I will scarce think you have swam in a gondola. rapidly ; nimbly; with celerity; with

Sbakspeare velocity.

We have ships and boats for going under water, These mové swiftly, and at great distance; and brooking of seas; also swimming-girdles and but then they require a medium well disposed,


Baren. and their transmission is easily stopped. Bacon. Pleas'd with the passage, we slide swiftly on,

2. To move progressively in the water by

the motion of the limbs. And see the dangers which we cannot shun.


Leap in with me into this angry flood, In decent order they advance to light,

And swim to yonder point. Sbakspeare.

I have ventur'd, Yet then too swiftly feet by human sight,

Like little wanton boys that swim on bladders, And meditate too soon their everlasting flight.


These many summers in a sea of glory;

But far beyond my depth. Sbakspeare. Swi'FTNESS. n. s. [from swift.] Speed ;

The soldiers counsel was to kill the prisoners, nimbleness; rapidity; quickness; velo lest any of them should swim out and escape. city; celerity.

Acts. Let our proportions for these wars

The rest, driven into the lake, were seeking Be coon collected, and all things thought upon, to save their lives by swimming ; they were slain That may with reasonable swiftness add

in coming to land by the Spanish horsemen, or More feathers to our wings. Sbakspeers. else in their swimming shot by the harquebusiers. We may outrun

Krolles By violent swiftness that which we run at; Animals swim in the same manner as they 59, And lose by over-running. Sbakspeare. and need no other way of motion for natation in Speed to describe whose swiftness number the water, than for progression upon the land. fails. Milson,




The frighted wolf now swims among the SWIMMINGLY. adv. [from swimming.] sheep,

Smoothly; without obstruction. A low The yellow lion wanders in the deep:

word. The stag swims faster than he ran before. Dryd. Blue Triton gave the signal from the shore;

John got on the battlements, and called to The ready Nereids heard, and swam before

Nick, I hope the cause goes on swimmingly, To smooth the seas.

Arbuthnot. Dryden.

SWINE. 3. To be conveyed by the stream.

n. s. [rpin, Saxon ; swyn, Dutch. With tenders of our protection of them from

It is probably the plural of some old the fury of those who would soon drown them, word, and is now the same in both if they refused to squim down the popular stream numbers.) A hog; a pig. A creature with them.

King Charles.

remarkable for stupidity and nastiness. I swom with the tide, and the water under

O monstrous beast! how like a swine he lies! me was buoyant. Dryden.

Sbakspeare. 4. To glide along with a smooth or dizzy He will be swine drunk; and in his sleep he motion.

does little harm, save to his bedcloaths. Sbaksp. She with pretty and with stuimming gait

Now I fat his swine, for others cheere. Following, her womb then rich with my young

Chapman. squire,

Who knows not Circe, Would imitate.

Shakspeare The daughter of the sun ? whose charmed cup A hovering mist came swimming o'er his Whoever tasted, lost his upright shape, sight,

And downward fell into a groveling swine. And seal'd his eyes in' everlasting night. Dryden.

Milton. My slack hand dropt, and all the idle pomp, Had the upper part, to the middle, been of Priests, aitars, victims, swam before my sight! human shape, and all below swine, had it been Smith. murder to destroy it?

Locke. The fainting soul stood ready wing'd with How instinct varies in the grov'ling sevine, fight,

Compar’d, half-reas'ning elephant, with thine! Ando'er his eye-balls su swum the shades of night

Pope. Pope SWI'NEBREAD.n. s. [cyclaminus.) A kind 5. To be dizzy ; to be vertiginous.

of plant; truffles.

Bailey. I am taken with a grievous swimming in my head, and such a mist before my eyes, that I can

SWI'NEGRASS. n. s. [centinodir, Latin.] neither hear nor see.


An herb. 6. To be floated.

SWI'N EHERD. n. s. [rpin and hynd, Sax.) When the licavens are filled with clouds, A keeper of hogs. when the earth swims in rain, and all nature There swineherd, that keepeth the hog. wears a lowering countenance, I withdraw my

Tusser. self from these uncomfortable scenes into the The whole interview between Ulysses and visionary worlds of art.

Spectator. Eumeus has fallen into ridicule: Eumeus has Sudden the ditches swell, the meadows swim. been judged to be of the same rank and con

Thomson, dition with our modern swineberds. Broome. 7. To have abundance of any quality ; to SwI'N EPIPE, n. s. (turdus iliacus.) A bird flow in any thing.

of the thrush kind.

They now swim in joy,
Ere long to suim at large, and laugh; for which To SWING. v. n. [rpingan, Saxon.]

The world a world of tears must weep. Milton, 1. To wave to and fro hanging loosely.
TO SWIM. v. a. To pass by swimming. I tried if a pendulum would swing faster, or
Sometimes he thought to swim the stormy continue swinging longer in our receiver, in

case of exsuction of the air, than otherwise. By stretch of arms the distant shore to gain.

Bayle, Dryden.

If the coach swung but the least to one side, SWIMM. n. s. [from the verb.] The she used to shriek so loud, that all concluded she bladder of fishes by which they are supe

was overturned.


Jack hach hanged himself: let us go see how ported in the water.

he swings.

Arbutbrot, The braces have the nature and use of ten

When the swinging signs your ears offend dons, in contracting the swim, and thereby

With creaking noise, then rainy foods impend. transfusing the air out of one bladder into an

Gay, other, or discharging it from them both. Grew.

2. To fly backward and forward on a SwI'MMER. n. š. [from swim.]

rope. 1. One who swims.

To SWING. v. a. preterit swing, swung, Birds find ease in the depth of the air, as swimmers do in a deep water.


1. To make to play loosely on a string. Latirostrous and fai-billed birds being gene- 2. To whirl round in the air. rally swimmers, the organ is wisely contrived for

His sword prepar'd, action.


He swang about his head, and cut the winds. Life is oft proservid

Sbakspeare. By the bold swimmer, in the swift illapse

Take bottles and swing them: fill not the of accident disastrous.

Thoorson, bottles full, but leave some air, else the liquor 2. The swimmer is situated in the fore legs cannot play nor flower.

Bacon. of a horse, above the knees, and upon Swinging a red-hot iron about, or fastening it the inside, and almost upon the back

unto a wheel under that motion, it will sooner

Brown. parts of the hind legs, a little below the

Swing thee in the air, the adash thee down, hams: this part is without hair, and re To th' hazard of thy brains and shatter'd sides. sembles a piece of hard dry horn.

Miltoria Farrier's Dictionary. 3. To wave loosely.

grow cold.

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